There was a brief time when, via the Holy Roman Empire, Belgium was part of the Austrian Netherlands and under Austro-Hungarian control. Most of their interaction in the modern day is through the European Union.
Willem Jacob Herreyns - Portrait of Artist Andries Cornelis Lens -
Andries Cornelis Lens or André Corneile Lens (Antwerp, 31 March 1739 – Brussels, 30 March 1822) was a Flemish painter, illustrator, art theoretician and art educator. He is known for his history paintings of biblical and mythological subjects and portraits. Wishing to contribute to the revival of painting in Flanders, he took his inspiration from the classical traditions of the 16th century and drew inspiration from Raphael. He was thus a promotor of Neoclassicism in Flemish art. He was a teacher and director of the Academy of Fine Arts of Antwerp. Lens was court painter to the governor-general of the Austrian Netherlands and settled in Brussels where he married.
Willem Jacob Herreyns (Antwerp, 10 June 1743 – Antwerp, 10 August 1827) was a Flemish painter of history subjects and portraits. He is regarded as one of the last painters in the tradition of the Flemish Baroque and the last follower of Peter Paul Rubens.
On this day in history, 29th of November 1780, death of Empress Maria Theresa (Maria Theresia) at the age of 63, in Hofburg Palace, Vienna. She was the was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.
Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, had sixteen children, including the Queen of France, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Duchess of Parma and two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Out of the sixteen, nine or ten of them did not make it to adulthood. She had eleven daughters, ten of which were named Marie, and five sons. Though she was expected to cede power to Francis and Joseph, both of whom were officially her co-rulers in Austria and Bohemia,Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled by the counsel of her advisers. Maria Theresa promulgated financial and educational reforms, with the assistance of Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz and Gerard van Swieten, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganised Austria’s ramshackle military, all of which strengthened Austria’s international standing.
Pictured: Herzog Albert und Erzherzogin Marie Christine shows to the family painting they brought from Italy (Maria Theresa is in black), 1776. Friedrich Heinrich Füger
After the storming of the Bastille, Lafayette was appointed commander-in-chief of the National Guard and tried to steer a middle course through the French Revolution. In August 1792, the radical factions ordered his arrest. Fleeing through the Austrian Netherlands, he was captured by Austrian troops and spent more than five years in prison.
→ Illustrious governors general of the Habsbourg Netherlands (Spanish Era + Austrian Era ==> Southern Netherlands)
// Fancast part: Claire Cox as Margaret of Austria, Rebecca Rainwright as Mary of Hungary, Helen Baxendale as Margaret of Parma, Jason Isaacs as Alexander Farnese, Juno Temple and Freddie Fox as the archduks, Miranda Richardson as Maria Elisabeth of Austria, Danny Huston as Charles Alexander of Lorraine and Laura Linney as Maria Christina of Austria.