- Softy’s Guide to Acids -

Different Acids & what they’re good for

The Most Common:

Salicylic Acid – acne!!! But veryyyyy drying so if you have dry skin and acne be very careful (only spot treat) or use a gentler acid

Glycolic Acid – brightening, smoothing, lightening pigmentation, helps with fine lines, treats acne; pretty much good for most skin types

Hyaluronic Acid – moisture moisture moisture! Soft, plump skin – helps strengthen & protect the skin’s moisture barrier

Lactic Acid – v. gentle, good for those with dry & sensitive skin (has a moisturizing element because it’s derived from milk)

Ascorbic Acid – aka Vitamin C! Great for fine lines and brightening

Other less common acids:

Azelaic Acid – most commonly found in prescribed skin care treatments, good for inflammation, redness & bacterial acne

Citric Acid – antioxidant; good for those with who have early signs of aging and sun spots

Kojic Acid – a skin lightening agent that can often be very irritating

Linoleic Acid – a lighter version of Oleic acid, so its a much better moisturizer for people with oily skin

Lipolic Acid – a “universal antioxidant”, anti-aging, fights free-radicals

Malic Acid – gentle & good for clearing acne – so if you have acne-prone skin that’s too dry for salicylic acid, try this

Mandelic Acid – has the largest molecule of all AHAs meaning it penerates the skin slower so its suuuuuuper good for people with sensitive skin

Oleic Acid – a fatty acid found in oils like argan, and olive oil, creates a moisturizing seal, might be too moisturizing for people who don’t have dry skin

Tartaric Acid – smoothes skin texture

*DISCLAIMER : alwaysss patch test when trying a new product/acid because you don’t know how your skin will react – also, only try one new product at a time so you know exactly what product is giving you which reaction/result!

anonymous asked:

Thank you for all of your hard work Aunt Scripty <3 My characters are part of a city that has lived underground for security reasons for a 100 years or so. My question is, if a group of 20 or so of them head out into the sunlight for the first time, what range of impacts could it have on their health? They have a physician among them taking notes and comparing it to their condition back underground

Hey there nonny! This is an interesting question, and while it’s an unusual one for me, I’m going to give it a go. 

First, I don’t think it’s possible for them to have survived completely underground without sunlight of any kind unless all they’re eating is fish. You didn’t mention whether this is future, present, or past, so I’m going with present and I apologize if I got the time frame wrong. 

What Are They Like Underground?

Here’s what the what: remember that these humans need to eat, and mostly what they’ll be eating is plants, and plants need so much sunlight to grow, which means either a) they have at least one area where they get and use sunlight – I’m thinking a big hole in the roof of one area (I’m imagining caves, sorry if this is wrong) and arable soil underneath, b) they only eat what they brought down there with them, bunker style, or c) they are relying on fish from an underground river, which may or may not work and may or may not be enough to sustain your population. Humans can survive almost entirely on fish, but it’s not exactly a pleasant survival to eat the same thing over and over and over again – but I’m sure all of this is stuff that you’ve thought through and already solved. 

One of the big questions is Vitamin D. The body uses sunlight to produce Vitamin D from its base components. It’s not found in the human diet so much except in products that we’ve fortified, such as milk, and vitD deficiency is common even in our above-ground world for those of us (like me!) who work indoors. 

One thing to look at is therefore a disease called Rickets, in which the bones fail to mineralize properly due to VitD deficiency, and the bones are soft, easy to break, and often deformed. Asthma is another health problem associated with VitD deficiency, especially in children, and VitD deficiency has been implicated in hypertension, heart disease, high cholesterol, and cancer. 

Fish does contain a certain amount of vitamin D, but not an enormous quantity, as do egg yolks, so if your characters are eating eggs and fish they might have lesser forms of the disease. 

Also, remember that these people will have paler skin regardless of their skin color; that is, even those with heavily pigmented skin won’t tan in the caves because they won’t have sunlight, so they’ll default to only what their genes have given them. Once outside they’ll start to tan – even those with dark skin – and get a bit darker.

Let’s not forget scurvy as another form of malnutrition. Scurvy is Vitamin C deficiency taken to an extreme, which causes weakness, lethargy, sore limbs, bleeding gums, and a general tendency towards bleeding and difficulty stopping  bleeding. Scurvy is a big problem that is fairly easily solved; citrus fruits are a natural source, and ascorbic acid, a common preservative, is just another name for Vitamin C. If your characters are eating large amounts of preserved food, and that food is preserved with ascorbic acid, it’s likely that they won’t have horrendous vitamin C deficiencies, especially if they’re eating canned citrus on the regular. 

In short, your characters might be fairly sick from living the lifestyle that they’re living, depending on what they’re eating and how much. 

Here Comes the Sun (doo-do-doo-do!)

And I say, it’s alright…

There are a lot of impacts seeing the sun for the first time could have on their physical welfare, and it’s worth taking a look at all of them. 

For one, their eyes are going to have to take some time adjusting to the brightness. I don’t think there would be any actual damage per se, but headaches and vision troubles could be a problem in the first few days. 

Myopia might be A Thing, since, having never been outside, these characters may never have had to use their distance vision; they may be near-sighted. They may have trouble focusing on things at a distance. 

For another, VitD deficiency is going to get a lot better because, well, humans make Vitamin D in the presence of sunlight.

A whole mess of them are going to get sunburns, including those with dark skin, and depending on the time of year and the latitude at which the characters’s underground home was made, they might wind up with blisters or sun poisoning. Heat exhaustion during the summer is going to be A Thing. 

If it’s winter, there’s actually a different problem, which is – the temperature underground tends to be remarkably resistant to changes in temperature above the surface, so their cave / bunker might be a very consistent temperature, and they might not be prepared for winter up above. Frostbite, frostnip, hypothermia might all be common, since temperatures underground tend to be in the 50s-60s(F), where temperatures above can be…. extremely cold, by comparison.

Next question: what do they eat when they’re Above? Are they eating the flora? is the flora safe to eat? Consider what they might decide to eat, and look at the health consequences of that. Blueberries might be fine, and if they hunt, hunting animals might be fine, but if they went underground to escape, say, radioactivity, and they start eating radioactive plants, they miiiiight wind up with radiation poisoning. Also, those with genetic allergies might discover those allergies Up Above that might not have bothered them in the cave, though most allergies will take time to develop. 

Lastly, where are they getting their water? Is their water safe to drink? If they’re downstream of a place with poor sanitation, cholera could definitely become a problem, as could various forms of worms; if they’re smart they’ll have some form of purification system (iodine tablets, UV purifiers, boiling) but if not, they may get sick from the water. 

In short, the sunlight itself isn’t really that big of an issue beyond sunburns (which no one will know how to prevent), but there are a lot of nutritional issues that you might want to consider when building your story and your world. 

I hope this has been useful and I’ll gladly see you later. Bye bye! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


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If You Swear And Say C.U.S.S Word Wiyhout Pormission From Catholic….

POPE Osvaldo Garrick Reginaldi Ascorbic XI (And Many More Fellow POPE)

Will Write Yoar Name Down And Send You Rot.

Quick fact. Ready?
Vitamin C is not only a very important antioxidant, but it’s also essential for the production of many other biological agents such as carnitine, collagen, and norepinephrine.

Vitamin C can be obtained naturally through food sources, or through additional supplementation in the form of ascorbic acid. Optimally, one should rely on multiple sources as supposed to just one.



Mori Ougai and Elise

Mori: Now then! Let’s eat the soumen that Akutagawa-kun bought for us!
Elise: I’m full so I don’t want any!
Mori: Elise-chan! This is why I warned you not to eat too much cake for snack. It’s bad for your health if you don’t properly eat your meals…… First of all, if I may explain why we eat soumen for Tanabata, there are many theories, but one of them is that soumen represents the Milky Way or Orihime’s weaving threads. It’s very romantic, isn’t it? I really want to eat soumen together with you, Elise-chan~
Elise: Rintarou, shut up!

Higuchi Ichiyou and Akutagawa Ryuunosuke

Higuchi: i was called out to cook soumen, but…… the boss just said something shocking. Akutagawa-senpai! Senpai went out to shop…? Did you go and run errands?! If you had told me, I would’ve done that much!
Akutagawa: Higuchi, shut up.
Higuchi: My apologies!! But, uhm, uh…. that senpai would go shopping for the boss….
Akutagawa: I wasn’t running errands! ………It was a mission.

Black Lizard (Tachihara, Hirotsu, Gin)

Tachihara: The boss should’ve told us to go shopping instead of Bro Akutagawa. 
Hirotsu: Tachihara. There is no way it is possible for us to understand the boss’s foresight and decisions. It must have been an important mission, not an errand.
Tachihara: Sure sure, I’ll leave it at that. Still, I can’t imagine the sight of Bro Akutagawa shopping. He was able to properly pay, right…?
Gin: ………..

Kajii Motojirou and Mori Ougai

Kajii: Uhaha! It seems like you’re doing something very interesting here! Great Space Leader (*he’s practically calling Mori “boss”. Kajii needs to chill when speaking.)! Please include this scientific genius, Kajii!
Mori: Ohhh, Kajii-kun. Also, what are you holding…..?
Kajii: Lemons, of course! By the way, the L-ascorbic acid and common vitamin C in lemons have strong reduction action and can reduce and erase the active oxygen in the hydroxy radical and hydrogen peroxide in your body! As expected of my beautiful spindle shapes! 
Mori: I get it! I get it, so stop splashing lemon juice everywhere! My eyes, my eyes sting!
Kajii: Uwahahahahahaha!!

don’t want it, i i i
don’t want its familiar shape
don’t want terrestrial pressures
don’t want it, not today

can’t handle it, my stiff arms
they don’t bend– not that way
can’t have it, i i i
can’t want it– it can’t stay

all dissolves with ten little oranges
divided, popped like clockwork
nothing swells save my blasted tongue;
ascorbic acid thins our blood

no one sees the bruises i get
from praying, no one
knows my angel’s shame
i suck the bitter from the peels,

down acid to clear my name.

// agent orange

anonymous asked:

So what should I use to get rid of acne scarring fairly quickly?

honestly there’s no way to get rid of acne scarring quickly. the time and extent to which ur skin will heal really depends on your genes, how deeply into your skin the scar tissue goes, and the type of scar left behind– there is a big difference between acne marks and bone fide acne scars
acne marks can be divided into two categories: post-inflammatory erythema and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
-post-inflammatory erythema, or PIE, usually appears on the skin as pink, red, or even purple marks following acne lesions and can take up to several months to disappear naturally. PIE stems from the body’s natural increase in hemoglobin to the inflamed area, and as such will be more prominent on lighter skin tones. Since it is a vascular response to skin trauma or injury, PIE is best treated by focusing on reducing skin stressors and adding ingredients that are anti-inflammatory. This means preventing further damage from free radicals by using sunscreen, avoiding physical scrubs that will exacerbate the wounds already caused by your acne (this includes trying to pick at your blemishes), and protecting your skin barrier by using low pH cleanser. Look for products with niacinamide (you’ll probably need a concentration of at least 4%), vitamin C (for success in fading PIE, look for at least 20% concentration of L-ascorbic acid, or azelaic acid which has been shown to reduce redness), retinoids (these work by stimulating collagen to mask the damaged capillaries that cause PIE, but since retinoids can cause redness it might not be the best option), and green tea and camellia extracts. realistically tho, the best cure for mild PIE is time. these marks arent permanent and usually go away within a few weeks 
-post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (not the same as sun spots, freckles, or melasma) manifests as brown spots and fade even more slowly than PIE. PIH is caused by an overproduction of melanin, which is the body’s natural way of protecting damaged skin from further damage. as such, PIH is best treated by avoiding further UV exposure (i.e. broad spectrum sunscreen with at least spf 30) that could lead to an imbalance of melanocytes in the skin and ingredients that act as melanin inhibitors (just a psa im NOT talking about skin bleaching or lightening!!!! when i say melanin inhibitors, im referring to products that lessen the severity of our body’s natural reaction to injury, which is to send excess melanin to the affected area). just like for PIE, vit c, AHA, and vit a (like rosehip seed oil) work well for PIH (particularly at a higher concentration, like 20% for vit c and 30% for AHA). niacinamide (disrupts the transfer of melanin between cells) works particularly well with n-acetyl glusosamine or tranexamic acid to fade melanin-related discoloration. other ingredients that are effective for treating PIH inhibit the tyrosinase enzyme, which is responsible for melanin production. alpha arbutin (gentler form of hydroquinone; can be used to spot treat) and licorice root (due to its naturally occurring glabridin) work extremely well. kojic acid (can be found in fermented rice products) complements hydroquinone; however, hydroquinone is somewhat of a harsh treatment and may not be an option for darker skin tones as it has a tendency to create a lightened “halo” around the area that it’s applied to.
-acne scars occur because of tissue damage in the skin that caused an imbalance in collagen production during wound healing. these can appear as hypertrophic scars (most common on the chest and back and caused by overproduction of collagen) or atrophic scars (common aftermath of clinical cystic acne on the face and the result of an underproduction of collagen in the damaged skin). i honestly don’t know if there are any home remedies or over-the-counter products to improve these types of scars where textural damage is involved. the most effective treatments include lasers (work by restructuring collagen in the skin; but psa erbium laser resurfacing doesn’t work well for deeper skin tones), dermal fillers (these can range from hyaluronic acid to botox), and steroid injections (such as cortisone; these are especially effective for the tough, leathery scars known as keloids), all of which should be handled by a licensed dermatologist. there is some evidence that dermarolling (which is an at-home version of micro-needling) can help atrophic scars by creating microtears that stimulate the body’s healing mechanism of collagen production; however, the likelihood of damaging your skin and getting bacterial infections due to poor aftercare and sterilization are really high and i personally wouldnt recommend the practice.
regardless of what type of post-acne troubles ur having, pls be gentle and patient with your skin!💕💕💕

3am work conversations on semen allergies

So it’s the witching hour at work and we are googling management of vulvar edema in trauma patients and semen allergies surprisingly comes ups as a cause and we click on it (we are a curious bunch) and it turns out it’s not too uncommon as semen is made up of protien complexes found in many foods. In fact, semen contains very modest quantities of the following substances: aboutonia, ascorbic acid, blood-group antigens, calcium, chlorine, cholesterol, choline, citric acid, creatine, deoxyribonucleic acid, fructose, glutathione, hyaluronidase, inositol, lactic acid, magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, purine, pyrimidine, pyruvic acid, sodium, sorbitol, spermidine, spermine, urea, uric acid, vitamin B12, and zinc! Sounds pretty healthy to me 😜

Review:  Physician’s Formula Cushion Foundation

Physicians Formula Mineral Wear All-In-One ABC Cushion Foundation

What it is:  A compact sponge soaked in lightweight, mineral based foundation
What it does:  Provides convenient, portable packaging for a liquid foundation with protective SPF 50
What it costs:  $17
Where to get it:  Drugstores or online

See my YouTube Review:  HilTalksBeauty



- Portable and extremely convenient packaging

- Lightweight, natural-looking formula

- Broad-spectrum sun protection

- Free of parabens, gluten, and fragrances

- Hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic (does not contain pore-clogging ingredients)


- Very limited shade selection

- The packaging is bulky

- Pricey for the drugstore

Would Recommend to:

- People with a medium skin tone

- People with normal-to-dry skin, or people who prefer a natural finish

- People who want a “barely-there” look, light coverage

- People who are looking for natural SPF all in one

Would NOT Recommend to:

- People with fair or tan-to-deep skin tones

- People who require a matte finish

- People who desire medium to full coverage

- People looking for a long-wearing foundation

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

hi, im thinking about getting a vitamin c product from the ordinary, but im not really sure what the difference between all of them is, do you have any recommendations for someone with combo acne prone skin thats a little sensitive?

Hello! As a begginer to vitamin C, I would suggest either the Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12%, Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate Solution 20% in Vitamin F, or Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate 10%. AG for oilier skin, AT for drier skin, and MAP if you really want to focus on brightening the skin. 

I would suggest you start with one of the above and then work your way up to an L-Ascorbic Acid at ~20%. This is the most effective type and concentration of vitamin C. Ex. Drunk Elephant C-Firma Day Serum or Timeless C E Ferulic Acid Serum.

anonymous asked:

I'm very insecure about going out bare faced. I have a lot of dark spots & acne scars. Is there a product on the market that clears this or will I have to go to a dermatologist and have a laser treatment done?

Products (some are spot treatments, some are for the entire face):

For at home SA and vitamin C are the best bet. Retinol is a great option if you’re in your 20′s+ too! You can always go to a dermatologist. A good Chemical Peel series can do wonders. They might suggest laser treatments depending on what they think is best.

KuroKen + 20: Romantic Kiss

For Winny, who gave me the “anything goes” kiss prompt which I had slightly too much fun with. I feel slightly bad for Kuroo in this but not really.

The stage is set.

Kuroo’s spritzed some of Kai’s weird cologne on, the one that smells faintly like crumble (now, see, Kai is a good friend and didn’t ask questions when Kuroo asked to borrow it, whilst Yaku told him upfront that he smells like a bakery and good sardonic luck getting laid tonight. Kuroo called him an ascorbic acid, and Yaku called him an alpha-tocopherol, which is just plain rude.) He’s got rose petals from the off-cuts at the local florist scattered about the living room floor and loveseat, two playlists of romantic piano covers of game soundtracks ready on his phone, and some dimmed down lamps on the floor with the blinds drawn.

Kuroo’s got classic romantic evening in the bag, absolutely, and the cincher is this: he comes into the bedroom slow, smiling, and swoops in on Kenma with the tenderest, most loving kiss he can lay—

And falls flat on his face as Kenma rolls out from underneath him.

“BDKNEMDBA—Kenma!” he manages after he extracts himself from the pillow, which is probably scarred for life after accidentally receiving the romantic snog of a lifetime. “What the hell?”

“I’m two minutes away from the current boss and I don’t have work tomorrow,” Kenma says, shuffling backwards across the floor and still fixated on his 3DS, “so if you think I’m putting my game on pause for making out—”

anonymous asked:

do you have any recommendations for healing deep acne scars (not the pigmented kind, the indented, crater kind)?

honestly honey u will likely need professional treatment with lazers or microneedling to achieve the kind of collagen stimulation and restructuring required to heal atrophic scars. these can be really pricey and they will probably require multiple visits to a dermatology clinic, but pls resist the temptation to try to diy these types of procedures (im talking specifically about at home dermarolling). the chance of infection or accidentally traumatizing the skin further is too great for someone who hasnt been trained. if u cant afford those treatments, ur next best bet is to incorporate ingredients that aid in collagen synthesis– there was a really interesting study that showed that treatments combining retinoic acid and glycolic acid (DONT try mixing these at home, you can seriously hurt ur skin. they need to be professionally formulated, possibly prescribed by a doctor) significantly helped ppl with pitted acne scars, and that research seemed the most promising out of everything i read. vitamin c (ascorbic acid is a cofactor of collagen production), copper tripeptides (copper is a cofactor for lysyl oxidase, which is the enzyme that in turn primes the amino acids lysine and hydroxylysine to form the basic crosslinks of collagen and elastin), and niacinamide might all help somewhat as well, although none of this is a guaranteed cure. atrophic scars are sometimes impossible to completely get rid of bc the tissue damage can be so extensive, so if you try these solutions and nothing helps, u can try using humectants to plump the skin and make your scars less noticeable (hyaluronic acid and glycerin would be most helpful for this).

anonymous asked:

what skincare regime would you recommend for someone w oily acne prone skin w hyperpigmentation?

that’s kinda like my skin type, minus the oily. skin twins.. i know your struggle. 

also, what works for me may not work for you. always, always make sure to patch test before use! especially us acne prone people. i’m also not a skin care expert.. i’m just trying to pass on what i’ve learned from like 7-8 years of skin care, and dealing with acne.

//// super long post, just warning everyone. i’ll have a tl;dr at the bottom of the post for those who just want a short summary of the post! i talk too much

basically, my routine goes something like this: oil cleanser (if i’m wearing makeup) > foaming cleanser > pH adjusting toner > chemical exfoliation of the day (either vitamin c, BHA or an AHA. i rotate between the 3. don’t use all of them at once you’ll ruin your skin) > 30 minute wait, tbh i only do like 5 minutes i’m lazy > first essence > toner > serum > another serum > another serum > gel moisturizer > eye creams > finish.

what your ideal basic routine would look like is something like this:

oil cleanse (when using makeup) > foam > BHA > wait > toner > serum > gel moisturizer > eye cream > finish.


so, first things first that’s the most important part of a skin care routine is cleansing. if you wear makeup 2 cleansers is ideal. basically an oil (or balm type, it’s just a matter of preference) cleanser to get rid of makeup, and then a pH balanced foam or gel cleanser. you gotta make sure it’s pH balanced! 

there’s a couple of studies shown that using a cleanser that doesn’t disrupt the acid mantle. so what that basically means is that the ideal skin pH is at 5.5 (which is slightly acidic) and if it’s too acidic or too basic it’ll cause problem to the skin making it too dry or too oily. 

basically, if you cleanse with a cleanser that’s too basic, which most of them are btw at a pH of around 7 without water…, you’ll get that squeaky clean face which is not good at all! i know some people prefer that feeling but you shouldn’t be feeling like that after a cleanse. you’ve dried your face out and raised its pH.

washing your face with a balanced cleanser (5.5 without water, around a 7 with water depending on the pH of your tap water) is ideal and preps your skin for your other skincare steps. look for ones ranging from around 5-5.5. i’ll link some articles at the bottom if anyone wants to read more into the acid mantle and skin pH.

some foaming/gel cleanser recs: cerave foaming cleanser (which is my ultimate fav.. would die without it.), hada labo foaming cleanser (the one in the pump bottle, this), and cosrx gel cleanser.

oil cleansers are kinda tough to find, in my experience.. it took me years to find one that didn’t break me out and it’s not even an emulsifying oil cleanser. just straight up coconut oil that i have to wash away with my foam cleanser. i don’t rec it though, only a couple of people can use it without breaking out because it’s extremely comedogenic.. you’ll have to look around, test a few to find the one that’s meant to be..


next is chemical exfoliation… 

ok first before anything, i just wanna rec something if you live in the us. it’s called curology, which is basically prescription skincare for acne or anti-aging, online. i don’t get anything for basically promoting them but i should because i keep talking about them, they owe me money.. i’ve read soo many reviews about them and how they saved so many people’s skin. i wanna get it so bad but it’s not available in canada.. it’s also literally only $20 per month and that’s for the your own skin tailored prescription, consultation with a derm 24/7 whenever you want, and the bottle is pretty big too.

anyways.. moving on. chemical exfoliation saved my skin. mostly BHA but AHA is just as great too.. 

i’m just gonna talk about BHA and vitamin c.. BHA is an exfoliator (btw, don’t ever use exfoliators with little particles. so bad for your skin) that penetrates oils and cleans out your pores, it’s more recommended for oily/acne skin. i’m not gonna go too in depth, i’ll just post some articles if you want to read more about it! i don’t wanna make this post too long.

vitamin c is for pigmentation! if you wanna fade it, invest in a good vitamin c. preferably one with ferulic acid and vitamin e which prolong the shelf life and also enhance the effects of the vitamin c, if you’re going to buy a serum with l-ascorbic acid. there’s different types like MAP but l-ascobic is the most popular type.

make sure to work your way up when starting chemical exfoliation.. like for example starting off once a week, then twice, then three times. you’ll have an initial purge and that’s normal for like 2 weeks, anything longer than 2 months is breakout. also, you do not purge from any other product other than exfoliants and retinols! so if you experience a breakout from anything else, you’re just breaking out so stop using that product.

BHA recs: paula’s choice BHA (it’s nice, i find it leaves a weird film on my face… kinda expensive though. uses 2% salicylic acid which is a stronger BHA), cosrx BHA.. i think it’s called blackhead? blackhead bha maybe. the one in the see thro white bottle (my goddamn fav, i would die without you)

vitamin c recs: timeless skin care vitamin c (fav), OST vitamin c (not that stable but fades pigmentation really fast from what i’ve read), paulas choice vitamin c (again.. kinda expensive)


toners are easy peasy. just don’t get ones with alcohol plus ingredients you’re into (green tea, licorice, niacinamide, centella, etc) and you’re all good! it’s just another moisturizing step.

toner recs: hada labo lotion (it’s called a lotion but its more of a toner. it has hyaluronic acid which retains moisture.), acwell licorice pH balancing toner (licorice is so good for fading pigmentation!!!), ceracolla moisturizing facial lotion (with ceramides.. so good)


serums are the most important.. also my favourite part of my routine. ingredients to look out for acne prone skin are propolis, green tea, centella, snail, and niacinamide (super good for lightening scars).

i’m into diy-ing my own serums now. which is pretty easy to do with water soluble ingredients.. i do my own niacinamide serum and i’m working on some other ones as well. that’s also an option if you’re interested. 

serum recs: cosrx snail essence, tosowoong propolis serum, pure heals centella 90 ampoule, benton snail bee essence


next step is moisturizers. i’ll just link gel moisturizers, cream moisturizers, sleeping packs, oils and eye creams all together since they’re all function the same.

gel moisturizers if you’re oily, cream if you’re dry..

i know if you’re oily you’re probably cringing at the fact of putting more oil on your face but there’s a few research studies that show putting oil on your face helps stop your face from producing more excess oil.

sleeping packs are just mainly another hydration layer for when you’re about to sleep.

eye creams.. i know a lot of people say they aren’t necessary but i need them. my eye area feels dry as hell without them and also i need that extra brightening around there.

gel moisturizer recs: mizon snail recovery gel, mizon all in one snail, rosette ceramide gel

cream thick moisturizer recs (most of which contain fatty alcohols which have been know to make some acneprone people break out! so beware and patch test): benton snail bee steam cream, cosrx honey ceramide cream, most cosrx creams.. honestly. i love cosrx

sleeping packs recs: cosrx honey sleeping pack, cosrx rice sleeping pack, sulwhasoo overnight vitalizing mask

oils (make sure they’re cold pressed) recs: jojoba oil, argan oil

eye cream recs: mizon snail eye cream, manyo 4gf eye cream (fav! its really thick though so it’s not ideal under makeup)


end! that was soo long.. but i feel like i had to get all this info out..

TL;DR: just look thro the recs .. look thro the ingredients list, see what you like. curology is a really good alternative to a dermatologist! MAKE SURE YOU PATCH TEST!!!!!!!! cleansing is most important, get a pH balanced cleanser. BHA is good for acne prone skin but make sure you read up on it before using.

some good sites about acid mantle:

info about bha and chemical exfoliation:

that’s it i think….i feel like i forgot somethings .. last few parts were written in a rush…. but finish

Aquatic plant nutrition - An overview

Our green, red and orange photosynthesizing friends need care beyond being wet and I will elaborate what are the key points of aquatic plant nutrition.

Liebig’s law of the minimum states that the least available nutrient is the limiter of growth. Or positively put, fertilizing the scarcest nutrient(s) will improve growth, often greatly. Of the law is an gross oversimplification of the biological processes behind plant metabolism, but in the aquatic practice it makes an good estimate.


  1. Derived from air and water: Hydrogen, Oxygen and Carbon as H2O, O2 and CO2 . Water is obviously abundant underwater, Oxygen diffuses into water through the surface as well as produced by photosynthesis and thus most often abundant too. While Carbon Dioxide also diffuses into the water and is produced by the decay of organic matter, the conzentrations are rather low and in general the limiting factor of photosynthesis and plant metabolism. One can decide to artificially dissolve CO2  in one aquarium, enabling the use of high intensity lighting, leading to an much higher metabolic rate and growth but also to more demand for other nutrients, of course. Still, common aquatic plants are adapted to conzentrations found in aquaria without additional CO2 source, so you don’t have to do any work here.
  2. Primary Macronutrients, Potassium, Phosphorus and Nitrogen, typically encountered as K+ , PO43-  and as parts of the Nitrogen Cycle, NH3/NH4+, NO2-, NO3-. Nitrogen and Phosphorus are generally present in large amounts from fish food and certain substrates, but very heavy planted tanks and tanks under high light need additional fertilization here. Potassium is one minor cation in natural waters and found in traces in organic matter, but it is also needed approximately as much as Nitrate (NO3-), meaning it is in high demand. Water changes are thus the most notable source in home aquaria, but are often insufficient. Thus additional Potassium fertilization is a good way to improve growth in an otherwise unfertilized tank.
  3. Secondary and Tertiary Macronutrients: Calcium, Magnesium and Sulfur. Calcium and Magnesium are as Ca2+ and Mg2+ the major contributors to the General Hardness, GH. They are abundant in all but the softest waters. Sulfur is as Sulfate, SO42-, is a common anion in natural waters and only in very low demand, thus abundant. Unless you plan to never do water changes or have extremely soft waters and lots of plants under high light and additional CO2, you will have no need to fertilize them.


Iron and the rest: They are all traces elements needed to ensure proper metabolism, and the only notable sources is organic matter, aka fish food (or certain substrates). While the demand is low, the supply is even lower. Fertilizing Micronutrients is often the best first step into fertilization and often leads to great improvements in growth and plant health. 

The Delivery, fertilizing the water column and the substrate:

Contrary to terrestrial plants, aquatic plants not only can take up nutrients from the substrate through their roots, but also from the water column. There are many aquatic plants that have roots reduced to mere tools to secure themselves in the substrate or on rocks, some even having no roots at all. No aquatic plant will choose death over having to take up nutrients through the water column, thus fertilizing the water column will be enough to ensure survival and even decent growth. For the best growth however, nutrition through the substrate is also recommended, as there are still many plants in the hobby that root quite heavily, such as Echinodorus spp. and most carpet plants. There are three major types of substrates used in the hobby:

  1. Inert substrates, such as sand or gravel: They contain no available nutrients not do they anything else. Nutrients are added as detritus/mulm gets in between the grains or when the aquarists add root tabs or other substrate fertilizer to them. Sand in particular hardly allows any detritus to get into it, therefore root tabs are highly recommended. Gravel will also benefit from them, of course.
  2. Clay-based substrate, such as Eco-Complete or other substrates. These substrates are themselves just as inert as sand or gravel, but have a trick to get nutritious: Replacement of silicate through ions with lower charge diffusive processes gives clay particles in small negative charge, making adsorb cations, This is called Cation-Exchange-Capability (CEC), meaning in effect clay based substrates can collect cations like a sponge, just waiting for plant to pick them up. This is a notable effect and greatly increases the fertility of the substrate, but still not the best case.
  3. Substrates with organics in it, such as aquasoils or an dirted tank. An dirted tank being an tank where the substrate is organic potting soil capped with a layer sand or gravel. These substrates contain actually nutrients themselves, though it’s mostly Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Still, hummus in a dirted tank has an even higher CEC than clay, is also all-around better. Aquasoils being pellets of compressed and burned volcanic ash have also a notable CEC, making it also all around better than clay-based substrates. Aquasoils in particular also buffer the water to a lower pH and soften it too, that is beneficial for many fish in the hobby and the lowered pH in the substrate helps roots taking up nutrients. On the downside, aquasoils are expensive and sometimes leech toxic ammonia in the first few weeks.

Making your own fertilizer      

Buying bottled fertilizer in a fish store is not very efficient, you pay mostly for water. It is up to hundert times cheaper to buy a few substances from vendors such as GLA or TNC and mix up your own fertilizer. Or for those who want it simpler, using these substances for an fertilization system such as Estimative Index (EI). EI in particular aims to supply nutrition to densely planted tanks with high light and additional CO2, but downscaling it to one fourth is also suitable for tanks without additional CO2.

Simple recipe for EI-style fertilizer, the dosage is 5 ml of each solution daily per 40 liter/10 g of water:

  • Macro-Solution: Dissolve 60 g KNO3, 10 g KH2PO4 in 1 liter of reasonably pure water like RO or destilled water. If you have plants with a high potassium demand, you may dissolve 20 g KSO4 too. 
  • Micro-Solution: Dissolve 1.9 g of TNC Micro-nutrient mix or 2.3 g of CSM+B in 1 liter of reasonably pure water. You may add some ascorbic acid to increase the shelf time, though I found that is often not necessary. 

As a tip, you measure 5 ml easily with an syringe or and dosing pump (like from a dispenser) 

Feel free to ask/PM me questions if you have some.

detailed vegan nutrient list (every nutrient necessary for humans to thrive)

i’ve been recieving a lot of requests to make my vegan nutrition list rebloggable, so here’s an amazing reference list of plant based nutrition (also available on my vegan nutrition page:

VITAMIN A/BETA-CAROTENE – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, apricots, avocados, bananas, broccoli, cabbage, cacao/chocolate, cantaloupe, carrots, cayenne pepper, celery, cherries, chlorella, garlic, grapefruit, green vegetables (leafy), green peppers, honeydew, kale, kelp, lucuma powder, mango, nori, oranges, papaya, parsley, peas, persimmons, pineapple, prunes, pumpkin, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), sweet potato, tomato, watermelon, wheat, winter squash, wheatgrass, yams, yellow fruits, yellow squash and yellow vegetables
VITAMIN B-1/THIAMINE – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, avocados, barley, beans, broccoli, cacao/chocolate, chlorella, dates, figs, garlic, grains (all), greens (all), kelp, lentils, nutritional yeast, onions, parsley, peas, pecans, prunes, raisins, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), vegetables (all), wheatgrass, wild rice and yams
VITAMIN B-2/RIBOFLAVIN – alfalfa sprouts, apples, apricots, asparagus, avocados, bananas, beans, black currants, broccoli, cacao/chocolate, cashews, cherries, chlorella, dates, figs, garlic, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), kelp, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, nuts, okra, onions, parsley, pineapple, prunes, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), watercress, watermelon, wheatgrass and wild rice
VITAMIN B-3/NIACIN – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apricots, asparagus, avocados, bananas, cacao/chocolate, cantaloupe, chlorella, corn, dates, figs, garlic, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), kelp, lucuma powder, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, nuts, onions, parsley, peas, plums, potato, prunes, raspberries, rice (brown/wild), seeds (all), squash, soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, tomato, tempeh, watermelon and wheatgrass
VITAMIN B-5/PANTOTHENIC ACID (destroyed by heat) – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, asparagus, avocados, beans, broccoli, cabbage, cacao/chocolate, carrots, cauliflower, chlorella, corn, flax (oil/seeds), grains (all), green vegetables, legumes, mushrooms (shiitake), nutritional yeast, nuts, oats, onions, oranges, papaya, peas, pineapple, potato, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), tomato, walnuts, watermelon, wheatgerm, wheatgrass and yams
VITAMIN B-6/PYRIDOXINE (destroyed by heat) – alfalfa sprouts, apples, asparagus, avocados, bananas, barley, beans, beets, bell peppers, blueberries, buckwheat, cabbage, cantaloupe, carrots, chlorella, corn, flax (oil/seeds), grains (all), grapes, green vegetables (leafy), lemon, mango, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, nuts, onions, oranges, peas, plum, prunes, raisins, squash, soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), sweet potato, tomato, watermelon, wheatbran, wheatgerm, wheatgrass and yams
B-12/CYANOCOBALAMIN (destroyed by heat) – barley, beans, chlorella, dulse, grains (all), grapes (concord), kelp, mustard greens, nori, nuts, plums, prunes, sauerkraut (unpasteurized), seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), wheatgerm and wheatgrass and EAT LOTS OF UNWASHED (i.e., some soil intact) ORGANIC FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. You can also add Red Star nutritional yeast to your meals.
B-15/PANGAMIC ACID (destroyed by heat) – almonds, apricot seeds, brown rice, cabbage, chlorella, grains (all), juniper berries, nutritional yeast, nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds (all), sprouts (all), sunflower seeds, unwashed vegetables and wheatgrass
B-17/AMYGDALIN/LAETRILE (destroyed by heat) – almonds, apple seeds, apricot kernels, barley, blackberries, brown rice, buckwheat, cherry seeds, chia seeds, celery, chlorella, cranberries, elderberries, flax (oil/seeds), garlic, grains (all), macadamia, millet, mung beans, nectarine seeds, oats, peach seeds, pear seeds, plum seeds, raspberries, rye, sesame seeds, sprouts (all), strawberries and wheatgrass
BIOTIN (B Complex) – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, bananas, beans, brown rice, chlorella, corn, fruits (all), grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), grapes, nutritional yeast, nuts, okra, peanuts, raisins, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, strawberries, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
CHOLINE (B Complex) – avocados, beans, bean sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chlorella, corn, fruits (all), grains (all), green beans, green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), lentils, nutritional yeast, nuts, peanuts, peas, seeds (all), soy, spinach, wheat, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
FOLIC ACID (B Complex) (destroyed by heat) – alfalfa sprouts, apricots, asparagus, avocados, beans, beet greens, broccoli, buckwheat sprouts, cantaloupe, cauliflower, chlorella, citrus fruits, cucumber, grains (all), grapes, green vegetables (leafy), kelp, oranges, papaya, peas, pecans, plums, prunes, raisins, rye, soy, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), sunflower seeds, sweet potato, walnuts, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
INOSITOL (B Complex) – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, artichokes, barley, beans, beets, blackberries, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloupe, chlorella, corn, fruit (all), garlic, grains (all), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), lima beans, nutritional yeast, nuts, oatmeal, oats, onions, oranges, peanuts, peas, raisins, spirulina, sunflower seeds, vegetables (all), wheatgerm and wheatgrass
PABA/PARA-AMINOBENZOIC ACID (B Complex) – beans, brown rice, chlorella, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), molasses (unrefined), mushrooms, nutritional yeast, spinach, wheatbran, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
VITAMIN C/ASCORBIC ACID (destroyed by heat) – alfalfa sprouts, apples, asparagus, beets, berries (all), broccoli, cabbage, cacao/chocolate, cantaloupe, cauliflower, celery, cherries, chlorella, citrus fruits, cucumber, garlic, grapefruit, green vegetables (leafy), green peppers, guava, honeydew, kale, kelp, kidney beans, kiwi, kumquats, lemon, lime, lucuma powder, lychee, mango, onions, oranges, papaya, parsley, peas, persimmons, pineapple, potato, radish, raspberries, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, sweet potato, tomato, watercress, watermelon, wheatgrass and yams
VITAMIN D/CALCIFEROL – alfalfa sprouts, avocados, basil, carrots, chlorella, fenugreek (powder/seeds), garlic, green vegetables (leafy), mushrooms (shiitake), papaya, parsley, seeds (all), spirulina, sunflower seeds, SUNLIGHT, sweet potato, watercress and wheatgrass
VITAMIN D2/ERGOCALCIFEROL – alfalfa sprouts, chlorella, spirulina, SUNLIGHT, yeast
VITAMIN E/TOCOPHEROL – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apples, asparagus, avocados, barley, blackberries, broccoli, brown rice, cacao/chocolate, carrots, cherries, chlorella, corn, dandelion greens, dulse, flax (oil/seeds), fruit (all), grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, leeks, nuts, oats, olive oil, oranges, parsley, parsnips, peanuts, quinoa, seeds (all), spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, sunflower seeds, sweet potato, tomato, vegetable oils, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
VITAMIN F/UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS (destroyed by heat) – açaí, almonds, avocados, chlorella, fruits (all), garlic, ginger, nuts, olive oil, oranges, parsley, peanuts, pecans, root vegetables, seeds (all), soy, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), sunflower seeds, vegetable oil, wheatgerm, wheat and wheatgrass
VITAMIN K/PHYLLOQUINONE – alfalfa sprouts, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, cayenne pepper, chlorella, corn, ginger, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), kale, kelp, mushrooms, oats, oatmeal, oats, peas, potato, root vegetables, rye, safflower oil, seaweed, soy, spinach, strawberries, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
VITAMIN P/BIOFLAVONOIDS (destroyed by heat) – apricots, blackberries, buckwheat, cherries, chlorella, citrus fruits (inner rind), currants, grapefruit, grapes, juniper berries, lemon, oranges, parsley and plums
VITAMIN T (very little known) – alfalfa sprouts, chlorella, plantain, sesame seeds, sesame butter (raw) and some vegetables oils
VITAMIN U (very little known) – alfalfa sprouts, cabbage (raw), celery (raw), chlorella and green vegetables (leafy and raw)
ALLYL SULFIDES – chives, garlic, leeks and onions
ALPHA-CAROTENE – berries (all), broccoli, carrots, chlorella, corn, green vegetables (leafy), oranges, peaches, pumpkin, seaweed and sweet potatoes
ALPHA-LIPOIC ACID – broccoli, potatoes and spinach
ANTHOCYANINS – black currants, blueberries, cherries, cranberries, raspberries, red cabbage and strawberries
ARGININE – apples, apricots, beans, berries (all), cacao/chocolate, coconut, eggplant, grains (all), nuts, pineapple, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except celery and turnips)
BETA-SITOSTEROL – açaí, chlorella, fruits (all) and green vegetables (leafy)
BIOFLAVONOIDS – apricots, blackberries, black currants, blueberries, buckwheat, cantaloupe, cherries, citrus fruits, citrus skins (inner rind), cranberries, elderberries, gooseberries, grapefruit, huckleberries, lemon, onions, papaya, parsley, peppers, persimmons, plums, prunes, pomegranate, raisins, raspberries, red grapes (with seeds), strawberries, tomato and walnuts
BORON – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apples, beans, cabbage, carrots, dates, filberts, grapes, green vegetables (leafy), hazelnuts, kelp, pears, plums, prunes, raisins, soy and wheat
CATECHIN – berries (all), black tea, cacao/chocolate, green tea and rhubarb
CALCIUM – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds (234 milligrams per 100 gram serving), apricots, avocados, beans, brazil nuts, broccoli, cabbage, carob, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chickpeas (150 milligrams per 100 gram serving), chlorella, coconut, cornmeal, dandelion greens, dulse, figs, filberts, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), hazelnuts, hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), hijiki sea vegetable (1,400 milligrams per 100 gram serving), kelp, lemon, lentils, lettuce, lucuma powder, maca powder, mango, mesquite powder, millet, miso, nuts, oats, onions, oranges, parsley (203 milligrams per 100 gram serving), prunes, raisins, seaweed, sesame seeds (1,160 milligrams per 100 gram serving), soy (226 milligrams per 100 gram serving), spirulina, sprouts (all), sunflower seeds, watercress, wheatgrass, and yams
CHLORINE – alfalfa sprouts, avocados, bananas, beets, blackberries, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, celery, chlorella, coconut, cucumber, dandelion greens, dates, eggplant, figs, kale, kelp, lettuce, mushrooms, oats, onions, peaches, peas, pineapple, radish, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, sunflower seeds, sweet potato, swiss chard, tomato, watercress, watermelon, wheat and wheatgrass
CHLOROPHYLL – blue-green algae, chlorella, spirulina and wheatgrass
CHROMIUM – apples, bananas, barley, basil, beans, beets, black pepper, broccoli, cacao/chocolate, carrots, chlorella, corn oil, dulse, garlic, grains (all), grapes, hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, mineral water, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, onions, oranges, raisins, seaweed, spirulina, tomato, walnuts and wheatgrass
COBALT – alfalfa sprouts, apricots, broccoli, chlorella, dulse, garlic, green vegetables (leafy), kelp, seaweed, spinach, spirulina, wheat, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
COENZYME Q10/UBIQUINONE – almonds, grains (all) and spinach
COPPER – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apricots, avocados, barley, beans, beets, brazil nuts, broccoli, buckwheat, cacao/chocolate, cauliflower, chlorella, filberts, garlic, grapes, green vegetables (leafy), grains (all), hazelnuts, kelp, lentils, millet, mushrooms, nuts, oats, parsley, peas, pecans, plums, pomegranate, prunes, raisins, seaweed, soy, spirulina, sunflower seeds, tomato and walnuts
CRYPTOXANTHIN – apples, apricots, corn, green peppers, lemon, oranges, papaya, paprika, persimmons and starfruit
CURCUMIN – cumin seeds and turmeric
CYSTEINE – brazil nuts, soy and whole wheat
ELLAGIC ACID – apples, black currants, black walnuts, cherries, cranberries, grapes, pomegranate, raisins, raspberries and strawberries
FIBER – cacao/chocolate, chlorella, fruits (all), lucuma powder, lychee, maca powder, mesquite powder and vegetables (all)
FLAVONOIDS – cacao/chocolate, fruits (all) and vegetables (all)
FLUORINE (destroyed by heat) – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, avocados, beet greens, black tea, black-eyed peas, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, chlorella, dandelion greens, dates, endive, garlic, green tea, green vegetables (leafy), kelp, mustard greens, nuts, oats, parsley, rye, seaweed, seeds (all), spinach, tomato, turnip greens, watercress, wheat and wheatgrass
FRUCTO-OLIGOSACCHARIDES – artichokes, bananas, barley, garlic, onions and tomato
GAMMA-LINOLENIC ACID – black currant seed oil and borage seed oil
GERMANIUM – aloe vera, barley, chlorella, garlic, mushrooms (shiitake) and oats
GLUTAMIC ACID – dates and mushrooms (shiitake)
GLUTAMINE – oats, parsley and spinach
GLUTATHIONE – apples, asparagus, avocados, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, cauliflower, garlic, onions, parsley, peaches, potato, spinach, sprouts (all), strawberries, tomato, walnuts, watermelon and winter squash
GLYCINE – avocados, oats, wheatgerm and whole wheat
HESPERIDIN – berries (all), buckwheat, grapefruit, lemon and oranges
HISTIDINE – apples, beans, nuts, papaya, pineapple, seeds (all) and vegetables (except celery, radish and turnip)
INDOLES – Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, mustard greens and radish
IODINE – apples, artichokes, asparagus, beans, beets, blueberries, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, celery, chives, chlorella, citrus fruit, coconut, dulse, eggplant, garlic, green peppers, kale, kelp, mustard greens, onions, peanuts, pears, pineapple, sea salt, seaweed, sesame seeds, soy, spinach, squash, strawberries, swiss chard, tomato, turnip, watercress, watermelon and wheat
IRON (consuming foods rich in VITAMIN C while consuming the following foods will INCREASE iron absorption) – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apricots, artichokes, asparagus, bananas, beans, beets, blackberries, blackstrap molasses, bran flakes, cacao/chocolate, carrots, cashews, cherries, chick peas (cooked), chlorella, dandelion greens, dates, dried fruit, dulse, figs, grains (all), grapes, Grape Nuts, green peppers, green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, lentils, lucuma powder, maca powder, mango, mesquite powder, millet, nutritional yeast, oatmeal, onions, parsley, pecans, persimmons, pinto beans (cooked), pistachio nuts, plums, prunes, pumpkin seeds, raisins, seeds (all), seaweed, shallots, soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), squash, sunflower seeds, swiss chard, walnut, wheatgerm, wheatgrass and yams
ISOFLAVONES – alfalfa sprouts, berries (all), broccoli, cabbage, carrots and soy
ISOLEUCINE – apples, apricots, beans, dates, figs, nuts, peaches, pears, persimmons, rye, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except celery, lettuce and radish)
KAEMPFEROL – asparagus, beets, cauliflower, dill, grapefruit and strawberries
LECITHIN – beans, grains (all) and nutritional yeast
LEUCINE – apples, apricots, dates, figs, grains (all), nuts, peaches, pears, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except celery, lettuce and radish)
LIGNINS – flax (oil/seeds)
LIMONENE – caraway seeds, celery seeds, grapefruit, lemon, oranges and tangerines
LITHIUM – dulse, eggplant, green vegetables (leafy), kelp, peppers and tomato
LUTEIN – apples, apricots, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, carrots, chlorella, collard greens, corn, cranberries, kale, kiwi, lettuce, mustard greens, orange juice, orange peel, paprika, peaches, peas, potato, pumpkin, raisin, red grapes, red peppers, spinach, spirulina, tomato, turnip greens, winter squash and zucchini
LYCOPENE – apricots, carrots, chlorella, grapefruit (pink), green peppers, guava, tomato and watermelon
LYSINE – aloe vera, apples, apricots, avocados, bananas, beans, cantaloupe, dates, figs, grains (all), grapefruit, nuts, oranges, papaya, peaches, pears, persimmons, pineapple, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (all)
MAGNESIUM – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, apples, apricots, artichokes, avocados, bananas, beans, beets, broccoli, cacao/chocolate, cantaloupe, carrot, cauliflower, celery, chlorella, coconut, corn, dandelion greens, dates, dulse, fenugreek (powder/seeds), figs, garlic, grains (all), grapefruit, grapes, green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), lemon, lentils, mango, mesquite powder, mushrooms, nuts, oranges, paprika, parsley, peaches, pears, peppers, pineapple, plums, prunes, rice (brown/wild), seeds (all), sesame seeds, spirulina, sprouts (all), squash, strawberries, sunflower seeds, sweet potato, tomato, watercress, watermelon, wheat and wheatgrass
MANGANESE – alfalfa sprouts, apples, apricots, avocados, bananas, beans, beet greens, beets, blackberries, blueberries, broccoli, cacao/chocolate, carrots, celery, chives, chlorella, cucumber, dandelion greens, grains (all), grapefruit, green vegetables (leafy), kelp, legumes, mango, nuts, oats, oranges, parsley, peas, persimmons, pineapple, plums, prunes, seaweed, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sweet potato, walnuts, watercress, wheatgrass and yams
METHIONINE – apples, apricots, bananas, brazil nuts, brown rice, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloupe, cauliflower, chives, dates, figs, garlic, grains (all), lentils, nuts, onions, oranges, papaya, peaches, pears, persimmons, pineapple, sesame seeds, soy, strawberries, sunflower seeds, tomato and watercress
METHYL-SULFONYL-METHANE/MSM – aloe vera, pine nuts and rain-watered fruits/vegetables (unwashed)
MOLYBDENUM – apricots, beans, cantaloupe, carrots, chlorella, garlic, grapes, green vegetables (leafy), grains (all), legumes, raisins, seaweed, spirulina, strawberries, sunflower seeds and wheatgrass
MONOTERENES – basil, broccoli, carrots, citrus fruits, eggplant, parsley, peppermint, tomato and yams
OMEGA FATTY ACIDS – açaí, beans, black currant seed oil, blue-green algae, borage seed oil, cabbage, canola oil, flax (oil/seeds), chlorella, corn, green vegetables (leafy), hemp (oil/seed/powder/milk), pine nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, soy, sprouts (all), squash, vegetable oils, walnuts and wheat
PECTIN – apples, bananas, blueberries, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, figs, grapefruit, lima beans, mustard greens, onions, turnip greens and watercress
PHENYLALANINE – almonds, apples, apricots, avocados, bananas, beans, beets, carrots, figs, grains (all), nuts, parsley, peaches, pears, persimmons, pineapple, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except lettuce and radish)
PHOSPHOROUS – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apricots, asparagus, bananas, beans, beet greens, broccoli, cabbage, celery, chlorella, coconut, corn, dates, dried fruits, dulse, grains (all), garlic, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), kale, kelp, lentils, mango, nuts, oats, onions, parsley, peas, pistachio nuts, potato, pumpkin seeds, raisins, rice (brown/wild), seaweed, sesame seeds, seeds (all), spirulina, sprouts (all), swiss chard, watercress, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
POTASSIUM (destroyed by excessive heat) – açaí, almonds, apples, apple cider vinegar (unpasteurized), apricots, avocados, bananas, beans, beet greens, black currants, blueberries, broccoli, cabbage, cantaloupe, carrots, cherries, chlorella, citrus fruits, cucumber, dandelion greens, dates, dulse, figs, garlic, grains (all), grapes, green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, lentils, lychee, mango, mesquite powder, mung beans, onions, oranges, papaya, peaches, pecans, pistachio nuts, plantain, potato, prunes, pumpkin seeds, raisins, sesame seeds, spirulina, sprouts (all), sunflower seeds, tomato, turnip, watercress, watermelon, wheatgrass, winter squash and yams
PROANTHOCYANADINS/ANTHOCYANOSIDES – blackberries, blueberries, citrus fruit seeds, cherries, elderberries, grape seeds and raspberries
PROTEIN – beans, broccoli (40%), brown rice, cacao/chocolate, cauliflower (40%), chlorella, fruit (2-3%), grains (all), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seed), lentils, lucuma powder, maca powder, mesquite powder, nuts, seeds (all), soy, vegetables (all) and wheatgrass
QUERCETIN – apples, blue-green algae, black tea, broccoli, buckwheat, cherries, citrus fruits, garlic, green tea, green vegetables (leafy), onions (yellow/purple) and red grapes
RESVERATROL – grape skins and grape leaves
RIBONUCLEIC ACID/RNA – asparagus, beets, green vegetables (leafy), lentils, mushrooms, nuts and radish
RUTIN – apricots, blackberries, buckwheat, cherries, citrus fruit peels (inner rind) and hawthorn berries
SELENIUM – alfalfa sprouts, asparagus, beets, black-eyed peas, broccoli, brown rice, cabbage, carrots, cashews, celery, chlorella, dulse, fenugreek (powder/seeds), garlic, grains (all), kelp, mango, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, nuts, onions, parsley, seaweed, soy, spirulina, sprouts (all), squash, sunflower seeds, tomato, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
SILICON – alfalfa sprouts, almonds, apples, apricots, artichokes, asparagus, bananas, barley, beets, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cherries, chlorella, corn, cucumber, dandelion greens, figs, grains (all), grapes, hemp (nuts/oil/powder/seeds), horseradish, kelp, leeks, lettuce, mustard greens, oats, onions, plums, pumpkins, radish, raisins, seeds (all), skins of fruits/vegetables, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, swiss chard, sunflower seeds, tomato, watermelon, wheatgerm, wheatgrass and wild rice
SODIUM – alfalfa sprouts, apples, apricots, asparagus, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cantaloupe, carrots, cashews, celery, chlorella, coconut, collard greens, dandelion greens, dates, dulse, figs, garlic, grapes, kale, kelp, lentils, mango, millet, okra, olives, onions, parsley, plums, prunes, raisins, red cabbage, sea salt (unrefined), seaweed, sesame seeds, spinach, spirulina, sprouts (all), strawberries, sweet potato, swiss chard, tomato, turnip, watercress, watermelon, wheat and wheatgrass
SULFORAPHANE – broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale and turnips
SULFUR – alfalfa sprouts, apples, apricots, asparagus, avocados, beans, blue-green algae, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, cayenne, celery, chives, chlorella, corn, cucumber, eggplant, figs, garlic, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), hemp (nuts/oil/powder/seeds), horseradish, kale, kelp, lima beans, nuts, oats, onions, parsnip, peaches, peas, plums, potato, prunes, pumpkin seeds, raspberries, sesame seeds, spinach, spirulina, string beans, swiss chard, tomato, turnip, watercress, wheat, wheatgerm and wheatgrass
SUPER-OXIDE DISMUTASE – broccoli, cabbage, green vegetables (leafy), nutritional yeast and wheatgrass
THERONINE – apples, apricots, beans, dates, figs, grains (all), nuts, peaches, pears, persimmons, seeds (all), strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except celery and lettuce)
TRACE MINERALS – alfalfa sprouts, chlorella, dulse, hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, nori, nuts, sea salt, seaweed, seeds (all), soy, spirulina, sprouts (all) and vegetables (all)
TRYPTOPHAN – alfalfa sprouts, avocados, bananas, beans, cacao/chocolate, cashews, chives, dates, durian, figs, grains (all), grapefruit, nuts, oranges, papaya, peaches, pears, persimmons, pineapple, pumpkin seeds, seeds (all), strawberries, sunflower seeds, tomato, sweet potato and vegetables (all)
TYROSINE – alfalfa sprouts, almonds apples, apricots, asparagus, avocados, bananas, beans, beets, bell peppers, carrots, cherries, cucumber, figs, leeks, lettuce, parsley, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, spinach, spirulina, strawberries, sunflower seeds, watercress, watermelon, wheatgerm and whole wheat
VALINE – apples, apricots, beans, dates, figs, grains, mushrooms, nuts, peaches, pears, persimmons, seeds, strawberries, tomato and vegetables (except celery and lettuce)
VANADIUM – dill, grains, olives, parsley, radish, soy and string beans
ZEAXABTHIN – bell peppers, chlorella, corn, grapes, green vegetables (leafy), kiwi, oranges, paprika, raisins, spirulina, winter squash and zucchini
ZINC – açaí, alfalfa sprouts, almonds, aloe vera, beans, brazil nuts, cacao/chocolate, cashews, cayenne, chlorella, coconut, corn, dandelion greens, dulse, garlic, grains (all), green vegetables (leafy), hemp (milk/oil/powder/seeds), kelp, macadamia nuts, mesquite powder, mushrooms, nutritional yeast, onions, parsley, peanuts, peanut butter, peas, pecans, pine nuts, poppy seeds, pumpkin seeds, raisins, seaweed, sesame seeds, soy, spinach, spirulina, sunflower seeds, walnuts, wheatgerm and wheatgrass

  • Medical Director: *reviewing med list on new septic patient we've been presenting*
  • Medical Director: Okay, okay, wait, why the ascorbic acid?
  • Chief Resident: There was that paper -
  • Medical Director: Really? You believed that? All we need to keep people from dying is a little vitamin C?
  • Chief Resident: Yeah, well, until the bigger studies come out I don't see any harm in trying.
  • Medical Director: Hey, good for you man. Don't let your dreams be dreams.

hold-my-hair-back  asked:

Fic request! Todd catches a bug from Mel after taking care of her and gets sick and Mel feels super bad.

Here ya go!  Sorry for the delay, I started writing my to-do list stories all out of order… We’ll be straightened out from here.


Todd rests his elbows on the kitchen counter and wishes the bar stool he’s seated on had a cushioned top.  The polished wood under his ass is harder and colder than he’s in the mood for this morning.

Mel’s putzing around the stove, so excited by the fact that she’s no longer running a fever that she wants to make breakfast.  She’s not the best cook, but Todd’s not going to tell her that.  Especially this morning, when he’s not sure he feels up to putting his feet on the floor and helping her.

“Do you want eggs?  I think we have bacon, I could do eggs and bacon,” Mel asks, her head in the fridge.  “Or we could have pancakes.”

“You know, I’m not really that hungry,” Todd says.  He squeezes his temples between the heels of his hands, suspending his achy head and forcing the corners of his eyes upward.

The fridge door shuts, and Mel turns around to face him, a carton of eggs in one hand and a bottle of maple syrup in the other.  “You ok?” she asks.

“I’m ok.”

“You don’t feel good,” Mel announces astutely.

Todd gives a guilty smile.  “I’m ok,” he repeats.

“No, it’s…”  Mel sets the eggs and syrup on the counter so she can worriedly wring her small hands.  “You’ve been hanging out with me the last few days, and oh god, now you’ve caught whatever I had.  God, I’m sorry.”

“Babe, it’s fine.”  Well, it’s not exactly fine.  If he has caught whatever Mel had, Todd’s less than enthusiastic about the coming days of headache and fever and upset stomach.  But he’s kind of been expecting it.

“No, it’s not.  I’m so sorry.”  Mel opens the fridge again.  “Do you want some orange juice?”

Todd gives a quiet sigh, crosses his arms on the frigid countertop in front of him, and drops his forehead to his wrist.  “Yeah, ok,” he says, his voice coming out muffled.

There’s a clunk Todd both hears and feels as the glass is set beside his elbow.  “You want anything else?” Mel asks.

“Do we still have Dayquil?”

“Yeah, I think so…”  A couple drawers open and shut as Mel looks for it.  “Yeah, here.  It’s the gross liquid kind, so, sorry again.”

“It’s fine.”

“Do you want some toast?  Or, I don’t know, we might have some chicken broth in the pantry…”

“No, babe, it’s good.  I’m good,” Todd insists.  He presses himself up into a slouch and downs the shot of sunshine-colored liquid medicine Mel’s just poured.  Then he quickly slurps the orange juice to kill the taste.  However, the citrus mixes poorly with the slightly minty Dayquil, and Todd can’t keep himself from scraping his teeth down his tongue and whispering, “Ugh.”

“Sorry,” Mel squeaks, arranging her features into an expression of pity.

“Please stop apologizing,” Todd says as he retracts one hand into his long sleeve and uses it to wipe his nose.

“Yeah, of course.  Sorry.”

Todd gives a congested chuckle and shakes his head.


A couple hours later, they’re on the couch playing Mario Kart.  Mel’s steadily caffeinating from her perpetually full Spider-Man mug, and Todd’s staring down an untouched glass of ginger ale. The juice he drank earlier doesn’t seem to be setting well in his stomach.  Todd wonders vaguely if ascorbic acid has some kind of rule like coffee or alcohol, warning consumers to eat before imbibing or risk the consequences.

“Go, go, go,” Mel urges her Princess Peach avatar, rising slightly on her knees so it almost looks like she’s hovering over the couch cushions.

Todd’s Luigi is right behind her, but he’s slipping back as his concentration refocuses from the game on the screen to the task of keeping his stomach in place.  He can practically feel the organ releasing from the pull of gravity and starting to slip up his throat.  The view on the TV screen shifts as the avatars in their karts take a turn on the curving road, and it’s enough to send Todd’s head spinning.

He drives Luigi into a wall, then sets down his controller and gets shakily to his feet.

“You ok?” Mel checks in.

“Gimme a second…”  Todd’s already on his way down the hall.  The splashing feeling in his abdomen is rising higher and higher, and he’s barely over the toilet before the first belching retch is tearing out of him.  Todd doesn’t turn on the light, but he’s sure the burningly sour fluid coming up is neon yellow-orange.  The thought just makes his throat and nose sear more.

“Oh my god.  Todd?  Are you ok?”  Mel knocks on the door, then pushes it open.

“Yeah, I’m fine,” Todd breathes into the porcelain bowl.  “Gimme a minute.”  He holds up one hand toward his wife and gags again.  He spits strings of mucous from his lower lip, then accidentally inhales and breaks into a fit of hacking coughs.

“Ok, you’ll be ok,” Mel murmurs.  She slides up beside Todd and thumps him on the back a few times.  “God, I’m sorry.  I hoped you wouldn’t catch this from me…”

“’S fine, babe,” Todd chokes.  Then he heaves once more.

Mel comfortingly pats his shoulder for a moment.  Then she says, “You’re gonna be all dehydrated.  You want me to get you some water?  Or I think we have Gatorade.  Would you rather have that?  Or I could make popsicles.  D’you think that would help?”

It’s too much all at once, and none of it sounds appealing.  Todd drags a hand across his forehead, wiping a layer of cold sweat and a few tufts of hair off his pale face.  “Hold on a minute, ok?”

“How about a damp cloth?”

“Yeah, fine,” Todd breathes.  He swallows against another wave of nausea, but a dry heave bursts from between his lips anyway.

The sink runs, then Mel places the wet washcloth on the back of his neck.  It’s uncomfortably cold for a second, then his body relaxes into the soothing sensation.

“God, I feel so bad you have to deal with this,” Mel says.  Todd feels her cheek against his shoulder as she tries to provide an upright cuddle.

“Yeah, I know,” Todd says.  He fumbles for a piece of toilet paper to wipe his mouth.  “But it is what it is.”

“Yeah,” Mel sighs.

“So, don’t get all worked up about it.  I’m gonna be fine.”  It’s the truth, but he’s still spoken too soon.  One more crash of nausea rises up and sends him into an empty burp over the toilet.

“Not yet, apparently,” Mel teases.  “I’m just sorry you have to go through all this…”

“If you say that one more time…” Todd shakes his head, wiping drips from his nose and mouth.

“Yeah, ok,” Mel says.  She stands up and runs a hand down the back of Todd’s head, down his ponytail, and into his shoulder blades.  “I’ll get you something to drink, ok?”

“Yeah,” Todd croaks.  “Babe?”  He glances sideways at her.


“Thank you.”

Mel blushes and slips down the hall.

Fish food Nutrition break down

Just a rough guide on different brands and their standard tropical, goldfish and betta fish foods. I will also focus on pellets if available as they’re usually more viable and nutritious for your fish and cause less problems. that will allow you to compare and decide what one is best for you and your animals. I won’t be reviewing them directly as I’ve only used a handful of brands personally, but I will break down the nutrition regardless. Bolded are the really good ingredients not including vitamins

As a general rule you want to look at whole/natural protein over general meal as the first few ingredients, fewer grain based fillers and a balanced nutrition ratio for your fish. 

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