at the academic conference

I have been at an academic conference all day

Pro tip to the That Guy who was using every Q&A period to ask a question but really it’s a comment but really it’s self-promotion: the only people in America who are allowed to open a question to a presenter with “I don’t know if you’re familiar with my work but” are Barack Obama and Beyonce. 

Cliches to avoid for essays

The Prospect

1. The Immigrant Essay

Going back over the essays I received during the college essay extravaganza, 50% of the Common App essays I read were about students and their families moving to the US and learning to adjust. Now, I’m not saying that your familial struggles aren’t intense and worthy of talking about; after all, many students wrote about the loneliness they felt being the only new kid in school or having to adjust to American customs, and those are all absolutely valid conversations.

However, if you put all of these “moving to America” stories in a pile and read them one after another, they start to bleed together. The story lines and characters all sound the same. And for you, that means less of a chance to stand out and more of a chance of being labeled “one of those immigrant kids”. Is it fair? Absolutely not. Is that the way it is? Unfortunately, yes.

2. The “They Taught Me More Than I Taught Them” Essay

Please for the love of all that is admissions don’t write about the time you went on a service trip to a third-world country and learned from the locals. Not only does it typically come across as condescending and privileged (since most high school students are not aware of how to talk about cultures in politically correct terms), but it’s also so overdone and bland.

3. The “Ski Slope” Essay

When many students answer the quintessential “talk about a time you overcame an obstacle” prompt, they tend to write something that I call the “ski slope” essay. In this scenario, the author was given a physical challenge (like a ski slope, mountain, scary water slide ride, etc.) and was eventually convinced overcome it. Again, it’s an essay that I’ve seen over and over (and over) again, and there’s no real way to write these essays well. They usually involve a lot of cliche adjectives and some other person convincing the writer to go down the slope. Inspiring? Not at all.

Look at it this way: Thousands of people learn how to ski every year; it’s boring and totally not unique. If you’re going to write about an obstacle, it needs to be an obstacle that only 0.00005% of the world has overcome. Otherwise, you’re just like everybody else.

4. The “Look at How Super Deep I Am” Essay

Kids, don’t try to go on a philosophical rant in your college essays. Not only do you typically sound like a pretentious, self-important twerp pulling stuff out of your butt (and admissions officers know it), but these tirades also tell the reader absolutely nothing about you as as potential member of a college. Don’t get meta. If you want to talk about all the great deep thoughts inside your head, start a blog.

5. The All-Dialogue Essay

Note: Spending half of your 650 words going through a conversation you had with your sister is a complete snore and a total waste of time and space. Cut our dialogue unless it’s funny or actually moves the story along. Something like this is just really dull fluff:

“Sister,”I said to her.

“Yes?” she said back.

She looked at me with angst. “What?” she asked again.

Three lines in and you’re bored already, right?

6. The Way-Too-Extended Metaphor Essay

What do dumplings, crayons, and hoop earrings have in common? They’re all inanimate objects that have been used as extended metaphors in college essays, and all of those essays were not good.

Pulling off the extended metaphor essay is hard, and as you’ve learned by now, it’s best to go into essay writing with the mentality that you are the rule, not the exception. So stop trying to compare your life to a squashed kumquat you saw on the side of the road and find a different topic.

7. The “Lesson about Failure Where You Didn’t Really Fail” Essay

Remember that an admissions essay is still a story, and the best heroes and heroines have legitimate pitfalls. If your biggest failure is that you had a hangnail but you eventually took care of it, not only do you look shallow, but you also look dull. Failures need to be actual heart-stopping, “OMG, NOOO!” failures. Either commit to going all the way or avoid writing this type of essay altogether.

8. The Bat Mitzvah Essay

When the Common App prompt asks for something that marked your transition into adulthood, stay away from cultural or religious events that actually mark adulthood, like a bar/bat mitzvah or a confirmation ceremony or something. The best essays about transitions into adulthood deal with unforeseen shifts, not obvious ones (for example, my friend wrote about the different types of boxers he bought throughout high school. Shift to adulthood? Yes. Totally freaking clever? Heck yeah).

9. The Straight Up Cliche Essay

There are many topics that are way overdone besides the ones listed above. Some examples of what I mean:

  • The “What I learned at this academic conference/camp/event” essay
  • The “What my mom/dad/family taught me” essay
  • The “How I felt about moving to a whole new place or being in a new environment” essay
  • The “How I learned to fit in” essay
  • The “Death of person x” essay
  • The “How my parents’ divorce changed me” essay
  • The “Here’s a very vague essay about my family’s culture” essay

Again, these are just a few of the many examples of cliche essays.

today in overthinking star wars—in the galaxy far far away, how did evolution happen? 

Where did sentient life start? Single origin seems unlikely given the diversity of species, so…multiple planets? Which ones? What regions? And unless life started independently on every planet (which, tbh, seems unlikely, since there’s a limited number of sentient species) who emigrated/colonized what from where?

I mean, even if we just restrict it to humans, all the human have to come from some kind of single ancestral gene pool, which means there’s one world humans are native species and then literally all the other worlds where they’re not. So…where did they come from? Or is it so far back in the murky past that no one remembers a time when humans weren’t reproducing like mayflies and setting themselves up as the rulers of uninhabited moons.

is…this one of the things space academics fight over during their conferences

(yes)

Right of Way || one

Summary: You share an innocent secret with Jungkook.

Story Summary: Things were simple: your best friend was Jungkook’s girlfriend while your boyfriend, Jimin, was Jungkook’s best friend. In reality, things weren’t always that simple. And mutually exclusive.

Genre: Angst, smut

Pairing: Jimin x Reader, Jungkook x Reader

Music: Secret by Maroon 5 (Songs about Jane is their best album).

Part: 1 of ? || Prologue || Two || Three || Four

Words: 6,024


Chapter One: A Secret

Originally posted by gotjhope

(gif is totally unrelated but it is kinda cute)

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The Clinical Psychology Megapost, Or: What Is A Clinical Psychologist And How Do I Become One?

What’s a clinical psychologist?

A clinical psychologist* is a person with a clinical psychology PhD or PsyD. Typically clinical psychologists focus on topics associated with mental health or psychopathology in any group, including children, people with chronic health conditions, older adults, forensic populations, families, people living in poverty, students, and people with developmental disabilities, among others. Often clinical psychologists work within mental health systems to improve care or other outcomes among people with mental health issues.

(*Although many of these things will apply internationally, this post is geared towards psychologists in the United States and Canada. If you are in another country, your mileage may vary.)

Clinical psychologists can work:

• In medical hospitals
• In psychiatric hospitals
• In research hospitals
• In forensic hospitals
• In state and federal institutions
• In private institutions
• In prisons and other forensic settings
• At Veteran’s Affairs
• At the Department of Defense
• In community mental health settings
• In outpatient clinics
• In private practices
• In universities
• In rehabilitation centers
• In halfway houses
• In residential settings
• In research settings
• In advocacy settings
• In policy settings
• In administrative settings

Clinical psychologists work with:

• People diagnosed with mental illnesses
• People diagnosed with physical illnesses
• People currently experiencing distress or dysfunction
• The families, loved ones, or other people associated with the people mentioned above
• Other people for lots of reasons. Typically clinical psychologists work with a more severe population (people experiencing more significant problems) compared to counseling psychologists (who often focus on things like wellbeing), but not always.

Clinical psychologists can work with:

• All ages
• All genders
• All sexual orientations
• All cultural and ethnic backgrounds
• All abilities
• All educational levels
• All socioeconomic backgrounds
• All religions
• All people in general, as long as the particular clinical psychologist is competent to treat that particular person and their particular presenting problem(s)

Clinical psychologists have extremely varied responsibilities and day-to-day tasks, including:

  • Clinical work
    • Individual therapy
    • Group therapy
    • Couples’ therapy
    • Family therapy
    • Diagnostic assessments
    • Neuropsychology assessments
    • Disability assessments
    • Functional assessments
    • Legal assessments
    • Aptitude assessments
    • Intellectual assessments
    • Needs assessments
    • Creating treatment plans
    • Monitoring treatment progress
    • Coordinating care
  • Research
    • Creating research ideas and questions
    • Conducting literature reviews
    • Applying for grants
    • Conducting research
    • Conducting clinical work within research projects
    • Analyzing data
    • Writing journal articles, books, and chapters
    • Presenting findings at conferences and other events
    • Disseminating research to non-academics, including mental health clinicians
    • Applying research in real world settings (for example, implementing a new treatment found to be helpful)
  • Teaching
  • Mentoring
    • Mentoring undergraduate students, graduate students, interns, postdoctoral fellows, early career psychologists, research assistants
  • Supervising
    • Supervising clinical work
    • Supervising research
  • Training other clinicians
  • Administration
    • Leading a mental health team
    • Leading a mental health treatment program
    • Leading a research lab
    • Leading a psychology department
  • Developing new treatments
  • Developing new treatment programs
  • Developing new policies
  • Evaluating treatments
  • Evaluating treatment programs
  • Evaluating policies
  • Consulting

13 not-easy steps to becoming a clinical psychologist

1. Complete a bachelor’s degree
You will need a bachelor’s degree to get into graduate school. The easiest route to a PhD/PsyD in clinical psychology is a psychology BA or BS, possibly with another major or minor in something like biology or sociology (meaning, something connected to your interests in psychology). However, a degree in psychology is not required to get into a PhD/PsyD program in clinical psychology. If you do not major in psychology, you may need to take post-baccalaureate classes later as most PhD/PsyD programs require specific psychology classes, usually including intro, abnormal, and research & statistics.

2. Get research experience
You will need research experience to get into a PhD/PsyD program in clinical psychology. I recommend at least two years and at least two presentations. You can do this while in undergrad or afterwards. You don’t need to do research full-time (5-10 hours/week is okay) but you do need to learn about research while doing it. Don’t accept a position where all you do is data entry or mundane tasks like that. Be a part of the action- developing research ideas, conducting research, analyzing data, presenting findings. Learn all that you can from your supervisor and other people involved. Use this time to develop research skills and become better at understanding other peoples’ research and developing your own.

3. Get clinical experience (optional)
You do not need clinical experience to get into a PhD/PsyD program, but it might help. I tend to recommend it so that you can get experience in a clinical setting and/or with a clinical population so you understand better what you’re getting into. 

4. Get teaching experience (optional)
You do not need teaching experience to get into a PhD/PsyD program, but it might help. 

5. Get a master’s degree (optional)
Some people choose to get a master’s degree in clinical psychology, counseling, or experimental psychology before applying to PhD/PsyD programs. I only recommend this if you need to show you have an improved GPA and/or you want to use a master’s program to get research experience. In either case I recommend a experimental psychology program first, and then clinical psychology. 

6. Apply to PhD and/or PsyD programs in clinical psychology
You need to get in to go! (here is a post about applying to PhD/PsyD programs and a post about picking the best programs)

7. Complete a PhD or PsyD program in clinical psychology
This is the key thing. While you are in your program, get varied experience in different clinical settings with different clinical populations. Get involved with research. Say yes to many opportunities but say no to things you’re not interested in or don’t have time for. Don’t stick only to your number 1 interest- try different things, explore the possibilities. Listen to feedback and use it to get better but don’t take criticism as a comment on you as a person. Publish. Get involved with leadership and/or administrative roles. Essentially, build an impressive CV that shows that you have well-rounded skills and experience, but also are creating a niche of your own expertise. See this ask for more.

8. Complete a dissertation
The major research milestone in a PhD/PsyD program (of any type) is the dissertation. This is your major research project, where you start to carve out your area of expertise in your field. You use the dissertation to show what you’ve learned, to learn new things, and to add something important to your field. It is an enormous and difficult undertaking, but so worth it. I recommend you pick something that is achievable in the amount of time you have left (don’t make your goal “discover all genes that cause depression,” make it “determine whether cortisol is higher among people with chronic depression compared to acute depression”) and something that you will enjoy enough to keep you motivated during the years you will be working on that project.

9. Apply for a predoctoral internship program
The last clinical milestone is a pre-doctoral internship. A match process is how it’s determined where each student applying for an internship goes (similar to medical school residency programs). Students apply for internships around the United States and Canada in the fall, and interview in December and January. Students each rank the places they interviewed at in the order of their preference, and put that ranking into an online system. Each internship does the same- ranks each student in order of their preference. The system “matches” each student with an internship, attempting to match each student with the highest ranked internship possible. However, there are more students applying each year than internships, so every year students go unmatched. This year about 82% of students matched, and of those, 80% matched to an accredited internship. Accreditation is very important for future licensure and employment. This gap in matching is one reason to go to a really really good graduate program- better programs have better match rates, and many internship programs won’t review applications from students who go to unaccredited or low quality schools. See this ask for more. 

10. Complete a pre-doctoral internship program in clinical psychology
This is your last big chance to get clinical experience. So my advice is to look for programs that will help you fill important gaps in your training (for example, are you interested in PTSD but don’t have experience in Cognitive Processing Therapy? Find a program that trains in CPT) and helps you fill out your area of expertise. So, both broaden and deepen your experience. Find programs that are really interested in training you and not just getting a cheap therapist for a year. Look for places that often hire their interns as postdocs or staff psychologists, and for places that send interns to the sorts of postdocs or jobs you will want. 

11. Receive your PhD or PsyD
You’re done! Congratulations! (Remember to do your exit counseling!)

12. Apply for and complete a postdoctoral fellowship (optional)
Many (maybe most) psychologists do a postdoctoral fellowship. A postdoctoral fellowship or residency is additional training after you finish your doctoral degree.  Typical clinical postdocs are 1 year, research postdocs are 2 years, and speciality training postdocs like neuropsychology are 2 years. However some postdocs might be longer or shorter. You might do one so you can gain specific training you want or need- for example, clinical psychologists specializing in neuropsychology nearly always do a postdoc in neuropsychology (and have to in order to be boarded as a neuropsychologist), or you might want training in a particular area of research you don’t have. You might do one so you can get licensed because many jobs require applicants to already be licensed or license-eligible (and many states require supervised hours post-degree and/or other requirements). You might do one because you want a research job and it’s difficult to get one without a postdoc, particularly in academia or academia-adjacent positions. You might do one because you want to get in with a specific institution and they don’t have a job for you that year (many places hire from within, particularly from their intern and postdoc pool). 

13. Get licensed
Clinical psychologists generally get licensed within a 2-3 years of graduating (but it’s possible to do it sooner). State requirements vary a lot, so do your research so you can a) get licensed in the state you want to right now, and b) make it possible to get licensed in other states you might want to in the future. Licensure in the US always requires passing the EPPP, the national licensing exam and graduation from an APA-accredited or equivalent graduate program and internship. Many states have additional requirements like 1500 post-degree supervised clinical hours, a state exam, or additional coursework. The process is long and expensive (like everything else in this process). 

14. Get a job
This is when you finally get to be a full-fledged clinical psychologist! There are many jobs available for psychologists, but the biggest areas of need are rural and other poorly served areas. Think about what’s most important to you- type of position, type of institution, money, location, etc. –and find something that’ll work for you. 

So how long will this take?

A typical path to being a clinical psychologist looks like this:

  • Bachelor’s degree: 4 years
  • Postgraduate research experience (optional): 2 years
  • PhD/PsyD: 4-6 years
  • Predoctoral internship: 1 year
  • Postdoctoral fellowship (optional): 1-2 years (get licensed during this)
  • Job! 

So an average range is 9 to 15 years from beginning your undergraduate degree to starting your first job as a licensed clinical psychologist. Some people will need more time but it’s very unlikely to do it faster than this.

You keep mentioning “APA” and “accreditation.” What’s that?

APA is the American Psychological Association, and it is the main body that accredits (recognizes as quality and meeting minimum standards) graduate programs, Predoctoral internships, and postdoctoral fellowships in psychology. The Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), California Psychology Internship Council (CAPIC), and Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System (PCSAS) are also reputable and professionally recognized accrediting bodies.

It is essential to go to an APA-, CPA- and/or PCSAS-accredited graduate program and a APA-, CPA-, CAPIC- and/or PCSAS-accredited internship. It will be difficult to get licensed and get a job if you don’t. Accreditation also protects students. (Also, unaccredited schools are unaccredited because they are not good schools. The accrediting standards are not very high). You don’t need an accredited postdoc, but you might choose to get one because it’s likely to make it easier to get licensed and boarded, and it may make you more marketable.

“The Biggest Game of Thrones Fans in the World Are Not What I Thought They’d Be” by Kaitlyn Tiffany

Each pocket of fans I awkwardly bumped into was engaging with the event in a different way — some with an academic interest in what was essentially a literary conference, others for the opportunity to externalize their superfandom, […] and some just to socialize.


Martin set out to write a series that flouted every convention of fantasy writing, but the people who love it want even more than that. Another panelist, who goes by JoannaLannister on Tumblr, said that her fascination is what she calls “The Dead Ladies Club,” a nickname for characters like Joanna Lannister, Lyanna Stark, and other women who Martin never bothered to flesh out. She keeps a meticulous spreadsheet of 100 years of Westerosi history, placing all of its events in order so that she can keep her fan fiction in sync with the official canon, and expressed frustration with the fact that Oberyn, Elia, and Doran Martell’s mother is never named. "The unnamed princess of Dorne… I don’t even have a name to put to her political policies.” Roose Bolton’s first wife isn’t named either, and most of the characterization of Lyanna Stark is rudimentary, stereotypes about “willfulness” and beauty: “These women are just blank slates,” she sighed.

Flawed as it may be, the fact that there is a “world” of Westeros is what has allowed these conversations to take place. Because Martin’s books and their supplementary materials are so expansive, it’s possible to discuss them as more of an alternate universe than a linear narrative. It’s not that fans are angry with Martin for his failings, or even ashamed to like something “problematic.” They’re just interested in repairing and refurbishing something that has really good bones.

Read more on The Verge

Someone quoted me!! From when I talked about The Dead Ladies Club during a panel at @conofthrones!! Thank you for quoting me, Verge journalist!!

post-mortem-pixie  asked:

(1/2)I'm currently working on the basics of a story and I want to make sure that the powers I'm giving my characters aren't problematic in any way before I get too far into it. They're a Korean girl(control/summon bones and necromancy) an Irish/Mi'kmaq kid(reads minds and manipulates time) an Icelandic/Mexian intersex girl(enhanced senses, super agility&strength) an Indian kid(control/summon of water and ice) a Jewish demiboy(future seeing, probability manipulation)

(2/2) a Swiss/Croatian genderfluid kid(shapeshifting, creation of illusions) a Syrian Muslim trans girl(regenerative healing, soundwave control) and a Hungarian/Rromani girl(manipulation of light, fear inducement). Are there any problems with any of these? The powers are given to them by an omnipotent being and they’re also the only humans left alive because the being is bored and is destroying every planet and pitting the species against each other to determine who will inhabit the new universe

Help, an alien wiped out the whole world except for a small group of super diverse kids

Personally I would be far too terrified to write a story about how a group of kids are reacting to their entire species being wiped out. That is an amount of pain I can’t even comprehend. Especially when some of the kids are from groups of people who aren’t new to being, if you’ll excuse my shit grammar, genocided already.

But I am fine with Jewish trans kids being able to change reality because holy fuck that kid might change it back so fast.

Tasbeeh comments that Hungarian/Romani is fine with her, and you’re fine with the Irish/Mi'kmaq kid because there’s plenty of Irish diaspora people in the area Mi'kmaq people live. There are some other issues going on, though: first of all, you’re going to have to establish how the Mexican and Icelandic kid’s parents met (some ideas include summer camp, an international academic conference, or on vacation.) 

According to Lesya, the largest Icelandic population outside Iceland is in Manitoba, and since according to Wikipedia there are Mexican immigrants there it could work, but you’ll probably have to establish all of this one way or another instead of just announcing the character’s background. 

WWC wants to comment as a whole, though, that it doesn’t look like you’ve looked through our tags for some of these groups (the tropes page here http://writingwithcolor.tumblr.com/Navigation2 or the FAQ page that is literally part of the Ask page here http://writingwithcolor.tumblr.com/FAQ ) because you’re asking about giving a Muslim character magical powers and Kaye and the other Muslim mods have stated pretty clearly that they do not approve of this as a plot device. You will get a lot more out of WWC as a resource if you read some of the posts we’ve taken the time to write here–they’re free and convenient!–rather than asking first without checking.

Related to this: you’ve picked a cast with an incredible amount of diversity that will each require research of their own. You can write a Korean character, but are you going to know about nunchi? (For example. This is a Korean cultural concept that neither of the two non-Korean-written books that I’ve read with Korean MC’s mentioned, and the Korean one did.) How are you going to make sure your intersex character or trans characters don’t fall into all the negative tropes or misleading myths about those groups? By reading. By doing research. By peppering your story with one of everything you’ve basically added to your own workload a lot, and all at once. If that’s what you really want to do, that’s fine–just be aware that part of the process is reading and consuming and learning on your own first before it’s question time.

–Shira

A few weeks ago, my mom messaged me and mentioned that her coworker wanted me to cast a spell on her behalf. The coworker’s son was playing his first serious gig at a very popular venue back in Ohio. She wanted a little extra boost of energy to help her son captivate the crowd.

So, I cast this spell to help, and it went pretty well! I’ve rewritten it slightly, and you can easily adapt it, too. 

While I used this to help a metal band’s performance, you could use it for dance recitals, art shows, even academic conferences. Any situation where someone appears before a crowd would be suited to this spell!

Materials

  • Clean piece of paper
  • Pen or marker, preferably gold, yellow, or orange
  • Gold craft glitter
  • Optional: A taglock representing the performer

Steps

  1. Begin by sketching a symbol representing the person or group who will be performing. A band logo works well for this, but other symbols can be used for other occasions. Get creative in designing the symbol, if necessary! Sketch it in the center of the paper.
  2. Lay the paper flat on a table or other surface. If you’re using a taglock, place the taglock on top of the symbol. As usual, the taglock can be a bit of hair, a scrap of clothing, or anything else - taken with permission, I’d hope!
  3. Close your eyes and think thoughts of excitement, joy, and beauty. Recall all the times in your life you’ve experienced great performances, and remember what it felt like. Do this until those thoughts fill your mind as fully as possible.
  4. Take your pen or marker in hand. Visualize the excitement and joy flowing through your body into your hand, and from there, into the pen.
  5. Begin drawing stars, lightning bolts, arrows, and other symbols of energy, power, and attraction, all around the center of the paper and the original symbol/taglock. Do this until almost all of your joyful energy has spread to the paper.
  6. Take a few minutes to refocus. Then, hold out the palm of your dominant hand and sprinkle a few pinches of glitter onto it.
  7. Visualizing the remaining feelings of excitement swirling through your body for a few more seconds, then let them flow out with your breath.
  8. Blow gently on the glitter in your palm so that it falls over the paper, symbol, and/or taglock.
  9. Optional: You can then interpret the pattern (if any) left by the glitter, and take it as advice for making the most of the performance!

I myself am not a singer, nor do I play an instrument, dance, or anything like that. Therefore, I haven’t really tried using this spell for myself. As I said, I used it for my mom’s friend, and her son’s band. 

That went well. I don’t see why a performer couldn’t cast this spell for themselves prior to a performance, though. Anyways, I hope this spell is useful to you, and that your magick is going well!

Hear Me

Summary: Modern AU Professor Tom is away for the night and receives a distressed call from his wife.  

Genre: Fluff/Romance/Erotica (?)

Rating/Warning: M -  Possibly me being overly cautious.  Perhaps not everyone’s cup of tea.  Contains use of “Daddy” and things of that nature.  Non-explicit shenanigans.  Is “Literary Phone Sex” a thing in fiction?  I dunno.  You have been warned.

Author’s Notes: I just really hate Tom Hiddleston and my own imagination right now.  That fault is with those two things, but let’s blame @i-wanna-be-toms-body-pillow instead.  Same characters as See Me.  All mistakes are mine.

He was reaching for his phone to text her a goodnight kiss when her ringtone filled the hotel room.

“There is something skittering in the walls!” she Snoopy wailed before his greeting was complete. “Get back here right this instant and fulfill your wedding vows!”

He smiled at the sincere panic in her voice, feeling like it was disloyal but unable to stop it.  Her fear of the creepy crawlies, as she called them, was something he learned rather quickly about her.  She’d gone as far as to include it in their wedding ceremony, inspiring the same kind of smiles from those in attendance who were familiar with her long-standing aversion.

“Darling, as much as I relish being your rescuer and as much as I am loathe to deny any request of yours, I’m afraid I am unable to directly assist you with this.”

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Five Things To Know: HBCU Edition

Historically black colleges and universities––commonly called “HBCUs”––are defined by the Higher Education Act of 1965 as,

“…any historically black college or university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education]…”

History 

Photo: Portrait of a Mississippi Vocational College cheerleader, ca. 1950s, Gift of Charles Schwartz and Shawn Wilson, Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

1. The first colleges for African Americans were established largely through the efforts of black churches with the support of the American Missionary Association and the Freedmen’s Bureau. The second Morrill Act of 1890 required states—especially former confederate states—to provide land-grants for institutions for black students if admission was not allowed elsewhere. As a result, many Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were founded.

2. Between 1861 and 1900 more than 90 institutions of higher learning were established. Shaw University––founded in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1865––was the first black college organized after the Civil War. Other schools include: Talladega College, Howard University, Morehouse College and Hampton University.

Scholarship

Photo:  An 1899 class in mathematical geography studying earth’s rotation around the sun, Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, Library of Congress.

3. Early HBCUs were established to train teachers, preachers and other community members. During the 20th century, many HBCUs shifted their focus to promote scholarship among African Americans. Academic councils, conferences and founded scholastic journals to showcase black intellectual thought. Such notable figures as W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and Martin Luther King Jr. attended an historically black college or university.

Culture

4. HBCUs opened the door of educational opportunity for many African Americans who were once legally denied an education. Additionally, these schools, provided African American students with a nurturning environment to explore their collective identities and cultures.

5. Today, HBCUs uphold a history of scholarship pursued by African Americans in the face of adversity.

oddly3normal3aliens3  asked:

I just realized I probably blow up your feed anytime you post fic recs and I wanted to sincerely apologize 😅😅😅 this is my favorite sterek accounts because I always love all your fic lists also if you aren't too annoyed with me I was wondering if you could do like a fic rec on pining stiles and slow burn type fics please pretty please 😅

Hey :)

Not at all!!! You know how much I like to talk fic :p But it does get a little busy once I start catching up so sorry you had to wait. And omg, do I even read pining stiles?!?? Apparently, pining derek is more my thing :) So I wouldn’t really say these are slow burn but definitely pining stiles. Hopefully there’s something new to you here. 

The Epic Space Opera of Stiles Stilinski and Sergeant Spacewolf by A_Diamond | 4.8K

Beacon Station is an extraplanetary center of research and exploration. Human scientist and minor disaster Stiles Stilinski lives there, as does the grumpiest alien ever: Derek Hale, the titular Sergeant Spacewolf himself. After a rocky start to their acquaintance, they’ve settled into sort of a love-hate relationship, wherein Stiles pines and provokes in approximately equal measure, and Derek grudgingly tolerates.

When a mechanical failure leaves them stranded together in the vacuum of space, the impending doom of almost certain death forces the truth of their feelings to the fore. Will our heroes finally get together? Will it even matter? Will they survive the danger?

(Yes, yes, and yes. There wouldn’t be a story to tell otherwise.)

Hide by  dr_girlfriend | 12.4K

Stiles has been rejected so many times that it doesn’t really surprise him when it happens again. Hurts, yeah, because dammit — he’d thought Derek was the one. Heartbreak sucks, and he’s not so sure he’s going to get over it this time.

You’ve Got Notes by  the_gramophone | 14.8K

Stiles Stilinski has wanted star basketball player Derek Hale forever, but what are the odds of that ever happening? A love story of letters, prom, and the healing power of milkshakes.

The One Where They Adopt a Selkie by  mikkimouse | 7.7K

“That’s a kid,” Stiles said.

Derek growled. “It’s a selkie.”

“It’s a selkie kid,” Stiles pointed out, because really, they did not need to be arguing semantics right now. “Do selkies just go around leaving their kids sleeping in caves on the beach?”

Unsaid the Word by  aerialiste | 20.6K

In which tenure-track Professor Derek Hale is polite and friendly to Stiles Stilinski, ABD, every year at the academic conference they both attend; and Stiles tries to be contented with pining after him—until after one night at a bar, far too many doubles, and some injudicious texting, thanks to his total inability to know when to stop talking, Stiles just may have ruined everything.

How Soon Is Now? by  shirlywats | 10.1K

Stiles overreacts in the most dramatic way possible to a misunderstanding between him and Derek. I mean who hasn’t avoided coming home from college for 10 months because someone they had a crush on rejected them?

The Road Less Traveled by  gryvon | 25.1K

Stiles doesn’t want to die in a basement. No one is going to die in the Argent’s basement, not if he can help it.

Bravery is a Loaded Gun by  LiviKate | 17.3K

In which the boys speak in half sentences and have two totally different conversations. What they can agree on, eventually, is that they love each other. And that Derek should jerk off more.