begums of bhopal

Shah Jahan Mosque, Woking, Surrey, England.

The first mosque in the UK, it was a collaborative project between Orientalist Gottlieb Leitner and the Nawab-Begum Shahjahan of the Bhopal Nawabate, originally intended for Muslim students at Woking’s Oriental Institute.

It closed in 1912 when Leitner died, but was reopened a year later by a lawyer from Kashmir, Khwaja Khamal ah Din, who turned it into an Ahmadi masjid. During World War I, the Ahamdi Imam, Sadr-Ud-Din, secured an attached cemetery where several Indian Muslim soldiers were buried.

Photograph date 1903.