ba bird

Temple of the Goddess Hathor at Nitentóre (Dendera),
astronomical ceiling of the Outer Hypostyle Hall, first strip east, middle register:
the daily journey of the God Ra during the Hours of the Day, detail from the IV Hour.
To the right, the Goddess of the Fourth Hour of the Day, wearing the Solar disk and making adorations;
on the bow of the sacred barque of Ra are represented a human-headed ‘Ba’-bird (the 'Ba’ is the Soul) and the God Montu (falcon-headed and wearing the Solar disk with the two feathers) spearing the cursed apophis (the enemy of Ra and of all the Gods) here depicted as a human being with asiatic features.

Ba Bird

Origin: Egyptian mythology

Type: Bird shaped creature

The Ba-Bird is each dead person’s distinctive essence, and is made up of all their non-physical qualities that make up their personality. The body is shaped like a sparrow or small falcon, with the face of the deceased person. The Ba Bird was painted above an image of the person, and is believed to have needed physical sustenance, like foods and drinks.

Egyptians believed that a person can attain immortality if their body united with their Ka, or life force. Since the mummified body cannot do this, the person’s Ba transforms into a bird that will fly between the body and the Ka in the Underworld.