beginners guide to take that

How to Write a University-level Essay

Heyo, so school is fast approaching, and seeing as Tumblr is made up of a lot of younger users who will soon be shipping off to college or university soon, I thought I would take it upon myself to help spread my knowledge of essay-writing. Essay-writing is my thing. I love it. I live for it. It’s how I make up for my shitty test marks, and still get by with an 85 average+ in University classes. I’m a historian by trade, so perhaps this information will seem a bit off from what you’re used to, but hopefully, It’ll help you out. If you have any questions, feel free to shoot me an ask.

1. Consider your question and find your thesis.

      I know, I know. People always say, no! Never start with your thesis/intro paragraph! Go to the body!! Well i’m here to say forget everything you’ve been told. Forget that, forget the stupid hamburger shit they teach you, forget it all and start reading. 

I ALWAYS start with my thesis. Why? Because you cannot make good paragraphs without knowing what you’re researching. You need direction, and a thesis is your map.

So, the question we’ll use shall be: What is one way in which the Union won the American Civil War?

Now remember, your thesis is your map. It shows you where to go, what to look for. The thesis is the heart and soul of all your work. You want a good, solid thesis. What does that include, you ask?

  • An idea
  • A reason for said idea
  • Evidence to support said reason, and thus validate the        idea.

So, lets do an example. Let’s say I’m writing on the use of media during the American Civil War. I like photography, and wrote a paper on this in my second year, but im gonna be doing this example freehand(idk where I put that essay lol) so lets work with how I got an A+ on that paper. This will be my idea:

                “Photography during the American Civil War influenced the war’s outcome in the Norths favour.”

This is VERY vague. This is an example of a thesis in bloom! Let’s take it further. Look at the above. What questions would you have from this thesis?

  • -Who was taking photos at that time?
  • -Why did it influence the outcome?
  • -How did it influence the outcome?
  • -Who consumed photography as a media at that time?

This is where you STOP, and start the next step.

2. Research

                Start your basic research with your idea, and the above questions in mind. Look at libraries, ask your professor or TA or librarian, or just do some basic google searches to get to know the subject(but for the love of god if you include a google link in your citation I will personally hunt you down and castrate you.)

I like to start with the basics of any inquiry: WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, HOW. Who was taking photos? Where were they displayed that caused influence? ect…These, in relation to your beginner thesis, will help guide you in what form your thesis will take.

Once you’ve finished that, and have a general feel for the time period, go back to your thesis.

3. THESIS 2.0

Go back to your original question: What is one way in which the Union won the American Civil War? Now look at your thesis again. It’s too vague, isn’t it?

As you can see, our original thesis was too vague to be a real thesis. So, we NARROW IT DOWN using our WWWWWH progress we focused on during early research!

                “Photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and awareness to the cause.”

Great! But once again, too vague! Questions that may arise include:

  • Who was taking the photos
  • Evidence for donations?
  • Evidence for social awareness?

So, we NARROW IT DOWN again. I’m going to use Andrew Gardner’s photography during the Civil war, as he was one of the most famous and influential at the time.

                “Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and enlistment in the Union through awareness to the cause…”

The above then gives us the following(why and how are sometimes grouped together):

  • Who: Andrew Gardner
  • What: Photography helped the north win the war.
  • Where: Union-aka northern states
  • When: American Civil War
  • Why/How: Because Andrew Gardner’s photography raised social awareness through this new and budding medium

Use this sort of outline to guide you in the next step!

4. Now that we have a thesis, you need to do some more research and evidence gathering.

The way I like to do this is to go check out a few books from the library(look for text books in particular), and leaf through the index for matching terms. Our matching terms would be:

                Photography, civil war, Andrew Gardner, media

From there, you read over the pages, and see if any of the info relates to your subjects. Copy down quotes, page numbers, book title, author, publishing date and publisher. You need these for your bibliography. Pick and choose relevant information. The filter for relevant information relies entirely on your thesis, because it decides what you need to be looking for—this is why I hate when people tell me to start writing paragraphs before I write a thesis! It’s simply impossible and counter productive, and will cost you hours in revision.

So, gather your information from the library, and cross-reference with peer-reviewed articles and data. For our thesis, we would need data on enlistment numbers in an area after a date of Andrew Gardner’s photography exhibit showcases. No matter what type of essay you’re writing, you can always back up your evidence with data, and it won’t hurt one bit. Don’t be afraid of the numbers, kids!

So, if we were to go back to our thesis, we could now expand on it like this:

             “Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and enlistment in the Union through awareness to the cause. An increase in  donations and enlistment in relation to exposure to Gardners work is seen in data/evidence point A, as well as in data/evidence point B, which will be fully outlined in the points below.”

This gives you an example of how to lead from a thesis, to your opening paragraph.

5. Data and Evidence Justifications–Paragraph making

This is the section where you can branch your essay into your data and evidence points you gathered in steps 2 and 4. You can have as many paragraphs as you like, just make sure your evidence and data is strong and supported. I personally like to work with my thesis copied and pasted onto the top of every page I write on. This keeps you on track, with your clear goal in mind, and will help you from straying. I will give you an example of how a paragraph might sound.

                Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil War became heavily influential upon the American population at the time, particularly the north, wherein which his work was showcased. The influence of Gardner’s photographic works is seen in the _____, which shows us that without the influence of Gardner’s media influence, war efforts and awareness may not have been as successful as they had been.

This is an alright opener for you to work with. The ___ is where you could put in your data point or evidence piece. The point of the paragraph is to show your support for your thesis by confirming it with evidence.

Your paragraphs should take this form:

  • Present, Confirm, Conclude, Lead.

You present your evidence, confirm its relation to the thesis and confirm the validity of the thesis, conclude by brief revision of evidence, and then lead into your next paragraph. 

6. Conclusion

        Your conclusionary paragraph should be a look-over of the above paragraphs. Restate your thesis, present a summarized version of your paragraphs(one or two sentences only), and perhaps take the time to look at your own views on the subject. An example might look like this:

        “Taking a moment to step away from the above mentioned evidence, I believe it to be scholarly acceptable and even necessary to state my own views on the subject presented. In drawing conclusions, I felt that the above information was correct in that it presented a reality of the time period, in which photography was becoming a medium to be embraced by popular society. People were not only astounded by Gardner’s photographs on a social level, but also a technical level. The astonishment people held at seeing the war-torn battle fields spurred them into action, and even today can still present feelings of dread, fear and loss when looking at his photos…blah blah blah”

Why is it scholarly acceptable and perhaps necessary to state your views? Oftentimes, it is to reassure the reader of your own personal bias’, which exist whether you like them or not, to the subject at hand. Having a small tidbit on your own thoughts about your research ect, breaking away from the third-person droning of an essay can be refreshing and welcoming for a prof at the end of his stack of essay reading. 

7. In summary

  • Thesis
  • Data and Evidence
  • Present, Confirm, Conclude, Lead
  • Self opinions/Conclude

All in all, do unique things. Professors love it when they come across something that’s not cookie cutter! Even if they present you with a list of essay topics, take the leap and ask them if you can do your own research topic!! Take risks with your essay writing, talk to your professors about what you want to do, and try to have fun with your research. I’ve written on everything from civil war photography to Disney princesses in american media, to the religious formation of idea of heaven and earth. Remember, so long as there’s credible, documented evidence, it’s possible to write about it.

Beginners guide to becoming a gay part 4

Taking off the training wheels: Okay so your finally at this point of giving no fucks to who knows you’re gay. Your about 21, and you want life to be as gay as you can get it. You might want to start a serious relationship at this point. You know how your body works, you’re know where your future is headed and you have everything you need to be happy in your own life at this point.

Now when looking for a partner remember these 3 things.

1. Finding somebody is a process, and it happens more often when your not looking. Let things happen gradually over time. Don’t be to quick to jump into things. Feel people out before you make any big advances.

2. Your partner might not meet all the requirements you’re looking for so you have to be reasonable, flexible and figure out the things you can and can’t live with.

3. The first person you date may not be the right person for you. Heartbreak doesn’t last forever and even if it seems like you’ll never get over this person who wasn’t right for you, you will get through this. It’s gonna take a bit of time and that’s okay just don’t close yourself off completely to a new experience with somebody else.

I wish you luck in your adventures of dating.


- i really liked gone home and felt like it was a really fresh way to tell a story through exploring an environment + loved how much you could put together about everyone in the house (not just the main two characters) by drawing connections between objects and details. it’s a great vignette game and worth playing

- beginner’s guide is a solid, interesting take on telling a story about something that doesn’t get talked about often, in the framing of discovering bits and pieces of games someone’s made. it has a lot to say about the idea of making games for you vs making games for an audience and what happens when an audience takes over games you didn’t make for them. imo it helps a lot that I was familiar with davey wreden’s posts and thoughts about things he went through dealing with his depression and specifically the really weird depression that comes from sudden success – if you can find those posts from right after stanley parable came out, i might suggest reading those before playing. also, like, coda is a metaphor ffs not an actual person

- stanley parable is one of the funniest games i’ve ever played and also at times one of the darkest and it was my goty that year. anything more I mention is lessening its impact, go play it

- i have a few dear esther screenshots in my wallpaper rotation from the remake (not the re-remake, the first remake). i think that might be the best way to experience the game: as a few pretty scenes and nothing else. that’s all i’ll say about that

anonymous asked:

Hello! I'm very new to cross stitching. Could you possibly recommend supplies for a beginner?

I’ll do my best!  Here’s a quick guide for taking up cross stitch as a new hobby. All the supplies mentioned are easily available, I use and hear that is popular in The US.

Beginner’s basics for cross stitch.

Cross stitch is a needlecraft which makes a picture sewn out of crosses. Your cross stitch chart (pattern) and fabric are both laid out like a grid, and you translate the squares on the chart to your fabric. Simple! Designs range from the easy with just a few colours to huge, photo-real designs with many colours. The equipment needed remains much the same no matter what the project.

Let’s suppose you’ve found a chart you like the look of and want to stitch. The chart should tell you everything needed to stitch that design. Apart from the chart there are three other essential items needed to do your cross stitch.

1    Aida fabric. This is the name for cross stitch fabric. Other fabric may be used but Aida is perfect for most projects for beginners because of its clear grid. You’ll see clear holes in Aida showing you where to put your crosses for a neat finish. The cross stitch chart should tell you the ‘count’ of Aida fabric to get for a particular project, but 14 count Aida is ideal for novices. The count of Aida refers to how many crosses fit on it per inch. Make sure you get a piece big enough for the project to fit on.

2    The thread. The symbol key on a cross stitch chart will have a list of numbers which refer to particular colours in a range of thread. The most common range worldwide is by DMC. The colour numbers are universal. See which colours you need and shop for them by number.

The thread is stranded cotton, wound up in a skein. Cut a piece off that is as long as from your fingertips to your elbow. This piece of thread needs to be separated out into individual strands. The chart should tell you how many to use at a time, but 2 strands is usual.

3    A needle. You need a cross stitch needle with a blunt end and a big eye, usually called a tapestry needle. Size 24 or 26 are ideal for 14 count Aida. As the fabric count goes up, so does the number for the needle.

You’ll also need small scissors for snipping thread. Having a needle threader will take the pressure off if you’re new to threading needles. Consider using a hoop – although not essential for cross stitch, using a hoop will hold your fabric taut making it easier for you as a beginner to find a nice tension for your stitches. A six inch hoop would be a good size to start with.

You now have everything you need to start your cross stitch. I recommend using a scrap piece of Aida to practice on first. Tutorials and videos are widely available online showing basic technique. Make sure your crosses all go in the same direction for a neat finish, and practice trapping the start and end of your thread on the reverse side of your work underneath the cross stitches. Then have a go at the main event.

You can also try a small cross stitch kit which will contain all you need to have a go at cross stitch. Also consider the monthly cross stitch magazines as not only do they contain charts and technique guides, they often come with mini kits to try or cross stitch accessories.

Good luck!

anonymous asked:

I have been trying to burn fat and gain muscle for months now, but my body just doesn't seem to want to cooperate. I took up running on top of the current weight lifting that I had already been doing and have only noticed a little muscle tone in my arms. Got any suggestions for a girl who's losing hope?

Your body doesn’t have to cooperate, you force it to.

If you’re not progressing enough during your workouts, you’re probably not training the right way. Here are some workout principle that you must know.

Read this ->

It takes time to learn how your body react to training, but this is the part when you must not QUIT.

Don’t Hope. Do Work. Get Motivated.