before columbus

Exodus Lost

Aztec and Mayan chronicles told of voyagers who arrived from across the Atlantic Ocean centuries before Columbus. Remembered as founding fathers, they hailed from a remote land called Tlillan Tlapallan, “Black Land Red Land.” Now, for the first time, Exodus Lost presents compelling evidence that this lost homeland was Kemet Deshret, “Black Land Red Land,” the ancient Egyptian name for Egypt. From this follow a series of groundbreaking discoveries into the origins of Mexican civilization, the roots of Western civilization, the creation of the alphabet, the history of the pyramids, and even new archaeological evidence for several major Bible stories. Enter a world of exploration and discovery, mystery and revelation. Whether your passion is archaeology or religion, history or simply a great adventure, Exodus Lost delivers. Beautifully illustrated with 126 photos, maps, and engravings.

Read more…

1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue and discovered he wasn't the first to cross

Listening to a lecture by Dr. Umar Faruq Abd-Allah where he goes on a great tangent on how black muslims sailed the ocean long before Columbus. Upon conquering Tenochtitlan, Columbus noted the existence of masjids. Look up Mansa Abu Bakr II, of the Mali Empire, and his exploration of the Americas, started in 1312 - almost two centuries before Columbus with 2,400 boats. That’s a lot of boats. Like a lot. “We can prove this with a historical validity that is even superior than proving than Columbus crossed the ocean in 1492, which we don’t doubt.” Looking forward to a time where we (as a south Asian Muslim) learn, recognize, and respect the history of black muslims.

looking forward to a paradigm shift in my understanding of history.

Ok back to this lecture.

“World democracy was the secret dream of the great classical philosophers… Thousands of years before Columbus they were aware of the existence of our Western Hemisphere and selected it to be the site of the philosophic empire… The brilliant plan of the Ancients has survived to our time, and it will continue to function until the great work is accomplished…
The American nation desperately needs a vision of its own purpose.”

- Manly P Hall - The Secret Destiny of America

Before NHL Queue: Class 2003 (3/∞)

The European explorer, Christopher Columbus, even made mention of the African presence in the Americas in his logs.  Columbus stated that the purpose of his third voyage was to test the claims of King John the second of Portugal, that “canoes had been found which set out from the coast of West Africa and sailed to the Americas”.  Columbus also stated he heard claims of the native inhabitants of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, that black people had come from the southeast who were trading with spears that were made of a gold metal alloy developed in west Africa.  Columbus’s son, Ferdinand, said his father told him that he had seen black people north of what is now Honduras. The scholarly art historian, Count Alexander Von Wuthenau, also discusses fourteenth century carvings and sculptures that were found in the Americas which show women and men wearing turbans, clearly African with tribal marks cut on their cheeks, indicating that the people came from Mali.

Adapted From “They Came Before Columbus” Chapter 3, The Mariner Prince of Mali, page 39-50, by Ivan Van Sertima.

anonymous asked:

Aside from genuine confusion, why is the "Olmec were African" "theory" still so popular?

It’s hard to say. I think it is a combination of easily available and cheap books like “They Came Before Columbus” and a yearning for the idea to be true. You could look at it the same way as people wanting ancient aliens to be true. They can easily go to most bookstores and buy “Fingerprints of the Gods”. And those bookstores may even have the book shelved in the history section. But then you look at something like Christopher Pool’s book “Olmec Archaeology and Early Mesoamerica” and it’s $41 on Amazon. On top of that, I’ve never seen Pool’s book in a bookstore. In fact, it’s very rare I see any kind of academic level Mesoamerican archaeology book in a bookstore. And when I do, it is something like Linda Schele’s “Maya Cosmos”. While the book is great, it is also outdated by three decades of new research.

So how are people supposed to know what they should or should not read? And what is pseudo-archaeology or legitimate archaeology? If you read what is available and believe what you read, it’s easy to think this idea might be true.


Nine Important African American Texts

anonymous asked:

How many civilizations had seen the New World before Columbus?

we know Nordic peeps where there for sure, but there are also archeological clues that point to Polynesian, Chinese and more recently Scottish contacts with the ‘New World’
as well as a shitload of others which are based on… well not a whole lot.

Dear Justice League Unlimited,

In episode 4 of season two, you clearly did no or very little research. First off, you have a Viking legend named John. Just John. I am annoyed by the lack of creativity. Secondly, you have WONDER WOMAN, who is of ancient GREEK religion, do a NORSE VIKING BURIAL IN SPACE WHILE READING RYME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER. wtf. There are a crap ton of Viking burial grounds that have been excavated, including a site in North America (either Canada or Newfoundland, I honestly can’t remember and a fact check would be welcome) that proved the Leif Erikson discovered America WAY before Columbus. Also, ryme of the ancient mariner? Really? I get the similarities between the mariner and shooting the albatross to John and falling in love with a Valkyrie, but really? Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a leading poet in the British romantic movement. If you really wanted an epic poem for the burial of a Viking legend, wouldn’t BEOWULF be a better option? There is an excellent and beautiful translation by Seamus Heaney which makes sense and sounds amazing! Additionally, Beowulf is ABOUT A VIKING LEGEND! There are several passages with religious reference and I know there is a passage that talks about the burial of Beowulf, himself. I would include example passages except my copy of Beowulf has mysteriously gone missing amid my several boxes of books. Even with all of this, I have to ask, WHAT HAPPENED WITH THE GLOBAL WARMING ISSUE? Did the skeptics change their minds? I feel like there was a perfectly good opportunity missed there to give a history lesson on the Norse Viking era and show that global warming is real. I’m sorry skeptics, but I am going to trust the DECADES of data about ice levels to say that global warming isn’t a hoax. ANYWAYS. I am disappointed in the terrible use of one of my favorite epics and the lack of use of another of my favorite epics. Also, I am still disappointed in the name JOHN FOR A VIKING LEGEND! You have such wonderful names like Erik the Red, Leif Erikson, Grendel, Hrothgar, and oh, I don’t know ANYTHING BUT JOHN. If you name a prince, John, most people are likely to think Robin Hood, not invincible Viking warrior.

Thank you for listening to this rant on child’s television and the use of epic poetry in relation to historical events, the proper burial of Vikings and names in relation to historical significance.

View From Space Hints at a New Viking Site in North America

A thousand years after the Vikings braved the icy seas from Greenland to the New World in search of timber and plunder, satellite technology has found intriguing evidence of a long-elusive prize in archaeology — a second Norse settlement in North America, further south than ever known.

The new Canadian site, with telltale signs of iron-working, was discovered last summer after infrared images from 400 miles in space showed possible man-made shapes under discolored vegetation. The site is on the southwest coast of Newfoundland, about 300 miles south of L’Anse aux Meadows, the first and so far only confirmed Viking settlement in North America, discovered in 1960.

Since then, archaeologists, following up clues in the histories known as the sagas, have been hunting for the holy grail of other Viking, or Norse, landmarks in the Americas that would have existed 500 years before Columbus, to no avail. Read more.

First off, as has been well stated by many Indigenous Feminists before us, the idea of gender equality did not come from the suffragettes or other so-called “foremothers” of feminist theory. It should also be recognized that although we are still struggling for this thing called “gender equality,” it is not actually a framed issue within the feminist realm, but a continuation of the larger tackling of colonialism. So this idea that women of colour all of a sudden realized “we are women,” and magically joined the feminist fight actually re-colonizes people for who gender equality and other “feminist” notions is a remembered history and current reality since before Columbus. The mainstream feminist movement is supposed to have started in the early 1900s with women fighting for the right to vote. However, these white women deliberately excluded the struggles of working class women of color and participated in the policy of forced sterilization for Aboriginal women and women with disabilities. Furthermore, the idea that we all need to subscribe to the same theoretical understandings of history is marginalizing. We all have our own truths and histories to live.
—   Erin Konsmo, Feminism FOR REAL: Deconstructing the Academic Industrial Complex of Feminism

Re-Imagining the Black Body: Race, Memory, and the Excavation of Freedom Now

Author, activist, Prof. Frank B. Wilderson III (U.C. Irvine), and broadcast journalist, Justin Desmangles (Chairman, Before Columbus Foundation), discuss in-depth a range of critical issues facing Black America and the African Diaspora. In a rigorous and penetrating conversation employing practical and theoretical tools developed in the Black Radical tradition, from Franz Fanon to Hortense Spillers, Wilderson and Desmangles explore topical issues ranging from domestic terror to the ascendancy of Donald Trump as a racist demagogue. Powerfully deciphering analysis is brought to bear on the position of the black body in both the material and psychological development of the West, most especially the New World, the symbolic origins of the anti-blackness as practiced in the contemporary cultural mainstream, and the misuse of rationality as a legal means of oppression. Though not without great humor, a no-holds-barred exchange that takes no quarter ensues. Wilderson and Desmangles reveal a fertile, imaginative, sometimes explosive take on the present and the possibilities of a liberated future.

September 6th, 2015 《Sunday》

“Study the past of you would define the future”

Rewriting my history notes with a nice cup of tea by my side while I listen to some music and read about civilization before Columbus in North America.

This rediscovery by Europeans of ancient Egypt, and the disclosures of a powerful Negro-African element in the ancestry of a civilization to which Europe owed so much, came as an embarrassment. It came also at a most inopportune time. It threatened to explode a myth of innate black inferiority that was necessary to the peace of the Christian conscience in a Europe that was then prospering from the massive exploitation of black slaves. Africa was being systematically depopulated. Its empires had disintegrated. Its history had been buried. Its movement in step with other world civilizations had been abruptly halted. Only its most backward and inaccessible elements were left virtually untouched to bear false witness in later times to the scale and complexity of its evolution.
—  ivan van sertima, they came before columbus: the african presence in ancient america
Catholic missionaries in Kongo had exposed at least some enslaved Africans to the tenets of Christianity through their work in Kongo. In fact, Protestant missionaries in South Carolina occasionally described “black spirituality” as a curious superstition reminiscent of Catholicism

Rituals of Resistance : African Atlantic Religion in Kongo and the Lowcountry South in the Era of Slavery by Jason R. Young

 (In 1491[a year before Columbus set sail for America], King Nzinga converted to Christianity of his own free will, urging the Kongo nobility and peasant classes to follow suit. To varying degrees, the Kongo kingdom remained Christian for the next 200 years.)