Oh gosh, I guess you're cities or regions now? How are you all today?
Østfold: I’m okay
Akershus: could be better
Oppland: I’m okay~
Vestfold: I’m ok
aust-agder and vest-agder: we’re ok!
Rogaland: I’m doing ok
Fjordane: I’m good, kinda, Re won’t calm down
Møre: god damnit
sør-Trøndelag and nord-Trøndelag: we’re okay too
Finnmark: I’m a shipping name
Troms: we’re all okay, thank you!
Although I previously did an analysis where I listed many clues that suggest that the country setting of Arendelle is located in Norway, since I did that, I have learned some new facts that help to support it further, including the actual town that inspired Arendelle by its name. ;)
The name ‘Arendelle’ is based on the Norwegian town of Arendal, located in the county of Aust-Agder, to the southwest of the Norwegian capital, Oslo. In Norwegian, 'Aren’ is possibly derived from 'ørn’, which means “eagle”, and 'delle’ is derived from 'dal’, which means “valley.”
The script says that Kristoff is a Sami boy, and that he and the ice harvesters wear traditional Sami clothing. These Sami (sometimes spelled “Sámi”) people, traditionally known as Lapps in English, are the indigenous Finno-Ugric people inhabiting the Arctic area of Sápmi. This area is located in Northern Europe and stretches over the far northern parts of Scandinavia, including Norway. A common practice of Sami culture is reindeer herding, which would explain how Sven became Kristoff’s pet.
Throughout Frozen, there is a decoration inscribed in many things, from clothing to architecture to furnishings. This is known as rosemaling (which is Norwegian for “decorative painting”), a decorative folk art that originated in the rural valleys of Norway. It uses stylized flower ornamentation, scrollwork, lining and geometric elements, often in flowing patterns.
Christianity is the largest religion in Norway as well as Denmark. This seems to come into play because the four human characters each have a name translated from or related to the said religion (see this analysis).
Lights in the sky that are clearly the Northern Lights are prominently shown at least twice in the film. Northern Norway is right in the middle of the Northern Lights zone, and the coasts of the Norwegian counties of Troms and Finnmark lay where occurrence is greatest.
There is a heated debate in Norway about how to stack firewood properly, bark up or bark down. This is briefly referenced during the time when Arendelle is covered in snow: two townsmen are seen arguing about how to stack firewood.
Rogaland, Norway… Rogaland is a county in Western Norway, bordering Hordaland, Telemark, Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder. It is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry, and as a result of this, Rogaland has the lowest unemployment rate of any county in Norway..
When you talk about Norway, one of the main things that comes up are the beautiful landscapes and one of the most famous scenic point in Norway is definitely Trolltunga. I mean, look at this.
Something no one tells you is that to get there you need to hike through very steep climbs, muddy creeks, snow (yes, in August too!), slippery rocks and much more. The signs say that’s a 22km hike with a height difference of 900 meters but in reality is about 34km because the path is not linear at all. It took me 4.5 hour to get at the top and a little less to get back, starting at 7.30am and arriving at 6.00pm with a 2 hour break on top.
But it’s so worth it.
We rent a few cars and on Friday afternoon we started our road trip to reach Røldal, a municipality in the Hordaland county, where our rental apartments were located. The 4.5 journey across Vest- and Aust-Agder was beautiful itself. The road (Rv 9) runs along the Setesdal valley and the Otra river, the Byglandsfjord and lots of typical villages made of red houses and little churches.
In the evening we got to our apartments, they were amazing! Cabins with moss on the roof from where we could hear a near waterfall flowing, minimalistic settings and equipped with everything we needed.
We set up our alarms at 4.30am for the next day and got ready to leave for Skjeggedal, that’s the closest village and starting point of the hike to Trolltunga.
And so we started. The first 1-2 kilometers are the hardest! The path is made of very steep stone steps that look like they never end and it’s so tiring that you almost want to give up everything. But please don’t do it! Once this fast ascend is over, it’s all flat and beautiful. There are rocky plateaus, small lakes, fresh streams and little cabins everywhere. Snowy zones, green meadows, waterfalls and breathtaking views over Ringedalsvatnet. Lots of hours, kilometers and sweat later we arrived at the Trolltunga spot. It’s majestic and amazing and all the tiredness from the hike goes away when you are on top. The mountains are impressive, the cliffs above the lake are both scary and astonishing.
The right word for all of this is sublime (”A greatness beyond all possibility of calculation, measurement, or imitation.”).
We ate lunch, took hundreds of pictures and relaxed a bit before to hike back. Whoever said that the way back it’s easier, lied. Every slope is now a climb and viceversa and it can be very hard to descend on slippery rocks. Like at the start of the hike, also at the end, the last kilometers are the worst, but thinking about the 20km you have already done is a great incentive to finish the route. Exhausted but proud and happy we got back to our apartments and closed the day with beers and s’mores.
Arendal was established in the middle of the 16th century, and was then called Arendall. At that time it had no formal town status.
When Kristiansand was founded by King Christian IV in 1641, he granted the citizens a monopoly on all trade in Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder. This grant, intended to subsidize Kristiansand and its fortifications, placed existing towns in a difficult position. Both towns and the peasants in the up country protested the hardships this caused. As a result, Arendal received royal permission in 1622 to continue as a loading-place for timber until a means could be found to transfer its trade to Kristiansand.
The town was given market city privileges in 1723. However the peasants in the surrounding district, who by law were to sell their goods only at Arendal, were smuggling their goods out on cutters and selling them in Denmark, in the Baltic, and in Britain.
This continued until 1735, when Arendal was granted a full town charter. This charter, combined with Danish imposition of a monopoly on grain imports, caused great poverty and starvation among the peasants in the surrounding districts, leading to several famous rebellions.
As a result of the rebellions, the age of privileges for towns like Kristiansand and Arendal came to an apparent end in 1768 by royal proclamation. But the problems did not end then; a farmer, Christian Jensen Lofthuus, in Vestre Moland led a rebellion in 1786 which resulted in the government actually remedying some of the most repressive trade policies, but Lofthus died in prison. The charges against Lofthus were that he dealt in grain and other commodities to the detriment to Arendal’s privileges.