aztec empire

Fun fact: Tenochtitlan fell in 1521. From 1603 onwards, large numbers of honest-to-god fricking Japanese Samurai came to Mexico from Japan to work as guardsmen and mercenaries. 

Ergo, it would be 100% historically accurate to write a story starring a quartet consisting of the child or grandchild of Aztec Noblemen, an escaped African slave, a Spanish Jew fleeing the Inquisition (which was relaxed in Mexico in 1606, for a time) and a Katana-wielding Samurai in Colonial Mexico.

Naming an Aztec Baby

It was the solemn duty of new fathers to inform the priests of the day and the time of birth. The priests would in turn consult the Tonalamatl, a sort-of almanac, which was structured around the 260-day year. It was very important to know what astrological sign the baby was born beneath. Based on the astrological sign, priests would give them an appropriate name. In addition, the astrological sign would be used to try to predict the baby’s fortune.

things i still cant believe
  • the lighter was invented before the match
  • oxford university is older than the aztec empire
  • the national animal of scotland is a unicorn
  • ishida sui dedicated an entire chapter to touka and kaneki fucking

Yaotécpatl.
(1404-1437)

Yaotécpatl was one of the most experienced warriors of the Mexica Empire in its heyday, and he was a powerful nahual.

He gain the range of tzitzimitl warrior with only 23 years old and participated in numerous campaigns of conquest taking numerous prisoners.

However, his greatest achievement was the single combat that he took against the  tzitzimime released by owl nahuals who used  powerful spells of necromancy.

 He could kill the terrible monster, which wreaked havoc on the population of Chapultepec, but he  had to sacrifice his life.

The Last Aztec Emperor

Cuauhtémoc was the son of Emperor Ahuizotl of the Aztec Empire. He was born around 1495. Bad, bad timing. In 1502 his uncle (or possibly cousin) Moctezuma II became ruler of the empire. Cuauhtémoc was busy going to a school for elite boys, then being a warrior. After a period of fighting Aztec enemies and capturing some for sacrificing, he was named ruler of Tlatelolco, with the title cuauhtlatoani (“eagle ruler”) in 1515.

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The Warrior with the Sword Hands — The Story of Galvarino,

During the 16th century Spain came to dominate over Central and South America, having conquered the might Aztec and Inca Empires.  In 1557 the Spanish turned their eye towards dominating the Mapuche people of the Southern Chile.  With a force of 700 Spaniards and 4,000 native auxiliaries the Spanish met the Mapuche in battle at Lagunillas on November 8th.  Despite being outnumbered, the Spanish quickly defeated the Mapuche army due to superior weapons such a cannon, musket, crossbows, steel swords, and steel armor.  Typical of the cruelty of the Spanish conquistadors, the commander of the expedition, Governor Garcia Mendoza ordered captured prisoners to suffer a terrible punishment.  Many had their noses cut off, others had their right hand cut off.  One Mapuche warrior known as Galvarino had both hand chopped off.  The Spanish set the prisoners loose, believing that the horrors they committed would frighten the Mapuche into surrender.  

Rather than surrender, the Mapuche were enraged.  One warrior, Galvarino, was particularly incensed, holding up his severed arms for all to see.  He demanded revenge against the Spanish and called for war.  He was personally made commander of an army by the Mapuche war council.  To make up for his lack of hands, Galvarino ordered blades to be tied to the stubs of his arms.  

On November 30th, 1557 Galvarino and 3,000 warriors ambushed Mendozza and his army.  At the head of attack was Galvarino, hacking and slashing with his sword hands in the fierce battle.  The fight lasted for almost two hours, but despite outnumbering the enemy and catching them by surprise, the superior technology of the Spanish made the battle a futile effort.  The Spaniards crushed the Mapuche army, taking over 800 prisoners including Galvarino.  All were executed.

The Spanish conquered the Mapuche, but their victory would be short lived.  Using Galvarino as a martyr, the Mapuche revolted four years later and ejected the Spanish after a bloody guerrilla war.  The Mapuche managed to defend their sovereignty until they were conquered and occupied by Chile in the mid 19th century.  Today Galvarino is still upheld as a symbol by those who advocate for indigenous rights in Chile.

 

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Homosexuality in The Maya & Aztec Empire

The majority of information on the pre-Columbian peoples comes from the reports of the Spanish conquest. These accounts must be taken with caution, given that the accusation of sodomy was used to justify the conquest, along with other accusations real or invented, such as human sacrifice, cannibalism, or idolatry. 

The first peoples with whom the Spanish came in contact on the American continent were the Mayans, who were tolerant of homosexuality. 

For the Mayan aristocracy, at least, pubescent homosexuality was preferable to premarital heterosexuality. Parents would provide their sons with male slaves to satisfy their sexual needs, while premarital heterosexual encounters were discouraged. Adult homosexuality was also condoned, and the Maya were known to hold large private sexual parties which included homosexuality.

The Aztecs on the other hand were not surprisingly puritanical and although they celebrated public rituals with remnants of erotic content, they were perhaps more ruthless than the Spanish even, in suppressing private vice. 

Aztecs placed a high premium on “manly”, “assertive” behavior, and a corresponding stigma on “submissive” behavior. When conquered people were not sacrificed on temple altars, the males of conquered nations were often demoted to the status of women. The penalties for male homosexual intercourse were severe. Mexica law punished sodomy with the gallows, impalement for the active homosexual, extraction of the entrails through the anal orifice for the passive homosexual, and death by garrote for the lesbians. In Tenochtitlan, they hanged homosexuals. In nearby Texcoco, the active partner was “bound to a stake, completely covered with ashes and so left to die; the entrails of the passive agent were drawn out through his anus, he was then covered with ashes, and wood being added, the pile was ignited. 

The existence of lesbianism is testified to by the Nahuatl word "patlacheh”, which designates a woman who carries out masculine activities, including the penetration of other women, as revealed in the General history of the matters of New Spain by Bernardino de Sahagún. 

In spite of the puritanism of the Mexica, the sexual customs of the people conquered by the Aztec Empire varied to a great extent. For example, Bernal Díaz del Castillo speaks of homosexuality among the ruling classes, prostitution of young people, and cross-dressing in the area of Veracruz. The yauyos had prostitution houses full of men with painted faces and women’s clothing.

There was a general tolerance of homosexuality and transgenderism among Ancient Mesoamerica, but this harmony was disrupted by Christian conquerors, who forced their ways upon the indigenous peoples, turning homosexuality from a celebrated status to one of shame and death.