asd;lfkjas;ldkjfa;sjd

Autistics by location

So lately I’ve been wanting to meet more autistic people ! But it’s kinda hard to reach out to people you don’t know yet … So I’ve created this map.

Click on the map to add a pin, share as much (or as little) information about you as you’d like in the information square, and maybe you’ll find out you live near other autistic people ! :)

- Sister Cat

@patster223 requested #11-14 for the autistic character meme for Magnus so here are the answers!

11. how do they prefer to communicate? are they non verbal/have periods of being non verbal? do they use sign language? do they talk? do they prefer text, etc?
Magnus is typically pretty verbal, but when he’s extremely stressed he struggles with talking a little and would just prefer not to. I don’t think he knows sign language but he would love to learn. Another thing to do with his hands!

12. Is there any senses they struggle with particularly? (hearing, taste, etc)
I think hearing is Magnus’s biggest struggle. He gets overwhelmed by it most, but I also think he has auditory processing issues so even though he hears everything he can’t always understand it or process it right.

13. their special interests?
Carpentry. Dogs. Arms. His most recent one is being a rogue.

14. are they open about being autistic or do they prefer to keep it to themselves?
I think like a lot of things in Magnus’s life, he kind of assumed the way he acted was normal and didn’t question it for a long time, so he’s only recently understood himself as autistic. However I think he’s pretty open about it.

9

@actuallyadhd

[Image Descriptions:

All slides have a light blue background, and the text is written in blue rectangles with rounded corners.

Slide 1: The title is in white text inside a dark blue circle that is centred in the slide.

Sensory Overload And how to cope

Slide 2: The header is in a dark blue rectangle and white text, and the body is in a pale blue rectangle and black text.

Sensory overload has been found to be associated with disorders such as:

  • Fibromyalgia (FM)
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Autistic spectrum disorders
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  • Synesthesia

Slide 3: The text is in three pale blue rectangles that go horizontally across the slide. All use black text. The last rectangle has four smaller dark blue rectangles with white text inside it for the four points. The text is centred in all of the rectangles.

Sensory overload occurs when one (or more) of the body’s senses experiences over-stimulation from the environment.

Basically it feels like everything is happening at once, and is happening too fast for you to keep up with.

Sensory overload can result from the overstimulation of any of the senses.

Hearing: Loud noise or sound from multiple sources, such as several people talking at once.

Sight: Bright lights, strobe lights, or environments with lots of movement such as crowds or frequent scene changes on TV.

Smell and Taste: Strong aromas or spicy foods.

Touch: Tactile sensations such as being touched by another person or the feel of cloth on skin.

Slide 4: A heading in two light blue rectangles with black text, followed by a table with a dark blue first row that has white text, and then alternating pale blue and white rows with black text. (The table is not really a table, it is just a four-column list.)

Obviously, everyone reacts in differently to sensory overload.

Some behavioural examples are:

Irritability — “Shutting down” — Covers eyes around bright lights — Difficulty concentrating
Angry outbursts — Refuses to interact and participate — Covers ears to close out sounds or voices — Jumping from task to task without completing
Overexcitement — Low energy levels — Difficulty speaking — Compains about noises not effecting others
High energy levels — Sleepiness/fatigue — poor eye contact — Overly sensitive to sounds/lights/touch
Fidgeting and restlessness — Avoids touching/being touched — Muscle tension — Difficulty with social interactions

Slide 5: The header is in a dark blue box with pointy corners and white text. The body is in a pale blue box with pointy corners and black text.

There are two different methods to prevent sensory overload: avoidance and setting limits:

  • Create a more quiet and orderly environment - keeping the noise to a minimum and reducing the sense of clutter.
  • Rest before big events.
  • Focus your attention and energy on one thing at a time.
  • Restrict time spent on various activities.
  • Select settings to avoid crowds and noise.
  • One may also limit interactions with specific people to help prevent sensory overload.

Slide 6: This looks the same as the last slide except the text in the header is black.

It is important in situations of sensory overload to calm oneself and return to a normal level.

  • Remove yourself from the situation.
  • Deep pressure against the skin combined with proprioceptive input that stimulates the receptors in the joints and ligaments often calms the nervous system.
  • Reducing sensory input such as eliminating distressing sounds and lowering the lights can help.
  • Calming, focusing music works for some.
  • Take an extended rest if a quick break doesn’t relieve the problem.

Slide 7: Four light blue rectangles with rounded corners, stacked one above the other, with black text.

What if someone you know is experiencing sensory overload?

Recognize the onset of overload. If they appear to have lost abilities that they usually have, such as forgetting how to speak, this is often a sign of severe overload.

Reduce the noise level. If they are in a noisy area, offer to guide them somewhere more quiet. Give time to process questions and respond, because overload tends to slow processing. If you can control the noise level, for example by turning off music, do so.

Do not touch or crowd them. Many people in SO are hypersensitive to touch - being touched or thinking they are about to be touched can worsen the overload. If they are seated or are a small child, get down to their level instead of looming above them.

Slide 8: Similar to previous slide, only with three rectangles instead of four.

Don’t talk more than necessary. Ask if you need to in order to help, but don’t try to say something reassuring or get them talking about something else. Speech is sensory input, and can worsen overload.

If they have a jacket, they may want to put it on and put the hood up. This helps to reduce stimulation, and many people find the weight of a jacket comforting. If their jacket is not within reach, ask them if they want you to bring it. A heavy blanket can also help in a similar way.

Don’t react to aggression. Don’t take it personally. It is rare for someone who is overloaded to cause serious harm, because they don’t want to hurt you, just get out of the situation. Aggression often occurs because you tried to touched/restrained/blocked their escape.

Slide 9: Similar to previous slide, only with two rectangles instead of three.

When they have calmed down, be aware that they will often be tired and more susceptible to overload for quite awhile afterwards. It can take hours or days to fully recover from an episode of sensory overload. If you can, try to reduce stress occurring later on as well.

If they start self-injuring, you should usually not try to stop them. Restraint is likely to make their overload worse. Only intervene if they are doing something that could cause serious injury, such as hard biting or banging their head. It’s a lot better to deal with self-injury indirectly by lowering overload.

Slide 10: The header is in a dark blue rectangle with white text, and the other text is in a row of five dark blue circles with white text. The text is centred in all shapes.

To summarise - Remember the 5 R’s

Recognise
The symptoms of overload

Remove
Yourself from the situation

Reduce
the stimulus causing the overload

Relax
Your body and calm yourself down

Rest
Yourself as you will most likely feel fatigue.]

Autistics have a tendency to either not explain enough (and use “unnecessarily” complicated words and concepts), or to over-explain every detail. This is because autistic people have difficulty intuitively and unconsciously inferring the mental states of the people they’re talking to.

The key words here are intuitively and unconsciously.

Cognitive empathy can be learned. If I sit down and think about it, I can easily predict that a 35-year-old college professor knows what an “internet forum” is, or that the little boy I babysit who loves mobile games already knows what “Candy Crush” is.

But that takes time. In the moment, during the rapid back and forth of conversation, that level of intentional reasoning is far more difficult.

An autistic will often either speak entirely from her own perspective, leaving essential terms undefined, or she will default to explaining everything, even the details and backstory that her audience already knows and understands.

Often, the former applies to children, or autistic adults who have not been frequently and/or overtly criticized for their complex speech patterns (usually, these people are men in scientific or academic fields). The latter category—pedantic over-explanation—most often applies to adults, and especially autistic women, because it is the result of a person becoming aware over time of this difficulty with conversational theory of mind. It’s a natural attempt to compensate.

Many autistic adults have grown up in a world where their overly complicated explanations are constantly pointed out and criticized. A world where their audiences routinely ask for explanation of points that the autistics themselves may see as “obvious.”

Over time, an autistic may learn that they cannot accurately predict what their audience does and does not know.

This is especially common in women, who are more heavily and openly critiqued on their social skills, and their use of conversational empathy. This life-long evidence of personal struggle with inferring an audience’s prior knowledge means that the autistic adult may now explain everything “just in case.”

I am especially guilty of this. If a person does not interrupt me to say “I know” during one of my unnecessary over-explanations (which, I’ve discovered, is the case for most polite neurotypicals) I will ramble on 10x longer than I need to, explaining every single inconsequential detail.

…I’m that deadly annoying combination of incessantly chatty and “just in case” clarification. How am I supposed to know whether a person has heard of Bill Gates, or knows what a bonobo is, or understands the difference between biology and microbiology?

If I don’t stop to explain, I inevitably say something that my audience doesn’t understand, and I lose their interest, or worse, seem rude. But when I over-explain, I come off as annoying and condescending!

I can’t infer which things my audience knows and doesn’t know. But I can’t always rely on a person to ask questions when they don’t know a word, or interrupt to stop me from over-explaining.

— 

The Little Professor is Compensating for Something: Theory of Mind and Pedantic Speech

this is important & part of what helped me realize i was autistic, so i’m sharing it for anyone else who can relate.

I am often told:

“Everyone experiences that.”

“That’s happened to me.”

While this may be true, and I appreciate the sympathy, it also makes it hard for me to forgive myself.

If everyone has trouble making friends, why am I so often alone?

If everyone is overwhelmed by loud noises, why do restaurants and concerts and carnivals scare me?
If everyone forgets and misuses words sometimes, why am I often incapable of getting others to understand what I’m trying to say?
Does this mean I’m weak? Does this mean I’m lazy? Does this mean I’m not trying?
No.

NO!

Because you may experience something once, but I experience it constantly.

Something may occasionally bother you, but it is a constant obstacle for me.

When I tell you something is hard for me, and you tell me it’s hard for everyone…
You are not helping.

You are planting seeds of doubt.
You are telling me all the work I put into surviving each day is worthless, because I shouldn’t have to do that work at all.
Please. Don’t.

do any other autistic / adhd / etc people have that problem where you forget what you were going to do so you walk around in circles, (subconsciously) hoping you’ll remember what it was just by looking at things that may trigger your memory? while that’s going on, you’re actually just daydreaming & pretending to care abt it??

it’s like retracing your steps but without effort

Newt Scamander is my autistic son

(Mild spoilers for the movie Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them)

- Almost never makes direct eye contact with people
- Special interest in magical creatures
- Gets so fixated on things (like his creatures) that he becomes unaware of his surroundings, even if they’re dangerous
- Says that people don’t tend to like him, they usually think he’s annoying
- Speaks quietly, mumbles, and generally has a stilted way of speaking
- Sometimes uses scripts that don’t quite work for the situation, like when he’s first introducing himself to Kowalski and Tina
- Doesn’t follow social norms or laws (like those of the American wizarding government) if they don’t align with his values
- Gets frustrated/confused when people suddenly change the rules, like when Tina says they actually shouldn’t obliviate Kowalski
- Decides that he likes and is friends with Kowalski but forgets to actually let him KNOW that until the very end of the film (lord knows I’ve done this)
- Prefers creatures to people and has an easier time understanding the former
- He also seems to empathize with creatures as being things that are misunderstood
- Has hyperempathy, especially for for his creatures and people who are hurting (like Credence)
- Comes up with out-of-the-box, creative solutions for problems because it doesn’t occur to him to BE in the box

stop telling trans kids that everyone has a phase of thinking they’re the opposite gender

stop telling autistic ppl that everyone’s “a little autistic”

stop telling aromantics/asexuals to wait for the right person

stop telling bisexuals that they’re “half straight”

stop invalidating people’s identity and start accepting that people are different to yourself and that’s okay