aslami

anonymous asked:

The 12 khalifas of prophet pbuh 1 - Abu Bakr as-Siddeq, 2 - Umar ibn Khattab, 3 - Uthman ibn Affan, 4 - Ali ibn Abi Talib, 5 - Hassan ibn Ali, 6 - Muawiyya ibn Abu Sufyan, 7 - Yazid ibn Muawiyya, 8 - Muawwiya ibn Yazid, 9 - Abdullah Ibn Zubayr, 10 - Marwan ibn Hakam, 11 - Abdul Aziz ibn Marwan, 12 - Walid ibn Abdul Aziz. These are the first 12 Khalifahs of the Islamic world, all were from the tribe of Quraish, though I think I got Abdullah ibn Zubayr and Marwan ibn Hakam mixed up.

LOL okay, first of all, if you are going to refer to a narration, then make sure you do so correctly. As per YOUR sahih Muslim, the narration goes as follows:

“It has been narrated on the authority of Jabir b. Samura who said:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: “Islam will continue to be triumphant until there have been twelve Caliphs. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said something which I could not understand. I asked my father: What did he say? He said: He has said that all of them (twelve Caliphs) will be from the Quraish.”

Source: Sahih Muslim, Book 33, Hadith 8
Link:  https://sunnah.com/muslim/33/8

Okay so let’s dissect this hadith a little. Rasulliah (SAWS) said, “Islam will CONTINUE to be triumphant UNTIL there have been TWELVE CALIPHS…” So please tell me, if it is indeed the case, as you said, that the above mentioned list is the 12 that the Holy Prophet (SAWS) was referring to, please explain to me why Islam is still the number 1 fastest growing religion in the world even after the last one on your list died…

Here is another version of this narration, again from your Sahih Muslim:

“It has been narrated on the authority of Amir b. Sa’d b. Abu Waqqas who said:

I wrote (a letter) to Jabir b. Samura and sent it to him through my servant Nafi’, asking him to inform me of something he had heard from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He wrote to me (in reply): I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say on Friday evening, the day on which al-Aslami was stoned to death (for committing adultery): The Islamic religion will continue until the Hour has been established, or you have been ruled over by twelve Caliphs, all of them being from the Quraish. also heard him say: A small force of the Muslims will capture the white palace, the police of the Persian Emperor or his descendants. I also heard him say: Before the Day of Judgment there will appear (a number of) impostors. You are to guard against them. I also heard him say: When God grants wealth to any one of you, he should first spend it on himself and his family (and then give it in charity to the poor). I heard him (also) say: I will be your forerunner at the Cistern (expecting your arrival).”

Source: Sahih Muslim, Book 33, Hadith 11
Link: https://sunnah.com/muslim/33/11

Again, lets reflect a little on the words said. Rasulliah (SAWS), in this version of the narration clearly states that, “The Islamic religion will continue until the Hour has been established, OR you have been ruled over by twelve Caliphs, all of them being from the Quraish.” So tell me, have we been ruled by 12 caliphs yet? According to you, YES…so why didn’t the day of Judgement come yet? The condition of 12 caliphs, according to you, has already been fulfilled yet Islam is still here, alive and kicking…

Moving on, I think we can both agree that when Rasulliah (SAWS) speaks, it is out of wisdom. So when we study the biographies of the rulers on your list, we find that all but 2 of them were tyrants and innovators. Read about Abu Bakr and Umar’s caliphate and you will find cruelty after cruelty, and innovation after innovation. Read about Uthman and you will see how the whole ummah turned against him and assassinated him. Read about Muawiayh, and you will see he waged war against Imam Ali (as) and broke the treaty he made with Imam Hassan (as). Read about Yazid ibn Muawiyah and you will see he killed Imam Hussain (as). Read about the rest of the Ummayid and Abbasid caliphs and you will see how they lived and ruled in a way contrary to the Sunnah. So I ask you, why would Rasulliah (SAWS) be referring the THESE 12 when only Imam Ali (as) and Imam Hassan (as) upheld the Sunnah and saved Islam from amoungst your list? There must be different 12 who PROTECTED the sunnah and saved Islam, not a twelve (or a 10 in this case) which merely used islam as a means to power…

Okay, so with this being said, we can throw your list in the bin alhamdulliah.

However, now that your list is out, we need a better replacement for it. So let me prove to you, THROUGH YOUR SAHIH BOOKS, that the 12 Caliphs or Leaders, as the narration refers to, are indeed the IMAMS OF AHLUL BAYT (AS)….

Let’s start of with the famous narration known as, The Two Weighty Things. This version is taken from Sahih Muslim, under the chapter of ‘The Virtues of Ali Ibn Abi Talib:

Yazid b. Hayyan reported, I went along with Husain b. Sabra and ‘Umar b. Muslim to Zaid b. Arqam and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him:

Zaid. you have been able to acquire a great virtue that you saw Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) listened to his talk, fought by his side in (different) battles, offered prayer behind me. Zaid, you have in fact earned a great virtue. Zaid, narrate to us what you heard from Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). He said: I have grown old and have almost spent my age and I have forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), so accept whatever I narrate to you, and which I do not narrate do not compel me to do that. He then said: One day Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stood up to deliver sermon at a watering place known as Khumm situated between Mecca and Medina. He praised Allah, extolled Him and delivered the sermon and. exhorted (us) and said: Now to our purpose. O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord and I, in response to Allah’s call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. He (Husain) said to Zaid: Who are the members of his household? Aren’t his wives the members of his family? Thereupon he said: His wives are the members of his family (but here) the members of his family are those for whom acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. And he said: Who are they? Thereupon he said: ‘Ali and the offspring of ‘Ali, ‘Aqil and the offspring of 'Aqil and the offspring of Ja'far and the offspring of 'Abbas. Husain said: These are those for whom the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. Zaid said: Yes.

Source: Sahih Muslim, Book 44, Hadith 55
Linkhttps://sunnah.com/muslim/44/55

To add to this, let us also take another version found in Sahih Tirmidhi which states the following:

“I am leaving among you something which is very important and should be followed, you will not go astray if you get hold of it after I am gone, one part of it being more important than the other: Allah’s Book, which is a rope stretched from Heaven to Earth, and my close relatives, who belong to my household. These two will not separate from one another till they come down to the reservoir, so consider how you act regarding them after my departure.“

Source: Sahih Tirmidhi 

Okay, so with this being said, several points come to mind. The first being that Rasulliah (SAWS) CLEARLY is passing on the authority after him to his Ahlul Bayt (AS) and to the Quran. He started by letting everyone know that he is about to depart from this world soon, and thus the statement after he said this is a statement of appointment of his successorship and authority. Not to mention, that he clearly appointed Imam Ali (as) on this day, as even your Sahih Muslim confirms this narration was given at a place called Khumm (hence Ghadeer Khumm did indeed happen and this narration was part of his longer sermon where he raised the hands of Imam Ali (as) and said, “Whomsoever I am his Master, Ali is his Master). 

Point two is that, even this narration proves that the Ahlul Bayt (AS) are infallible (this can also be proven via the Quran, Surah 33 verse 33, and other narrations like the Hadith of the Cloak, but we will focus only on this narration for now.) For Rasulliah (SAWS) has placed the Ahlul Bayt (as) alongside the Quran. Meaning that you MUST follow and hold on to BOTH if you don’t want to go astray. Logically this means that the Ahlul Bayt (AS) MUST BE the WALKING, TALKING Quran bc if you were to believe that they can sin, or make mistakes, then this means that you CANNOT follow BOTH the Ahlul Bayt (AS) and Quran WHILE SIMULTANEOUSLY being on the straight path. Furthermore, if you were to believe that the Ahlul Bayt (as) were fallible and can make mistakes, then that also means you must in turn, believe that the Quran is fallible and has mistakes in it, and since we are both certain that the Quran is flawless, we must also accept that the Ahlul Bayt (as) are flawless…

But to answer your main question regarding the 12 Caliphs, we will refer to Sahih Tirhmidhi’s version of this narration where he has recorded the Holy Prophet (SAWS) saying, “These two will not separate from one another till they come down to the reservoir, so consider how you act regarding them after my departure.“ 

Question…

Rasulliah (SAWS) said that ‘these two,’ meaning the Quran AND the Ahlul Bayt (as), will not separate from one another until the day of judgement. So I ask you, do we have the Quran with us today? Yes. So where is the Ahlul Bayt (as)? If you are to say they all died, then you have questioned Rasulliah (SAWS), bc then this narration is a lie. And again, you cannot believe this bc this is in your authentic books. So this leads us to one logical conclusion, and one which the Shia believe in, and that is that the Ahlul Bayt (as) IS indeed with us even until today, via the occultation of the TWELFTH IMAM, the Imam of our time, Imam Mahdi (as)!

Notice how the Shia view gives the best answers to ALL of your narrations. For we have solved problem one, of Islam still being around even after YOUR 12 historical caliphs have ruled (since the 12th real caliph, Imam Mahdi (as), hasn’t ruled yet). We have solved the problem of successorship as well, as the Ahlul Bayt (as) WAS CLEARLY appointed after the Prophet (SAWS), leading us to say that the 12 caliphs are the Imams of Ahlul Bayt (as). We have also avoided the other problem of the separation of the Ahlu Bayt (as) and the Quran, since the Imam of our time is still with us, thus rendering all the conditions for all these narration true. Not to mention, you have narrations which state that those who don’t know the Imam of their time dies the death of Ignorance…so who is the Imam of your time? None other than the last of the 12 caliphs, the 12th Imam of Ahlul Bayt (as), Imam Mahdi (may Allah hasten his reappearance)!

So let me present to you the real list of the twelve caliphs:

1- Ali Ibn Abi Talib (as) 
2- Hassan Ibn Ali (as)
3- Hussain Ibn Ali (as)
4- Ali Ibn Hussain (as)
5- Muhammad Ibn Ali (as)
6- Ja’far Ibn Muhammad (as)
7- Musa Ibn Ja’far (as)
8- Ali Ibn Musa (as)
9- Muhammad Ibn Ali (as)
10- Ali Ibn Muhammad (as)
11- Hassan Ibn Ali (as)
12- Muhammad Ibn Hassan (as)

When you read the biographies of these 12 infalliables, you will see that each and every one of them saved this religion from destruction. This is the wisdom of mentioning these personalities, because they are the ones whom we were meant to follow.

Case closed.

Abu Barza Al-Aslami  narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: 

O community of people, who have believed by their tongue, and belief did not enter their hearts, do not back-bite Muslims, and do not search for their faults, for if anyone searches for their faults, Allah will search for his fault, and if Allah searches for the fault of anyone, He disgraces him in his house.

-Sunan Abu Dawud | Hadith No. 4880.

Should I ask my future wife if she is a virgin or not?

Question:
Salaam alaikum, is it permissible to ask, when proposing for marriage, if the other person is a virgin? I was always told that asking such a thing is not permissible because it encourages people to lie about committing zinna or to reveal their sins, but I’ve seen no evidence either way so I thought I’d ask for clarification.


Answer:
It was reported by Abu Dawud and Al Nasai that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that God loves modesty and cover up of pitfalls. A lot of textual doctrines were keen on establishing the idea of concealment of mistakes and refraining from disseminating scandals as we should not do to people what we don’t want to be done to ourselves. Prophet Muhammad also said “whoever did not declare the errors of a Muslim, God will not declare his errors on the day of judgment”. On the other hand, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) warned those who are in pursuit of spreading scandals and digging for people’s pitfalls that they will in turn be subjected to such pursuit by others.

It was narrated through Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet climbed up the stairs of the pulpit and called out loud saying “O those who embraced Islam with your tongue and its flow did not reach your heart yet. Don’t inflict harm on Muslims, don’t belittle them and don’t pursue and dig for their pitfalls as whoever digs for the pitfalls of others, God will dig for his own pitfalls and declare it before people…” (al Tirmidhi).

When a Muslim falls into an error or sin through committing an act of disobedience to God, he is obliged to conceal it and not to declare it before others because the Islamic law did not set legal punishments as a precondition for accepting repentance.

It was narrated through Zayd ibn Aslam that a man confessed before the Prophet of committing adultery. The Prophet asked for a whip and the man was whipped then the Prophet said, “O people it is about time to stay away from God’s punishment. Whoever commits any of this filth should conceal it and take shield in the concealment of God as whoever confesses to us will face God’s punishment”. Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said “all my Ummah is saved except those who brag about their sins. Among the forms of bragging is a man who would commit a sin at night and then wakes up with God’s grace of concealment yet he brags among people saying “I have done so and so last night”. He would spend the night with God’s grace of concealment and wakes up revealing God’s concealment of his sins.

Abu Dawud reported through Nu’aym ibn Hazal that Ma’ez ibn Malik was an orphan who was raised by Ibn Hazal and he committed adultery with a girl from the neighborhood so when Ibn Hazal knew he asked Ma’ez to go and tell Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to supplicate to God to forgive him. So Ma’ez confirmed the story four times and was adamant on confession so the Prophet applied corporeal punishment on him and then looked at Ibn Hazal and said “If you had concealed his sin and covered him with your clothes, it would have been better”. The Prophet’s companions and our righteous ancestors grasped this great meaning of the importance of concealment and not declaring sins and successfully applied this meaning in different incidents. For example when Ma’ez ibn Malik al Aslami came over to Abu Bakr and told him about committing adultery so Abu Bakr told him “Did you mention this to anyone else?” Ma’ez replied in negative so Abu Bakr said in reply, “repent to God and conceal yourself with His concealment as God accepts repentance from his servants”. But Ma’ez was not satisfied with Abu Bakr’s answer so he went to ‘Umar ibn al Khattab and told him about what he did so ‘Umar asked him “Did you mention this to anyone else?” and Ma’ez replied in negative so ‘Umar said in reply, “repent to God and conceal yourself with His concealment as God accepts repentance from his servants”. But Ma’ez was still not satisfied so he went over to the Prophet and admitted committing adultery and the Prophet in turn went away but Ma’ez was adamant on confessing and when the Prophet saw his insistence, he investigated the matter and when he became sure that Ma’ez committed the incident, he applied corporeal punishment on him. (Bukhari and Muslim)

Al Hafiz ibn Hajar in his book (Fath al Bari) commented on this incident saying that whoever is subjected to similar incidents should repent to God and conceal himself and should not mention it to anyone as Abu Bukar and ‘Umar suggested for Ma’ez. Also whoever knows about the incident should not declare it to others and should conceal it. Moreover he is not allowed to report his case to the ruler as the Prophet said “if you had covered him with your clothes, it would have been better”. For this reason, Imam al Shafi’i came up with a ruling that whoever has committed a sin and God concealed his sin from people, then he should conceal himself and repent”.

‘Abdel Razaq in his book narrated the story of a man whose daughter was betrothed to someone and that she committed adultery with someone else so the father of the bride came over to ‘Umar ibn al Khattab and mentioned the incident so ‘Umar asked in reply “what have you seen from her behavior?” so the father replied, “I haven’t seen any bad thing” so ‘Umar replied back “then permit her to get married and don’t tell anyone”.

It was also reported through al She’bi that a man came to ‘Umar ibn al Khattab saying “O commander of the faithful, I had a daughter which I was a bout to bury alive in the pre Islamic era but I saved her from death and she became a good Muslim but then she committed adultery. We suddenly saw her taking a knife and trying to kill herself, I saved her and cured her wounds and she was recovered nicely. Now a man came to propose to her, should I mention to him what she has done?” so ‘Umar said in reply, “no and if you tell him, I will punish you for it”.

All these stories indicate that ‘Umar favors the issue of concealment of sins of the adulterer and that we should not close the doors of mercy and repentance and allow people to pass shameful judgments on her and her family. One should rather conceal what the adulterer committed and not spread it among people. The adulterer in turn should open a new page and begin it with repentance and deserting sins.

The Hanafis have stated explicitly that a virgin who loses her virginity by fornicating in secret (which means that it has not been made known to the court and resulted in punishment) or does not do it repeatedly so it becomes a habit, is legally a virgin even though she is not truly a virgin. She is married as a virgin; she is even not asked to verbally consent to marriage since she is given the same status as that of a virgin, whom the Prophet says said: “Consent is sought from Virgins. Their consent is in remaining silent.”

The Hanafis state that the rational cause here is that asking for her verbal consent would expose her shameful deed, while the Shari‘ah recommends concealment. In the same chapter and section, Nasb al-Rayah includes:

Abu Hanifah, may Allah grant him mercy, holds that if people know her as a virgin, they will chastise her if she consents verbally. Thus, she refrains; silence suffices so she is not cut off from her interests
As for the objection that when the woman loses her hymn, it is considered a deficiency and patching it would be some sort of cheating is an invalid claim in Islamic law. Islamic law prohibited cheating in marriage and in other subjects but not the concealment of all kinds of deficiencies is considered cheating. The influential deficiency depends on the subject of discussion.

As for generally saying that the concealment of all sorts of deficiencies is considered cheating is a corrupted opinion because if we did not put certain limits which would define influential deficiency, the term would be undefined and in turn different people can define the influential deficiencies according to their own personal opinions because what someone sees as a deficiency can be highly praised by another. According to this understanding, the woman is obliged to speak about her scars or small wounds which is totally invalid thinking and utterly rejected in Islamic law. Therefore the influential deficiency in marriage is related to pretending that something which is intended for itself exists but in reality does not exist or related to concealing a deficiency which jeopardize the purpose of marriage.

An example for the first case is when the woman makes hair extension to conceal the loss of her hair to deceive her future husband. This means that the woman pretends the existence of her hair which is intended for itself and this is prohibited in Islamic law. For this reason the Shafi’I scholars permitted for women to make hair extension with the permission of her husband to eliminate the possibility of cheating or concealing a deficiency. This means that pretending the existence of something which is not intended for itself is not cheating.

Virginity is not intended for itself and jurists have mentioned it in their books as one of the qualities of perfection and therefore its loss does not place it as an influential deficiency because its loss does not jeopardize or undermine the purpose of marriage.

As for the claim of some men that they have to know if their future wife has fell into a sin or not is a corrupted opinion as it promotes declaring sins, revealing what God concealed, pursuing people’s pitfalls, and thinking ill of people which are all prohibited in Islamic law.

As a matter of fact, there is no relationship between the loss of virginity and between adultery as this relationship only existed due to some cultures which do not see any problem when the man commits adultery whereas when the woman commits the same crime she is stained with shame and disgrace.

– Dr. Ali Gomaa