barbie history

Nikolaus “Klaus” Barbie (25 October 1913 – 23 September 1991) was an SS-Hauptsturmführer (rank equivalent to army captain) and Gestapo member. He was known as the “Butcher of Lyon” for having personally tortured French prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. After the war, United States intelligence services employed him for their anti-Marxist efforts and also helped him escape to South America. The Bundesnachrichtendienst, the West German intelligence agency, recruited him, and he may have helped the CIA capture Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara in 1967. Barbie is suspected of having had a hand in the Bolivian coup d'état orchestrated by Luis García Meza Tejada in 1980. After the fall of the dictatorship, Barbie no longer had the protection of the Bolivian government and in 1983 was extradited to France, where he was convicted of crimes against humanity and died in prison of cancer.


The Barbie Look Commercial from 1965 when Barbie and Her friends first got bendable legs!

I love these upbeat 60s commercials
How the Portrayal of Women in Comics Affected Generations of Little Girls

Did you know one of the most successful toy franchises ever for little girls was based on a T&A comic aimed at adult men?

In 1952, a cartoonist named Reinhard Beuthien created a new comic strip character named Lilli for the German newspaper Bild-Zeitung. Lilli was a curvy blond secretary who dressed in tight, low-cut clothes (with the occasional wardrobe malfunction). She was portrayed as sexually promiscuous, primarily interested in men for their money, and not always the brightest bulb in the box, although she did have the occasional sassy retort. The adult humor of the strip proved popular, particularly with men (many women found Lilli to be offensive). Today, the strip is often mistaken for being about a prostitute, which says a lot about how it portrayed its lead woman.

A tie-in doll was released in 1955 in both 30 cm and 19 cm sizes. With a high price point and a figure that was far more adult than children’s playthings, the Bild Lilli doll was intended as a toy for grownups. Sold as a gag gift in bars and tobacco shops, adult men were again the primary audience. Many referred to her as a “sex toy”. Yet somehow, she still became popular with children, standing out from the little girl and baby dolls they regularly played with.

An American named Ruth Handler bought a Bild Lilli doll while visiting Europe. She had been trying to market the concept of an adult fashion-oriented doll, similar to the paper dolls her daughter Barbara played with, to the toy company her husband had co-founded. A redesign of the Bild Lilli doll, named after her daughter, soon premiered from Mattel. And Barbie became a huge hit.

Bild Lilli ceased production in 1964 when Mattel bought out the rights to the German doll. She became little more than a fun footnote in her illustrious follow-up’s history (and a rare vintage collectible). To bring things full-circle, Barbie had a comic at Marvel that ran for 63 issues in the early to mid 90s.

There’s been criticism for years about how unrealistic Barbie’s figure is, how it can be a harmful influence on the young girls who play with her. The thing is, the origins of that body lie directly in a comic strip designed to titillate male readers. The favorite toy of generations of girls and collectors? Shaped by the male gaze. When you criticize fashion dolls, you’re criticizing how women were and still are portrayed in comics.

On the flip side, Barbie has inspired girls for 50 years and has had nearly every career under the sun. She became an astronaut in 60s, a surgeon in the 70s, a rock star in the 80s, a UNICEF ambassador, joined every branch of the military, ran for president, and has been several different superheroes. And that’s not bad for a gal whose predecessor was little more than a punchline.

cass-ian  asked:

(I'm sorry I know I keep asking you writing things but you're one of my fave writers sooo) all your smut is 1000/10 so I was wondering if you have any tips for writing smut besides getting experience? bc I'm not interested in getting experience right now but I would still like to write well-written smut?

aw thank you! never apologize for asking me things, i am obnoxious and love to talk. writing smut is… a mysterious science, I tell you what. it has 0 to do with actual RL sexual experience so super don’t worry about that. The main thing is, honestly, to just read a lot of good smut and pay attention. Try to deconstruct what’s working for you about a thing–what language choices do they make, what’s the pacing like, how much narration is happening and when, how metaphoric vs literal, vague vs specific is it. (generally with smut, this requires a reread, because good smut has a way of shutting down more academic facilities the first time around ;) )

When actually writing, keep in mind that (most) smut is a cake made of 3 well-mixed ingredients:

  • dialogue
  • the actual physical things that are happening (including moaning etc)
  • internal narration/emotional junk/metaphoric stuff 

and there’s no secret to getting the proportions right, just a combination of instinct and awareness of pacing/ tone.

Also, (and this is something I see almost exclusively in published romance novels, fanfiction is MUCH better about this) the characters are still the characters when they’ve having sex! They don’t suddenly turn into Sex Barbies with no personalities/history. I’ve read really technically well-written smut that is SUPER boring because there’s hardly any sense of the characters coming through. Feysand and Nessian going through the same basic motions would still have totally different experiences; a really engrossing sex scene reflects your couple’s unique chemistry and situation.

other assorted tips include: don’t rush build-up, simultaneous orgasm is super rare IRL so use sparingly, less is probably more when it comes to prose, “dick” and “cock” are the only nouns you need to describe that particular appendage.

go forth. make fictional people fuck.

WHAT DO YOU MEAN THERE WAS NO MATCHING BARBIE THERE WERE THREE BARBIES blonde brunette AA PLUS MIDGE.  And he’s called Earring Magic Ken, not Magic Earring Ken you can’t even get your story right when there’s a picture in front of you with the correct name.

But I’ll say nothing on the actual post, because apparently people who know nothing about Barbie history don’t realize there are people who do know about Barbie history. (I already grumped at OP for not realizing that “getting made once and never again” is perfectly normal for all Barbies, not some mark of Mattel thinking it’s made a terrible mistake.)

Martha Ann’s Quilt for Queen Victoria

Kyra E. Hicks

Martha Ann is twelve years old when Papa finally saves enough money to purchase her freedom from slavery. In 1830, the family leaves east Tennessee to begin a new life in Liberia. On market days, Martha Ann watches the British navy patrolling the Liberian coast to stop slave catchers from kidnapping her family and friends and forcing them back into slavery. Martha Ann decides to thank Queen Victoria in person for sending the navy. But first, she must determine how to make the 3,500-mile voyage to England, find a suitable gift for the Queen, and withstand the ridicule of family and friends who learn of her impossible dream. Martha Ann’s Quilt for Queen Victoria is the true story of Martha Ann Ricks, an ex-slave who spent fifty years saving spare coins to fulfill her dream of meeting the Queen of England.

Mattel releases a special edition Barbie of Inês de Castro

To comemmorate the 50 years of her existence, Barbie, commercialized in Portugal for 30 years now, is embodying the most famous tragic portuguese love story: the lover of king Pedro I, Inês de Castro.

Inês was a handmaiden to the portuguese consort queen, Constança, when she arrived in Portugal and met the king, Pedro, who fell hardly in love with her. The couple maintained a relationship but the king’s father, Afonso IV, had Inês murdered due to ther castillan ancestry, fearful of castillan influence in the Portuguese Kingdom. Pedro then waged war at his own father and avenged two of the three murderes of his lover. Legend has it he sat down Inês on a throne and forced every noble to kiss her hand. The fact that was might have been posthumous queen, after her death, by Pedro I, is still disputed.

Red more about it here.

The release happened today at Quinta das Lágrimas, Coimbra, the place where Inês passed away and where, legend says, at the fountain, water runs red from her own blood. It is also where the doll will be exhibited.