basic evidence

Back to School: How to Get an A*/8 or 9 in an English Lit Essay!

Happy September, everyone!

As we all get our gears in motion to start a new year, I thought I would share my top tips for scoring the highest marks in English Literature essays. 

(P.S. Lots of these tips are applicable to other subjects too)

1. Don’t write about the character as if they are real

Unfortunately, this is a common error in English Lit essays. It is absolutely imperative to remember that a character is not a person, but is a construct of the writer in order to present an idea or theme. No matter the question, you should be linking your answer back to the writer’s ideas and theme of the text, even if it doesn’t seem obvious what the theme is on the first inspection of the question. Using the author’s name frequently in your essay will demonstrate that you recognise the character is not a real person - ‘Shakespeare portrays Macbeth as a tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle as…’

2. Don’t analyse the plot

Avoid analysing the plot or when things happen in the text. Don’t write ‘When X happens it makes us think Y’. Instead:

  • Analyse the writer’s use of language, structure and form to create meaning
  • Do a close language analysis of specific words/phrases, including a sound analysis (plosives, assonance, etc.)
  • Do a structural analysis of what happens when and why that’s important (Freytag’s pyramid)
  • Do an analysis of form (stage directions, dramatic monologue, etc.)

3. Keep your answer relevant throughout

You need to be explicitly answering the question - not going off on a tangent nor trying to change the question to suit an answer that you want to write. One way of avoiding this is by starting each paragraph with a topic sentence, summarising what that paragraph is going to be about and how it answers the question. Another method is simply by rewording the question into your answer at the start and end of every paragraph. At least. For greater impact, include synonyms of the word, which can also help with the readability of your answer.

4. Avoid PEE/PEEL/etc. where you can

Thousands of students are taught the same, basic Point-Evidence-Explain (or variant) analytical paragraph structure. If you want to stand out, show academic strength, and achieve the highest marks then you must break free from the chains of PEE! (This also applies for your introduction format. ‘In this essay, I will argue…’ gets pretty dull after reading it 100 times)

For my students, I will be teaching them to write What-How-Why paragraphs:

WHAT has the writer done?

HOW have they done it?

WHY have they done it/is it effective?

This way, your focus is always on why the writer has chosen to use that specific language/structure/form, but it allows you to be creative in crafting your response. Being able to discuss the ‘why’ of literature is the key to unlocking the highest grades. Reading through examiners’ reports this summer has made one thing clear - it is not enough to merely spot linguistic devices or structural features. You must explain why the writer has chosen them and why that is an effective choice (or not).

5. Avoid sweeping statements about context

The main advice here is to only include comments about the context of the text if it adds to the analytical point that you are making. They should not be a bolt-on sentence, but they should enhance your answer.

Further, sweeping claims like ‘All Jacobean women were oppressed by society’ is far too vague. On the other hand, a comment like ‘Lady Macbeth is a disturbing example of womanhood because she denies her gender at a time where the role of a woman was clear-cut, even patriarchal, in Jacobean society’ suggests that you have a greater understanding of how context can influence the writer’s choices.

6. A plan is your best friend

Always, always make time to plan your answer. A method I recommend is, first, circling the key words in the question (character/theme, what you are asked to do, where in the text you are asked to look, etc.). Secondly, write all of your ideas down onto the page, highlighting parts from the extract if you have that in front of you. Finally, select a judicious number of points that you are going to talk about (quality not quantity here) and number the order in which you are going to make them.

If you are writing a comparative essay, each paragraph must start and end with a comparative point about whatever it is you are comparing (characters/themes/etc.) I suggest the following format:

X is presented in both text A and text B. However, in A the author uses device 1 and 2 to demonstrate X. On the other hand, in B, the author demonstrates X via use of device 2 and 3.’ Then write one paragraph for each text. Repeat this again for another similarity. And again for a third - if you think that is appropriate.

Click HERE if you want more top tips/resources/essay advice/study motivation!!

Click HERE if you want more top tips/resources/essay advice/study motivation!!

Photo credit @eintsein 🌻

This property is HOA-Free.

This is a long one, because it involves a growing escalation of actions. TLDR at the bottom. Some terms are translated because I don’t live in an English-speaking country.

We moved houses last year, to the ugliest in the street. The previous owners must have loved Mondriaan, because the front was red/blue/yellow in windowframes and door. One paintjob, many thankful neighbors and several months later, I get an invitation to a voluntary “Collective of inhabitants”, the terms read like an opt-in HOA that you can never leave. A long list of restrictions, and no benefits? No thanks.

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  • I was reading a post that basically said there's canon evidence of Murdoc reading everything in his house, and seems to be a little bit embarrassed by that and doesn't like to admit how intelligent he actually is. I like to think the rest of the band finds out that Murdoc will read basically anything thats laying around the spirit house too long. Noodle starts leaving self help books laying around. Like how to recover from an abusive childhood, and books about how to keep healthy relationships. The books always disappear so she assumes he threw them away until she went looking for something in his room and finds them neatly stacked under his bed

anonymous asked:

Hi River! Can you link us to some meta, analysis, commentary, or basic evidence of Sherlock being trans, particularly in BBC Sherlock? I just haven't really read anything in depth about this so I'm interested to know more. Thanks!

hey! i’m just going to compile my own list of things i’ve caught but you can certainly go to @marcelock‘s trans sherlock tag for more!!!

so firstly, most of the canonical evidence is in s3 and tab but i thought i’d start with something that caught my attention in the great game

here, sherlock is excitedly giving his deduction about the golem

and john, pressed about the earlier confrontation he had with sherlock about moriarty, and impatient, replies with this

which leads sherlock and lestrade to have these reactions:

now QUITE obviously sherlock and lestrade know something here that john does not. lestrade looks down and away immediately after john’s comment and sherlock looks at lestrade with a look which vehemently reads “don’t say anything, he doesn’t know” 

to me, this is an extremely obvious misgendering of sherlock that john does ignorantly and unintentionally because he honestly doesn’t know, and i can adhere to this personally because it has happened to me on multiple occasions 

now, throughout the next 10 minutes of the episode sherlock distances himself from john by telling him that they should split up to get more done, which isn’t an unusual occurrence but it is DEFINITELY unusual when john is doing something that only police should be doing (interviewing the dead man’s roommate) 

i see this as sherlock needing to distance himself from john for just a little while because of the earlier instance. he’s obviously not mad, just a bit upset and jarred but as you can see by the end of the episode everything between them is completely fine again

in s2 there isn’t much in the way of physical evidence like above, it’s more subtextual, in asib it is brought up at least twice that i can remember that sherlock is a virgin 

“sex doesn’t alarm me” “how would you know?” 

“he calls you the ice man and the virgin” 

this can be attested to that sherlock is just a genuinely awkward person and uncomfortable with contact as such but it can easily be read that because he is trans that he experienced and experiences body dysphoria which would lead to him not being comfortable with his own body, let alone allowing someone else to be with it so intimately 

“but what about top surgery scars?????” you may ask

not all trans people get double mastectomies!!! some of us don’t ever get surgery! but sherlock could have easily had the key hole operation which would not leave the double incisions on the chest that you see on many trans men 

sherlock having little to no body hair is also incredibly telling, as many trans men, even on testosterone, are unable to grow it and if they do it’s usually patchy

in both thob and the google maps of 221b, there is an injection gun sitting on the table

injection guns are used to inject medication accurately and frequently, and, sherlock constantly on the move for cases, would need to administer his testosterone quickly and efficiently

now, in The Trans Sherlock Show (s3) there is so much evidence that he’s trans it makes my head spin

the VERY first scene we see sherlock in, he has absolutely no facial hair, yet, the hair on his head is literally down to his shoulders

where did he find the time to shave yet not cut his hair??? he didn’t

sherlock was unable to have access to testosterone in the field for 2 years is what happened, so it stunted his facial hair growth 

there is literally no other explanation for this like

moving on to tsot

sherlock loves dancing and always has which isn’t that unusual for men anymore, but his love for dancing does not explain the fact that he can do a pirouette perfectly? he would have had to go through extensive training to complete such a move, and many parents put their “little girls” in dancing lessons

during the stag night and sherlock and john’s drinking game, sherlock drunkenly asks questions that john answers to validate him, not the person on his head

“am i human?”

“am i a man?”




“am i important?”

“do people like me?”

sherlock is obviously seeking validation from john, and he just wants to know what he is to people and how people see him

later in this scene sherlock also says “beauty is a construct based entirely on childhood influences and role models” which is a really… trans thing to say. he’s talking about beauty and looks but those are as performative as gender, gender is literally performing a look, how you want to be perceived and how you want others to perceive you

hlv now!!!

as a little aside and a line that i always laugh at anderson asks sherlock if he has “one hole or two” and sherlock abashedly says “sorry?!” and obviously they’re talking about the gunshot wound but it’s just a funny trans joke to me

anyway! “how can sherlock be trans if he is clearly a little boy in his mind palace!!!” sherlock can imagine himself however he wants in his mind palace folks and children are mostly androgynous in formative years so this could have been how he looked or he’s picturing himself as such

now the 2 hospital scenes, one with janine and the deleted scene with magnussen 

first the janine scene: 

“you lied to me, you lied and lied” 

“just once would have been nice”

sherlock, awkwardly, “i was waiting until we got married”

“you shouldn’t have lied to me, i know what kind of man you are. we could have been friends”

now this can be read as both a reveal of sherlock being gay AND trans

“but it can only be about him being gay!!!” you might say

then explain the magnussen scene:

magnussen, a man who blackmails people for money, is blackmailing sherlock about his “musician’s hands”

but this comment quickly turns into calling them “woman’s hands,” and sherlock looks at magnussen in fear - he knows his secret

this deleted scene completely explains sherlock’s vehemence toward mycroft near the end of hlv when mycroft asks sherlock why he hates magnussen so much

and finally the tarmac scene, when sherlock says “sherlock is actually a girl’s name”

this can be interpreted a couple of different ways in terms of him being trans

sherlock could be saying here that sherlock was his birthname and he wanted to keep it, but needed a masculine name on legal documents, hence william sherlock scott holmes, because sherlock is quite an androgynous unusual name

or, he could be saying that he was born a “girl,” and that his being carries along that sentiment even though he had chosen sherlock during his transition. either way, he’s literally saying he’s trans

onto tab, 

sherlock has no facial hair at all, yes he could be cleanly shaven, but as this is the 1890s hrt doesn’t exist yet so he wouldn’t be able to actually grow it

sherlock, perhaps having noticed, or not caring to notice because hooper is in the same predicament as him, has not said anything about the fact that hooper is, for lack of a better term, “a woman dressed in man’s clothing”

hooper could be a trans man just like sherlock, hence him not saying a single thing because he himself is trans as well and would not dare to out hooper


in the end scene, when sherlock tells john that he “would be very much at home in such a world” and that he’s always been a man out of his time, it’s fairly obvious that sherlock knows he could better himself in current day, that he could be the man he wanted with access to what he wanted in the 21st century (testosterone, surgery, etc) 

and finally after all of that! the big doozy of yesterday in which we all learned that sherlock literally leaves his t needles all over 221b! a major thank you to @sidryan for that!

anyway that’s all! sherlock is trans thanks for coming to my ted talk

Fun things to think about:

So we’ve basically been given repeated evidence in Voltron that there’s not only ecosystems on planets, but an entire separate ecosystem (or, likely, several) in the depths of space itself. We have the Balmeras, we have the space caterpillars Pidge befriends, and we have the weblum.

The thing is? The weblum eats planets- basically making it the equivalent of space herbivore. That would actually match up a lot with its behavior- the weblum is basically a moose. It’s huge, but like any prey animal it’s skittish, tense, and reacts aggressively to things that remind it of predators. In particular it’s very hostile towards things like Lions or spaceships- and it has a nasty defense mechanism- explicitly called that, on several occasions. A defense mechanism.

You know what that all suggests?

It suggests weblums have predators.

Presumably, ones that are smaller than the weblum itself given, again, its hostile reception to the Yellow Lion- but who might work in packs to take down larger prey. If the weblum is the equivalent of a moose, then these might be the wolves in this metaphor.

I mean, I’m guessing the weblum is a big fish in the pond- why I’d compare it to a moose, not something many creatures would want to tangle with- but we really don’t have a good sample size of this, what I’d tentatively call exofauna. For all we know the weblum is a small fry and pursued by both smaller predators and much, much bigger ones. I’d guess not, but it’s a possibility. 

It raises the question of if there’s exoflora to go with the exofauna. The Weblum eats planets, and assuming the caterpillars eat at all, it’s probably safe to figure their diet is metal, considering the contents of their home “nebula”.

I’ve also been wondering for a while, with the idea that the Lions are living creatures, if that’s the origin of their species. Their primary form of communication is telepathy, which doesn’t require air to travel through, and they themselves can be completely sealed from oxygen without ill effect. After all, they seem to have just ‘come from space’ with little warning. The Lions themselves might be creatures whose native environment is open space.

And, most interestingly- this might suggest, what if there are still wild, unmodified Lions out there- obviously, many orders of magnitude weaker than the Voltron Lions, who would have something beyond their modifications setting them apart, but creatures of the same species. 

(deep down, he probably knows that they aren’t)

Conflicting Banters

So I’ve been thinking recently about this banter:

Blackwall: Sera and I were just talking about you. We need you to settle a question for us.

Solas: (Sighs.) Sera’s involved? So this question will be offensive.

Blackwall: Yes, probably. Sorry.

Blackwall: You make friends with spirits in the Fade. So… um, are there any that are more than just friends?

Blackwall: If you know what I mean.

Solas: Oh, for… really?!

Blackwall: Look, it’s a natural thing to be curious about!

Solas: For a twelve-year-old!

Blackwall: It’s a simple yes or no question!

Solas: Nothing about the Fade or spirits is simple, especially not that.

Blackwall: Aha! So you do have experience in these matters!

Solas: I did not say that.

Blackwall: Don’t panic. It’ll be our little secret.

Solas: Ass.

Blackwall: Now who’s twelve?

And this one:

Iron Bull: Hey, Solas, you ever do your Fade thing and pretend you can fly?

Iron Bull: Just flap your arms and zip around in there? Then maybe bang some hot Fade ladies?

Solas: No. Such behavior attracts the attention of demons.

Iron Bull: Aww. Demons shit up everything.

This has always felt like conflicting information to me. In the first, Solas shirks around the question, but in the second he says definitively “No, I don’t bang things in the Fade.”


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Why the SS fandom use the Gaiden manga as a proof of love? That manga is Kishimoto basically trolling them and playing with their ship, is by far one of the most sad and destructive things that man had done to that pairing.

“But at the end it says that they have the real love” ⬅ this is one of the most famous arguments used to defend this manga.

But the thing is that you have to show where is that “true love” , where in all the manga is that true love showed ?

“Duh is Sarada, obviously” so Sarada is a proof of their love? Like what? You can have a child with someone without having to be in love with them, and Sasuke doesn’t seem worry about the fact that he barely remembered the face of his OWN daughter. Without counting that he was going to kill her for it.

“You are one of this creep’s friends?” No Sasuke, is your daughter… Eh Sarada? Salad? You remember her?

All that manga is Kishimoto showing the contrary of a true love and a happy marriage

A true love and a happy marriage consists on:

Being together ✖ Sasuke leaved them for a decade and he actually returned to Konoha to talk about Kaguya with Naruto being ALREADY a Hokage (so sarada was 8 or 9 years old), Sakura was with them in a scene but nor she or Sasuke went to Sarada to have some family time and is in that moment that his “dangerous” mission begun, before that there isn’t a good enough excuse for him being away of his family. He leaved her again at the end of Gaiden and rejected her kiss because that is a proof of true love

Knowing well about each other ✖ Sakura Hiden is a proof of Sakura realizing how little she knows about Sasuke, Sarada asked her about Sasuke using glasses and she didn’t knew, she doesn’t know about the Uchiha’s true neither. That symbol on her back is basically a joke, a big reason of why Sasuke doesn’t use it anymore.

I don’t know, not forgiving your daughter’s face ? ✖ He did and he tried to kill her.

Actually explaining your kid why is her father never in home without going in a exaggerate rampage ✖

Sakura’s excuses about Sasuke not bein in home where always about how he was in a very important mission even when in that moment he wasn’t to then change the topic, when Sarada was old enough to understand there was something off about their family she went to her mother to have some answer and what Sakura did? Get angry.

Like girl, your daughter never once in her life had meet her dad, you don’t have a single family photo on your house, she finds one photo with a girl with glasses next to him in the pic in where you pathetically tap your face on, you never talk about him, there is basically non evidence of her birth on the village and even the Hokage doesn’t know how to help her and you can’t answer a single question?

Like I can go and go.
The real love that a lot of the SS fans try to protect of that manga is not showed by Kishimoto. Is like me watching some abusive movie in where the couple is abusive and toxic af and all the movie is about them hurting each other and in the end they stay together because the guy gave her flowers and said “sorry” so they have the real “love”

Yes. SS fans.
Leaving your own family for a decade and still doing it, without having any contact with them EVEN when you have a CELLPHONE and a hawk and you can send letters is romantic
Almost killing your own daughter and forgiving your daughter’s face is pure love.
Not having even a family photo with your husband + lying to your child and not talking with her about it is Disney level love
Rejecting your wife’s kiss is Hollywood romance
CHASING after a guy who ignored you and rejected you is SUPER romantic

And of course, your daughter actually having to look for her father is GOD level romance.

Gaiden is not a good thing SS fans, is just a proof of how sad your pairing is.

anonymous asked:

How could Jaime be aerys bastard?? Why would tywin have raised him if that were trie2?

Okay, so there’ve been a lot of discussions and posts written about this theory elsewhere that are probably a lot better than my explanation is about to be, because I’m too lazy to look up the proper citations. But in essence, here’s what we know from the books:

Aerys was attracted to Jaime and Cersei’s mom, Joanna Lannister, to the point of obsession. He ‘took liberties’ with her on her wedding night to Tywin, probably at least groping her and possibly more, and at one point ‘joked’ about reinstating First Night, the right of kings to sleep with a bride before her husband on her marriage night. So Aerys had both the means and the motive to sleep with Joanna - maybe raping her on her wedding night, or maybe some time after - and the timeline regarding her pregnancy with the twins checks out. If this happened, there was literally nothing Joanna or Tywin could do about it, because her rapist was the king of the Seven Kingdoms - except for leaving King’s Landing for Casterly Rock to put as much distance between them as possible, which is incidentally exactly what she did.

There’s some possible foreshadowing of this in the books with regards to Tyrion, not Jaime, being called Tywin’s ‘true’ son multiple times. Jaime also has a prophetic dream about his mom where it could be interpreted that she confirms the twins aren’t really Tywin’s (this interpretation is open to debate, of course). And then there’s Cersei’s potential madness and obsession with fire, which seems to resemble Aerys’s quite a lot, as well as the twins’ incest, which could be read as the result of their Targaryen genetics. Thematically, it would also work pretty well - you get Jaime the Kinslayer as well as the Kingslayer to make him echo Tyrion’s arc, and you wind up with Jaime and Cersei being the half-siblings of Rhaegar (who Cersei once hoped to marry) and Dany, which creates a lot of fun parallels between Cersei and Dany as well as Dany and Jaime. It would also mean that, according to Westerosi views of family (which don’t seem super positive on adoption), Tyrion - the dwarf who Tywin loathed and would willingly have disinherited if he had any shred of evidence he was illegitimate, and who eventually killed Tywin because of it - is Tywin’s only trueborn child. That’s some pretty savage irony, and definitely seems like something GRRM might come up with.

Finally, with regards to Tywin raising the twins as his own, there’s two possibilities. 1. He had no idea about Joanna’s possible rape and fully believed they were his children, or 2. he suspected the truth, but was in deep, deep denial because he couldn’t bring himself to believe that his perfect golden twins might not be so perfect after all. I mean, this is the guy who epically failed to notice that his own children had been carrying on an affair for decades right under his nose. In the show Cersei even confronts him with it, and he’s still just like, ‘nope, that’s not a thing.’ The man had serious powers of denial when it came to what he was and wasn’t willing to view as the truth.

Note: there are also theories that Tyrion, rather than Jaime and Cersei, might be the secret Targaryen bastard of the family, due to his dragon obsession and basically the same book evidence about Aerys and Joanna. I don’t like this idea as much because I think it undercuts the important themes of Tyrion’s relationship with Tywin and lessens the impact of his murder, but it’s still a possibility in the series.

You see, virtually every article about sweeteners got it wrong.

Even the authors didn’t say that they were bad for your health.

In fact, the authors conclusions were basically that the evidence isn’t good for using sweeteners from a weight loss point of view, and that there may be some harms associated with them so perhaps they aren’t as great as everyone thinks. It’s not hugely positive, but it’s a far cry from the screaming headlines warning that sweeteners were coming for your health and happiness.

And the saddest part is that this is all in the abstract. Anyone who actually found the study (that is available for free) would’ve known instantly that a scare story about sweeterners was simply wrong.

does anyone else get really angry when they remember about the library of alexandria???

Ziam Masterpost: 1 of 48943587 reasons to believe in Ziam

These two dumbasses like expressing their love by giving each other gifts such as necklaces, bracelets, watches and other accesories that mean something for them. 

So me and strangefurydream decided to make a post about most significant ones. 


Cartier bracelet

So on  February 14th 2015 on the OTRA Melbourne concert, Zayn was spotted wearing a gold bracelet. At that time he didn’t actually wear lots of gold bracelets, so that was kinda unusual.

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