atomists

Leucippus was a companion of Zeno, but did not hold the same views as Zeno. He says that things are infinite in number and always in motion, and that generation and change are continually happening. He says that the elements are the full and the void.
—  Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies
Atomists v. Aristotelians

Broadly speaking, the Atomists defended the atomic theory of matter, mechanical causation, the infinity of the universe, the plurality of worlds, and the transience of our world.  The Aristotelians defended the continuous theory of matter, the supremacy of final causes, the finite universe, and the uniqueness and eternity of our world.  The Atomist party, though in many ways  it could claim descent from Empedocles and Anaxagoras, first attained its identity at the end of the fifth century with Leucippus and Democritus; their cause was taken up at the end of the fourth century by Epicurus, and again in Roman times by Lucretius.  The opposite party consisted of Plato, Aristotle and his pupils, and the Stoics.

From Luck to Eternity

From Luck to Eternity

Philosophers, theologians and average people have debated for centuries whether what happens to us is predetermined fate, the product of our free will or pure luck.

Determinists believe life is like a play with a script we are destined to follow. Those who picture the world as a set of gears or a matrix of software call it obeying the laws of nature. People with a religious bent call it part of a…

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In seriousness I contend that Hegel actually lays the basis for Marx’ critique of liberalism by problematizing the individualistic and atomistic basis for rights and liberties, but then also grounds early Marx in liberal ideas on human inclination, so you know you win some you lose some

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Surface matters: Huge reduction of heat conduction observed in flat silicon channels

Combining state-of-the-art realistic atomistic modelling and experiments, the paper describes how thermal conductivity of ultrathin silicon membranes is controlled to large extent by the structure and the chemical composition of their surface. A detailed understanding of the connections of fabrication and processing to structural and thermal properties of low-dimensional nanostructures is essential to design materials and devices for phononics, nanoscale thermal management, and thermoelectric applications.

from Nanotechnology News – ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/1DNKtqD
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30 Questions on D&D

While scrolling through the underdark of the D&D tag, I found this, and since I had some time, I decided to actually share this.

1. How did you get started? 

Once upon a time there was a Dungeonmaster, a man with long dark hair and a sly grin. Chaos was his sigil and so was his philosophy of playing D&D. This Dungeonmaster spoke to me ‘Would you like to play a game? It has dragons and elves, and monsters galore, and you and your friends get to be heroes, or villains, if you like.”
“By the Gods, yes!” I answered, “that sounds like a game for me!”
I rolled up a Gnome Sorcerer and learned some new words. “I cast prestidigitation to make an awkward simulacrum of the potion I just stole.” I would say. “ I use Dancing lights to attract the attention of the nearing ship, so we can get off of this sandbank before we drown.” Were words I spoke. And through it all, the Dungeonmaster smiled his sly grin. “Beware the smiling dungeonmaster.” He woud say, I am your characters worst nightmare and his best friend. And so it was I slowly got introduced to the world, the creatures, the puzzles and the mechanics.
Now my players roam a world of my own creation, harried by Gods, Paladins and Dragons alike. My former Dungeonmaster now walks on the ground I create, and when I smile, he starts looking for what is going to come, because he knows to be wary of the smiling Dungeonmaster.

2. Favorite playable race

Changelings, their versatility and trickster shenanigans with no LA make a great race all in all. 

3. Favorite playable class

Fiend of Possession (Fiend Folio). The entry requirements are harsh, but being able to possess weapons, creatures and objects, buffing or debuffing as you go, and the ability to become ethereal and eventually mist, smoke or a wall, and possessing your ally/enemy is the best feeling in the world.

4. Favorite game world

World of my own creation: Eronvé, the moon, fused with a comet orbiting a barren Earth, where gods and monsters roam once more, created for LARP porposes, but very suitable to D&D as well.
3.5 Setting: Ebberon: with its mix of science, technology and elementals it is just glorious to play in. 

5. your favorite set of dice

Thinkgeeks Ruby high precision dice. They’re just so SHINY!!!! 

6. Favorite deity

3.5 setting: Mask, God of Shadows, Master or Deception
own setting: Morragh: God of treachery, Trickery and Chance
(I’m starting to see a pattern here)

7.  Favorite edition

3.5: It has the most of everything and still plenty of room to homebrew where it doesn’t have what you want.

8. Favorite character you’ve played

Delila Durendall, Follower of the path of Godsbane, Bard/Fiend of Possession/Mindbender lvl 13. There are few feelings as satisfying as a + 22 on Bluff and a +28 on Diplomacy and proficiency in 12 languages, especially when mixed with Glibness. 

9. Favorite character you haven’t played

SazedAnatal, lvl 4 Psion (Shaper), Kalashtar. To bend the world to my will and buff the part simultaneously will be a grand thing. I’m waiting for a spot in a friends campaign to open up. 

10. Craziest thing that’s happened that you saw.

My character doing the do with a water-elemental. Very, very unexpectedly. 

11. Favorite adventure you’ve ran

A Good campaign in which my players wake up in the afterlife of the world of my own creation, get into a whirlwind plot and suddenly find themselves on the other end of the spectrum. It’s enough to say that we are now running an Evil campaign.

12. Favorite dungeon type/location

A golden pyramid floating 400ft. in the air, constantly twisting and turning, containing traps, puzzles, and a very twisted copper dragon. Alternatively, A city run by paladins and Good cleric’s in the Evil campaign, where the paladins mark every criminal with the ‘Mark of Justice’ and have them clean the streets. 

13.  Favorite traps/puzzles

Something that seems one way, but acts a completely different way. (Impossible puzzles with the door left open, etc.)

14. Favorite NPC

Mildred the Will-o’-wisp, you crafty little minx. 

15. Favorite monster (undead)

The Evolved Undead template

16. Favorite monster (aberration)

Again, Mildred the Will-o’-wisp, what would I do without your snarky comments?

17. Favorite monster (animal/vermin)

The Gargantuan Monstrous Scorpion that thought it could hide behind its stinger. 

18. Favorite monster (immortal/outsider)

The Aliax, for when your player’s done fucked up bigtime. 

19. Favorite monster (elemental/plant)

Water-elementals, for their aforementioned shagging-capability

20. Favorite monster (humanoid)

A party of counter-PC’s 

21. Favorite dragon type

The Copper dragon, trickery and hijinks galore. 

22. Favorite overall monster

Copper dragons, by a long shot. 

23. Least favorite monster

Bandits, like, yawn…..

24. Favorite energy type

Air

25. Favorite magic item you’ve encountered

The Continuous Collar of Umbral Metamorphosis. My players Pixie wouldn’t be such a pain without it. 

26. Favorite non-magic item

Deepcrystal weapons for a Psionic character. (because Psionics is not magic!)

27. A character you want to play in the future.

I have this high lvl Divine Prankster with Killing Joke that I really want to try.

28. A character you will never play again

Barbarians are boring.

29. Number you usually roll on a d20?

I usually roll a 16

30.  Favorite Dm?

A friend of mine who plays the pixie in my campaign, she’s not very into combat, but her storylines and roleplay are top of the line!

Micromechanics and Nanosimulation of Metals and Composites: Advanced Methods and Theoretical Concepts free ebook ,

Micromechanics and Nanosimulation of Metals and Composites: Advanced Methods and Theoretical Concepts

<p>The strength of metallic materials determines the usability and reliability of all the machines, tools and equipment around us. Yet, the question about which mechanisms control the strength and damage resistance of materials and how they can be optimised remains largely unanswered. How do real, heterogeneous ma- rials deform and fail? Why can a small modification of the microstructure increase the strength and damage resistance of materials manifold? How can the strength of heterogeneous materials be predicted? The purpose of this book is to present different experimental and computational analysis methods of micromechanics of damage and strength of materials and to demonstrate their applications to various micromechanical problems. This book summarizes at a glance some of the publications of the Computational Mechanics Group at the IMWF/MPA Stuttgart, dealing with atomistic, micro- and meso- chanical modelling and experimental analysis of strength and damage of metallic materials. In chapter 1, the micromechanisms of damage and fracture in different groups of materials are investigated experimentally, using direct observations and inverse analysis. The interaction of microstructural elements with the evolving damage is studied in these experiments. Chapter 2 presents different approaches to the - cromechanical simulation of composite materials: embedded unit cells, multiphase finite elements and multiparticle unit cells. Examples of the application of these models to the analysis of deformation and damage in different materials are given. Chapter 3 deals with the methods of numerical modelling of damage evolution and crack growth in heterogeneous materials.</p>

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[ Authors ]
Muhammad Usman, Charles D. Hill, Rajib Rahman, Gerhard Klimeck, Michelle Y. Simmons, Sven Rogge, Lloyd C.L. Hollenberg
[ Abstract ]
Control of hyperfine interactions is a fundamental requirement for quantum computing architecture schemes based on shallow donors in silicon. However, at present, there is lacking an atomistic approach including critical effects of central-cell corrections and non-static screening of the donor potential capable of describing the hyperfine interaction in the presence of both strain and electric fields in realistically sized devices. We establish and apply a theoretical framework, based on atomistic tight-binding theory, to quantitatively determine the strain and electric field dependent hyperfine couplings of donors. Our method is scalable to millions of atoms, and yet captures the strain effects with an accuracy level of DFT method. Excellent agreement with the available experimental data sets allow reliable investigation of the design space of multi-qubit architectures, based on both strain-only as well as hybrid (strain+field) control of qubits. The benefits of strain are uncovered by demonstrating that a hybrid control of qubits based on (001) compressive strain and in-plane (100 or 010) fields results in higher gate fidelities and/or faster gate operations, for all of the four donor species considered (P, As, Sb, and Bi). The comparison between different donor species in strained environments further highlights the trends of hyperfine shifts, providing predictions where no experimental data exists. Whilst faster gate operations are realisable with in-plane fields for P, As, and Sb donors, only for the Bi donor, our calculations predict faster gate response in the presence of both in-plane and out-of-plane fields, truly benefiting from the proposed planar field control mechanism of the hyperfine interactions.

Nanoelectronics on the “computer test bench”

Nanoelectronics on the “computer test bench”

By Simone Ulmer

ETH Zurich

April 22, 2015

Nanoelectronics on the “computer test bench” Thanks to a special computer programme, researchers from ETH Zurich are able to simulate electronic nanocomponents and help materials science and industry in the development and production process.

 

Schematic view of the interior of a gate-all-around Si nanowire transistor with an atomistic resolution. The…

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Surface matters: Huge reduction of heat conduction observed in flat silicon channels

Combining state-of-the-art realistic atomistic modelling and experiments, the paper describes how thermal conductivity of ultrathin silicon membranes is controlled to large extent by the structure and the chemical composition of their surface. A detailed understanding of the connections of fabrication and processing to structural and thermal properties of low-dimensional nanostructures is essential to design materials and devices for phononics, nanoscale thermal management, and thermoelectric applications.

from Latest Science News – ScienceDaily http://ffc.im/1GivGFp

Surface matters: Huge reduction of heat conduction observed in flat silicon channels

Combining state-of-the-art realistic atomistic modelling and experiments, the paper describes how thermal conductivity of ultrathin silicon membranes is controlled to large extent by the structure and the chemical composition of their surface. A detailed understanding of the connections of fabrication and processing to structural and thermal properties of low-dimensional nanostructures is essential to design materials and devices for phononics, nanoscale thermal management, and thermoelectric applications.



from Latest Science News – ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/1HlgsSY Science Daily Top News: