atomic element

for fuck’s sake all you have to do to trigger an existential crisis is realize that we as humans arent really in any way different from any other collection of atoms n elements n shit, we’re fucking robots made up of all sorts of materials that are inorganic by default until they became animate somehow. thats also why i dont think you can make any real distinction between “real” intelligence and artificial intelligence if its advanced enough, its all just electricity and shit. its fuckin wild 

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“IBM MAKES IT POSSIBLE FOR DATA TO BE STORED ON INDIVIDUAL ATOMS”

 Scientists at IBM have figured out a way to encode data on individual atoms, which would be the most compact information storage ever achieved.
 The common thinking amongst hardware designers is that as digital storage continues to get smaller, the basic unit of information storage is also shrinking as well. Eventually the amount of atoms required to store data will become so small that storing a single bit will someday require only a single atom.
 This is what IBM researchers have brought to life. Using holmium atoms embedded on a magnesium oxide base and a scanning tunnelling microscope, they have managed to encode data on an atom and managed to read the same data right after.
 Since the atom has a special characteristic called magnetic bistability, it has two different magnetic spins. Using the microscope, the researchers applied about 150 millivolts at 10 microamps to the atom. This electricity acted as a sort of lightning strike that caused the atom to switch its magnetic spin state (one state represents 1, the other 0 in binary code).
 "To demonstrate independent reading and writing, we built an atomic-scale structure with two Ho bits, to which we write the four possible states and which we read out both magnetoresistively and remotely by electron spin resonance. The high magnetic stability combined with electrical reading and writing shows that single-atom magnetic memory is indeed possible,“ the abstract read.

Read more about this fascinating story at: https://techcrunch.com/2017/03/08/storing-data-in-a-single-atom-proved-possible-by-ibm-researchers/

Element #36 is Krypton! Or as he’s known by his peers, “Von Krypton, the musical genius!”

As you might have guessed, Von Krypton is a composer who writes songs for various forms of theatrical media, whether it be concerts, movies, or operas. Not only does he conduct his own orchestra, he can also play a variety of instruments—the piano being his strongest forte, so to speak.

He’s also good friends with Madame Flourine, going back to when she was just starting her singing career. Whenever Flourine sings a breakout hit, you can be sure Krypton was the one who composed it for her!

Krypton is a man of mystery; nobody has ever seen his face, not even his closest friends. Rumor has it he doesn’t even recognize his own face either! No one knows the reasoning behind it, but if the question’s brought up, he simply states that he lets his music define the kind of person he is.

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Nuclear model for the 172-Bio Atomic Table depicting the atomic Holon of Spirit-Soul-Elements.

Spirit is the Logic-Information Stage of atomic elements that exists in the Logic Vacuum of Computer Codes. Soul is the Information-Energy Stage of atomic elements that exists in the Information Vacuum of Computer Execution. Finally, the physical atomic elements are co-created in the third stage by collapsing the Information-Energy of these elements onto Energy-Mass. There are only 81-atomic elements.

Within this two-stage nuclear model, the working of Ormus elements and the meanings of Quantum Alchemy will be diagramed, namely the interrelationships among Spirit-Soul-Elements in the 172 Bio-atomic Table. 
There are six diagrams in total, which must be viewed as a whole from both top-down and bottom-up. Top-down implies all the diagrams together, while bottom-up implies each diagram by itself. Within each diagram, top-down also has to do with the mandala as a whole, while bottom-up represents the details of the information flows within the mandala. In conclusion, the concept of Alchemy/Ormus is that the mind can influence the formations of atomic elements via the following connections in Quantum Physics-Chemistry.

The light constant (3 x 10 10 ) connected to free will and the mind is not only a member of the Physical Constants, but also generates all other constants. Again, the nine Chinese Characters are used to establish the mind-soul-spirit connections in Alchemy/Ormus. Again, the reader can definitely see the importance of these nine Chinese Characters play in the Matter-Being Paradigm.

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GUYYYYS!

If anyone is studying chemistry I found this free app that I use on my laptop called Elements: The Periodic Table

It is sooo easy to use and super helpful as it has loads of information on each element and has a feature to compare elements

I thought I’d share this as I hate needing to search for information about elements on the internet and having like a million tabs open, plus it has relative atomic masses for each element which I find a lot easier to find than searching through my data book.

Hope this helps!! 

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GCSE CHEMISTRY C1 NOTES (part 1)

C1.1 Fundamental ideas
C1.2 Rocks and building materials
C1.3 Metals and their uses
C1.4 Crude oil and fuels
C1.5 Other useful substances from crude oil

If you need help/can’t read something please message me 😊

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The top image shows the emission spectra of each element. Emission spectra is seen by objects putting off electromagnetic radiation, the emission spectra shown above are the emission spectra an atom of each element above in the optical range. 

A key point to keep in mind is that the spectra is created by a photon emitted, which emit electromagnetic radiation, of which we can observe wavelengths our eyes can see. If you have ever used a thin prism like film to look at light or a flame in a science class and have seen these colorful lines; you were looking at the emission spectra. Since every single type of atom and molecule has a unique emission spectra, spectroscopy can be used to identify unknown matter.

I also included the periodic table, so you can look at which elements create what spectra :)

AP Chem summary: Chapter 1

1.1

Chemistry: the study of composition, structure, properties, and changes of matter.

  • Composition of matter relates to the kinds of elements it contains 
  • Structure of matter relates to the ways the atoms of these elements are arranged 

Property: any characteristic that makes a sample of matter unique 

Molecule: an entity composed of two or more atoms with the atoms attached to one another in a specific way. 

1.2 

States of Matter: the three physical states matter exists in; gas, liquid, solid

There are two types of pure substances: 

  • Elements: has a single kind of atom and is represented by a chemical symbol (basically anything on the periodic table of elements) 
  • Compounds: composed of two or more elements joined chemically 

The Law of Constant Composition/ The Law of Definite Proportions

The elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same 

Mixtures: have variable compositions and can be homogeneous mixtures (solutions) or heterogeneous mixtures 

1.3 

Physical and chemical properties can be used to identify a substance 

Physical change: matter does not change its composition (ex: Changes of state; gas to liquid, etc) 
Chemical change (Chemical reaction): substance is transformed into a chemically different substance 
Intensive properties: independent of the amount of matter examined (internal qualities) 
Extensive Properties: relate to amount of substance present (external qualities) 
Scientific Method: dynamic process used to answer questions about our physical world; can lead to scientific laws (general rules that summarize how nature behaves) Makes use of hypotheses (tentative explanations) which can be tested and refined into theories that can predict the results of future observations and experiments.

1.4 

Measurements in chem are made using the metric system and SI units. 

length- meter (m), mass- Kilogram (kg), time- second (s).  

Kelvin = Celsius + 273
Celsius = (5/9)(Fahrenheit - 32) 
Density = Mass / Volume 

1.5 + 1.6 

All measured quantities are inexact to some extent 

Precision: how closely different measurements of a quantity agree with one another Accuracy: how well measurement agrees with the accepted or “true” value Significant Figures: one estimated digit, the last digit of the measurement. Certain rules must be followed. 

Dimensional Analysis: a problem solving technique where units play a major role within the calculation using conversion factors (ratios constructed from valid relations between equivalent quantities)  

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Just for fun: preparation of elemental bromine from potassium bromide, phosphoric acid and some potassium bromate.

BrO3(-) + 5Br(-) + 6H(+) —> 3 Br2 + 3 H2O

Bromine is a quite corrosive, toxic fuming liquid, therefore it should be handled with care. I wrote a lot from this element in the past, check out the previous posts: http://labphoto.tumblr.com/tagged/bromine

Worldwide they produce a LOT bromine, approximately 750000 tonnes per year and they use it for countless purposes. It’s widely used in Brominated vegetable oil (BVO). It’s a complex mixture of plant-derived triglycerides that have been reacted to contain atoms of the element bromine bonded to the molecules. Brominated vegetable oil is used primarily to help emulsify citrus-flavored soft drinks, preventing them from separating during distribution. Brominated vegetable oil has been used by the soft drink industry since 1931, generally at a level of about 8 ppm.

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“The quantum properties of the unproton meant it only half-existed. The periodic table doubled, as ”.5" could be added to each atomic number.

Element #47.5: Sequestrium (Pq)
The original mirror, this metal naturally forms portals to a backward universe that is oddly vampire-free.

Element #79.5: Doradium (Do)
This soft, yellow metal blocks out telepathy. Paranoid kings wore crowns of it, or bluffed using mere gold.

Element #86.5 Treachery (Ty)
This gas is dangerously radioactive, but only in parallel realities. A staple of interdimensional warfare.“
-QuietPineTrees

Musings of a Hunter: The Fourth Element

In the times of Ancient Greece, India, and Egypt, people attempted to explain the diverse complexity of matter by boiling it down to just four elements, water, earth, fire, and air. This mentality continued on into the medieval era into the study of alchemy, which led many to believe that turning one metal into another, such as lead to gold, was possible due to both being comprised of four simple elements: water, earth, fire, and air.

Nowadays, we know that those four elements are not the true elements; the advent of atomic theory has taught us that there are many more elements than four. Hydrogen, element one, all the way to Unonoctium, element one hundred and eighteen. While knowledge of the atomic elements is very useful to humanity, (it allowed us to utilize plutonium for nuclear fission in the 20th century and helium filaments for nuclear fusion in the Golden Age), the “elements” we are more often concerned with are the three that dominate our Light and the impending Darkness: Solar, Arc, and Void.  

These three faux elements are shared between warriors of both the Light and Dark. But how did reality altering powers come to branch out into these three? And is there a possibility there may be a fourth one, hidden to all but the most experienced in the Light and Dark?

Before the Big Bang occurred, the universe was a hyperdense point of infinite temperature and energy, much smaller than a subatomic particle. Then, at some point, the Big Bang occurred. Contrary to popular belief, the universe didn’t “bang” so much as expanded, from the incredibly dense point to the size of a grapefruit. And then from this grapefruit to the size of the current universe. 

But an interesting property of this time is that the four fundamental forces of the universe, gravity, the strong nuclear force, the weak nuclear force, and electromagnetism were all unified into a singular force, manifesting as quantum fluctuations within the singularity. Then, within the first moments of the universe expanding, gravity “separated” from this unified force, now manifesting like it is today, with the former quantum fluctuations cooling into energy and mass. The other three forces would soon separate as well, with the strong nuclear force separating first as new particles formed and the electromagnetic force separating from the weak nuclear force as electric charges and photons came into existence. 

Now, why is this pertinent to our discussion? 

Ulan-Tan, a Guardian theorist and cult leader, wrote a thesis on the nature of the Light and Darkness, postulating that the Darkness is a necessary symmetry to Light, and that Light “remains connected, across space and time.” This theory appears to be true, due to our ability to use Kabr’s Aegis in the Vault of Glass, Light that has been manifested long ago and used independent of a Guardian’s, and the mission Chamber of Night, where we found the Hive using a shard of the Traveler itself on the moon to corrupt the Traveler, nearly 384.4 million meters away. That implies that Light, or at least its manifestation, is part of a unified field, grounded in our universe.

And if Light is a fundamental part of the universe, then maybe they correspond to the four fundamental forces as well. 

Arc is obvious: electromagnetism. Electrons spontaneously jumping the gun and transferring between molecules with almost no resistance. 

Solar corresponds to the strong nuclear force, the driving mechanic of nuclear fusion, which results in the creation of plasma, and more importantly, solar plasma. 

Void is a tricky one. It could really take the form of either of the remaining two forces. For Void, I will say that it’s representative of gravity, due to gravity being able to reach across a vacuum, and with the language of Void, it seems like the power of the Void is taken from gravitational singularities.

So that leaves… the weak nuclear force.

The weak nuclear force’s role in the universe is mainly in radioactivity and decay. It affects the quarks inside subatomic particles, decaying protons into neutrons and vice versa. So this new class would have the ability to cause other objects to decay and wither and radiate energy, a poison element. 

What do you think could be the next Destiny element? Leave your ideas in reblogs and replies.

This is Farad, the Ishtar Individual, signing off.

Requested by kaze-no-usagi

Static electricity is something nearly everyone is familiar with. Hair standing up after being rubbed by a balloon, getting a nasty shock from a doorknob on a dry winter day, or even a lightning storm are just a few common examples of it. Mareep reportedly uses static charge from its wool to power it’s electric attacks and to light up its tail. So let’s talk about this!

All of matter is made up of atoms. Tiny particles of elements like hydrogen or carbon, made up of positively-charged protons and neutral neutrons, surrounded by a “cloud” or negative electrons. Wool might has a chemical structure that looks something like this:

In any case, static electricity, like all electricity, is created by a difference of electric charge. Wool is particularly susceptible to static shocks because it in particular is positively triboelectric. In essence, it just means that wool isn’t very good at keeping its electrons – instead, it often gives away its electrons to other things.

When you rub two (non-conducting) things together, the molecules in them form a brief covalent bond, meaning while they are in contact, they can share electrons. When they’re pulled away, the electrons from the wool will often stay with the other object (due to the triboelectric idea), causing the wool to become positively charged, and the other object to become negatively charged. This positive charge causes the wool to repel it’s self, which will cause it to puff up just like your hair will when it’s statically charged.

But, the pokédex doesn’t say that Mareep’s wool rubs with other things to build up charge; it says that its wool rubs against itself to build up charge. This is interesting because it implies that Mareep’s coat is made of two different materials, each with different triboelectic properties. So Mareep’s coat is actually made of two different kinds of wool: one that really easily gives up it’s electrons, and one that really likes to take them. Given that Mareep’s wool does fluff up, as specifically mentioned in some pokédex entries, the two materials probably nest inside of each other like a shell. There’s a positively charged, positively triboelectric shell of wool on the outside, and inside is the negatively charged, negatively triboelectric strand that accepts the electrons and channels them elsewhere in Mareep’s body like a wire. The outside can gain its lost electons from rubbing against the atmosphere, before once again channeling them back inside. Since the outside shell of all strands of wool are positively charged, they will repel each other and fluff up as the fluffy electric type does.

This static interaction causes a difference in electric potential energy (commonly known as voltage), which can then be used to charge a battery, light a light bulb, attack with a thundershock, etc. A simple doorknob shock usually measures about 20,000 - 40,000 Volts, so the energy for Mareep is defintely there. Most standard light bulbs only take 12 Volts to shine. (Read Electivire to learn why high voltage isn’t always dangerous!)

Mareep’s wool is made out of two materials, nested inside of each other. As they rub together, the outside give its electrons to the inside, which then transport the electricity to the rest of Mareep’s body for use.

So what does this mean for a sweater your grandma made for you, knitted out of Mareep’s wool? Would you be shocked to death from wearing it? Unlike Mareep, you aren’t harvesting the energy from the wool’s interactions. The electrons have nowhere to go past the interior of the wool, meaning they will reach their ionization limit and for the most part, stay neutral. You may be more prone to static shocks, but no more than you normally would be from wearing wool in our world. Giving a fluffy Mareep a hug, on the other hand, might result in a worse surprise.

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The Half-Element Series, part III

“The quantum properties of the unproton meant it only half-existed. The periodic table doubled, as ”.5" could be added to each atomic number.

Element #26.5: Olden (Od)
Found not on Earth, but in the teeth of interstellar predators. History recalls their last attack as “Olden Days.”

Element #44.5: Sanguium (Sa)
This toxic metal replaces iron in hemoglobin. Silent victims form mining communes, ceaselessly digging up more.

Element #54.5: Descentium (Lo)
Heavier than iron, this gas forms fiery pockets near the Earth’s core, the last refuge of unslain dragons.“

Generational Gifts

For Pinesmas 2015

Prompt from @pineships: The grunks and/or soos and wendy try to set up a romantic date for the twins.

“Are you sure this is a good idea, Stan?” Ford rubbed the back of his neck, leaning back to shoot a glance into the living room. Dipper was slouched in the chair, eyes hooded and expression sour and sullen. He and his sister both had been like that since they’d arrived, and Ford could remember enough secondhand beratements from Filbrick to know who had laid their spirits so low.

It had taken some gentle questions and more than a little intuition from Stan before they’d been able to suss out what had happened, or at least the approximate shape of it. That had been yesterday night, when the Grunkles had seen a glimpse of their former happy and bubbly selves restored when they’d held hands and watched reruns of The Duchess Approves. Neither twin appeared to think the Grunkles had found out enough to know, but there were certain glances they gave each other that the older Pines twins knew all too well.

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okay i just want to emphasize that Bakugou is the third in his class behind IIDA AND MOMO

this kid is behind two characters who grew up rich, with amazing personal education before UA, one who’s from an entire family of Heroes and is all but the most responsible character in the series, and the other who was recommended for UA and didn’t have to take the entrance exam and who’s quirk requires that she learns THE MAKE UP OF OBJECTS DOWN TO THEIR ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 

BAKUGOU IS REALLY FUCKING SMART OK