august-28,-1963

I have a dream

“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today!”

- Martin Luther King Jr., delivered 28 August 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.

Happy MLK Day America and the whole world!

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Three letters - two handwritten and one typed - written by George Harrison in reply to a fan, Dianne, in 1963. Along with the letters, Bonhams is also selling autographs, three unpublished photos (taken by the fan in Worcester, presumably on 28 May 1963) - including this one of George - and two ticket stubs.

The letters read:

Margate
Dear Dianne,

Thanks for your letter. I haven’t really got much time to answer, but I thought I had better try now, otherwise I’ll never do it.
My brothers are Peter 22 Harry 25
parents Louise and Harry
Car Ford Zephyr.
Harry and the box are friends of ours. no favourite food in particular.
Cheerio love from
George Harrison
xxx
(John is married and has been since before we started making records.)

* * *

23rd July, 1963
Dear Dianne,

Thanks for your letter and also the jelly babies which John and I ‘scoffed’. As I ate most of the jelly babies the others said I should write to you.
Unfortunately, as we receive thousands of letters each week, it is extremely difficult for us to read through all of them never mind reply to them all, as much as we would like to.
We really appreciate your comments concerning our group and as the reception we received at Worcester was ‘fab,’ we hope that it won’t be too long before we will be able to come again.
I am enclosing life-lines of the four of us which might interest you.
John, Paul and Ringo send their love.
Best wishes,
George
P.S. Sorry the letter had to be typed but we are extremely busy.

* * *

Llandudno

Dear Dianne,

Thanks for the letter. I taught myself to play the guitar, my car number is L.T.U. 409.
I can speak a little German. My parents names are Louise, and Harry, and I have visited Germany, Spain + Holland.
Billy Fury must be 23 too!

On August 28, 1963, American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his infamous ‘I Have a Dream’ speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C., in which he states: “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”

Today, as we honor Dr. King, let us take a moment to reflect upon the contents of this very speech, the progress we’ve made since 1963, and the work we’ve yet to do to end racial discrimination across the globe. The full-length speech can be read here.

From the TED-Ed Lesson How to use rhetoric to get what you want - Camille A. Langston

Animation by TOGETHER

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August 28th 1963: March on Washington

On this day in 1963, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place. The march was a key moment of the Civil Rights Movement, and a triumph for the nonviolence philosophy which underpinned the movement. The march is best remembered for Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous ‘I Have a Dream’ speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial, which extolled King’s vision of an America free of racial discrimination. Other speakers included chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee John Lewis and veteran civil rights leader A. Philip Randolph. When politicians in Washington heard about the march many, including President John F. Kennedy, feared that there would be violence and rioting. The peaceful gathering of over 250,000 supporters of civil rights, with many whites in attendance as well as African-Americans, highlighted issues of racial discrimination and unequal housing and employment. The demonstration in the nation’s capital, and King’s speech in particular, spurred America into action and paved the way for the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act, vital tools in the fight for racial equality.

“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal’…
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”

March on Washington through Sunglasses, 1963

The Washington Monument and a U.S. flag are reflected in the sunglasses of Austin Clinton Brown, age 9, of Gainesville, GA, as he joins others in the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. This photo was taken around the time of Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous “I Have A Dream” speech.

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Photographs of George Harrison, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr with Astrid Kirchherr, during the vacation they, along with Klaus Voormann, took to Tenerife, starting on 28 April 1963. All photos are © Heritage Auctions.

“When I talk about it, it feels like yesterday. But you have got to get on with your life.
They are still my friends and I love them dearly, and I am very thankful I met them. But that is my past.” - Astrid Kirchherr, Liverpool Echo, 25 August 2010

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Today I visited the National Center for Human and Civil Rights in Atlanta. Thought there was a lot of important information there, the main focus of the museum was on black, non-violent, men. The only mention of Malcolm X was a quote but they had no pictures of him but surprisingly there was a little section for Stokely Carmichael. 


Pictures 1 & 2: Civil rights sit-in simulation. Very haunting and nerve-wracking. 

Picture 3: The demands from the March on Washington. How many are still relevant?

Picture 4: My man Bayard Rustin had his own section, I was pretty happy.

Picture 5: August 28, 1963. Austin Clinton Brown, age 9, poses at the Capitol before joining the March on Washington.

Pictures 6, 7, & 8: A memorial of sorts to the four girls who died in the church bombing.

Picture 9: A quote from Stokely Carmichael that I really like. 

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George Harrison in 1964, 1985 and 1987. Photo 2 © Peter Figen.

“We do like the fans and enjoy reading the publicity about us, but sometimes you don’t realize that it’s about yourself. You see your pictures and read articles about George Harrison, Ringo Starr, Paul and John, but you don’t actually think, ‘Oh, that’s me. There I am in the paper.’ It’s funny. It’s just as though it’s a different person.” - George Harrison, 28 August 1963 [x]

“I don’t want to die as ‘George Harrison record producer,’ or ‘George Harrison lead guitarist,’ or even just as a Beatle. They’re all me, but they’re not really me. I’m unlimited. We’re all unlimited!” - George Harrison, NME, 14 March 1970 [x]

“Gandhi says, ‘Create and preserve the image of your choice.’ The image of my choice is not Beatle George… Why live in the past? Be here now, and now, whether you like me or not, this is what I am.” - George Harrison, 1974 [x]

“They’re not interested in me as a human being; they’re only interested in The Beatles, what guitar I played on Sgt. Pepper and all that crap. I’m a person. The Beatles are actually a small part of my life. I’m almost 40, and I was in The Beatles when it was a popular recording group for eight years, yet that eight years is all that anybody wants to know about. I can understand that but I’m not The Beatles.” - George Harrison, Sunday Times, 23 January 1983 [x]

“'I always separated George the artist from George the person.’ Even when he was alive, [Olivia] says, they would walk past pictures of him as if it were somebody else entirely.” - The Independent, 19 October 2005 [x]

“I never even thought about the fact that he was a Beatle. George was so humble, that honestly when I met him it was just like meeting any other person. He wasn’t a Beatle at that time, and so I never saw that. I only ever saw the person, George. I don’t think we’d have been together so long it if it had been any other way.” - Olivia Harrison, The Herald Scotland, 18 June 2009 [x]

“The Beatles was a big pressure. There’s only a small group of people who have ever had that experience, and theirs was probably the most intense. They had a fantastic time that really only the four of them could ever talk about, but it was odd for him. He’d look at old photos of himself and say, ‘That’s Beatle George’, like it was someone else.” - Olivia Harrison, The Herald Scotland, 18 June 2009 [x]

“It’s more fun to just hang out with your friends, sod it, you know, just do something. I had to shake The Beatles off from around my neck. I had to do something other than being ‘Beatles George’… Now I’ve come full circle, I’m free of it, and I’m liberated. I can go on and be a Wilbury.” - George Harrison [x]

“But even in 1963 you see them talking about John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison and you just feel as if it’s somebody else. Throughout all this madness I see it as somebody else. I’m not really Beatle George - sorry to disappoint you. I mean there is much more to me than the Beatle George. And I don’t really go round thinking that I’m in the Beatles…” - George Harrison, Q, 1995 [x]

“Quite honestly, it’s like - to me, it’s just like separate from me.” - George Harrison on being part of The Beatles, Today Tonight, November 1995

“Beatle George was a suit or a shirt that I once wore, and the only problem is, for the rest of my life, people are going to look at that shirt and mistake it for me.” - George Harrison, Q, 1995 [x]

“The Beatles, for me, are a bit like a suit or a shirt I once wore and unfortunately, I don’t mean this in a bitter way, a lot of people look at that suit and think it’s me. The reality is that I’m this soul in the body, The Beatles was this thing we did for a few years and it was such a big thing. It’s amazing that people keep going on about it.” - George Harrison, Today Tonight, November 1995 [x]

Girl Meets Race

Cory: So in August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his most iconic speech. “I Have A Dream…”

Zay: (interrupts) Mr. Matthews, I don’t mean to stop you, but I don’t really think you’re qualified to do this lesson.

Cory: And why do you think that?

Zay: I guess it’s Zay time now.

*Zay stands up and Cory sits in his chair*

Zay: See, sir, you know the dates and you can recite the speech. But you will never experience it. You can have four white kids walk without a stop from a cop, but once one black kid starts running (points at himself) something’s gotta be up, right? MLK made that speech over 50 years ago, yet we are still living in prejudices. We are still being discriminated based on how we look, on the color of our skin. We are still defending ourselves. I’m sorry, sir, you may know the speech, but I don’t think a white man can explain the struggles of a black man.

Four Core plus Cory: *SPEECHLESS* 

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Many of the people in the photographs in our #MonthOfMarchers series are not identified, but we know the identity of today’s marcher.

Here is the story of Edith Lee-Payne, in her own words:

In late October 2008, my cousin Marsha phoned saying she saw a picture of me on the cover of a 2009 Black History Calendar. She said I was holding a banner that read something about a march. I immediately recalled the March on Washington in August 28, 1963. She went on to say the picture was in a museum. From there my search to find the picture’s origin began.

My search began with the Smithsonian since my only lead was a museum, and then on to the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. I am thankful to Jan Grenci of the Library of Congress, who located the photo online credited to the National Archives and Records Administration, while sending me other websites where the photo had been featured.

My first contact with the National Archives was with the very kind and extremely patient and helpful Rutha Beamon. Not only did Ms. Beamon provide me ordering instructions, she informed me two other photos were taken at the March. These photos include my mother, making them especially memorable. My best description of this moment is “overwhelming.” Something I could never have imagined is reality. Grasping it is not easy.

It is very humbling and gratifying to have been captured in photos viewed and used around the globe, by an unknown photographer that I have great respect, gratitude, and appreciation for. At that moment, the photographer captured my indescribable and unbelievable feelings as I listened and felt and saw, simultaneously, despair and hope on the faces of people around me, including my mother. It’s also humbling that my image identifies me as a civil rights demonstrator, associated with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the historic March on Washington that will be seen throughout history.

It is with great pride and humility that I return to Washington, DC, to celebrate my sixtieth birthday and the dedication of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., National Monument. Although his dream is not yet realized, his tireless leadership to bring a nation together will never be diminished as I and others continue to keep the dream alive.

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Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on this day, January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Nobel Peace Prize winner and African American Civil Rights Movement leader, combated racial inequality up until his assassination on April 4th. However, his words continue to inspire many today.

Listen to Martin Luther King’s Address at the March on Washington, August 28, 1963 in memory and celebration.