beatitudes

because the priest at my parents’ church gave a painfully abstract and apolitical sermon on the Beatitudes in Matthew today. as if the Beatitudes weren’t explicit enough. 

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. I.E. THE NAMELESS MASSES WHO ACT QUIETLY AND HUMBLY, WHO DONATE TO JUSTICE ORGS WITHOUT LETTING THEIR LEFT HAND KNOW WHAT THEIR RIGHT IS DOING 

Blessed are the meek, for they shall possess the land. I.E. THOSE WHOSE VOICES HAVE BEEN SUPPRESSED AND SILENCED BY STATE VIOLENCE

Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted. I.E. THE MOTHERS OF BLACK MEN KILLED BY THE POLICE STATE 

Blessed are they who hunger and thirst after justice, for they shall have their fill. I.E. THE CROWDS OF PROTESTORS AT MAJOR AIRPORTS ACROSS THE US STANDING AGAINST THE RACIST BAN ON MUSLIM IMMIGRATION

Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. I.E. THOSE WHO OPPOSE THE DEATH PENALTY AND THE PRISON-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 

Blessed are the clean of heart, for they shall see God. I.E. THOSE WHO FIGHT AGAINST THE DEHUMANIZATION AND SEXUAL COMMODIFICATION OF WOMEN 

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God. I.E. THOSE WHO WORK TOWARD A JUST RESOLUTION TO THE ISRAEL/PALESTINE CONFLICT 

Blessed are they who suffer persecution for justice’s sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. I.E. DISSIDENTS AND POLITICAL PRISONERS (LIKE JESUS) 


@ the church: ur vague “Christian” platitudes don’t cut it. 

The Beatitudes, as told by Mother Angelica

If you build a house, you have to have a blueprint.  Everybody understands that.  But in the spiritual life they forget it.  And if you don’t know the Beatitudes (Matt. 5:1-12), you don’t know God’s blueprint for your life.

The Lord said, “Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven.” Poverty of spirit is to be detached from the things of the world.  You can have things or not have them.  Some are so fastidious about the things they have that they refuse to let anyone use them; like a person who wraps their sofa in plastic, or when they get new carpet you have to enter through the back door.

You know, life is full of lemons.  I learned that when I bought a car.  The poor in spirit don’t mind the lemons in their lives.  They recognize that nothing here is truly lasting.  Even when a person who is poor in spirit desires something and doesn’t get it, they are at peace because they know that things do not bring happiness.  The depth of their spirit is with God and they possess a sense of serenity.

Next, the Lord says, “Blessed are the gentle: for they shall inherit the earth.” Our Lord was very gentle.  The gentle think before they act. (I have to work on it and work hard.  My Italian temperament was not meant to be gentle.)  There is a peacefulness in a gentle person, a depth of compassion.  They think of others first.  Everyone loves a gentle person.  It’s hard to love a hothead.

Then the Lord adds: “Blessed are those who mourn: for they shall be comforted.” Does that mean that everyone who goes to a funeral will be blessed?  It has nothing to do with funerals.  It means blessed are those who mourn over their sins.  A lot of people don’t mourn over their sins–heck, some people don’t even know they have them.  What our dear Lord is saying is that when I mourn over my sins, He will comfort me.  I am comforted when I go to confession.  You see, the Beatitudes are multifaceted. They are the things of action, and things to be accomplished.  

The Lord next says, “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for justice: for they shall be satisfied.” Do you hunger and thirst for goodness?  Holiness?  Do you hunger and thirst to see God?  Have you ever longed in your heart to be rid of your sins and the inclinations toward sin?  Have you ever thirsted for that freedom of a child of God?  Our Lord promises you will be satisfied.

Blessed are the merciful for they shall have mercy shown them,” Jesus says.  We want mercy, but we don’t want to give mercy.  Why?  I don’t know.  We just want those who hurt us to suffer a little bit.  You ask the Father in heaven to forgive you.  Now you must be willing to forgive others.

He adds, “Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.” If you are not pure, your heart lusts after everything.  Selfishness keeps you from being pure of heart.  Most are so selfish; they don’t care for anything except what is in it for them.  You must love your neighbor for more that what he’s going to do for you–and that, incidentally, is not love.

The Lord also tells us, “Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called sons of God.” He didn’t say, “Blessed are the peaceful,” He said, “Blessed are the peacemakers.”  You have to make peace.  We should settle problems as soon as they start, keep our mouths shut, and pray for our enemies instead of gossiping about them.  You have to work for the kingdom.  It won’t be easy, but do you want heaven or not?

Jesus then says, “Blessed are those who are persecuted for a just cause: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” Wow, you are promised a lot.  I like this next part, “Blessed are you when people abuse you and persecute you and speak all kinds of calumny against you on my account.  Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven; this is how they persecuted the prophets before you.” St. Luke’s beatitude adds a little thing that I like, it reads: “Rejoice when that day comes and dance for joy” (Luke 6:23).  I ought to be dancing all the time.  Most people just want to drift placidly along, taking no stands, ruffling no feathers.  Well this last beatitude tells us we have to rock the boat a bit.  And remember, if you don’t rock the boat no one will know how many holes it has in it. 

Those who approach the New Testament solely through English translations face a serious linguistic obstacle to apprehending what these writings say about justice. In most English translations, the word ‘justice’ occurs relatively infrequently. It is no surprise, then, that most English-speaking people think the New Testament does not say much about justice; the Bibles they read do not say much about justice. English translations are in this way different from translations into Latin, French, Spanish, German, Dutch — and for all I know, most languages.


The basic issue is well known among translators and commentators. Plato’s Republic, as we all know, is about justice. The Greek noun in Plato’s text that is standardly translated as 'justice’ is 'dikaiosune;’ the adjective standardly translated as 'just’ is 'dikaios.’ This same dik-stem occurs around three hundred times in the New Testament, in a wide variety of grammatical variants.


To the person who comes to English translations of the New Testament fresh from reading and translating classical Greek, it comes as a surprise to discover that though some of those occurrences are translated with grammatical variants on our word 'just,’ the great bulk of dik-stem words are translated with grammatical variants on our word 'right.’ The noun, for example, is usually translated as 'righteousness,’ not as 'justice.’ In English, we have the word 'just’ and its grammatical variants coming from the Latin iustitia, and the word 'right’ and its grammatical variants coming from the Old English recht. Almost all our translators have decided to translate the great bulk of dik-stem words in the New Testament with grammatical variants on the latter — just the opposite of the decision made by most translators of classical Greek.


I will give just two examples of the point. The fourth of the beatitudes of Jesus, as recorded in the fifth chapter of Matthew, reads, in the New Revised Standard Version, 'Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.’ The word translated as 'righteousness’ is 'dikaiosune.’ And the eighth beatitude, in the same translation, reads 'Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.’ The Greek word translated as 'righteousness’ is 'dikaiosune.’ Apparently, the translators were not struck by the oddity of someone being persecuted because he is righteous. My own reading of human affairs is that righteous people are either admired or ignored, not persecuted; people who pursue justice are the ones who get in trouble.


It goes almost without saying that the meaning and connotations of 'righteousness’ are very different in present-day idiomatic English from those of 'justice.’ 'Righteousness’ names primarily if not exclusively a certain trait of personal character. … The word in present-day idiomatic English carries a negative connotation. In everyday speech one seldom any more describes someone as righteous; if one does, the suggestion is that he is self-righteous. 'Justice,’ by contrast, refers to an interpersonal situation; justice is present when persons are related to each other in a certain way.


… When one takes in hand a list of all the occurrences of dik-stem words in the Greek New Testament, and then opens up almost any English translation of the New Testament and reads in one sitting all the translations of these words, a certain pattern emerges: unless the notion of legal judgment is so prominent in the context as virtually to force a translation in terms of justice, the translators will prefer to speak of righteousness.


Why are they so reluctant to have the New Testament writers speak of primary justice? Why do they prefer that the gospel of Jesus Christ be the good news of the righteousness of God rather than the good news of the justice of God? Why do they prefer that Jesus call his followers to righteousness rather than to justice?

—  Nicholas Wolsterstorff

For some reason, the most vocal Christians among us never mention the Beatitudes (Matthew 5). But, often with tears in their eyes, they demand that the Ten Commandments be posted in public buildings. And of course, that’s Moses, not Jesus. I haven’t heard one of them demand that the Sermon on the Mount, the Beatitudes, be posted anywhere.

“Blessed are the merciful” in a courtroom? “Blessed are the peacemakers” in the Pentagon? Give me a break!

—  Kurt Vonnegut, A Man Without a Country
H/T QueerTheology.com

“You will weep. Yes, you might even weep your hearts out, and that will be good—provided you weep before your Father in heaven. We have it on the authority of his Son, and I have experienced the truth of it personally: ‘Happy are those who weep, for they shall be comforted.’ Spill your tears before him, and he will always dry them. That is the Sermon on the Mount, the place where you can find all the answers. Climbing through this mountain can be hard-going, and at times through mists, rain and snow. But when the mists and clouds lift, what a vista of beauty, peace and love!”

— Servant of God Paul Takashi Nagai, survivor of the Nagasaki bombing.

The Fic Writer’s Beatitudes

Blessed are the readers, for theirs is the archive.

Blessed are the betas: for they help us write the stories we see in our hearts.
Blessed are they that kudo, for they reassure us that someone likes what we’ve done.
Blessed are the rebloggers and reccers, for they help the readers find our work.
Blessed are they which leave comments on a WIP that say something other than “write more please”: for they comfort us when we feel taken for granted.
Blessed are the commenters; for their words bring us joy.
Blessed are the loyal fans, for they keep the fandom alive.
Blessed are the fan artists, for they bring our worlds to life before our eyes.
Blessed are they which read an entire long fic and comment each chapter, for the string of comment notifications fills the writer’s heart with delight.
Blessed are ye, who rec our fics in public and tag us, for seeing that we made somebody squee is the light in our days.
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; for great is your reward in fandom.

Blessed are you who are poor, for the Kingdom of God is yours.
Blessed are you who are now hungry, for you will be satisfied.
Blessed are you who are now weeping, for you will laugh.
Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude and insult you, and denounce your name as evil on account of the Son of Man.
Rejoice and leap for joy on that day! Behold, your reward will be great in heaven. For their ancestors treated the prophets in the same way.
—  Lk 6:20-23

A reminder of lists every Catholic Should be Familiar With

The 7 Sacraments (The Holy Mysteries)
1.Baptism
2.Confirmation (Chrismation)
3.Eucharist
4.Penance (Confession, Reconciliation)
5.Matrimony
6.Holy Orders
7.Extreme Unction (Annointing of the Sick


The 7 Corporal Works of Mercy
1.To feed the hungry
2.To give drink to the thirsty
3.To clothe the naked
4.To shelter the homeless
5.To visit the sick
6.To visit the imprisoned
7.To bury the dead


The 7 Spiritual Works of Mercy
1.To counsel the doubtful
2.To instruct the ignorant
3.To admonish the sinner
4.To comfort the sorrowful
5.To forgive all injuries
6.To bear wrongs patiently
7.To pray for the living and the dead


The 3 Eminent Good Works
1.Prayer
2.Fasting
3.Almsgiving


The 7 Gifts of the Holy Ghost
1.Wisdom
2.Understanding
3.Counsel
4.Fortitude
5.Knowledge
6.Piety
7.Fear of the Lord

Class of Gifts of the Holy Ghost known as Charismata
1.Gift of speaking with wisdom
2.Gift of speaking with knowledge
3.Faith
4.Grace of healing
5.Gift of miracles
6.Gift of prophecy
7.Gift of discerning spirits
8.Gift of tongues
9.Gift of interpreting speeches


The 12 Fruits of the Holy Ghost
1.Charity
2.Joy
3.Peace
4.Patience
5.Benignity
6.Goodness
7.Longanimity
8.Mildness
9.Faith
10.Modesty
11.Continency
12.Chastity


The 3 Theological Virtues
1.Faith
2.Hope
3.Charity


The 4 Cardinal Virtues
1.Prudence
2.Justice
3.Fortitude
4.Temperance


The 7 Capital Sins
1.Pride
2.Greed
3.Lust
4.Anger
5.Gluttony
6.Envy
7.Sloth


The 6 Sins against the Holy Ghost
1.Presumption
2.Despair
3.Resisting the known truth
4.Envy of another’s spiritual good
5.Obstinacy in sin
6.Final impenitence


The 4 Sins that Cry Out to Heaven
1.Willful murder
2.The sin of Sodom
3.Oppression of the poor
4.Defrauding laborers of their wages


Conditions for Mortal Sin
1.Grave matter
2.Full knowledge
3.Deliberate consent


The 9 Ways We Participate in Others’ Sins
1.By counsel
2.By command
3.By consent
4.By provocation
5.By praise or flattery
6.By concealment
7.By partaking
8.By silence
9.By defense of the ill done


The 10 Commandments
1.Thou shalt not have other gods besides Me
2.Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord thy God in vain
3.Remember to keep holy the Lord’s day
4.Honor thy father and thy mother
5.Thou shalt not murder
6.Thou shalt not commit adultery
7.Thou shalt not steal
8.Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor
9.Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife
10.Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods


The 2 Greatest Commandments
1.To love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind and strength.
2.To love thy neighbor as thyself.


The 3 Evangelical Counsels
1.Voluntary poverty
2.Perpetual chastity
3.Entire obedience.


The 6 Precepts of the Church (The Duties of a Catholic)
1.To go to Mass and refrain from servile work on Sundays and holy days
2.To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
3.To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the “Easter duty”)
4.To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
5.To help to provide for the needs of the Church according to one’s abilities and station in life
6.To obey the marriage laws of the Church


The 3 Powers of the Soul
1.Memory
2.Intellect
3.Will


The 4 Pillars of the Catholic Faith
1.The Apostles Creed
2.The Seven Sacraments
3.The Ten Commandments
4.The Lord’s Prayer


The 3 Pillars of the Church’s Authority
1.Sacred Scripture
2.Sacred Tradition
3.Living Magisterium


The 3 Munera (Duties of the Ordained)
1.Munus docendi (duty to teach, based on Christ’s role as Prophet)
2.Munus sanctificandi (duty to sanctify, based on Chris’s role as Priest)
3.Munus regendi (duty to shepherd, based on Christ’s role as King)


The 3 Parts of the Church
1.The Church Militant (Christians on Earth)
2.The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
3.The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)


The 4 Marks of the Church
1.Unity
2.Sanctity
3.Catholicity
4.Apostolicity


The 12 Tribes of Israel
In order of their birth:
1.Reuben
2.Simeon
3.Levi
4.Judah
5.Zabulon
6.Issachar
7.Dan
8.Gad
9.Asher
10.Naphtali
11.Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
12.Benjamin


The 8 Beatitudes
1.Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
2.Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
3.Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted
4.Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill
5.Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy
6.Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God
7.Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God
8.Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice’ sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven


The 14 Stations of the Cross
1.Jesus is Condemned to Die
2.Jesus is Made to Bear His Cross
3.Jesus Falls the First Time
4.Jesus Meets His Mother
5.Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross
6.Veronica Wipes Jesus’ Face
7.Jesus Falls the Second Time
8.Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
9.Jesus Falls the Third Time
10.Jesus is Stripped
11.Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
12.Jesus Dies on the Cross
13.Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
14.Jesus is Laid in the Tomb


The 15 Mysteries of the Holy Rosary & When They are Prayed

Joyful:
1.Annunciation
2.Visitation
3.Nativity
4.Presentation
5.Finding Jesus in the Temple

Sorrowful:
1.Agony in the Garden
2.The Scourging
3.Crowning with thorns
4.Carrying of the Cross
5.Crucifixion
Luminous. 1. Baptism of Jesus. 2. Manifestation of Jesus at the wedding feast of Cana. 3. Proclamation of the kingdom of God. 4. The Transfiguration. 5. The institution of the Holy Eucharist
Glorious:
1.Resurrection
2.Ascension
3.Pentecost
4.Assumption
5.Crowning of Mary

Mondays: Joyful
Tuesdays: Sorrowful
Wednesdays:Glorious
Thursdays: Joyful
Fridays: Sorrowful
Saturdays: Glorious
Sundays in Advent, Christmastide & Epiphany: Joyful
Sundays in Eastertide & Time After Pentecost:Glorious
All of Septuagesima & Lent: Sorrowful


The 9 Choirs of Angels
In ascending order:
1.Angels
2.Archangels
3.Principalities
4.Powers
5.Virtues
6.Dominions
7.Thrones
8.Cherubim
9.Seraphim


The 3 Levels of Reverence
1.Dulia:the reverence we give to Saints
2.Hyperdulia:the reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God
3.Latria:the reverence and worship we give to God alone


The 14 Holy Helpers
1.St. George, Martyr, April 23
2.St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, February 3
3.St. Pantaleon, Martyr, July 27
4.St. Vitus, Martyr, June 15
5.St. Erasmus (Elmo), Bishop and Martyr, June 2
6.St. Christopher, Martyr, July 25
7.St. Giles, Abbot, September 1
8.St. Cyriacus (Cyriac), Martyr, August 8
9.St. Achatius, Martyr, May 8
10.St. Dionysius (Denis), Bishop and Martyr, October 9
11.St. Eustachius (Eustace), Martyr, September 20
12.St. Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr, November 25
13.St. Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, July 20
14.St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, December 4


The 7 Last Words of Christ
1.Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. (Luke 23:34)
2.Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43)
3.Woman, behold thy son… .Behold thy mother. (John 19:26-27)
4.Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?) (Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21)
5.I thirst. (John 19:28)
6.It is consummated.(John 19:30)
7.Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit. (Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6)


The 4 Last Things (The Novissima)
1.Death
2.Judgement
3.Heaven
4.Hell

You cannot be a Christian without living like a Christian,” he said. “You cannot be a Christian without practicing the Beatitudes. You cannot be a Christian without doing what Jesus teaches us in Matthew 25.” This is a reference to Christ’s injunction to help the needy by such works of mercy as feeding the hungry, clothing the naked and welcoming the stranger.

“It’s hypocrisy to call yourself a Christian and chase away a refugee or someone seeking help, someone who is hungry or thirsty, toss out someone who is in need of my help,” he said. “If I say I am Christian, but do these things, I’m a hypocrite.

—  Pope Francis

Matthew 5:1-12 (NKJV)
And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying:

“Blessed are the poor in spirit,
   For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are those who mourn,
   For they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek,
   For they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
   For they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful,
   For they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart,
   For they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers,
   For they shall be called sons of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake,
   For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

“Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.