Fox moths (Macrothylacia rubi), like the regal lepidopteran pictured above, are named for their coloration, and adult males display the reddish brown of their namesake. Before they become moths, they are young, dark brown caterpillars with light orange bands along their bodies. As caterpillars, they hibernate in leaf litter between September and March, and then fly as moths from May to July. Notably, the males fly in the afternoon and evening while females only fly at night—limiting mating hours. The animals belong to the Eggar family (Lasiocampids) and live in England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and throughout the British Isles (except Orkney and Shetland), as well as in Central Asia and Siberia.
To learn more, visit the Museum’s comprehensive archive of essays and videos about moths and butterflies: https://goo.gl/j9NCx2