b.f.skinner

Psychology Book Recommendations

Foundational Authors & Works

Carl Rogers, On Becoming a Person

B. F. Skinner,  Beyond Freedom and Dignity and About Behaviorism and Walden Two

Viktor Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents

John Norcross (editor), Evidence-Based Practices in Mental Health

Psychopathology & Diagnosis 

David Barlow (editor), Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders

Oliver Saks, Hallucinations

Kelly Lambert, Clinical Neuroscience

Criticisms & Controversial Topics

Stephen Hinshaw, The ADHD Explosion

Robert Whitaker, Mad in America and Anatomy of an Epidemic

Ronald Miller, Not So Abnormal Psychology

Allen Frances, Saving Normal

Bruce Wampold, The Great Psychotherapy Debate

Therapy Theories 

Carl Rogers, Client-Centered Therapy

Irvin Yalom, The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy

Aaron Beck, Cognitive Therapy of Depression

Steven Hayes, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Judith Beck, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Danny Wedding, Current Psychotherapies

William Miller, Motivational Interviewing

Jacqueline Person, Cognitive Therapy in Practice

Evidence-Based Therapy Manuals 

Marsha Linehan, DBT Skills Training Manual and Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

Michelle Craske, Mastery of Your Anxiety and Panic

David Burns, Feeling Good

Richard Zinbarg, Mastery of Your Anxiety and Worry

Martha Davis, The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook

Lisa Najavitis, Seeking Safety

Expert Therapist Perspectives

Irvin Yalom, The Gift of Therapy and Love’s Executioner

First Person Perspectives

Kay Jamison, An Unquiet Mind

Elyn Saks, The Center Cannot Hold

William Styron, Darkness Visible

Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner, Divided Minds

Research Design & Analysis

Alan Kazdin, Research Design in Clinical Psychology and Single-Case Research Designs

John Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design

Culture & Diversity

Derald Wing Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse and Case Studies in Multicultural Counseling and Therapy

Stigma

Stephen Hinshaw, Breaking the Silence and  The Mark of Shame

Grad School and Careers in Psychology

Peggy Hawley, Being Bright is Not Enough

Adam Ruben, Surviving Your Stupid, Stupid Decision to Go to Grad School

Peter Feibelman, A PhD is Not Enough

Paul Silva, How to Write A Lot

Karen Kelsky, The Professor Is In 

- ̗̀ 02/04/2017  ̖́-

Everyone needs inspiration/motivation! Therefore, I made a list of my favourite inspirational quotes! Please like/reblog if you love them as much as I do! 

  • “I think, therefore I am. (Cogito, ergo sum.)” —René Descartes

  • “Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.” —B. F. Skinner

  • “Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow.”
    —Albert Einstein

  • “The purpose of learning is growth, and our minds, unlike our bodies, can continue growing as long as we live.” —Mortimer Adler

  • “The best way to predict your future is to create it.” —Abraham Lincoln

  • “The journey is the reward.” —Chinese Proverb

  • “Whatever you can do, or dream you can do, begin it. Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. Begin it now.” —Goethe

  • “Even if you’re on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there.” —Will Rogers

  • “Learning is like rowing upstream, not to advance is to drop back.”
    —Chinese Proverb

  • “Be a student as long as you still have something to learn, and this will mean all your life.” —Henry L. Doherty

  • “If you hear a voice within you say ‘you cannot paint,’ then by all means paint, and that voice will be silenced.” – Vincent Van Gogh

  • “Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm.” – Winston Churchill
Approaching Compatibility

In psychology the only “proven” work is that of B. F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov. The rest of psychology is thought to be pure “hokum” as the fictitious Doctor Sheldon Cooper would say. This is not to confuse the issue with psychiatry, which is welcomed into the atheistic scientific community because of their enthusiastic use of psycho-medications and electroshock “therapy.”

The point is we are more than meets the eye. But because of the prevailing atheistic climate that has evolved since the 1930’s people have been told they are just being superstitious, then left to drift. Fortunately, the void is beginning to be filled by a combination of astrology and Jungian psychology. And from this new point of view, people are swamping various sites on the internet with questions such as: “When will I find love?”, “I’ve been hurt over and over, why?”, “When am I going to quit being alone?”, “My astrological sign is Kleenex, will I find a nose that is right for me?” and so on.
The answer is difficult but definitive: You must first discover yourself more deeply. You must go the work to discover what you really want in your life besides a companion. You are trying to use another person to solve your problems with loneliness, when in your aloneness you should be endeavoring to discover what in life you are passionate about (besides sex).
“What do you want to be when you grow up?” we ask our children. This applies to you as well. What is your passion, what really turns on your lights? Astronomy? Set lighting and design? Advanced computer miniaturization engineering? Organic farming? Professional cooking? Overseas fashion importing.
Obviously, the list is endless. Before committing to love and marriage, I say you must get in touch with this deeper self that causes the atheists to scream “hellloooo!”, discover something you are really passionate about in life and then go for it! Go to school, get wide world exposure, get an apprenticeship, or whatever, and your delighted-with-life attitude will attract a significant other who will become your equal, partner, and someone whom you will love rather than need.

Jon Hassinger (writer for Astrolocherry)

Hey guys! I created another collection of quotes from the psychologists. You know the drill! I hope you enjoy these inspirational quotes and find them inspiring too!

Carl Rogers

  • “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.”
  • “The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction not a destination.”
  • “The very essence of the creative is its novelty, and hence we have no standard by which to judge it.”
  • “The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.”

Erik Erikson

  • “The more you know yourself, the more patience you have for what you see in others.”
  • “We are what we love.”
  • “I am what survives of me.”
  • “Life doesn’t make any sense without interdependence. We need each other, and the sooner we learn that, the better for us all.”
  • “In the social jungle of human existence, there is no feeling of being alive without a sense of identity.”
  • “The way you ‘take history’ is also a way of 'making history.'”

William James

  • “The greatest use of a life is to spend it on something that will outlast it.”
  • “This life is worth living, we can say, since it is what we make it.”
  • “Act as if what you do makes a difference. It does.”
  • “When you have to make a choice and don’t make it, that is in itself a choice.”
  • “Believe that life is worth living and your belief will help create the fact.”
  • “To change ones life: Start immediately. Do it flamboyantly.”
  • “Truth is what works.”
  • “We are all ready to be savage in some cause. The difference between a good man and a bad one is the choice of the cause.”
  • “The greatest weapon against stress is our ability to choose one thought over another.”
  • “The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook.”
  • “It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task which, more than anything else, will affect its successful outcome.”
  • “If you want a quality, act as if you already had it.”
  • “There is but one cause of human failure. And that is man’s lack of faith in his true self.”
  • “If you care enough for a result, you will most certainly attain it.”
  • “Begin to be now what you will be hereafter.”
  • “The greatest discovery of my generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering his attitudes.”
  • “Action may not bring happiness but there is no happiness without action.”
  • “Human beings can alter their lives by altering their attitudes of mind.”
  • “Nothing is so fatiguing as the eternal hanging on of an uncompleted task.”
  • “Be willing to have it so. Acceptance of what has happened is the first step to overcoming the consequences of any misfortune.”
  • “We have to live today by what truth we can get today and be ready tomorrow to call it falsehood.”
  • “The world we see that seems so insane is the result of a belief system that is not working. To perceive the world differently, we must be willing to change our belief system, let the past slip away, expand our sense of now, and dissolve the fear in our minds.”

Albert Ellis

  • “There are three musts that hold us back: I must do well. You must treat me well. And the world must be easy.”
  • “The art of love is largely the art of persistence.”

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

  • “Should you shield the canyons from the windstorms you would never see the true beauty of their carvings.”
  • “I believe that we are solely responsible for our choices, and we have to accept the consequences of every deed, word, and thought throughout our lifetime.”
  • “The ultimate lesson all of us have to learn is unconditional love, which includes not only others but ourselves as well.”
  • “Love is really the only thing we can possess, keep with us, and take with us.”
  • “The opinion which other people have of you is their problem, not yours.”
  • “The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of those depths.”
  • “Learn to get in touch with the silence within yourself, and know that everything in life has purpose. There are no mistakes, no coincidences, all events are blessings given to us to learn from.”
  • “People are like stained - glass windows. They sparkle and shine when the sun is out, but when the darkness sets in, their true beauty is revealed only if there is a light from within.”
  • “Consciously or not, we are all on a quest for answers, trying to learn the lessons of life. We grapple with fear and guilt. We search for meaning, love, and power. We try to understand fear, loss, and time. We seek to discover who we are and how we can become truly happy.”

Erich Fromm

  • “There is only one meaning of life: the act of living itself.”
  • “The task we must set for ourselves is not to feel secure, but to be able to tolerate insecurity.”
  • “There can be no real freedom without the freedom to fail.”
  • “If I am what I have and if I lose what I have who then am I?”
  • “Creativity requires the courage to let go of certainties.”
  • “Only the person who has faith in himself is able to be faithful to others.”

Alfred Adler

  • “Man knows much more than he understands.”
  • “It is easier to fight for one’s principles than to live up to them.”
  • “The only normal people are the ones you don’t know very well.”
  • “The chief danger in life is that you may take too many precautions.”

Sigmund Freud

  • “Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise.”

Albert Bandura

  • “In order to succeed, people need a sense of self-efficacy, to struggle together with resilience to meet the inevitable obstacles and inequities of life.”

Abraham Maslow

  • “What is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself.”
  • “If you plan on being anything less than you are capable of being, you will probably be unhappy all the days of your life.”
  • “If you only have a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.”
  • “The ability to be in the present moment is a major component of mental wellness.”
  • “What a man can be, he must be. This need we call self-actualization.”
  • “A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself.”

Karen Horney

  • “Thou shalt free thyself from convention, from everyday morality.”
  • “Life itself still remains a very effective therapist.”

B. F. Skinner

  • “When you run into something interesting, drop everything else and study it.”
  • “I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me. That’s what life is.”
  • “The way positive reinforcement is carried out is more important than the amount.”
  • “A failure is not always a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying.”

Carl Jung

  • “Your vision will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.”
  • “As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of mere being.”
  • “A man who has not passed through the inferno of his passions has never overcome them.”
  • “In all chaos there is a cosmos, in all disorder a secret order.”
  • “There is no coming to consciousness without pain.”
  • “The word 'happiness’ would lose its meaning if it were not balanced by sadness.”
  • “Knowing your own darkness is the best method for dealing with the darknesses of other people.”
  • “We should not pretend to understand the world only by the intellect. The judgement of the intellect is only part of the truth.”
  • “It all depends on how we look at things, and not how they are in themselves.”
  • “Follow that will and that way which experience confirms to be your own.”
  • “Nobody, as long as he moves about among the chaotic currents of life, is without trouble.”
  • “The least of things with a meaning is worth more in life than the greatest of things without it.”
  • “Knowledge rests not upon truth alone, but upon error also.”
  • “Man needs difficulties; they are necessary for health.”
  • “We cannot change anything until we accept it. Condemnation does not liberate, it oppresses.”
  • “Mistakes are, after all, the foundations of truth, and if a man does not know what a thing is, it is at least an increase in knowledge if he knows what it is not.”
  • “The most intense conflicts, if overcome, leave behind a sense of security and calm that is not easily disturbed. It is just these intense conflicts and their conflagration which are needed to produce valuable and lasting results.”
  • “Man is not a machine that can be remodeled for quite other purposes as occasion demands, in the hope that it will go on functioning as regularly as before but in a quite different way. He carries his whole history with him; in his very structure is written the history of mankind.”

Wugs are a small flightless species of thought experiment (pictured here with a graduate student) native to North America. They are very social and are always seen in bonded pairs. Previously, these were thought to be mates, but Gleeson’s famous experiment suggests that they might reproduce asexually, with a single Wug giving rise to two [plural of Wug], leading some researchers to believe these bonded pairs are siblings or parent and offspring rather than mates. This is further supported by the fact that Wugs have no sexual dimorphism, and basically one Wug looks the same as any other Wug.

A light blue color morph is by far the most common, but occasionally white, pink, or yellow Wugs are seen as well. While they are nearly impossible to train by classical conditioning, they are very intelligent and quickly learn verbal commands from immersion and pattern recognition, and are harmless and robust enough to be ideal pets for young children.

They are tolerant of many different climates and now live in linguistics departments the world over, where they are often kept as pets by graduate students, due to their ease of upkeep. Much like B. F. Skinner, they eat their words, and thus can be cared for very cheaply, aside from the initial cost of building a Deep Structure for them to roost in. They are the only known species to vocalize in the International Phonetic Alphabet.

Imposter syndrome - we all feel it

This excerpt taken from the book Expecting Adam by Martha N. Beck and edited for clarity

“At Harvard, of course, I had learned to pay attention to very different things. The importance of prestige is so overwhelming in that culture that people hardly look at each other, let alone their environment. The attention goes to appearances: appearing successful, appearing smart, appearing utterly and absolutely unlike a retarded child.

It was mid-November and the few remaining leaves rattled on the trees. I welcomed the winter chill, since ice air helped keep my mind off the nausea. I breathed it carefully one day as I waddled over to William James Hall (known to the intelligentsia as Billy Jim) to attend a class. I arrived a few minutes early and decided to use the extra time to visit a friend in the Psychology Department, one floor above the Sociology Department, where my class was held. My friend was in her lab, conducting an experiment that consisted of implanting wires into the brains of live rats, then making the rats swim around in a tub of reconstituted dry milk. She told me why she was doing this, but I have no memory of what she said. Maybe she was making soup. Whatever the reason, she had put the rats and the milk in a children’s wading pool, the kind you fill up with a hose so that toddlers can splash around on a hot summer day. The tub was decorated with pictures of Smurfs. Smurfs, for those of you who are not culturally aware, are little blue people whose antics you may have observed on Saturday morning cartoons during the 1980s. I personally feel that the Smurfs were cloying, saccharine little monsters, but [my daughter] Katie adored them.

After chatting with my rat-molesting friend for a moment, I excused myself and headed downstairs for the seminar. There were seven or eight other graduate students in attendance, along with a couple of extra professors who had come to hear the latest twist on established theories. I felt the way I always did when I walked into a classroom at Harvard, that I had just entered a den of lions—not starving lions, perhaps, but lions who were feeling a little peckish. The people in the room were fearsomely brilliant, and I was always terrified that I would say just one completely idiotic thing, make one breathtakingly asinine comment that would expose me as a boorish, politically incorrect half-wit.

“Ah, Martha,” said the course instructor, “we’ve been waiting for you.”

I blushed. I had stopped at the rest room to blow a few chunks, and had been hoping that the class would start a bit late. I did not want to be the focus of attention.

“I’m sorry,” I said. “I was upstairs in the Psych lab, watching rats swim around in a Smurf pool.”

“I see,” said the instructor, “Yes, I believe I’ve read about that.”

A professor, one of the visiting dignitaries, chimed in. “How is Smurf’s work going?” he inquired. “I understand he’s had some remarkable findings.”

“Yes,” said a graduate student. “I read his last article.”

There was a general murmur of agreement. It seems that everyone in the room was familiar with Dr. Smurf, and his groundbreaking work with swimming rats.

It took me a few discombobulated seconds to figure out that everyone at the seminar assumed a Smurf pool was named for some famous psychological theorist. I guess they thought it was like a Skinner box, the reinforcement chamber used by B. F. Skinner to develop the branch of psychological theory known as behaviorism. Comprehension blossomed in my brain like a lovely flower.

I think,” I said solemnly, “that Smurf is going to change the whole direction of linguistic epistemology.”

They all agreed, nodding, saying things like ‘Oh, yes,’ and “I wouldn’t doubt it.”

I beamed at them, struggling desperately not to laugh. It wasn’t so much that I wanted to mock these people. I was giddy with exhilaration, because after seven years at Harvard, I was just beginning to realize that I wasn’t the only one faking it. I had bluffed my way through many a cocktail party, pretending to know all about whichever scholar or theory was the current topic of conversation. I had always wondered how I survived among the staggeringly intelligent people lurking all around me. Now I was beginning to understand.

“He’s a good man, Smurf is,” said the instructor solemnly.

And thus I learned that at Harvard, while knowing a great deal is the norm and knowing everything is the goal, appearing to know everything is considered an acceptable substitute.”


This story is probably one of my favorites and just goes to show that no matter who much success you achieve in a field, you will always suffer from imposter syndrome. Also, if you don’t know something, it’s ok to ask! Sometimes you will look much sillier if you don’t!