ballistic vest

latimes.com
L.A. County Sheriff’s Department switches from silver to gold belt buckles at a cost of $300,000
By Maya Lau

Sheriff’s officials are spending $300,000 on items they say would make deputies look more professional in their jobs and could help make them safer.

But the taxpayer dollars won’t go toward tools such as higher-quality ballistic vests, backup guns or body cameras, all of which are optional items that deputies have to pay for on their own.

Instead, Sheriff Jim McDonnell is spending the money on a minor cosmetic makeover of deputies’ uniforms: changing the color of their belt buckles and other metal pieces of gear from silver to gold. 

The agency is facing a chronic staff shortage and a recurring budget deficit.

anonymous asked:

Would it be realistic for a healthy, athletic (fictional) FBI agent shot in the center of his ballistics vest to have bruised and/or broken ribs? I need my character out of his usual day-to-day routine of taking down suspects and stuff like that to push him closer to other characters. If possible, please explain what kinds of injuries could happen from that shot and the treatment/level of pain for what I suggested. Sorry if these are common sense/easily researched questions.

Hey there nonny! It is absolutely realistic for a character to have broken ribs from taking a bullet to the vest. 

Here’s why this happens. Kevlar absorbs much of the energy, and physically stops penetration of the bullet into the chest. So the destruction of arteries, veins, the heart, the lungs – all prevented. But the force of the impact is still, to some extent, transmitted to the chest, which can cause fractures, bruising, and significant pain. There’s even a possibility of pulmonary contusion – bruising of the lungs. 

Broken ribs, [as we’ve discussed before], prevent the chest form expanding and contracting without pain. They take about 6 weeks to fully heal, and rehab includes coughing exercises to make sure that the character doesn’t get pneumonia. He’ll be eating a steady diet of ibuprofen and will be on desk work until he can run again. (He can probably fake it and get back to work a little bit sooner, but this would get him about a month off the street.) 

You asked about the level of pain involved. It can be moderate to fairly severe, especially when he coughs unexpectedly or tries to laugh. One of my favorite images regarding this is, of course, his friends trying to cheer him up, which makes him laugh, which makes him hurt, which makes his friends laugh, and now it’s a competition… (Keep in mind that cops tend to have the kind of coworkers and friends who will find this funny, though obviously, YMMV.) Hugging a pillow will help him have less pain when he coughs, and he might take significant amounts of ibuprofen 

He won’t be given opiates, because the risk of broken ribs is respiratory depression and thus pneumonia, which is worsened by opiates. He’ll get anti-inflammatories like ketorolac (first 5 days) and then ibuprofen instead. 

Important: Your Character Will Not Be Making WooHoo™ Immediately Following This Event. Please don’t write that scene. It’s tempting, apparently. But no. 

Oh! Detail! If the ribs aren’t just “cracked” – nondisplaced – but the fracture goes all the way through the bone? When he breathes he might feel a grinding of the bone ends at that location. It’s called crepitus. It is…. unnerving. 

Hope this helped!! And tell your character I said to feel better. 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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Deadly mass shooting at Sutherland Springs, Texas, church

A man dressed in black tactical-style gear and armed with an assault rifle opened fire inside a church in a small South Texas community on Sunday, killing 26 people and wounding about 20 others in what the governor called the deadliest mass shooting in the state’s history. The dead ranged in age from 5 to 72 years old.

Authorities didn’t identify the attacker during a news conference Sunday night, but two other officials — one a U.S. official and one in law enforcement — identified him as Devin Kelley. They spoke to The Associated Press on the condition of anonymity because they weren’t authorized to discuss the investigation.

The U.S. official said Kelley lived in a San Antonio suburb and didn’t appear to be linked to organized terrorist groups. Investigators were looking at social media posts Kelley made in the days before Sunday’s attack, including one that appeared to show an AR-15 semiautomatic weapon.

Kelley received a bad-conduct discharge from the Air Force for allegedly assaulting his spouse and child, and was sentenced to 12 months’ confinement after a 2012 court-martial. Kelley served in Logistics Readiness at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico from 2010 until his discharge, Air Force spokeswoman Ann Stefanek said.

At the news conference, the attacker was described only as a white man in his 20s who was wearing black tactical gear and a ballistic vest when he pulled into a gas station across from the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, about 30 miles southeast of San Antonio, around 11:20 a.m.

The gunman crossed the street and started firing a Ruger AR rifle at the church, said Freeman Martin, a regional director of the Texas Department of Safety, then continued firing after entering the white wood-frame building, where an 11 a.m. service was scheduled. (AP)

Photos: ‘UNENDING HORROR’: Newspapers cover massacre in Sutherland Springs »

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Two Texas State Troopers walk past the church while investigators work at the scene of a mass shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Photo: Larry W. Smith/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

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A law enforcement official stands watch outside the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs, the scene of a mass shooting, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Eric Gay/AP)

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People attend a vigil near where a mass shooting took place at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Photo: Larry W. Smith/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

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Mourners participate in a candlelight vigil for the victims of a fatal shooting at the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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Law enforcement officials work at the scene of a shooting at the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Eric Gay/AP)

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Community members come together for a candlelight vigil for the victims of a deadly church shooting in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Laura Skelding/AP)

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Mourners participate in a candlelight vigil held for the victims of a fatal shooting at the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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A couple comfort each other at a community center in Sutherland Springs, Texas, near the scene of a mass shooting at the First Baptist Church, Nov. 5, 2017. (Jay Janner/Austin American-Statesman via AP)

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Texas Department of Public Safety troopers and emergency workers outside the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Photo: R. Tomas Gonzalez/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

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A man wipes his eyes after a deadly shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/Austin American-Statesman via AP)

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An evidence marker sits on the road in front of a Texas Department of Public Safety vehicle outside the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Photo: R. Tomas Gonzalez/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

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Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, seated right, addresses members of the media about the mass shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, during a press conference in Stockdale, Texas, on Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/Austin American-Statesman via AP)

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Carrie Matula hugs a woman who lost her father in a mass shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. Matula said she saw and heard everything as it happened from the gas station where she works just a block away. (Nick Wagner / American-Statesman via AP)

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Members of the FBI Hazardous Evidence Response Team walk behind the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs in response to a fatal shooting, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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A woman prays over a man after a mass shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/American-Statesman via AP)

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Law enforcement officials investigate a mass shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/American-Statesman via AP)

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Members of the FBI Hazardous Evidence Response Team walk next to the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs in response to a fatal shooting, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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Law enforcement officials work the scene of a fatal shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/Austin American-Statesman via AP)

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Law enforcement officers gather in front of the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs after a fatal shooting, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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Law enforcement officers man a barricade near the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs in response to a shooting, Nov. 5, 2017, in Sutherland Springs, Texas. (Darren Abate/AP)

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Emergency personnel respond to a fatal shooting at a Baptist church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Max Massey/ KSAT 12/KSAT via AP)

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Law enforcement officials stand next to a covered body at the scene of a fatal shooting at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017. (Nick Wagner/Austin American-Statesman via AP)

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Police cars are seen in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017, in this picture obtained via social media. (Max Massey/ KSAT 12/via Reuters)

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FBI officials arrive at the site of a mass shooting in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017, in this picture obtained via social media. (Max Massey/ KSAT 12/via Reuters)

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Police cars are seen at Sutherland Springs, Nov. 5, 2017, in this picture obtained from social media. (Liz Summers/via Reuters)

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The area around a site of a mass shooting is taped off in Sutherland Springs, Texas, Nov. 5, 2017, in this picture obtained via social media. (Max Massey/ KSAT 12/via Reuters)

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A helicopter flies near the site of a mass shooting in Sutherland Springs, Texas, U.S., November 5, 2017, in this picture obtained via social media. (Max Massey/ KSAT 12/via Reuters)

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2

The Aurora Theatre Shooting

On July 20th, 2012, during a midnight screening of ‘The Dark Knight Rises’ at a Century 16 movie theatre in Aurora, Colorado, a gunman set off tear gas grenades and shot into the audience with multiple firearms killing 12 people and injuring 70.

The perpetrator bought a ticket, entered the theater, and sat in the front row. About 20 minutes into the film, he left the building through an emergency exit door, propped it open, and returned with weapons and other gear before storming the audience and opening fire.

He was dressed in black and wore a gas mask, a load-bearing vest, a ballistic helmet, bullet-resistant leggings, a bullet-resistant throat protector, a groin protector, and tactical gloves. He was also listening to techno music through a set of headphones.

James Eagan Holmes, born December 13th, 1987 and 24 at the time, was arrested in the theatre parking lot.

He had booby-trapped his apartment with explosives before the shooting, which were defused one day later by a bomb squad.

For a period of time this was the highest casualty single mass shooter event in American history, up until the 2016 assault on the Pulse nightclub in Orlando.

Prior to the killings, Holmes had been receiving treatment for mental health problems; he entered a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity. His trial began on April 27th, 2015. The trial lasted 11 weeks after which he was found guilty. On August 24th, Holmes was sentenced to 12 consecutive life sentences plus 3,318 years without parole.

anonymous asked:

How much protection would a bulletproof vest offer from someone shooting from the roof of a nearby building? Would the ribs still potentially crack, or would there be mostly just bruising instead? Thank you for running this blog!!

Hey there nonny! This question is best answered by @howtofightwrite

However, I’ll give you my take on it.  Keep in mind that these are my best guest and I am not a Gun Person by any stretch of the imagination.

Ballistics vs Vests: Physics

Originally posted by tacticalnorwegian

There are little guns (i.e. low-powered) and there are big guns (i.e. high-powered). 

Vests are also rated to certain protection levels. Each vest has been rated – I, IIa, II, III are the commonest ones, and I believe most officers wear Level II or III vests. 

Distance does affect impact velocity (and thus force of impact), but unless this rooftop is Quite Some Way Away, it’s not all that big a difference. What makes a difference is the mass of the bullet and, far more importantly, its speed. 

[Formula: Kinetic Energy = mass x (velocity ^ 2)]

The real difference is the rating of the vest vs the munition. The vest is designed to prevent penetration of the bullet (up to its rating), but it can’t stop the energy of the impact. You’re absolutely right that someone shot with a vest on will likely have broken ribs, and  may have contusions (bruises) of the lungs or the heart. 

Your character’s day will still suck, but they will live. 

If the vest is rated for higher caliber or velocity rounds than the bullet that hits it, I would absolutely still believe cracked ribs. 

If the bullet isn’t what the vest was designed to stop, the likelihood is actually that they’ll be shot in the chest.  

Also keep in mind that most ballistic protection (available in the civilian-or-regular-cop world) is, to my knowledge, rated for handguns. But shooting from a rooftop to the street, the likelihood is that they’ll be using a rifle, which typically means a higher velocity round. Body armor that will protect against rifle rounds are generally very bulky and heavy and obvious, and are typically worn only by officers in specialized tactical units or in military teams. 

A handgun shot from a roof will most likely miss. A rifle shot from a roof might penetrate the armor. In fact, it most likely will. I just watched a YouTube experiment where a shooter decided to test how many plates of Level IIIa body armor it takes to stop a rifle bullet. (The things I do for you guy! <3

The answer was, depending on the round, 1, or 5. As in, the bullet would go through 2 people and stop at the body armor of the third. 

However, I have a pair of scenarios that could work for you. 

1) The shooter is using a really low caliber rifle, like .22LR . The bullet hits the vest. It penetrates the vest but is stopped by a rib. The bullet lodges in the bone. The surgery to remove it would be brief, and there would still be the rib fracture to deal with. 

2) The shooter is using anything stronger, such as a hunting rifle or, worse, a bullet intended for warfare, like a .223 (M-16), 5.56mm (AR-15) or 7.62mm (AK-47) type rifle round. The bullet goes through the armor, through the character, out the back side of the chest protection, and also through the person standing behind them. And possibly through the person standing behind them. 

Rifle bullets are scary shit y’all. Typical police bullet resistant vests are rated against handguns. Rifles are a Whole Nother Level of Bad Idea. 

I hope this helps you out! 

PS: if Michi and Starke decide to chime in on this, listen to them, they’re smarter than me by a long shot :) 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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[Maim Your Characters: How Injuries Work in Fiction

A Dark Alley - Ch.1 Written by Damain D. Wolf

warning contains: strong language, blood and violence, possible feels    

   “This is officer Hopps reporting in from cruiser 14 with officer Wilde. What is the update status on that 417?” The radio crackled for a second before Clawhauser’s voice could be heard “Yeah, the assailant seems to be a male badger, mid 30’s, carrying a high caliber revolver and is now a 217.” Nick looked over at Judy with a mildly surprised look mixed with excitement, “Wow, assault with intent to murder. We haven’t had anything like this in Zootopia for a long time. At least not that the ZPD finds out about.” Judy shot him a look of disapproval, “This isn’t a game Nick, animals will get hurt if we don’t do are jobs and do them right.” Nick gave a little smile, “I know, I know I’m just happy we finally get to do something besides hand out parking or speeding tickets is all.” Nick pulled out his Glock 19, pulling the slide back and giving the gun a quick look over. “You know we carry we things around, but never once have I used it off the gun range.” “That’s a good thing Nick.” Judy said with a stern tone in her voice. “The whole point of being a police officer isn’t to be getting into shoot outs. You don’t even wear your ballistics vest!” Judy shouted. “Well it causes such unsightly lines and messes with my figure. You manage to pull it off so well though, good on ya.” Nick smiled and winked at Judy as he pleaded his case. Judy gave him an annoyed look, “Well now you need it and don’t have it.” Nick gave a little shrug, “Don’t worry Carrots, everything will be fine. Sly fox remember?” Judy looked out the window as the parked across the street from the house of the incident. “I hope you’re right Nick.” Judy thought to herself.

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The Forgotten Finn: The Jatimatic SMG - 9mm Parabellum

The Finns have had a long history of gun manufacture, and many of high quality. M39 Mosins, Suomi SMG’s, Valmet rifles, all of these have been successes in both the Finnish Military and abroad. But one that’s forgotten is a SMG design from Finland. The Jatimatic.

Designed by Jali Timari and made by Tampereen Asepaja Oy and later Oy Golden Gun Ltd, the Jatimatic was a basic idea for a PDW style of submachinegun, intended for tank and helicopter crews, VIP protection and so on. The basic idea was straight blowback 9mm SMG, using an idea of an inclined ramp where the bolt travels up then down when cycling to minimize recoil, an idea borrowed from the French MAS 38.

The Jatimatic was an interesting design, but had flaws. The most notable is the lack of a stock, opting for a one piece sling. This kept it tight out of the military market, especially after it’s disassembly was built around the sling swivel. The gun’s takedown process began with moving the sling swivel, so it could on firing be pulled down, spilling out the gun’s guts.

This killed it’s military appeal, and a theft of 22 guns in 1984 from the shop led to the Jatimatic earning a rather infamous appeal. It failed two different Finnish Military tests, and the gun went out of production in 1986.

To cinema goers, the Jatimatic’s a relatively uncommon sight. To recoup costs, the Jatimatic’s manufacturer would rent it out to film productions for a cost. This led to a couple action movies featuring the Jatimatic. The two most famous are John Milius’s Red Dawn, where it’s carried by Soviet officer  Colonel Strelnikov as a substitute for the PM-63. 

It’s most famous usage was by Sylvester Stallone in Cobra. There, Lieutenant Marion “Cobra” Cobretti is armed with two weapons, a modified Colt Gold Cup National Match, and a Jatimatic SMG. If that wasn’t enough, he also has it fitted with a very early model Surefire laser sight.

If that wasn’t enough, comic fans know the Finnish SMG due to it’s heavy usage by DC Comic’s vigilante Wild Dog. Following the story of Jack Wheeler, former college football star and former US Marine, following his girlfriend’s murder at the hands of a local Mafia, he begins a streak of vigilante killings, armed with ballistic vests, electrified chock gloves, and a Jatimatic.

And that’s the short tale of the Jatimatic, a design with some promise killed by some rather bad design decisions. Had it be fitted with a different takedown procedure and folding stock, it could’ve gone somewhere. But it didn’t pan out that way, and the Jatimatic has faded into relative obscurity, showing up now and then on the illegal gun market and film.

Payday 2 Fanfic: Jacket's here.

Summary: "Hi this is Tim working at the Laundrette. We got a rat infestation in out back, can you deal with it?“ Jacket gets a phonecall. How the hell are the Payday crew going to deal with this?
Triggers: Blood, violence
Word Count: 3647 (Fuck me sideways, did it all in one sitting too)

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dogmatix  asked:

fic prompt: Kit stuck his fangs cautiously out of Tin's helmet into the acrid, smoke-filled air.

{{ This was going to be short and cute and then I had to mention I was watching NCIS and someone decided to take that and RUN with it… *taps foot grumpily*}}

Fic under the cut, because it is hella long and *STILL NOT DONE*

———-

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The Rules According to Forbes

The list of rules from a rather influential and inflammatory harpy, Johnston Ramsey Forbes, as left behind with his ballistic vest and other assorted personal notes.

1. Know when to break the rules, especially your own. 

2. As Napoleon is credited with having said, “Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.” (Each time they refer to you as a Neonate, when the whole of the Tower knows you are Confirmed as an Ancilla, is one more point in your favor and against theirs.) 

3. Never tell a direct lie; just be the best at telling your version of the truth. 

4. Never attack someone’s grammar; that’s the petty game of a simple mind. 

5. Always be polite and courteous; others may take the high road, but you own the high road.

6. Idiocy comes equipped with its own spotlight; just help them find a place to plug it in. 

7. Do not hesitate to leave a few, very minor, grammatical errors in your writing. These are traps laid for the aforementioned simple minds. The moment they attack your grammar, the weakness of their own argument is laid bare.

8. Use their words against them judiciously. 

9. If they can be of further use to you, leave them an out where they can save some face.

10. As Harpy, you are the architect of the truth, and the truth is a high value commodity; treat it as such. 

11. There are always three truths: what really happened, what you say happened, and what people think happened based on what you said. The first is largely irrelevant. Control the other two, and you control the truth.

12. Odds are you will someday walk into a room you will never walk out of; make sure you still have the final word.

Cultural Allusions

Words: 1,552
Notes: I claim no credit for this joke. I got it from this post, although it’s appeared in several other places since; the next logical step was to just run with it, since that’s in all probability what Natasha would do. 

Also, the concept was irresistible and I am weak. 

My most sincere apologies, and I hope I’m not overstepping when I assume you’re all familiar with “Shrek.” 

In May of 2001, Robert Bruce Banner (no aliases yet, although he prefers to go by his middle name) is thirty-one years old. He will turn thirty-two in December. His life centers around the study of anti-electron collision and its production of gamma ray photons, protein-lesion yields and viability in irradiated cells, an 8-bit TTL computer he’s been putting together from scrap, and a woman named Elizabeth Ross whom he has earnest hopes of marrying.

In May of 2001, Natalia Alianovna Romanova (alias “Natasha Romanoff,” alias “Black Widow,” alias “Whatever the Plot Requires”) is sixteen years old. She might turn seventeen in November. Her life centers around the sound of her own heartbeat inside her ears, the feeling of her own hands and arms as she washes off other people’s blood, the sight of a newly-made scar that runs horizontal across her lower abdomen, and the general idea of not getting herself killed. This shapes up to be a rather all-consuming avocation.

So neither party, understandably enough, is paying much attention to the activity of DreamWorks Studios, or a certain movie it promotes and releases that particular month.

(Bruce may vaguely note a period of several weeks during which he cannot turn around in the supermarket without seeing a green-faced creature – what was on its head, suction cups? – decorating the front of every cereal box and cookie package, but the image leaves no lasting impression. 

Natalia-Natasha-Black Widow, meanwhile, does not go to the cinemas. She already spends enough time sitting by herself in the dark, waiting for things to happen. Why give away her money for more of the same?)

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Gear Up Guide: Commando Outfit

“The Commando outfit offers Lara a flexible and lightweight approach to combat in the Siberian Wilderness. Snow camo patterned cargo pants are paired with a custom ballistic vest and ammo pouches, all layered on top a dark gray tank. Nylon injected molded knee pads offer added protection when scrambling along the forest floor, and the durable double strap tactical leg holster keeps her pistol handy at a moment’s notice. Reinforced fingerless gloves give extra grip for traversal, and the hardened knuckles pack a punch in combat.”

- Art Director, Brenoch Adams 

Get the full resolution on Flickr.

19.7 x 16.4 and Semi-Basements Chapter 3

That reading thing that you’re doing with your eyes right now, that makes me happy. And I think you and your opinions on this fic would look really cute in my inbox.

19.7 x 16.4 and Semi-Basements 

Chapter 3

“…supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularised mechanisms of popular control.”

***

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