Philipp J.J. Valentini. The Mexican Calendar Stone. 1878.
The four panels surrounding the deity represent previous ages or “Suns.” Sun of Jaguar (upper right), Sun of Wind (upper left), Sun of Fire-rain (lower left), and Sun of Water (lower right). The date of the current age is found in the square at the center top of the stone. The animals carved into the next ring of the stone represent the 20 days of the Aztec calendar.
The Piedra del Sol is a Post-Classic Mexica sculpture housed in the National Anthropology Museum in Mexico City, and is perhaps the most famous work of Aztec sculpture. The stone is 12ft in diameter and 3ft thick, and it weighs approximately 24 tons. Shortly after the Spanish Conquest, the monolithic sculpture was buried in the Zócalo, or main square of Mexico City. It was rediscovered in December of 1790 during repairs to the Mexico City Cathedral. Following its rediscovery, the Calendar Stone was mounted on an exterior wall of the Cathedral, where it remained until 1885.
P2 is sometimes accused of being random regarding the plot twist. I personally think that this is very wrong since every rumor P2 alludes to does exist or did exist in reality.
This is a guide for Nyarlathotep’s possible “check list” for the crazy rumors that helped him. Also two twists in P2 are almost “prophetic”. SPOILERS:
The Aztec Empire used two calendars, a 260-day calendar for calculating religious holidays, and a 365-day calendar for the civil year. The Aztec sun stone,12 feet wide, illustrating both systems, is perhaps the most famous Aztec art piece today.
On this #MuseumMonday we’re taking a look at the inlay representing the face of the Aztec Sun Stone. Visitors who enter through the Weston Pavilion Entrance (Columbus Ave. and 79th St.) are greeted by this beautiful piece set in the floor. The Aztec Sun Stone was a centerpiece of the Hall of the Sun in the original Hayden Planetarium, built in 1935 (pictured above).
The original stone is a 25-ton monolith, which represents the fifth sun, or age, which began with the accession of King Itzcoatl (1427-1440). It is on view at the Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, and a full-size cast stands in the Hall of Mexico and Central America.
The central image depicts Tonatiuh, the Aztec sun god and principal deity during the fifth sun, and Aztec cycle that relates to time and politics. Four icons - jaguar, wind, rain, and water - represent the four previous suns, or ages, when the world was repeatedly created and destroyed. The twenty central signs belong to the 13 cycles in the 260-day Aztec ritual calendar. Two fire serpents encircle the mosaic, their heads face each other at the bottom and tails meet at the top.
My mom found this while cleaning the garage. It belonged to my paternal grandmother and it is a Mexican Sun Stone. I’m not sure what stone it’s carved from, maybe moonstone? It has no signature or stamp on it of any kind so I have no idea where it came from specifically or who made it. But it’s freakin awesome!