INDIA. Bihar state. 1967. Bihar famine and smallpox epidemic in Northern India.
(1) A man lies dying next to a holy cow at the cremation ghat in Patna.
(2) A villager expresses his despair.
(3) Small girl with school slate and dish for food distribution.
(4) Family with daily food ration.
(5) Funeral of a famine victim.
(6) A rat goddess and rats are being venerated in a temple where good wheat is fed to the animals. For millennia, bamboo flowering has been associated with famine
and spikes in rat population. Bamboo experiences a cyclical phenomenon of flowering followed by death, which can happen anywhere in a range of 7 to 120 years. The flowering is followed by a large quantity of bamboo seeds on the forest floor which causes a spike in the rat population who feed of these seeds. With the changing weather and onset of rains, the seeds germinate and force the mice to migrate to land farms in search of food. The mice then feed on crops and grains stored in granaries which causes a decline in food availability and thus famine.
(7) A mother holds her smallpox-afflicted child. Of all those infected, 20–60 percent—and over 80 percent of infected children—die from the disease. In 1967, the World Health Organization estimated that 15 million people contracted the disease and that two million died in that year. Smallpox is one of two infectious diseases to have been eradicated.
Long-term complications included characteristic scars (commonly on the face, 65–85 percent of survivors), blindness and limb deformities.
(8) A victim of the famine.
(9) Distribution of food aid coming from the US.
(10) Villagers come out of their huts to beg for food.
Thomas Hoepker/Magnum Photos
The Bihar famine of 1966–7 was a minor famine with relatively very few deaths from starvation as compared to earlier famines. The official death toll from starvation in the Bihar famine was 2353, roughly half of which occurred in the state of Bihar.
A combination of
a severe drought in 1966–7 and reduction in the annual production of food grains precipitated the famine. Rise in prices of food grains caused migration and starvation, but the public distribution system, relief measures by the government, and voluntary organisations limited the impact. A large scale famine was averted due to imports, although livestock and crops were destroyed. Other reasons for successfully averting a large scale famine were the employing of various famine prevention measures such as improving communication abilities, issuing famine bulletins over the radio and offering employment to those affected by famine in government public works projects.
The Bihar famine gave impetus to further changes in agricultural policy and this resulted in the Green Revolution.
I want to get into digital art, what do you recommend and do you have any tips? Thanks friend!
Oh! I’ll try my best to help you out there, buddy pal chum. n_n
The first thing you need is a drawing tablet.
Wacom brand supplies are pretty darn reliable when it comes to digital drawing equipment so i wound highly recommend getting a Bamboo tablet from them. I’ve had very good experiences with Bamboo tablets.
EDIT: Apparently the Wacom site doesn’t sell Bamboo anymore, but Intuos should be fine too n_n I just don’t have experience with it.
The other thing you’ll need is a drawing program.
I personally like using Photoshop CC ($10 a month - very affordable) but, I have seen a lot of people using Paint Tool Sai and Manga Studio pretty successfully. When it comes to picking the right drawing program for you, it really just depends on what you like. I would suggest downloading trials/demos of any program that interests you and mess around with them until you find one you like using. (Oh! also, Drawpile is a nice program to practice on since it’s free. You don’t have to join drawpile sessions to use it either.)
Just as a suggestion, I would try going to art streams to pick up on different drawing/painting techniques from artists that you like or admire. Watching other people work, at least for me, helps you develop new skills. n_n
Lastly, here are some random beginner tips that i had to find out the hard way when i was learning how to draw digitally.
LAYERS ARE YOUR FRIEND!!!! Don’t draw and color on the same layer! You are guaranteed to have a bad time.
Mess around with your brushes. Every artist is different, so some brushes will feel better than others.
Make sure you set your brush pressure sensitivity. This will make the transition between paper and pencil drawing to digital drawing a lot smoother. Depending on what program you use, this option will be in different spots.
If you draw something small and try to size it up to a bigger canvas, it will get pixelated and won’t be as pretty as how you originally drew it so, draw on a big canvas whether or not you want it big. You can always size down!
….That’s all i got XD I’ve never had to give digital drawing tips before, so i hope I at least pointed you in the right direction n_n