anonymous asked:

who was the gayest person in the Civil War??

A lot of people. 

Thomas P. Lowry wrote a book called The Story the Soldiers Wouldn’t Tell: Sex in the Civil War, and is the first scholarly study of the sex lives of soldiers in the Civil War.

Lowry’s addressed the problem of prostitution- straight and gay- and why both the Union and Confederate Armies had to work to stop sexually transmitted infections from crippling their soldiers, because STIs were costing more in soldier’s health and lives than action on the battlefield.

Lowry reveals that during the Civil War with men outnumbering women, especially at social events like balls, drummer boys dressed in drag. And in some occasions, the intimacy between soldiers and drummer boys reached beyond just a public waltz.

The term “homosexuality” was not coined until thirty years after the war ended. However, no army soldiers were disciplined for such activity, although three pairs of Union Navy sailors were punished, all in 1865.

Scholars have tried to ascertain if some Civil War figures were homosexual. The most notable of these was Confederate major general Patrick Cleburne, although it is still disputed. As well as another confederate general James Jay Arnold. 

Let us also not forget about Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was most likely bisexual. C.A. Tripp in his book The Intimate World of Abraham Lincoln claims that Lincoln spent his entire life with erotic attractions to other men. He goes on to note the living arrangements between Lincoln and his close friend Joshua Speed. While this doesn’t mean they were in a relationship, it’s just as possible. Especially since Abraham Lincoln once got his thighs complimented while sleeping in bed with another man. 

Simplicity, sincerity, purity and divinity

Simplicity. Simplicity is the soul, and the soul is the direct representative of God. For a few minutes, let us feel that we do not have a body, a vital, a mind or even a heart. What we have now and what we are is the soul alone, the direct representative of God. Please try to feel that you have become the soul. Do not give any form to this idea. Just repeat in silence, “soul, soul, soul,” and feel that you have become a conscious and direct representative of God.

Sincerity. We all know what sincerity is. In the outer world, telling the truth is the highest form of sincerity. In the inner world, sincerity is seeing the Truth through God’s Eye, feeling the Truth through God’s Heart and growing into the Truth of God’s transcendental Vision and universal Reality. This is inner sincerity. Now let us feel that we have grown into inner sincerity and that we are seeing everything through God’s Vision, feeling everything through God’s Heart and growing into God’s transcendental Vision and universal Reality. Let us become inner sincerity.

Humility. There are many roads that lead to God-realisation, to the ultimate Truth; but the path of humility is the short-cut. We start on the road of our desire-life. That is the longest road. Then we become half spiritual-half desire and half aspiration. This road is not as long as the road of desire alone. The next road is the road of aspiration only. That road is a very short one, and humility will shorten it still more.

In the inner world, humility always reminds us of what we were previously, of what we are now and of what we are going to become. It was by virtue of our humility that we accepted the spiritual life. Humility is also eager to complete the game.

Each individual has two realities: the higher and the lower. The lower cherishes a sense of separateness from the higher, whereas the higher feels that without the lower it is incomplete. But it is the lower that has to grow into the higher. When we want to grow into the higher reality, we immediately see how far away we are. But if we are really humble in the inner world, then we make immediate progress. Then, when we dive deep within, we see how far we were six months ago and how much nearer we now are to divinity. We also see how different we are from our friends of the past. We are not criticising them; but we see that our friends have not cultivated the inner cry to grow into divinity, into a higher consciousness.

It is humility that cultivates within us the eagerness to know and to grow into our higher reality. Everything is within us. But just because we are humble, the higher reality gets the opportunity to fulfil itself through us. The moment we lose our humility, we feel that we have nothing worth showing, that we have nothing that can be of any use to God. Let us meditate on our sincere inner humility for a few minutes.

Purity. In a broad sense, physical purity is cleanliness, vital purity is an open heart and mental purity is the absence of undivine or unhealthy thoughts. But if we really want to know what purity is, our gratitude-heart can tell us what it is. In the inner world, gratitude is the only purity. It is through gratitude, constant gratitude to the Supreme in us, that we expand our consciousness and come to know our higher vision and reality. If we can sow the seed of gratitude, it will germinate and grow into a tiny plant and then into a giant banyan tree. Then, under this huge banyan tree, in our gratitude-heart thousands of seekers will be able to take shelter and grow into their own divinity.

Our gratitude-heart is the pioneer-seeker, the path-finder, the God-server. For a few minutes, let us feel that what we are and eternally will become is nothing but a gratitude-heart.

Divinity. As we all know, a flower signifies beauty. Beauty is simplicity. Beauty is sincerity. Beauty is humility. Beauty is purity. Beauty is divinity.

What is divinity? It is the supreme form of art. It is the Supreme Art within each individual, created for God’s sake. Unless and until we have discovered this truth, we shall not be able to become inseparably one with God’s Will. If we do not become one with God’s Will constantly and incessantly, then the animal and the human in us may forgive us. They can forgive us because they are not constantly crying for divinity. They say, “You tried and you failed. It is a difficult task, so whatever you have done is enough. Whatever divinity you have attained is more than enough for us.” God Himself will undoubtedly forgive us as well, because He is all Compassion. But the evolving divinity within us will not forgive us. Our own soul inside us will not forgive us. Our inner mounting flame, our utmost sincere cry, will not forgive us. It cannot forgive us, for to it, forgiveness is nothing short of siding with ignorance.

The animal in us and the human in us are very clever. They do not consciously, soulfully or constantly care for divinity. At times they become one with divinity, but at other times they want to preserve their sense of separativity. But the evolving divinity within us will never find any satisfaction unless and until we can become inseparably one with God’s will. For this reason, the evolving divinity is very, very strict with our spiritual life or inner life, which is our real existence.

The vital, the mind and the body are subordinate realities. The soul is the most important reality. The vital, mind and body are the younger members of the family. The soul is the eldest member, and God has asked it to take care of the younger members as its bounden duty. Unfortunately, the other members do not listen to it. When they do not listen to the soul, the soul cannot manifest its divinity, and it has to come into the world-arena again and again to manifest God’s will.

The soul cannot forgive the younger members of the family when they do not listen to it because the soul has a task to accomplish for God. If the soul allows its family to be careless, then the soul will not be able to fulfil God’s Vision on earth. God, out of His infinite Bounty, will forgive the body, vital and mind because He deals with Eternity. But the soul knows that each human incarnation is the golden opportunity to manifest God in and through the physical, vital and mental consciousness. Each second that the body, vital and mind do not listen to it is a missed opportunity. When an opportunity is missed, the soul feels that God-manifestation is a far cry and the road, instead of becoming shorter, is lengthened. Again, each second that the younger members take the side of Truth and Light, a new world of higher Truth, brighter Divinity and more illumining Immortality dawns on earth.

The spiritual life is the life of the soul. We have to become consciously one with our soul. It is only when we feel our oneness with the soul that true satisfaction can dawn in our lives. We can never be truly satisfied with our own outer satisfaction. We can only be permanently happy when we satisfy God in God’s own Way. God is our highest Reality. The more we listen to the soul within us, the more we grow into the highest Reality within us, and only then can we be eternally satisfied.

Now let us meditate on divinity, our own highest inner divinity.

- Sri Chinmoy, Simplicity, sincerity, purity and divinity

If you, like me, are drowning in dread right now…if you, like me, need a reason to feel hope or pride in America…if you, like me, want to watch a movie that would sincerely piss off the racist, sexist, imaginationless incoming administration: go see Hidden Figures. Go see it right now. Brilliant, incredible black women putting human beings in space is exactly what I think we all need right now.

anonymous asked:

Facts about Abe Lincoln?

  • Lincoln invented a device to free steamboats that ran aground. 
  • He practiced law without a degree. 
  • He practiced law without a degree. 
  • He was a big animal lover. 
  • He didn’t drink, smoke, or chewed tobacco and he never drank in the White House.
  • He hated being called Abe. Apparently, he preferred being called by his last name.
  • Lincoln established Thanksgiving as a national holiday.
  • He was the first president born outside of the 13 original states.
  • Lincoln’s cat Tabby ate at the White House dinner table.
  • Lincoln was the first president to use the telegraph.
  • Lincoln’s shoe size was between 12 and 14. But does foot size really matter- yes. 
  • Lincoln was shot on Good Friday.
  • Lincoln was photographed with John Wilkes Booth at his second inauguration.
  • Booth’s brother saved the life of Lincoln’s son on a New Jersey train platform.
  • Someone shot at Lincoln in 1864 and put a hole in his stovepipe hat.
  • Lincoln battled depression for much of his life.
  • He was set to take part in a duel, but it was cancelled at the last second.
  • Lincoln kept his important documents inside his hat.
  • Lincoln’s guest at Ford’s Theater was Ulysses S. Grant, who cancelled at the last second.
  • Lincoln’s assassination took place in a plot to also kill the vice president and the speaker of the house. The speaker of the house was stabbed multiple times but survived and the person mean’t to kill the vice president chickened out in the last moment. 
  • He was the tallest president, he was 6′4
  • Of Lincoln’s four children, two died before he did, one died six year after his passed and only one lived past to adulthood. 

Sources: (x) and my past US history courses. 

anonymous asked:

Do you have a favorite historical painter, or a favorite historical portrait?

I have Crossing the Delaware River into Trenton and Surrender of Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown in posters in my room (and others). But there is this portrait of George Washington that I am especially fond of for no particular reason other than that I find it beautiful.  

There are more of course but that’s what I can name off of the top of my head. 

random “say no to this” thoughts: lin ham really leans on the ~failure to resist temptation~ aspect, which is reeeally sleazy imo. and you miss a lot just listening to the cast album, the blocking is super important - at one point he crouches down in front of her on the floor and the vibe is so much the “dude makes woman cry and yells at her for crying” thing and it’s honestly just like. viscerally uncomfortable. i wonder how aware the dudes who play ham are of that particular moment tbh bc literally every woman i know has had an experience like that. anyway. javilton, on the other hand, is so much less remorseful in the moment - his “i don’t want you” is more detached and actually sounds sincere, or like he’s more successfully convincing her he’s sincere, where lin’s sounds like he’s protesting in spite of the fact that it’s clearly not true. at the end javilton doesn’t even seem that upset at the cheating, it’s more that he got caught & is being extorted. which is interesting when you consider that the whole thing is ham’s attempt to paint himself as sympathetic - javilton’s “we know” is much more chilling bc he’s just more detached and cooler than lin is. with lin you kind of believe that he believes he fucked up, whereas with javi, he’s 100% in control of himself and knows exactly what he’s doing during “say no to this”, so his “we know” - and his ham overall - is more calculated and less “backed myself into a corner”. super interesting imo.



My friend Sincerely Sam  @alphakittenoverload and I did this as a Collab. She made the first inicial composition sketch, and then I re-sketched it and colored it, and she’s going to make her own colored version of this later once she’s done. XD Gonna be awesome! :D 


Since nobody has posted my favorite vine of all time for vine remembrance i’m going to take matters into my own hands