Health and Hygiene

1.  Switch out coffee for tea.  You still get your caffeine fix without compromising the calories, sugars, and fats.   There are also various flavors and sugar/calorie free sweeteners for tea if you don’t like the taste.

2.  Cut all sodas, energy drinks, and artificial juices out of your diet.  Switching to just water is insanely beneficial for weight loss, nutrition, and to generally feel better.

3.   Use mouthwash before your brush your teeth, not after.   Mouthwash helps to break down colonies of bacteria in your mouth, and loosens them from your teeth and gum surfaces.   Brushing your teeth is what completely gets the bacteria out of your mouth.    Mouthwash before brushing=whiter, cleaner, healthier teeth.

4.   Switch to unscented men’s deodorant.   Women’s deodorant is generally weak af, stains clothes, and doesn’t last nearly as long as men’s.

5.  Switch to men’s razors for shaving your legs/armpits/pussy.  It has finer, sharper blades for a clean shave without nicking your skin.

6.   Never ever ever use douches, scented pads/tampons, or strongly scented soap for your pussy.  It fucks with your natural pH and can cause yeast infections, UTI’s, and just generally throws off your pussy ’s health.

7.   Lotion/moisturize your skin (preferably with SPF) every single day.   Aside from easing dry and dead skin, it helps you tan better and more evenly during the summer.   Using SPF protects your skin from harmful UV rays and makes your skin younger, more radiant, and more flexible.

8.   Do a mini workout in your bathroom right before your shower.   I like to do 50 squats, and then 30 sec side planks on each side while waiting for my water to warm up.  It kills any “no time to workout” excuses, and you can wash any sweat or grime right off immediately after.

9.   Switch up your workouts every 3 months to avoid plateuing.   Keep your body challenged and excited during your workout.

10.    Eat at least 3 meals a day, each with a serving of protein and fiber.   Don’t skimp on fruits and vegetables, and try to cut unnecessary starches and complex carbs.

11.   Make some bomb ass workout playlists to keep you jamming and motivated when you exercise.   Be sure to switch up playlists and songs to keep it interesting, too.   I like to use songs I don’t know the lyrics to; I learn the lyrics through working out, and when I know the song word for word I switch it out for another song.

12.   Stretch before bed every night for a better nights sleep and less soreness in the morning.

13.   Be sure to have an even balance of weight training and cardio in your workouts, to strengthen your muscles, bones, and your heart without exhausting or neglecting any one part of your body.

14.   If your insurance covers it, or you can afford to, go to a chiropractor every few months for a regular adjustment.  It releases endorphins, fixes your posture, relieves any pent up spinal pressure, and feels just as satisfying as a massage.

15.  I like to make sure my feet are smooth, soft, and pedicured at all times.   Buy a small pumice stone to rub your heels and soles in the shower with soap and water.   Always moisturize your feet after you shower, and avoid being barefoot in wet, populated surfaces (public bathrooms, showerhouses, etc)

16.  Before brushing your teeth, dip a cotton swab in some diluted hydrogen peroxide and run it over the surface of your teeth and gums. Hydrogen peroxide kills many harmful bacteria in your mouth. This will leave your teeth cleaner, whiter, and stronger.

Foodie Friday: Kombucha

Recipe Credit: Brothers Green Eats

Note: When preparing kombucha, you are handling a live bacteria culture in a fermentation process. Should your culture begin to look and smell questionable, do err on the side of caution so as to avoid turning your tea into vinegar or to avoid introducing outside sources of bacteria.

Yields: 2 Gallons

-12 Bags Black or Green Tea
-16 cups filtered water
-1.5 cups white sugar
-Large jars (disinfected)
-Airtight, seal-able brewing bottles
-Scoby (Symbiotic Culture of Bacteria and Yeast)
-Flavoring agent (recommended fruits, herbs, etc.)

A scoby (the mat of bacteria floating in the jar on the left side of the picture) is a live bacteria culture which breaks down and ferments sweet tea. Scobys are easy to purchase from Amazon - or, if you know somebody who brews kombucha, you can request a scoby from them, as with each fermentation process, the scoby will reproduce and add another layer. It’s recommended that between batches of kombucha, you remove the oldest layer so as to maintain fresh scoby and fresh kombucha. If your first batch does not come out perfect, do not worry! Fermentation takes practice, and with each batch, you will get the hang of it!

1) Bring 8 cups of water to a boil, and steep your tea for about 10 minutes. (You want a very strong brew)

2) Allow the tea to come to room temperature, then transfer into a large jar with the remaining water. Add the sugar and stir to completely dissolve.

3) Add your scoby with some starter kombucha (if you do not have any starter, simply add a little bit of store-bought kombucha - this will increase the acidity and prevent your scoby from dying).

4) Cover the jar with cheesecloth and place in a dark, room temperature place to ferment. (Traditionally, kombucha will be blessed just before setting it aside to ferment). Allow it to sit for 1-2 weeks.

5) After the first ferment, check the kombucha - the color of the brew should have gone from black to golden, and the scoby should appear healthy (no blue, fuzzy bread molds growing on the top layer). If desired, you can check the pH of the kombucha - the goal is 2.5 to 3.5.

6) In your bottles, add some flavoring agents. Remove your scoby from the jar, reserving some of the liquid to help keep it alive. Then fill the bottles with kombucha, leaving a little head space.

7) Allow the bottles to sit for 2-3 days, cracking the top once a day to release excess gas. The kombucha will pressurize and carbonate during this second fermentation.

8) Your kombucha is ready! Refrigerate to halt the fermentation process, and serve cold!

Cook’s Note: When handling your scoby, it’s recommended to do so with clean hands so as to avoid introducing foreign bacteria to the colony. Before handling, wash your hands with a light dish soap (non-antibacterial) or invest in a box of disposable food-safe rubber gloves. This will help prevent your scoby from going bad and will keep the flavors of your kombucha fresh.

Magical Ingredient!

Kombucha has definitely grown in popularity over the last few years, and this is definitely understandable. In addition to its fresh flavors and refreshing fizz, it is also said to have plenty of health benefits - so much so that kombucha has even been called the “elixir of life.”

Here in San Luis, commercially brewed kombucha can be found in any store which sells soda, and a few restaurants have taken to brewing their own kombuchas - a testament to the growing popularity of this delicious beverage.

While the bacteria culture itself might be considered magical (it is the core of the fermentation and carbonation process after all), the magic and history behind tea is absolutely undeniable. Today, we refer to many infusions as “tea,” but true tea is prepared by brewing the leaves of the tea tree itself (camellia sinensis). There are some variations to tea due to the ease by which it can be hybridized, which allows some diversity of flavor and strength to the tea and also allows for regions to have their own “brand” of tea leaves.

Tea drinking has its origins in Eastern Asia, around the Yunnan and Sichuan provinces of China. Here the plant is native, and around the time of the Shang Dynasty the leaves began to be brewed in hot water for medicinal purposes. The drink prepared was a concentrated, bitter infusion that helped stimulate the immune system and help keep the mind awake and focused. Later, during the Tang Dynasty, the practice of tea drinking spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.

Tea drinking would eventually be brought to Europe around the 17th century by the Dutch, who further spread the practice to Germany and France. By the 18th century, tea drinking became widely fashionable in Britain. Tea in Europe was prepared differently than in Asia - the leaves would be allowed to oxidize more than was practiced in Asia, resulting in black tea instead of green or oolong.

For much of the 18th century, tea remained a luxury item in the British Empire, where it was heavily taxed - so much so that it resulted in tea smuggling and several significant historical events, not least of which included the Boston Tea Party (a response of the Tea Act of 1773, which increased the tax on tea). Later on, this desire for tea began to lead to a deficit in trade, and Britain introduced opium to China, an event that would culminate in the Opium Wars.

Desperate to break the Chinese monopoly on the tea trade, Britain began cultivating tea in India between the First and Second Opium wars. The less expensive Indian tea became widely popular, and began to overtake Chinese tea in the industry.

Today, tea is considered to be the most widely consumed beverage in the world after water, and is prepared both green and black in varying ways, from chai to kombucha, to the Star Trek favorite “tea, Earl Grey, hot.” Processing of tea leaves allows for a variety of teas, and its ability to retain aromas allows it to be given additional flavors, such as mint, vanilla, and bergamot. Furthermore, some regions have developed “tea culture” - practices, rituals, and etiquette regarding the preparation, serving, and consumption of tea.

An excellent example of tea culture was recounted to me by my boyfriend, who visited Turkey several years ago. He described being offered tea in every shop and home that he visited, in varying flavors and nearly always served in a small glass with a saucer. To turn down the tea was a faux pas, and to not be offered tea was considered offensive. So enjoyable was his experience that he has since acquired a Turkish tea set, and we occasionally enjoy teas imported from Turkey or brought to us by a friend of ours who holds dual citizenship. 

The health benefits of tea are well known, both as an antioxidant and as an alternative to coffee due to its caffeine content, which helps heighten alertness while maintaining calm in the morning.

In magick, the immediate practice which comes to mind with tea is the practice of tea leaf reading, in which loose leaf green or black tea is prepared and served. The recipient of the reading consumes all but the last few dregs of tea, leaving bits and pieces of tea leaf in the bottom of the cup, which is then swirled  and upended to create patterns on the bottom and sides. These patterns and shapes form the basis of the divination.

Because there is so much economic history behind tea, it can be used in any spells regarding money and prosperity. In addition, it can be added to spells for health, strength, courage, and alertness. Tea can also be used as a money-drawing incense.

For the kitchen witch, tea is indispensable, much like salt or sugar. It forms the basis of many tea spells, and can be used in varying ways. For instance, capturing the healing energies of the sun in sun-brewed tea is a fairly common practice. Sweetened iced tea can be served as a sweetening spell, and serving any kind of tea with intent can make irritable guests more amenable. Tea can be used in baking for the same reasons, resulting in cakes and snacks which have the same properties as long as the intent is added!

For a freebie spell, we can look at one which I use every now and again for my boyfriend, and which I had used almost daily when I was working in the culinary department for a retirement community for a resident who was particularly irritable in the morning. Brew a strong black tea in boiling water (do not stir the bag, and do not ever squeeze the last drops of liquid out of the bag), and fill it with positive intent (for me, usually love, happiness, and calm). Add milk with intent for health, and then inspire sweetness, prosperity, and happiness with honey. Serve while still warm and with a heartfelt smile. Not only does it brighten my boyfriend’s morning, but it worked wonders where the aforementioned resident was concerned.

Consider the benefits tea may bring to your practice. Do you incorporate aspects of tea culture from other parts of the world? Perhaps you’re a fan of a Southern sweet tea spell? Or perhaps you lean toward love and sweetening spells? Maybe you prefer spells prepared over the course of several days, decorating jars for kombucha with sigils and runes for health and prosperity? Regardless, this beverage is steeped in history, and in all of its forms can bring plenty of positive aspects to one’s craft!

May all your meals be blessed! )O(


❝Lies always beget more lies! See through one, and their whole story falls apart!❞
❝I think I feel a migraine coming on…❞
❝Is “Huh” the best response you can muster up?❞
❝Someone has to look out for the people who have no one on their side.❞
❝Alright! I’ve got nothing to lose! Except for… well, everything!❞
❝Why do I always feel like it’s the end of the world and I’m the last man standing?❞
❝I object! That was… objectionable!❞
❝I like a man with a big… vocabulary.❞
❝I think it’s high time you went shopping for a better excuse!❞
❝Thanks to you, I’m saddled with unnecessary… feelings.❞
❝Oh great. Stop the presses. The Windbag wants to talk.❞
❝It’s never a good idea to reveal your hand to the enemy too soon.❞
❝My, aren’t you a handsome fellow! I’m afraid I’m a bit flustered!❞
❝I set my ATM card’s number to “0001” because I’m number one!❞
❝This photo is worth a thousand words… and they all read “guilty”!❞
❝I hoped you wouldn’t come. I didn’t want you to see me. Not like this.❞
❝You will wait…I’m not finished eating!❞
❝Ladies and gentlemen, if you’re going to plan a murder, you don’t forget the weapon!❞
❝Doesn’t it look delicious? Care for a bite?❞
❝Come on, we can talk about you being old later!❞
❝Wh…Why are you being so mean to me!! What did I do!?❞
❝Words can not describe how screwed I am…❞
❝I wonder what happened to that calm and cool composure you had earlier…❞
❝You really should come with a supply of cheese to match your vintage whine.❞
❝Don’t think I’m going to walk in your shadow forever!❞
❝You must find the answer… And you must find it on your own.❞
❝Wh-What!? You trusted your enemy!?❞
❝Excuse me, but would you care to die?❞
❝You’re actually singing…Someone help my poor ears…❞
❝Well, we know whose milkshake brings all the boys to the yard…❞
❝Men are like colonies of bacteria. The more heat you apply, the faster they grow.❞
❝Times may change but people sadly do not…❞
❝Should I be grateful this coffee’s only hot enough to give me 1st degree burns…?❞
❝Do you have the slightest idea how many cups you’ve had by now…?❞
❝Whether you’re a fake or the real deal, we’ll find out soon enough.❞
❝You can’t just “oops” your way out of this!❞
❝I’m not sure I like you wagging your finger at me as though I were some hoser!❞
❝I came to see how our little kitten was doing all alone in the big, scary lion’s den…❞
❝The only time you can cry is when it’s all over.❞
❝No, seriously… My heart… It’s aching for you…❞
❝Could you please knock it off with the cheesy proverbs and illogical metaphors already!?❞
❝We can’t see the demons that lurk in the night… That’s why humans are weak.❞
❝Upon meeting a beautiful lady, always ask for her name and profession. That’s one of my rules.❞
❝Like gum on your shoe, you’re impossible to get rid of!❞
❝…D-Do I really inspire this sort of frothing desire from the female masses?❞
❝I-I’m a spoon?! I’m no spoony bard, I’ll have you know!❞
❝Oh, you’ve got no idea how much I’ve missed that biting sarcasm of yours, sir!❞
❝Thank god for inner monologue!❞
❝How long were you in the bath for, if you don’t mind me asking?❞
❝My, my, my, what a filthy little rogue you are! I know what’s on your mind!❞
❝Y-Your wound…! It’s bleeding!❞
❝Isn’t violence against hair a crime?❞
❝Achtung baby! Today we play it my way!❞
❝Is that…women’s underwear…?❞
❝Quiet please… It’s snack time.❞
❝There are some things you just don’t do! I…I’m pressing charges!❞
❝Why can’t we have a normal, straightforward killing once in awhile in this country!?❞
❝Believe me, any comic relief I may provide is entirely unintentional.❞
❝Welcome back to reality! We’ve been waiting for you.❞
❝Am I going to have to charge you with invasion of privacy?!❞
❝Today has gone beyond from the typical “not my day” into the realm of “walking nightmare”!❞
❝Why does my pain give you delight?!❞
❝How vulgar! You can’t be interested in such things!❞
❝Could I see that wonderful smile of yours…?❞
❝What father wouldn’t risk his life to save his own children?❞
❝You’re so openly hostile, it’s almost kinda cute…❞
❝I’m having a really hard time picturing you in line for burgers…❞
❝Status means nothing to me. Do you understand?❞

anonymous asked:

Do you cycle your tanks? Why do some betta keepers cycle when there are products that make tap water safe for bettas?

Hi!  Thanks for the ask :)  Yes, I do cycle my tanks.

Tap water treatments are very important to use, and you will need to use them the entire time that you keep fish unless your tap water is dechlorinated.  I use and recommend Seachem Prime.  It’s extremely concentrated (2 drops per gallon of water!) and offers a little protection against ammonia in your tank as well.  That said, any dechlorinator will work fine.  Step away from betta-specific ones; they are often very diluted and you’ll go through them quickly!

Cycling is a totally different game.  Cycling is about establishing bacterial colonies in your tank.  When aquatic animals respire and plants or feces break down, they release ammonia.  Ammonia is toxic to animals (even 0.25 ppm*, is considered a dangerous level for sustained life).  Step 1 of cycling is establishing ammonia-eating bacteria which will convert ammonia into nitrites. Nitrites, however, are just as toxic as ammonia, so step 2 of cycling is establishing nitrite-eating bacteria to convert nitrite into nitrate.  Nitrate is slightly toxic to animals (anything <10ppm is considered fine), so you remove it slowly through water changes.  Live plants also utilize nitrate, which is why many people recommend them to help with water quality.

When you cycle, you’ll notice water quality changes corresponding with this.  You’ll start with a high amount of ammonia (provided by rotting fish food or pure ammonia, hopefully), then watch it drop as nitrite rises.  Then you’ll watch nitrite drop as nitrate rises.  At the end of your cycle, you’ll notice even a large dose of ammonia gets zapped overnight.

Some people must do a fish-in cycle.  For example, they get a fish in a small bowl as a gift, but they want to put it in a larger tank.  If you cycle with a fish in the aquarium, you’ll have to do lots of large water changes to make sure ammonia and nitrites don’t build up to dangerous levels before the bacteria get established.  If you can manage it, fishless cycling is much easier and faster; after the initial ammonia dose, it does everything itself.  A quick 5 minutes of testing every few days to monitor where your cycle is at is all you need.

There are a few things you can do to speed up cycling.  The best way to speed it up is to seed your tank with a few colonies of bacteria by borrowing gravel, decor, or filter media from someone with an established tank.  You can also buy bacteria in a bottle (Tetra SafeStart is one I’ve used). These advertise an instant cycle, which is not exactly true, but I used some and my fishless cycle completed on my tank in two weeks.

*ppm - parts per million

Phoenix Wright/Ace Attorney Sentence Starters
  • “Don’t think I’m going to walk in your shadow forever… Our battle… begins now… so you had better prepare yourself.”
  • “Why can’t we have a normal, straightforward killing once in awhile in this country!?”
  • “Yeah, but that’s the problem… She is so mean. And that whip… That thing hurts. It really hurts.”
  • “Sometimes Life Just sucks”
  • “It seems like it was only yesterday. Actually, it was only yesterday.”
  • “I spent a whole day looking for my dentures. They turned out to be in my mouth all along.”
  • “Thanks to you, I’m saddled with unnecessary… feelings.”
  • “Men are like colonies of bacteria. The more heat you apply, the faster they grow.”
  • “We were great together! We were Romeo and Juliet, Cleopatra and Mark Anthony!”
  • “No “but”-ing your way out of this one”
  • “You fight to the very end, even when you know the truth is not with you”
  • “It must be nice to live so free of guilt.”
  • “You’re too young to die!”
  • “Isn’t violence against hair a crime?”
  • “You need to stop judging things based on narrow-minded cultural assumptions.”
  • “She’d never do anything like that! You hear me?! Never! She’s a great kid, and really cute… And really great… And cute.”
  • “Someone has to look out for the people who have no one on their side.”
  • “Every time you do it, I have a mini-heart attack. It’s like you’re trying to kill me, pal.”
  • “Proof enough for you, (insert name here)? Or should I say… Mr(s). Did It!”
  • “It is kinda cool though. I wouldn’t mind having a whip myself. I bet cracking that whip on you once or twice would be just what the doctor ordered!”
  • “Now I’m definitely up the creek without a paddle… or a life jacket”
  • “If you keep on barking at me like that, I’ll start singing at the top of my lungs!”
  • “When you’ve run into a wall with no place to go, return to the basics.”
  • “Should I be grateful this coffee’s only hot enough to give me 1st degree burns…?”
  • “Wait, what if the killer was a robot?”
  • “You look as though you’ve seen a ghost!”
  • “I was hoping I’d come up with a question while pounding on my desk.”
  • “Knowing her, the only kind of talking she likes to do is with her whip.”
  • “A “human machine”!? That’s a contradiction!“
  • "I guess putting a poster of a magician in a law office is kinda strange.”
  • “Their debut single was just 2 minutes and 15 seconds long? What a rip-off!”
  • “So that’s why everyone craves about caviar! It’s so tasty it hurts!”
  • “The truth has once again been elegantly revealed to me!”
  • “I have a separate stomach for sweets!”
  • “Our job is to find truth, no matter how painful it may be.”
  • “To err is human, to forgive, divine. Humans aren’t machines… they have souls, feelings. They live, they die, they love, they hate… And yes, they even make mistakes…”
  • “Also, hopefully you realize, things change depending on how you look at them.”
  • “The truth is… when I was a little boy… I wanted to be a wizard.”
  • “Blacker than a moonless night, hotter and more bitter than hell itself… That is coffee.”
  • “We agree there is a lunchbox here, but we don’t know what’s inside! A person’s life is like a lunchbox with pretzels. Don’t you agree?”
  • “A muddy mudskipper in outer space has a better chance of surviving than I do”
  • “What’s the difference? They do the same thing, right? I think you should stick to the basic facts of the matter”
  • “I believe the correct term here is "You fail!”“
  • "I like a man with a big… vocabulary.”
  • “If you wish to hang yourself, (insert name here), you’re welcome to, but not inside my (insert location here).”
  • “Ah, I remember when I was young and in love. Oh, it was a jolly time.”
  • “It’s never a good idea to reveal your hand to the enemy too soon.”
  • “I try not to pay much attention to things that don’t interest me.”
  • “Words can not describe how screwed I am.”
  • “Lies always beget more lies! See through one, and their whole story falls apart!”
  • “Why do I come here to the office every day ? It’s not like I want to work.”
  • “You’re saying that if something isn’t normal, it simply isn’t possible?”
  • “You can’t just go saying "pal” like that! That’s MY endearing character trait!“
  • "Times may change but people sadly do not.”
  • “Uh oh, she’s really pissed this time!”
  • “What’s it to you, porcupine-head!?”
  • “The guilty will always lie, to avoid being found out. There’s no way to tell who is guilty and who is innocent!”
  • “I think I feel a migraine coming on…”
  • “You want more pressure, huh? Why don’t you go down to the fire department and have them spray you with the hose?”
  • “This person… I haven’t got a clue. He seems to know me but maybe he’s mistaking me for someone else?”
  • “You will sick down the penalty (insert name here)… and you will like it!”
  • “It seems (insert name here) has lost his confidence along with their hair…”
  • “Hey! I don’t have anything to do with spirit power. The only thing I can channel is a TV.”
  • “I think it’s high time you went shopping for a better excuse…?”
  • “I was hoping to come up with a question while I was objecting”
  • “Cry and my whip will accommodate.”
  • “People are like books. We’ve all got a front and a back. You get my drift?”
  • “Let’s go let her whip us”
  • “I’ll have you know I like strawberries much better than bananas.”
  • “My motto is: ‘Don’t worry, be happy!’”
  • “Sounds like they’re having a spat. One of those "differences in musical direction” bands are always splitting up over.“
  • "She’s either trying to make it grow… or she’s perfecting her water torture technique.”
  • “See that innocent smile? Everyone has a different way of breaking the news”
  • “Now, now, let’s all be one big happy family, OK?”
Pokemans Headcanon Tiiiiiiime
  • All organisms in the pokemon world decended from, and in cladistic taxonomy classified as, Pokemon.
  • “Normal” organisms, such as humans, trees and grass, are pokemon that have evolved overtime so that their movesets are vestigial. Pokemon such as Beldum and Unown have evolved overtime to have minimal movesets, and like us they will eventually loose the ability to learn moves all together.
  • The national pokedex is purely a layman list of pokemon, there are millions of species of pokemon not listed.
  • Microscopic organisms and parasites are also pokemon, and are capable of leveling up and evolving, tho not often observed by people due to their size and lifestyle.
  • While on the macrolevel humans have lost many “pokemon qualities”, on the micro level our cells still behave as pokemon. Red blood cells’ special ability is “oxygen pickup” and Stem cell’s only move is Transform.
  • Ditto is entirely made out of stem cells
  • Most “inanimate” pokemon like Magnemite and Geodude, are actually the result of colonies of bacteria living inside of metal and rock, like Endoliths irl.
  • There is heavy debate as to whether things like robots with flamethrowers can be classified as a pokemon, as they are capable of learning moves (flamethrower), as well as “faint” (be unplugged)
  • Like irl, there is heavy debate in the Unova school system on whether they can teach the Arceus origin story within pokebiology class.

There’s a flu bug getting passed around
And it’s spreading like fire through the town
There’s a virus holing up inside us
Everyone that I know is coming down

“Charlie” is one of my tabletop RP characters for a superhero game. They’re actually a sentient colony of bacteria impersonating the young doctor that was studying them. Their powers all have to do with healing, although… they can infect people at will with various diseases.


Plastic food and water bowls can harbor bacteria and mold, even if they’re cleaned regularly. The porous surface and scratches from regular use or chewing are safe havens for bacteria that can hurt your dog.

Stainless steel or ceramic bowls, because of their solid, smooth surface texture, are a better choice. They should still be cleaned regularly with soap and scrubbing to prevent a buildup of biofilm, which are tough bacteria colonies that resist removal from simple rinsing.

anonymous asked:

Is "instant cycling" really a thing that works? Could I take the filter media from a current tank and put in the filter of one that I just set up to cycle it, and if so, how would I know if it works?

that’s how i’ve cycled all of my tanks except for my first one (i impulse bought a betta from walmart at 3am…i had a tank, filter, heater, but my parent’s said “NO FISH” so it had just been sitting empty with some fake plastic fish in it for a while but my mom caved so i jumped at the chance to bring a fish home and did a fish-in cycle…now i keep multiple bags of ceramic media in all of my filters + an extra sponge filter so i can set up a new tank pretty much whenever i need / want to) :p

So with this method, you have to ensure that you’re adding a source of ammonia for that bacteria to eat, whether that be adding some fish right away or some fish food in a panty hose or whatever because if you don’t add some ‘food’ for them soon, they’ll die off and you’ll lose the cycle.

an important thing to consider, though, is the bioload of the new tank relative to the bioload of the old tank:

– let’s say you have 6 fish in the old tank, and you have 10 fish in the new tank. if you use all the media from the old tank and put it in the new tank you might need to add some more media for the bacteria to colonize in order to compensate for the extra 4 fish’s bioload. You also have to watch for ammonia/nitrite/nitrate spikes since you’re adding more bioload than the current bacteria can handle. To remedy this, add more media, and then add fish slowly / a few at a time so that the bacteria has time to increase and spikes will be less likely. If you do have some spikes, do a water change :)

– Now let’s look at the opposite of that situation: you have 6 fish in the old tank but only 1 fish in the new tank. that filter media you’ve added will have plenty of bacteria to process 1 fish’s waste and you shouldn’t have any spikes. However, the bacteria colony just lost 5/6 of it’s food source, so the bacteria colony will shrink significantly. this isn’t a bad thing, its just what happens :p

– now let’s look at the ½ and ½ (which is what i do). Let’s say you have one tank all cycled, been up and running for 6 months to a year. You want to set up a new tank, but you don’t want to wait for it to fully cycle cuz thats like 3-6 weeks. you have 2 bags of media in the old tank, so you take one bag of media from the old tank and put it in the new tank. You then add a new bag of media to both tanks (so that each tank has ½ old + colonized and ½ new + uncolonized media). you can kind of think of this as a “seeded” tank :p you can add a few fish right away, but you’ll need to add the rest very slowly so that the bacteria has time to colonize. this is similar to the first situation, but because you’re only using a portion of the media, it’s called “seeding” a new tank :p you have to monitor everything closely for spikes and you might have to do some more water changes, but the bacteria should finish colonizing / should be able to handle the full bioload of the new tank within 3-14 days (variable based on how much old media you started with and how large the bioload of the new tank is)

lastly i just want to mention that “seeding” a tank isn’t going to instantly cycle it.  some people will “seed” their tanks with only a very small portion of “cycled” media. using only a very small portion of “cycled” media will help to add beneficial bacteria (you’ll have that bacteria #1 that turns ammonia into nitrite, and bacteria #2 that turns nitrite into nitrate), so they’ll colonize more rapidly as long as there’s enough food, so it shortens the cycling time, but you tank is only “instantly cycled” if the media you add to the new tank can process the entire bioload of the new tank.

you’ll know your tank is fully cycled when your parameters are 0 ammonia, 0 nitrite, X nitrates, just like with a regular cycling process ^-^ oh! and i’d recommend using prime to help with any small ammonia/nitrite/nitrate spikes as well :p

hopefully i explained all that okay ^-^”” if you need clarification or more info, please let me know! :p

anonymous asked:

I just read your addition to the post about disabilities at schools and it really touched me. I have chronic lower abdominal pain and chronic headaches, my stomach and head hurt all the time for the past 3 years, almost 4. I've gotten a range of diagnoses from phantom pains, nerve damage, and even being caused by my depression, social anxiety and/or general anxiety. I've been on so many diets and even lost up to 10 pounds in the first week of them. (1/5)

Have you been tested for allergies like wheat gluten/ cilliac’s disease, Croan’s disease (which is statistically higher in those who take antidepressants) And have you tried to take bacterial cultures?

I know this sounds nuts, but its actually something my husband has a lab to study. The antidepressants really interfere with the stomach, and they basically fuck with your gut’s ability to keep bacteria colonies. Which means you can’t absorb nutrients. If you have this, it can lead to other illnesses that actually stop the little absorbent bits in the intestines from absorbing, which makes things even worse. You need those bacteria to live, and even your depression can depend on whether or not you have them. So what I want to know is, have you been seen by a GI specialist and have you been tested for those, and have you tried taking live bacterial cultures to repopulate your gut microbiome? Message me and we will talk about it

Oh my god, I got questions about Charlie. So… here’s some more information.

@markquestion : It’s a Marvel FASERIP system game. A super old but super fun system. I think if you google around you can find the books online.

fifth-dimensional : OMG Thank you! Alright! So… Charlie, aka Plague Doctor, is part of a tabletop game with a bunch of my friends. They’re part of a team formed by some big name superheroes and organizations in the Marvel universe, and all the characters have a patron who volunteered them for the team. Charlie was offered up by Reed Richards.

Charlie is a biomass. They’re a sentient bacteria colony of alien origin that has figured out how to imitate a human.

Charlie was formerly in a lab where they were being studied. When another disease broke out and the lab was quarantined, the real Dr. Charles Lorne decided to release Charlie in hopes that they’d be able to neutralize the disease that was killing off researchers. The gambit worked, but Dr. Lorne died. Charlie decided to then take on Dr. Lorne’s name and appearance when they formed themselves into a human-shaped mass. This was not a popular decision. There’s a lot of skepticism about whether or not letting Charlie wander free is a good idea. Charlie is also frequently concerned that they might be a danger to the human organism, but also doesn’t want to go back to a lab.

Charlie refers to themselves in the plural, as in “We’re here.” or “We want to help.”, and goes by he/him or they/them pronouns. They can heal or drain health, cure or inflict diseases, and dissolve their human form and recreate it, which works a little like teleportation. Sometimes reforming is a little difficult, and under that mask Charlie looks… not so great.

Bacteria Art

This bacteria art developed by Prof. Eshel Ben-Jacob, The Maguy-Glass Professor, in Physics of Complex Systems, School of Physics and Astronomy at Tel Aviv University

The structures and forms bacteria can take when multiplying in a petri dish can be quite psychedelic. This fractal looking - “could be album cover” was created by introducing environmental stress onto a colony of bacteria.

anonymous asked:

So, I am filtering a tank for the first time. I couldn't get a hold of pure ammonia, so I am doing the fish food in a net thing. However, some of the food is getting out. Will that affect the cycling, or just make clean up frustrating? I don't really care how much cleaning I have to do so long as this tank is safe for my betta (I got him before I knew about cycling, but I did not want to risk cycling with him in the tank, so I just went out and got a bigger tank and started cycling.)

I couldn’t get a hold of pure ammonia, so I am doing the fish food in a net thing. However, some of the food is getting out. 
Switch to using some panty hose! :) that should solve the problem :p

Will that affect the cycling, or just make clean up frustrating?
It’ll just make clean up frustrating~

I don’t really care how much cleaning I have to do so long as this tank is safe for my betta (I got him before I knew about cycling, but I did not want to risk cycling with him in the tank, so I just went out and got a bigger tank and started cycling.)
If you’re doing a fish-in cycle (if your fish is in the tank, and the bag of fish food is in the tank at the same time), you need to take the bag of fish food out immediately. Fish food / pure ammonia is used for fishless cycling only! :) This is because with a fish-in cycle, the fish is the source of ammonia so there’s no need to add more :) (i can go in depth about why adding more ammonia to the tank is unnecessary, and possibly more stressful for you and your fish, if you’d like as well…it mostly has to do with bacteria colony size,etc.)

If you’ve currently got your fish in a bowl/tank with no filter while your tank is cycling, keep an eye on ammonia :) you’ll probably need to do wc every other day to keep ammonia .25 or under! and on that note, a fishless cycle would probably be just as stressful as being in a bowl (if not less so since a bigger tank + just as frequent water changes)…so if you want to switch over to a fish-in cycle (taking out the fish food bag and adding in your fish) just make sure your ammonia / nitrite is .25 or below (do a 20-50% wc when you see .25 ammonia/nitrite) or nitrates are 20ppm or below by doing a water change when they get above 10-20ppm (your tank is cycle when you have 0 ammonia / 0 nitrites / x nitrates).

This post briefly goes over fish-in cycling! :) And these posts go over fishless cycling:

I’d also recommend dosing with seachem prime (water conditionre + neutralizes ammonia, nitrite, nitrate for 24-48 hours so your fish is safe but the bacteria are still able to use the neutralized ammonia/nitrite as food) and using seachem stability (a bacteria starter that will help speed up your cycling time) if you’re doing a fish-in cycle! :)

good luck and happy fishkeeping anon! :)

Most life on Earth depends on sunlight, but inside deep caves, darkness reigns. Despite being mostly cut off from the outside world, caves shelter an amazing array of organisms.

The walls of sulfur spring caves are often coated with microbes that scientists wryly call “snottites”—slimy mats of bacteria up to half an inch thick. Instead of using energy from the Sun, as green plants do, these bacteria draw energy from sulfur compounds to make their own food. Snottites can form the foundation of an unusual ecosystem in some caves, where many animals graze on the bacteria colonies as a source of food.

Meet more cave-dwellers in Life at the Limits: Stories of Amazing Species.

Image: Kenneth Ingham/NASA

Submission: I literally just saw this, posted by my aunt. ?????

Hellllooooo psuedo-science.

This is based in some fairly recent human medical things, but it also shows a complete lack of understanding of how they work.

Fecal transplants for people are a thing that happens sometimes - it’s a way to help people who have really serious GI problems help colonize the correct bacteria in their gut again. I want to say it’s done with suppositories rather than oral pills because you need live bacteria to colonize the gut, so stomach acid is a problem. It’s not a miracle cure and I’m pretty sure it isn’t a once-and-done sort of thing, but that’s human medicine stuff I’m not super familiar with.

I don’t think I’ve ever heard of fecal transplants for dogs with GI issues, but if they did happen there’s no way to use frozen feces? Because, y’know, that kills the stuff you need to colonize the gut with.

If we take this seriously, I could sort of see the lack of antibiotics being important, because you need a healthy gut flora from which to colonize the recipient… but the lack of vaccines? Antibodies are an immune-system thing, not a GI thing, so they’re not going to be present or matter the slightest with poop. A raw diet might change the selective bacteria colonies in the gut but unless her dog is raw fed too, that’s… not really going to matter.

…I kind of want to know what she plans to do with the poop? Like, uh, force feed the dog or shove it up his butt as a home-made suppository? All possible options are ridiculous and also just a bad idea. If this is a real thing at all, it should be done 100% under the supervision and treatment of a vet and I’m pretty sure they’d get the poop for you too.  

Ok, but what if...

Humans are actually he first race in the galaxy to get to space travel. So we go out into space and expect to find a ton of neat alien tech, and instead get  colony of bacteria and some strange creatures still in the stone age.