babylonian myth

American Gods Alphabet: Hubur

I really love American Gods and mythology so I made an alphabetic list of every reference made in the novel.

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Hubur (54)

Hubur (Babylonian) Creator goddess of war. Hubur or Mother Hubur was mother to giant snakes with venomous blood and dragons for the war between Quingu and Marduk. Unfortunately, in single combat with Marduk, Hubur was defeated after trying to swallow the wind thrown at her. Sliced in two and stabbed in the heart, Hubur’s skull was crushed. Her skin created the sky and her eyes became the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

All names/terms are depicted with the page in which they first appear in the American Gods Tenth Anniversary Edition of the author’s preferred text.

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anonymous asked:

So I just wanted to share that apparently being non-binary means that you are attractive, can use magic, and see the future according one Babylonian myth.

as a non-binary person I can confirm that (personally) I’m attractive and can use magic. I have yet to become clairvoyant, but this is a fun lil tidbit, thank you friend (~: nonbinary pride woot!!

- peach

The Anunnaki are deities of ancient Mesopotamian cultures (Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian) in areas now known as Iraq, Kuwait, Northeastern Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and Southwestern Iran. The name means “princely offspring” or “offspring of Anu”. Alternative translations such as “those who from the heavens came to earth” based on the work of Zecharia Sitchin have been rejected as pseudoscience. Their relation to the group of gods known as Igigi is unclear; at times the names are used synonymously but in the Atra-Hasis flood myth, the Igigi are the 6th generation of the gods who have to work for the Anunnaki, rebelling after 40 days and replaced by the creation of the first humans, possibly as a slave race. The Anunnaki appear in the Babylonian creation myth, Enuma Elish. In a late version magnifying Marduk, after the creation of mankind, Marduk divides the Anunnaki and assigns them to their proper stations, 300 in heaven, 300 on earth, and hence, they remained in charge, directing newly created slave races. The Anunnaki are mentioned in The Epic of Gilgamesh when Utnapishtim tells the story of the flood. According to later Assyrian and Babylonian myth, the Anunnaki were the children of Anu and Ki, brother and sister gods. 

So upon some digging through Babylonian Mythology, I’ve learned something ((and just in time for pride month!)).
So Way-Back-When in Babylonian societies, gender-fluidity and non-binary orientation was a common known thing ((but they were considered two sides of the same coin)). The very first recorded in Babylonian myth was a non-binary darling named Asushunamir, who was considered a Being of Godly Light. They were a kind person and after a little Underworld run-in with the fertility goddess, Ishtar, got themself, as well as all like them, blessed with the powers of healing and prophecy ((the Queen of the Underworld also fell in love with them but that didn’t end too well)).
So long story short, y'all non-binary and gender fluid sweethearts are magic, Ishtar and I love you, and the Babylonian underworld goddess probably thinks you’re hot 🔥

Three Dream Incantations (ADRC III.20-38, I.79-II.18, II.58-III.3a)

These three incantations all come from the “Assyrian Dream Book,” a set of ritual tablets relating to sleep and dreams.  The first two involve magically transferring the misfortune of a bad dream into a lump of clay, which would then dissipate in living water; the third is a more typical prayer for good fortune.

Three of the most important names mentioned are Shamash, the sun, Sin, the moon, and the Apsu, the primordial ocean identified with the god Enki/Ea.  In these incantations, they are referred to as gods, but they retain the traits of their natural phenomena — the sun illuminates, the ocean dissolves, etc.


O Shamash, you have arisen from the mountains of cedar.
The gods delight in you;
       humanity rejoices in you.

The soothsayer offers you cedar,
       the widow, cheap portions of flour,
       the poor woman, oil.
The rich man offers a lamb from his riches.
But I — I offer you a lump,
       a creation of the Apsu.

O lump, you are a creation of the Apsu.
Your portion is portioned from my portion,
       (and) my portion is portioned from your portion. [1]
Your self is mingled with my self;
       my self is mingled with your self.
Just as you, o lump, are thrown into the water,
       and you shall soak away, be dissolved, and be dispersed,
       (so be) the misfortune of the dream that I saw at night.

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anonymous asked:

Sam I disagree with you about the Bible. The Bible is the word of God.

Well, no, it isn’t. The Bible is a collection of writings by men. In fact we actually know the names of those men because they are literally in the names of the books. The Book of Enoch, the Gospel of Mark, The Letters of Paul. 

Moreover, these books have been changed over the centuries. They have been translated which means it was up to the translator to assign meaning to these words. Aramaic to Greek to Latin to English. Many times by many translators of unequal talent. 

The Bible contradicts itself frequently and not in small ways either. Who was at the tomb when it was discovered empty? Who was the father of Joseph? Is Jesus equal to or greater than the Father? The same Gospels will sometimes answer these questions differently. See: John 10:30 and again John 14:28. 

Most of the New Testament was written by Paul who never met Jesus or heard him preach. The Gospels were all written down between 60 and 200 years after the execution of Jesus and were most likely copied and recopied differently again and again. God did not decide which books to accept into the Christian Bible. A second century Bishop named Irenaeus did for the most part. There were upwards of a couple of dozen other “Gospels” floating around that did not make the cut even though they were ancient and beloved by many. The actual process for determining the canon was fascinating. You can read more about it here if you are curious.

The myths in Genesis were ancient when the original five books were written, not by Moses, but by three sets of anonymous scribes in Babylon during the Babylonian captivity. These myths were Sumerian and had been adopted by the Babylonians and again adopted by the Jews who had no founding myths of their own. Many of these old stories were allegory and myth and not even taken literally by those who wrote them down. They teach lessons not provide history.

Does this mean that the Bible is worthless or not a holy book? Of course not. It is one of the greatest books ever written. However, it is just a book. It was not dictated by God. It was written by men for men and should be viewed as such.