A female inmate at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp photographed two days after the British 11th Armoured Division liberated the camp; her face still bearing the wounds of a severe beating by SS guards. 17 April 1945
“Otto Frank’s efforts to get his family to the United States ran
afoul of restrictive American immigration policies designed to protect
national security and guard against an influx of foreigners during time
of war,” Breitman wrote.
The historian told NPR in 2007 that the
documents suggest “Anne Frank could be a 77-year-old woman living in
Boston today – a writer.”
Instead, she died at the age of 15 at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.
American Man protests during the Bitburg Controversy, 1985
The Bitburg controversy involved a ceremonial visit by Ronald Reagan to a German military cemetery in Bitburg in May 1985, designed to commemorate the end of World War II in Europe 40 years earlier. The visit aroused considerable criticism, both in the United States and around the world, due to the many burial plots at the site dedicated to members of the Waffen-SS. The Waffen-SS, alongside with the entire SS, was judged to be a criminal organization by the Nuremberg trials. The controversy was compounded by the fact that Reagan did not originally intend to visit the sites of former Nazi concentration camps, though a trip to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was later added to the itinerary.
Robert Collis, an Irish doctor, carrying Zoltan Zinn-Collins, a young child who had just survived the Holocaust. He had been located at Bergen-Belsen where his mother, one of his sisters and his brother had died. His father died in Ravensbruck.
Following the war, Dr. Robert Collis brought five orphans from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp to Ireland. He adopted Zoltan and his one surviving sister.
Evelyn Bark (1900-1993) was a leading member of the British
Red Cross. She was the first female recipient of the Order of St Michael and St
George for her humanitarian efforts.
She was one of the first to enter the
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp after its liberation, and helped to establish
a tracing service for survivors. She later became the Director of International
Affairs for the Red Cross, and helped establish the society in various locations
around the world.
An incident occurred at CZW’s Proving Grounds last night that involved David Starr, and some less than friendly fans. Starr explains:
There is a section of fans that regularly throws change at me, and uses
the word “Jew” towards me in a negative way. This has gone on for
nearly a year at CZW. I have thick skin. You have to in order to be
involve with pro wrestling. For months I’ve just let this slide by, and
just gone with the flow. However, after seeing what I saw at
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany I’m done letting this be ok.
I saw mounds of people, mounds that were mass burials from people who
were murdered simply for believing what they do. I will not stand for
this behavior any longer.
This is the second incident in the
past two weeks where I’ve had to speak up about fans acting this way
towards my Judaism. I don’t understand why these things are ok in 2016.
Why is it that people feel comfortable in being racist? Not only
comfortable being racist, but comfortable enough to act on in a public
setting amongst people they don’t know! This type of hate is not
warranted. Whether it’s against Jews, blacks, gays, Latinos, etc. NONE
OF IT IS OK.
There is a major difference between heckling at a
professional wrestling show, and this. You bought a ticket, say whatever
you want about the show, but DO NOT discriminate against the
performers, or anyone else for that matter.
GERMANY. Nordhausen. April 1945. Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. A series of posts for all the Nazi apologists and Holocaust revisionists/negationists. [Part 1 of 5]
(1) (2) (3) Hundreds of bodies clad in grey and white striped prison uniforms are laid out in rows at Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. This is what US troops found after they took control of the camp.
A Polish boy and his father bury the corpse of the boy’s grandmother who died at Nordhausen.
(6) National Archives description: “These two staring, emaciated men are liberated inmates of Lager Nordhausen, a Gestapo concentration camp. The camp had from 3,000 to 4,000 inmates. All were maltreated, beaten and starved”. April 12, 1945.
(7) (8) (9) Supervised by American soldiers, German civilians from the town of Nordhausen bury the corpses of prisoners found at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in mass graves. The Allies insisted that the male citizens of Nordhausen bury the dead. Although the German civilians denied knowledge of the conditions in the camps, the Allies suspected they were fully aware of the situation. The camps and tunnels were less than two miles from the town of Nordhausen.
Photographs: United States Army Signal Corps/Library of Congress/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Mittelbau-Dora (aka Dora-Mittelbau, Nordhausen and Nordhausen-Dora) was a German Nazi concentration camp located near Nordhausen in Germany. It was established in late summer 1943 as a subcamp of Buchenwald concentration camp, supplying labour for extending the nearby tunnels in the Kohnstein and for manufacturing the V-2 rocket and the V-1 flying bomb. In the summer of 1944, Mittelbau became an independent concentration camp with numerous subcamps of its own.
There were no sanitary facilities except for barrels that served as latrines. Inmates (the majority of them from the Soviet Union, Poland or France) died from hunger, thirst, cold and overwork. The prisoners were subject to extreme cruelty. As a result they often suffered injuries, including permanent disability and disfigurement, and death. Severe beatings were routine, as was deliberate starvation, torture and summary executions. Common causes of death also included tuberculosis, pneumonia, starvation, dysentery, and trauma.
In early April 1945, as US troops were advancing, the SS decided to evacuate most of the Mittelbau camps. In great haste and with considerable brutality, the inmates were forced to board box cars. Several trains, each with thousands of prisoners, left the area through 6 April for Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück (other concentration camps). Others were forced to walk through the Harz hills towards the northeast. Those unable to keep up with these death marches were summarily shot by the guards. The worst atrocity occurred at Gardelegen, known as the Gardelegen massacre. More than 1,000 prisoners from Mittelbau and Neuengamme subcamps were murdered in a barn that was set on fire. Those who were not burned alive were shot by SS, Wehrmacht and men of the Volkssturm.
Overall, although no reliable statistics on the number of deaths on these transports exist, estimates put the number of prisoners killed at up to 8,000.
As most of the camps of the Mittelbau system were completely evacuated, there were not many prisoners left alive to be liberated by the Allies. Only some small subcamps, mostly containing Italian POWs were not evacuated. The SS also left several hundred sick prisoners at Dora and in the Boelcke-Kaserne. They were freed when US troops reached Nordhausen on 11 April 1945. There were also around 1,300 dead prisoners at the barracks.
War correspondents took pictures and made films of the dead and dying prisoners at Dora. Like the documentation of Nazi atrocities at Bergen-Belsen, these were published around the globe and became some of the best-known testimonies of Nazi crimes.
The protective-custody camp leader, SS-Obersturmfuhrer Hans Karl Moeser, was sentenced to death by hanging. In his trial statement he said:
“The same way, with the same pleasure, as you shoot deer, I shoot a human being. When I came to the SS and had to shoot the first three persons, my food didn’t taste good for three days, but today it is a pleasure. It is a joy for me.”
In total, even conservative estimates put the number of people who did not survive being sent to Mittelbau-Dora at over 20,000. Thus, around one in three of those confined here did not survive.
The Diary of Anne Frank is one of the most important books written in the 20th century. The diary chronicles the young girl’s life from June 1942 until April 1944. As well as documenting her own life and relationships the diary tells the story of what Nazi occupation was like at the time. The teenage Anne had hoped that her writings would be able to tell future generations about the suffering that so many millions of people went through during World War II. To date more than 60 million copies of her diary have been sold. Sadly Anne would never know the impact her words would have on the world as she died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945.
this day in 1942, Anne Frank received a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
She had seen the book, bound with red and white checkered cloth, a few
days earlier, and her father gave it to her for her birthday. Frank, a
Jewish German national, lived in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam in the
Netherlands. Her family went into hiding in 1942 to escape the
persecution of the Jewish population, and Frank documented her
experiences. Her group was eventually betrayed after two years in hiding
and Frank died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp from typhus in
March 1945. Her father survived, and upon his return to Amsterdam found
his daughter’s diary, which documented her life from 14th June 1942 to
1st August 1944, and had it translated and published. Today, the diary of Anne Frank stands as one of the most famous depictions of Jewish persecution under Nazi rule, remarkable for its honesty and eloquence.
Singing Hatikvah in Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp
BBC recording from April 20, 1945, of Jewish survivors of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp five days after their liberation. This was the first Sabbath ceremony conducted openly on German soil since the beginning of the war, with people still dying around them, singing Hatikvah, what would become the Israeli national anthem.
Il y a quelques années, j'ai visité le camp de Bergen-Belsen en Allemagne. Je savais que, parmi les centaines de milliers de victimes des nazis, une fillette appelée Anne Frank y avait été assassinée et que ses restes se trouvaient dans une des fosses communes, des tombes collectives, des monuments rappelant l'horreur. Bergen-Belsen et tous les camps de concentration de tous les pays du monde se visitent en silence car la voix se refuse à décrire ce que l'oeil voit, et pourtant chacun sait qu'il devra faire l'effort de nommer tout cela avec la force solennelle des mots.
Dans un coin de Bergen-Belsen, près des fours crématoires, quelqu'un, je ne sais qui ni quand, a écrit des mots qui sont la pierre angulaire de mon moi d'écrivain, l'origine de tout ce que j'écris. Ces mots disaient, disent et diront tant qu'existeront ceux qui s'obstinent à bafouer la mémoire : “J'étais ici et personne ne racontera mon histoire.”
Je me suis agenouillé devant ces mots et j'ai juré à celui ou celle qui les avait écrits que je raconterais son histoire, que je lui donnerais ma voix pour que son silence ne soit plus une lourde pierre tombale, celle du plus infâme des oublis. Voilà pourquoi j'écris.
Luis Sepúlveda, Ingrédients pour une vie de passions formidables, Métailié, 2014