barrell vault

8

HORREA EPAGATHIANA ET EPAPHRODITIANA

Ostica antica, Italy

145-150 CE


The store building (horrea) was owned by two freedmen, Epagathus and Epaphroditus.

In the interior is a square courtyard, surrounded by a porticus with brick piers. On all four sides of the courtyard are rooms of varying size. The rooms are covered by cross-vaults. A long room in the south-west part, with a door leading to a shop, is partly covered by a barrel-vault. There are remains of white plaster. In the centre of the east side of the courtyard are two niches, identical to the ones in the second vestibule. They flank the entrance to a deep room, perhaps an office.

On the floor of the courtyard is a black-and-white mosaic with meanders, a swastika, a panther at the west end - resting with one paw on what seems to be part of a prey - , and a tiger at the east end. The panther was meant to be seen from the entrance, the tiger from the “office”. The mosaic belongs to the first building phase. The figurative panels, the slightly eccentric position of the “office” and the oblique walls of the vestibules testify to a very conscious attempt to create a visual axis in the building.

In the north-west and south-west part of the building are staircases. The lay-out of the first floor was similar to that of the ground floor.

8

Attack of the Clones | Tidbit Tuesday | The Galaxy’s Greatest Libraries

The Jedi Archives of the Jedi Temple in Attack of the Clones bear a startling resemblance to the Long Room of the Trinity College Library. The similarities are obvious, from the arched barrel vault running the length of the room to the double height book stacks. Even the busts and statuary of the Jedi Archive mirror the busts of figures from the academic world in the Long Room.

View of waiting room in Michigan Central Railroad Station. Boxes piled on floor and on benches; chandeliers suspended from barrel-vaulted ceiling. Printed on back: “32. Looking west in main waiting room in mid sixties. Out of commission except for storage, the glory still shines through. Credit: Dave Jordano.” Handwritten on back: “Michigan Central (Penn Central) Rail Road Station. Detroit, Mich. Photograph by Dave Jordano. [copyright] 1977.”

  • Courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library

You may say that groin vaults are a solution that is typical from the gothic architecture, but there are many gothic buildings who still used the old barrel vault (for example, the Cathedral of Évora or the Convent of Santa Cruz, in Coimbra). On the other hand, groin vaults remain as a valid solution in later architectural styles - theis Parish Church of Viana do Alentejo is dominantly a manueline church, but still uses gothic vaults, a solution that you can find even in some renaissance cloisters.

8

Eurydice’s tomb

Vergina, Greece

~369 BCE


The unusual Tomb of Eurydike lies slightly east of the Rhomaios Tomb. This double-chambered, barrel-vaulted structure, whose facade has yet to be revealed, is plastered with off-white mortar.

One of the short sides of the burial chamber is presented in trompe-l'oeil as a facade with a door and two windows framed by four Ionic half-columns, which support an Ionic three-tiered entablature and a frieze decorated with white palmettes.

A unique find is the marble throne with its richly carved and painted ornamentation; in particular, the back of the throne, which depicts Pluto and Persephone riding on a quadriga, is truly outstanding.

The wealth of this tomb, which had been plundered in antiquity, indicates a royal burial; on the basis of chronological data, it is attributed to Philip’s mother Eurydike, inscribed dedications of whom have been found in the temple of Eukleia at Aigai.

The Triumph of the Name of Jesus (detail)
Il Baciccio (Giovanni Battista Gaulli) (Italian; 1639–1709)
1676–9
Oil on paper, laid down on canvas
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey

Bozzetto (preparatory oil sketch) for the ceiling fresco of Il Gesù, the barrel-vaulted mother church of the Jesuit order in Rome.

by @skidmoreowingsmerrill #next_top_architects How should a building meet the ground? Architects pore over the intersection of earth and construction constantly, and on this Model Monday we celebrate a seamless approach to the challenge at Al Hamra Tower in Kuwait City. Here, the 20-meter-tall lobby gives the overall impression that the building emerges, extrusion-like, from the desert. It does so by featuring columns that curve away from the tower’s north elevation to organic effect. These columns are braced by the crisscrossing arches of a lamella structure, which is visible from within Al Hamra’s barrel-vaulted lobby.

#Architecture #Design #KuwaitCity #AlHamraTower #ArchDaily #Archilovers #ArchModelMonday

Photograph of sculpture panel on the façade of the sanctuary of Vaital Duel, Bhubaneshwar, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken by William Henry Cornish in 1892. The Vaital Deul in Bubhaneswar (late 8th Century) is an unusual temple with a rectangular sanctuary covered by a barrel-vaulted roof. On the top of the tower are three miniature amalakas with small pot finials. The projection on the façade houses a Shiva Nataraja and an image of the Sun god Surya. The sanctuary walls have carved niches with figures of deities, couples and graceful maidens framed by bands of scrollwork. The adjoining rectangular mandapa has miniature shrines and a roof of sloping slabs. The main deity of this temple is Chamunda (a form of Durga), with a garland of skulls, seated on a corpse, flanked by a jackal and owl. This along with various interior carvings like the skeletal head have given rise to the view that this temple was used for Tantric rituals. This view shows a powerful sculpture of the goddess Durga killing the buffalo demon Mahisa.

The British Library