as if destruction of his children's lives is his life goal

Ten Basic Rules For Better Living
by Manly P. Hall

1. Stop worrying

The popular idea that a worrier is a thoughtful and conscientious citizen is false. The Egyptians realized this when they included worry among the cardinal sins. Do not confuse thoughtfulness and worry. The thoughtful person plans solutions, but the worrier merely dissolves in his own doubt. If you think straight, you will have less cause for worrying. The worrier not only suffers the same disaster many times, but undermines his health and annoys all others with whom he comes into contact. There are many things in this world that require thoughtful consideration, but there is really nothing to fear but fear.

2. Stop trying to dominate and posses your friends and relatives

Each of us likes to feel that he is running his own life. The moment we recognize the rights of others to seek life, liberty, and happiness according to their own dreams, hopes, and aspirations, we begin to conserve our own resources. It is very debilitating to give advice which is ignored or rejected, and equally disappointing to attempt to posses and dominate persons who immediately resent and combat our dictatorial tendencies. We are hurt when they do not see things our way. If we save advice for ourselves and those who seek it from us, and who are therefore grateful, all concerned will be the better.

3. Moderate ambition

There is a tendency to overlook natural and simple blessings while we plunge on toward distant goals. Each individual has certain capacities. If he can recognize his own abilities and work with them, he can attain personal security. If, however, he is constantly seeking that which is not reasonably attainable, he can never know happiness or contentment. The wise man observes the disastrous results of uncontrollable ambitions, and chooses moderation. It is not necessary to be famous in order to be happy, nor must one be the leading citizen in the community in order to gratify ones social instinct. The ambitious usually pay too much for what they get, and are the more miserable after they get it.

4. Do not accumulate more than you need

There is no real distinction in being the richest man in the graveyard. Many earnest citizens act as though there were pockets in shrouds. We are supposed to have outgrown the primitive belief that we should bury a mans goods with him so that his spirit might enjoy them in the afterworld. Here, again, the middle course is the wisest. Let us reserve some of our energy for enjoyment, and not give all of ourselves to the task of accumulation. Many a man who has made a million has not lived to spend it. A rich life can be more practical than a monumental bank account.

5. Learn to relax

Great tension is an abomination. The more tense we become, the more stupidly we are likely to act, and, according to the old Buddhists, stupidity is a cardinal sin. Today, many so-called efficient people are perpetually on the verge of a nervous breakdown. This is not so likely to be due to overwork as to unreasonable driving impulses from within themselves. Some say that they are overtaxing their resources to keep their jobs or to maintain extravagant families. Whether you believe it or not, you are a better producer and a better provider if you do not collapse from psychic exhaustion at some critical moment when you are most in need of good health. If your associates do not realize this, they may be in need of practical counsel.

6. Cultivate a sense of humor

As never before, we must brighten and lighten the corners where we are. The more seriously we take ourselves and our responsibilities, the duller we become. It is a saving grace to realize that, although living is a serious matter, we can take it too seriously. Also bear in mind that genuine humor is not bitter, cynical, or critical. It is the ability to laugh with the world and not at the world. If we must laugh at someone, let it be ourselves. Humor is a spice to living. It adds flavor to work, zest to play, charm to self-improvement, and proves to others that we have a security within ourselves. A sincere, happy laugh, like the joyous rippling of childrens laughter, relieves tension and restores good nature. Incidentally, it makes friends and inspires confidence.

7. Find a reason for your own existence

Unless you believe in something bigger than yourself, have some purpose more vital than accumulation or advancement in business or society, you are only existing, not living. A simple pattern is to realize that the laws of Nature that put you here seem to be primarily concerned with growth. You are a success to the degree that you grow, and you grow to the degree that you become a wiser, more useful, and more secure person. In other words, we live to learn, and by this very process, we learn to live. Broaden your horizon, develop an interest in all that is fine, beautiful, and purposeful. Great internal good comes from the love for music, art, great literature, broad philosophy, and simple faith. Strengthen the inside of your nature, and the outside will be better.

8. Never intentionally harm another person

Never by word or deed return evil for good, or evil for evil. Weed negative and destructive thoughts and emotions out of your personality, or they will ultimately contribute to your misery. As we look around us, we see the tragic results of individuals and nations that harbor grudges or nurse the instincts for revenge. The harmless life saves those who live it from many of the mortal shocks that flesh is heir to. Our critical attitudes and our long memories of evils that others have caused only reduce our present efficiency and endanger health and vitality. Even the selfish man realizes that he cannot afford to keep a grudge, and the unselfish simply will not permit grudges to accumulate because they know better and they believe better.

9. Beware of anger

When ill-temper controls us, we are no longer able to control ourselves. In a moment of anger, we may create a situation which will require years to remedy. Why should we spend our time trying to recover from our own mistakes? If we disapprove, let us state our case simply and quietly, and remember that we should never try to correct another when we have already committed a fault as great as his. A quick temper is a serious handicap in business or in the home. It is useless to say that we cannot control anger. This is as much as to admit that we have lost the power to control ourselves. If we resent the unkindness of others and the collective irritability of this generation, let us make sure that we are not one of the irritating factors.

10. Never blame others for our own mistakes

It is hardly necessary. Each of us seems to have an incredible capacity to do things badly and select unwisely. Actually, we are in trouble because we have not made constructive use of the power and abilities which we received as a birthright. Others can hurt us only while our inner life is too weak to sustain in the presence of trial or test. Instead of resenting misfortunes, and seeking to excuse our own limitations, we must face the facts. Either we are stronger than the problem and can solve it intelligently, or the problem is stronger than we are, and the only solution is to increase our own strength. Others are not to blame for our unhappiness. Each man must seek his own peace of mind, and, as the Arabian Nights so well expressed it, happiness must be earned.

Orisha Rulers of the Zodiac

An Orisha is a spirit that reflects one of the manifestations of God. Being four hundred and one of them in total, each playing a role within the Yoruba pantheon, twelve of them can be equated to the twelve signs of the Zodiac along with their respective houses. The following is a brief summary of each Zodiac House along with the Orisha that is associated with it.

The first house of the Zodiac is the home of the Ascendant, and symbolises the acting self and how your personality appears to others. The ruling planet of this house is Mars, which is also the Roman God of war, making Ogun the warrior god the Orisha equivalent. Like Aries, Ogun possesses assertive and aggressive characteristics, and is the patron deity of soldiers, police officers, surgeons, railroad workers, welders, body builders, or anyone employed to work with iron and steel. Like the blacksmith who molds his creations to perfection, the first house deals with molding the inner and outward Self and realizing your highest potential.

Taurus is the ruling sign of the second house, which is said to be the house of possessions. This should not only be understood as material possessions but also as traits and characteristics that we value about ourselves. The ruling planet Venus is also the Roman goddess of love, whose Orisha equivalent is Oshun. Oshun is the goddess of fresh water (as opposed to the salty, ocean waters of the goddess Yemoja), sensuality, prosperity, love, and fertility. Oshun is presented as a beautiful young woman who is widely loved for providing protection and needs for the poor and healing the sick.

The third house is ruled by the cosmic twins Ibeji, the Orisha equivalent of Gemini. This house deals with communication and the way you think and operate mentally. An emphasis is put on siblings within this house which is properly represented by the twins, along with short journeys and writings. Ibeji also represents duality and balance; the yin and the yang found within all life. Though presented as twins, Ibeji is actually one Orisha. To the Yoruba people, twins are considered sacred and are said to be one soul inhabiting two bodies, linked together by destiny for life.

The fourth house of the Zodiac is ruled by Cancer and deals with issues surrounding the home life. Cancer is known for being maternal, protective, nurturing, and instinctive, qualities shared by the Orisha Yemoja, the goddess of the ocean and mother of all the Orisha. She is the patron spirit of women, especially pregnant women, whose name is a contraction of the Yoruba words “Yeye omo eja” which means “Mother whose children are like fish”, representing the vastness of her motherhood. Her ebb and flow of the tides of the ocean are a result of the moon which is the ruling “planet” of the fourth house.

The fifth house of the Zodiac is the house of creativity and pleasure, ruled by the sign Leo. This house deals with gaining pleasure through acts of creation, artistically and even procreation i.e. the creation of offspring. The Sun, the ruling “planet” of the fifth house, is a symbol of creative energy, illumination, and knowledge, all of which the Orisha of wisdom, knowledge, and divination Orunmila reflects. It is Orunmila’s duty to record the destiny of individuals at the moment the breath of life is given to them by Yoruba creator Olodumare, who creates because it brings Them pleasure to do so.

The Orisha Eshu is the ruler of the sixth house, the equivalent to the sign Virgo. Health, work, and service are central to the sixth house, which is ruled by the planet Mercury, the messenger of the gods within the Roman pantheon. Eshu is the Orisha that stands at the crossroads between the physical world and the spirit world, whose duty is to be the intermediary between man and the Orisha. Therefore, when one wishes to call upon the Orisha, he or she first gets permission from Eshu. This is symbolic of clearing and preparing the mind to receive whatever message the Orisha have for you.

Oba is the Orisha of marriage and personal transformation, making her fit to be the ruler of the seventh house, the house of partnership. Oba was the first wife of Shango who tended to his castle and everything that he requested, making her the ideal wife before being tricked by her sister Oya into trying to ensnare Shango with witchcraft. After this betrayal she fled to the cemetery in which she went through a transformational journey into her true power. This house is about expediating our life’s purpose through partnerships, whether that partnership be marriage, business relations, contracts, and/or treaties. Through these partnerships we learn a great deal about ourselves, transforming and enhancing our lives, making them fuller and bringing us balance on the scales of Libra.

Oya, the goddess of winds and storms, is the equivalent to Scorpio and is the ruler of the eighth house which is the house of transformation, regeneration, death, sex, and rebirth. She is the powerful force in nature that can change the face of the Earth, embodying the tornadoes and twisters that uproot trees and houses with her destructive winds. This powerful Orisha is also responsible for carrying the spirits of the newly departed to the spirit world.

The ninth house is the house of philosophy and is ruled by the philosopher Sagittarius and the planet Jupiter, the king of the gods within the Roman pantheon. Obatala, the father of all the Orisha, would therefore be the Orisha ruler of this house. Obatala is said to be the Orisha of purity and was sent by the Supreme Being Olodumare at the beginning of time to form the Earth along with construct the bodies of humans. Obatala completed his construction of the bodies he created by adding heads to them, therefore becoming known as the owner of heads. The head is symbolic of intelligence, higher education, and deeper understanding, all which the ninth house represents.

The tenth house is the house of public life and social status, being ruled by Capricorn and the planet Saturn. The aspects within this house deal with how you manifest your individual role within society and your work place, along with the energies and challenges you’ll face meeting your career goals. The Yoruba associate the planet Saturn with Babalú-Ayé, the Orisha of disease and healing. Also known as the “Wrath of the supreme god”, Babalú-Ayé’s job is to punish individuals for their transgressions, but also to heal epidemics like small pox.

The house of friends and membership, the eleventh house of the Zodiac is ruled by the planet Uranus and the sign Aquarius. Aquarius is associated with rapid social change, upheaval, and rebellion, traits that all reflect Shango, the warrior Orisha of thunder, lightning, and fire. Once a living king on Earth, Shango is known for working miracles after his death, elevating him to the status of Orisha. Shango is also the brother of Babalú-Ayé, the Orisha ruler of the tenth house. The work in society represented within the tenth house is expressed through the individual in the activities associated with the eleventh house, the planets and energies indicating how group associations and friendships will operate in your life.

The twelfth house of the Zodiac is ruled by Pisces whose Orisha equivalent is Olokun, the god of the ocean floor. This house is associated with self undoing and confinement, which is reflected in Olokun being chained to the ocean floor by seven chains. As this house deals with the unconscious and things beyond the physical plane, Olokun’s aspects are expressed within the astral, the subconscious, and altered states of consciousness that is experienced during meditation, initiation, and spirit possession. Deep and mysterious is this house of the Zodiac, just like the bottom of the ocean; an old Yoruba proverb says that nobody knows what lies on the ocean floor. Olokun is said to be the owner of the Mysteries, and sparks within our being the genius that activates our super subconscious.

Peace, Love, & Balance
sasuke & c-ptsd: a meta

okay so i talk a lot about this headcanon and i decided to finally do a detailed meta about it.

first and foremost, let’s talk about what c-ptsd is. c-ptsd stands for complex post traumatic stress disorder, a differing disorder from the more common ptsd. it’s worth noting that c-ptsd isn’t an officially recognized disorder in the DSM - it’s been deemed too similar to ptsd and bpd for its own diagnosis, but it’s still used informally and i believe has its merit. i have ptsd, and would describe it more specifically as c-ptsd.

anyway, onto the specifics, and what this means for sasuke himself:

1. the trauma

putting under a cut because this baby is looong and image-heavy. sorry if you’re mobile and it shows the whole thing.

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Thesis on Morgoth and Sauron and their roles as Dark Lords (Part 1/4)

For my Tolkien project, I decided I was going to explore the dynamics of Morgoth and Sauron and see if I could make an estimate as to whether or not one was more effective as dark lord than the other. I did this in regard as I would not be able to debate whether or not one was more powerful (seeing as the Valar are higher beings then the Maiar, and seeing that Melkor was the eldest, he of course is indisputably stronger than Sauron).

However, just because you’re more powerful doesn’t always mean you’re more effective. We see this all throughout history in examples where generals themselves might not be very capable in battle but are able to gain mastery by being clever strategist. Therefore that inspired me to research if one could argue whether or not Morgoth or Sauron came closer to accomplishing their goal—dominion over Middle Earth (or Beleriand).

I did this by looking at a few key characteristics—longevity of rule (but more importantly, what was achieved), servants (those who served under them and attributed to their victories), their primary enemies (or the state of those they fought against), as well as their defeat (and what caused the finale fall). Then I concluded with their legacy and the impact they have throughout the legendarium.


General Disclaimer

  • I am not at all an expert, just a very passionate individual in Tolkien’s lore. Therefore some of what is stated throughout this essay may be based upon faulted research and weighed heavily by personal interpretation and opinion. So please do keep such in mind. Most of the information here was found within The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Unfinished Tales, as well as Tolkien Gateway and Wikipedia.


Longevity of rule

  • Important note to make here. Just because you are in power for a long majority of time doesn’t necessarily mean you used that time wisely. I’m sure most of us are very familiar with procrastination. Therefore I did not look simply at length of ‘reign’, but more so the accomplishments (and losses) experienced throughout the span of their rule.



Approximately 590 years (Years of the Sun)

  • Melkor is incredibly hard to estimate the exact length of time he was in power. This is because the majority of the Valian Years are left without date. The first primary experience of time is with the Years of the Trees, but even then how time is recorded will be drastically different when the Valar raise the sun and the moon
  • Therefore it is often argued as to whether or not the First Age is the longest or shortest of ages. If you try to make an assumption over the span of the Valian Years and couple it with the First Age, you are left with it being nearly 50,000 years in length. However, if you are to attribute the First Age with the rising of the sun to the defeat of Morgoth, it is around 590 years.
  • I took liberties here and for the sake of sanity, decided to account the beginning of Morgoth’s dominion in Beleriand being with the awakening of man and therefore the rising of the sun, equaling more so to the 590 years it would take until he is defeated. However, anyone can argue that his reign could be anywhere between 50,000 to 590 years, give or take a few.


Approximately 6,462 years (Second to Third Age)

  • Sauron is easier to calculate in terms of authority than Melkor, seeing as recorded dates were more of a thing when he was around. However, it is still slightly difficult, as Sauron’s reign tended to act like that of a heartbeat; having its occasional rises and falls. Therefore to give one total of years in power is a little vaguer, seeing as he came and went throughout the second and third ages.
  • However, he was still present in Middle Earth for around 6,462 years (from the start of the second age to his eventual fall in the third age). Therefore that is the timeline I am going to associate with his rule. You could deduct 500 years, seeing as it wasn’t until S.A. 500 he began to rise in might in Middle Earth following the end of the First Age. You could also deduct years from the duration of his defeat in the Battle of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men as well as the time spent as being the Necromancer in The Hobbit.
  • But as I did so with Morgoth, I decided to take some liberties and simply to go with the start of the Second Age to his fall in the Third, seeing as he was still a threat for 6,462 years. However, this to can be reasonably debated and argued.


Accomplishments and Losses

  • Like stated, longevity doesn’t accredit to a successful reign. Therefore it is important to understand what each individual did in the time that they were given. However, it is also important to note: Just because you accomplished a lot, didn’t mean these accomplishments had long lasting effects or were of any significance in the long run. Losses themselves may even outweigh what was accomplished in terms of being effective or attributing to the finale victory.



Major Accomplishments

  • Destruction of Arda (V.Y. Unknown): Known also as the First War. Melkor assaults his brethren and disrupts the ordered symmetry they seek to build within Arda, causing cataclysmic events and shaping much of the geography
  • Destruction of the Two Lamps (Y.L. 3450): Melkor destroys the two lamps, ending the Spring of Arda
  • Destruction of the Two Trees (Y.T. 4995): Known also as the ‘Darkening of Valinor’ Manwe hosts a festival in Valimar to heal the feud of the Noldor. Melkor and Ungoliant destroy the Two Trees.
  • Capturing of the Silmarils (Y.T. 4995): Morgoth assaults and kills High King Finwe and steals the Silmarils. Feanor becomes High King and his sons swear an oath against Melkor and he is renamed Morgoth. The Noldor depart from Valinor, and the First Kinslaying occurs with the slaughtering of the Teleri and the sieging of their ships
  • Doom of Mandos (Y.T. 4996): Noldor are banished from Valinor and face great doom
  • Fall of Man (F.A. 60-c. 200): Morgoth is absent from Angband, after discovering Men. Persuaded by Melkor, Men stop worshiping Eru and turn to evil but some revolt. According to legend, Men now lose the gift to die at will as the result of divine punishment, and are doomed to lead short-life spans at the end of which death takes them by force.
  • Curse of the House of Hador  (F.A. 472-500): Morgoth chained Húrin to a chair on the slopes of Thangorodrim for not revealing the location of Gondolin, and from there– through Morgoth’s sorcery– he could watch the tragedies that would befall his family and the curse destroy his children, Nienor and Túrin.
  • Fall of Gondolin (F.A. 510): Gondolin, the Great Hidden City of Turgon and the Noldor, was betrayed by Maeglin and sacked by Morgoth’s forces. Resulted in the deaths of Turgon and the Lords Glorfindel and Echelion, but the defeat of Gothmog as well. Tuor and Idril escape.


  • Many of Morgoth’s accomplishments were ineffective in the longevity of Middle Earth. While Morgoth became close to victory after the Fall of Gondolin, much of what he achieved was often worked around.
  • When Melkor raised Arda, the Valar rebuilt it, when the lamps were destroyed, the Valar built the Trees, when the trees were destroyed, the Valar raised the sun and the moon. When the silmarils were stolen, only Feanor and his sons rallied an oath against him and such resulted in their own doom.
  • Morgoth’s curse and the fall of Hador had little impact in Morgoth’s overall goal of conquest. It was very much an issue of personal spite and achieved only the demise of one household.
  • However, the Fall of Man and Gondolin could very well be considered long lasting achievements. Men wouldn’t be restored until Numenor, and even then only a selected were given the longevity of lives. Gondolin allowed for Morgoth to draw close to a finale victory and was, in all terms; a success.
  • Therefore, only two of his eight achievements supported his overall goal.


Major Losses

  • Intimidation of Tulkas (Y.L. 1500): Tulkas arrives, the last of the Valar to descend into Arda. Melkor flees from him and hides in the halls of Ea
  • Siege of Utumno (Y.T. 4590): The Valar march to war against Melkor on behalf of the Elves and lay siege to Utumno in 4592. Known as the War of the Powers
  • Chaining of Angainor (Y.T. 4599-900): Melkor is captured, and bound in the great chain Angainor, Utumno is destroyed. Melkor is taken to Valinor in chains and sentenced to serve a term in the Halls of Mandos for three ages and then later freed from his sentence by Manwe.
  • Betrayal of Ungoliant (Y.T. 4995?): Melkor withheld the Silmarils in his right hand, having desired them too greatly to allow the Great Spider to devour them. In response, an enraged Ungoliant wrapped Melkor in her webs, and poised to devour him as punishment for his perceived betrayal. Having grown far larger and stronger than before by absorbing the light of the Two Trees, the Gloomweaver would have killed Melkor had not his cry of desperation been heard by his Balrogs, who took flight and saved their master
  • Siege of Angband (F.A. 60-455): Battle of Dagor Aglareb, the Noldor defeat Morgoth’s forces and start the Siege of Angband. Known also as the “Long Peace” it lasted hundreds of years in the early expanse of the First Age when the Noldor sieged the fortress of Morgoth. It was a time of plentitude, peace and happiness for Elves and Men and was when the Noldor reached the peak of their power. However the siege was not complete and Morgoth was able to send out forces through secret passages from the towers of Thangorodrim.
  • Battle of Fingolfin (F.A. 456): Fingolfin challenges Morgoth to single combat and is slain but cripples Morgoth in response for the remainder of the First Age.
  • Quest of the Silmarils (F.A. 466): Beren and Luthien come to Angband and achieve the Quest of the Silmaril by gaining a silmaril from Morgoth’s iron crown. They return to Doriath but Carcharoth ravages the land.
  • Slaying of Glaurung (F.A. 499): The first worm of Morgoth is slain by Túrin though later results in the death of he and his sister Nienor.
  • War of Wrath (545-587): will be discussed in The Finale Defeat (stay tuned for section 4)



Major Accomplishments

  • Lieutenant of Angband (Y.T. 4599): Destruction of Utumno. Sauron escapes capture and remains in Angband, breeding orcs and trolls for Melkor
  • Corruption of Tol-in-Gaurhoth (F.A. 455-465): Finrod’s fortress of Minas Tirith is taken by the forces of Sauron; Tol Sirion is renamed Tol-in-Gaurhoth, “Isle of Werewolves”. Beren sets out for the Quest of the Silmaril. Receives the aid of Finrod Felagund. Here they are imprisoned in Tol-In-Gaurhoth following the duel or duelet of Finrod and Sauron. Finrod is slain by a werewolf but Beren is rescued by Luthien.
  • Creating the Rings of Power (S.A. 1200-1600): Sauron seduces and deceives the Noldor in Eregion in the guise of Annatar but Gil-Galad and Galadriel mistrust him. The Noldor under Celebrimbor are instructed by Sauron, and begin forging the Rings of Power. Sauron forges the One-Ring in secret and completes the building of his fortress Barad-dur. Celebrimbor begins fighting Sauron
  • Fall of Eregion (S.A. 1697): Eregion destroyed ending one of the last great elven strongholds in Middle Earth and Celebrimbor is slain, thus ending the line of Feanor. The doors of Moria are shut and Elrond establishes Rivendell in secret.
  • Fall of Númenor (S.A. 3255-3319): Ar-Pharazorn the Golden weds his first cousin Miriel, and seizes the throne of Numenor. Ar-Pharazorn sails to Middle Earth and takes Sauron captive. Sauron is taken prisoner to Numenor but begins corrupting the Numenoreans and becomes court advisor to Ar-Pharazorn. Sauron establishes himself as High Priest of Melkor, the Faithful are openly persecuted and sacrificed to Morgoth. Ar-Pharazorn sets foot on Aman.
  • Atheism in Númenor (S.A. 3300): Sauron convinces the Numenoreans that Eru was a lie created by the Valar to keep the children of Arda complicit. Melkor was then the giver of freedom, for he wished to empower man and not chain them as the Valar desire. Atheism = a disbelief in Eru as the Valar were not true ‘gods’
  • Recovery of the One-Ring (S.A. 3320): Gondor founded, Sauron returns to Mordor.


  • Sauron’s accomplishments were dramatically more long lasting within the longevity of Middle Earth then that of Morgoth.
  • The creating of the Rings of Power would continue to cause numerous incidents of greed, war and temptation, lasting well into the Third Age until his finale defeat. Those that wore the rings were bound to them and twisted into creatures called Ringwraiths, whose fates would forever be depended upon them. Those that possessed the One-Ring would find themselves becoming mad on its power and some even had to take leave to Valinor in a hopes to recover from its taint
  • Eregion was considered one of the last great elven kingdoms in Middle Earth, alike to the glory of those in the First Age. Upon its fall, nothing of similar power would be created by the elves in Middle Earth beyond those of pocket realms held by lords and ladies.
  • Much of the same, Numenor was considered to be the greatest kingdom of man and nothing in its likeness would be found in Middle Earth again. Upon its fall, Valinor was removed from the earth and Arda itself became round and foreign.
  • Lastly the recovery of the One-Ring allowed for Sauron to grow in malice and might once more, and he would return twice again to lay siege to Middle Earth.
  • Therefore five of his seven accomplishments attributed to his succession towards domination and the former two allowed for Sauron to gain much needed experience before allowing his aggression to stretch outward.


Major Losses

  • Humiliation of Huan (F.A. 465): Sauron takes the guise of a great wolf and attempts to overpower the hound Huan. However, he is gravely wounded and his forms stripped of him and he flees in the disguise of a bat and is not seen for the remainder of the First Age. This allows for Beren and Luthien to succeed in the Quest of the Silmarils (see Melkor’s Losses)
  • Rejection of Eönwë (F.A. 590?): After the War of Wrath, Sauron adopted a fair form and repented of his evil deeds in fear of the Valar. Eonwe then ordered Sauron to return to Valinor to receive judgement by Manwe. Sauron was not willing to suffer such humiliation and fled and hid himself in Middle Earth.
  • Forging of the Three Rings (S.A. 1590- T.A. 3021): Celebrimbor forges the Three Rings in secret. Would later be possessed by Elrond, Cirdan/Gandalf, and Galadriel. Known also as Narya (Ring of Fire), Nenya (Ring ofWater) and Vilya (Ring of Air)– preserved the beauty of Elven lands and would ward off Sauron’s power and influence throughout his return in the Third Age.
  • Minastir’s Navy (S.A.1700): Tar-Minastir (11th King of Numenor) sends a great navy to Lindon. Sauron is defeated and his forces retreat from the coasts of Middle Earth.
  • Fruit of Nimloth (S.A. 3280): The White Tree of Gondor is said to be tied into the fates of men and should it be burned or destroyed, their empires shall fall. Isildur steals a fruit from Nimloth, the white tree is burn in Sauron’s temple thereafter. Later given to Aragorn and replanted in the Third Age following Sauron’s defeat.
  • Drowning of Númenor (S.A. 3319): Ar-Pharazorn sets foot on Aman; the World is Changed. Aman and Tol Eressea are removed from Arda. Numenor is drowned and the world is made round. Elendil and his sons arrive on the shores of middle earth. Sauron is removed of his fair form.
  • the Last Alliance of Elves and Men (S.A. 3441): Elendil and Gil-Galad face Sauron in hand to hand combat. But they perish, though Isildur takes the shards of his father’s sword Narsil and cuts the One-Ring from Sauron’s finger. Sauron’s physical form is destroyed and Barad-dur is razed to the ground. Many elves depart to Valinor thereafter.
  • The Fellowship of the Ring (T.A. 3018-19): will be discussed in The Finale Defeat (stay tuned for section 4)


Overall Conclusion

  • This is not at all a professional essay and therefore it may be founded upon faulted information and heavily weighed by personal opinion. However, in concerns of longevity of rule but more importantly, of accomplishments; Sauron succeeded more towards his goal of dominating Middle Earth and the free people found within. His achievements possessed greater impacts in the longevity of Middle Earth. For more on Sauron in the Third Age, please wait for section 4 which will discuss The Finale Defeat.
Mob and Tsubomi analysis

Hey y’all my name is Emily and today I’m gonna try my hand at MP100 Meta™, specifically about Mob, Tsubomi, and their complex relationship. This is kind of all over the place and is pretty long, so if you want to skip to the part where I actually talk about their hypothetical romantic relationship (which was the original point of this post before I got carried away), it has stars next to it.

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My heart hurts. I am praying that none of you were among the injured or the dead. I am praying that none of you know someone who was. This hurts me so badly. I don’t personally know anyone affected. I feel as though I’m mourning over 22 people I will never know.

Georgina Callander was one of the 22 who were killed in the attack. I didn’t know Gina, but she was all over my twitter feed this morning. Her account made me smile. She was a huge fangirl who had the chance to meet so many of her favorite celebrities. She was a big member of the family I call Team Internet. To me, anyone who loves and supports the members of this crazy online platform is a member of this crazy family. Joe shared a picture he took with Gina and multiple members of Team Internet responded with heartbreak. It is clear to me that Gina was a big part of this family. I feel like I have lost a distant relative. What are the chances that one of the 22 was one of us? I think about this account and how many followers I have who I don’t know and never will know. I wonder if one of them was Gina. I wonder if I have lost other family members I will never know.

I tend to get overly emotional about things like this. I am just some girl in Michigan. I guess I just can’t believe that we live in a world of such evil. And I hate that that evil has taken a member of Team Internet. Like I said, I feel like I have lost a distant relative.

I don’t know what else to say. I have BBC news on and I don’t know what I’m waiting for. Good news? An announcement that it’s all a prank? Another catastrophe designed by Sam Pepper for an elaborate video? I know the reality but I’m in denial. I hate this. I hate that we have to be afraid of going to concerts. I hate that I have a play for my friend tonight an I’m scared to go. I hate that my mom is at work and I want her home. Such trivial things to be worried about. I hate the fear that terrorism spreads across the world. I hate that this terrorist targeted teenagers. Children. What was his goal? What did the 8-year-old girl who was so excited to see Ariana do to him? What did Gina do to him? I know he wanted mass destruction (that’s what terrorists want, right?) but I can’t fathom this. This is unfair. This is cowardly.

I’m sorry my words haven’t come out as well as I wanted them to. I guess I just don’t know what to say. I am heartbroken. I wanted to wake up this morning unaffected by it all, but it’s hitting me hard and I don’t know why, and I don’t like it.

They just showed a picture of Gina on BBC and I had to look away. She was so happy and now she is gone.

I don’t know if the UK had the childhood show Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood. It was a lovely children’s show about a man named Mr. Rogers who would teach us about life and good things and treated us all like neighbors. He once said, “When I was a boy and I would see scary things in the news, my mother would say to me, Look for the helpers. You will always find people who are helping.” That’s what I’m trying to do. Trying to focus on the emergency response team. Trying to focus on the line that was waiting to donate blood for those injured. Trying to focus on the hotels offering room for those who need help. Trying to focus on the people online who are helping people find their loved ones. Trying to find any glimmer of hope in this dark world.

They’re talking about Donald Trump on BBC right now and I don’t want to hear about this orange man and his plans in the middle east. He called those behind the attack evil losers. I’m sorry but what? Where’s Obama and his smooth and caring words of assurance and love?

I am praying for everyone who has been affected by this. I’m praying for Gina. Please stay safe. If you’re in Manchester, STAY HOME. I know that your government is saying that the threat is still high, that there is a high chance of another attack. Please, I am begging you, stay home. Keep your family close. Call your friends, make sure they’re okay. Please, please stay safe. Don’t let the bad guys win.

When I was going through Gina’s twitter, I saw that she was a big fan of the show Once Upon a Time. Snow White and Charming used to say Good can’t just lose. Good will always win. That’s what we have to say. We can’t let evil win. Good. Can’t. Lose. If we stand together and hold each other close, good will win.

I’m sorry I can’t do more. I’m sorry my words are falling a bit flat. Just know that my prayers are for all of you who have been affected by this. Please stay safe. The world is a scary place.

Here is an emergency contact number. I don’t know what this means but they keep showing it on TV so I feel like it’s important to share:

0800 096 0095

“Honesty is a bad habit of mine”: Jean’s Honesty in Attack on Titan, Part 1

So a partial draft of this has been sitting in my documents for a few weeks now, but today feels like a relatively timely moment to post it because of two things that have happened recently: Jean’s character song “Rusty Honesty” has been released and—as @imperfecteclipse informed me!— last Sunday was apparently national honesty day! So let’s talk about Jean’s most defining trait!

Jean’s attempt to persuade Armin and Reiner to assist him in stalling the Female Titan, Chapter 23.

In an interview published with the first volume of Attack on Titan in English, Isayama states that Jean is his favorite character in the series because, “Jean comes right out and says what he’s thinking, even if it’s something you normally couldn’t say. That’s what I like about him.” However, many characters within the manga don’t find Jean’s forthrightness quite as endearing. Shadis, for instance, compares Jean’s personality to “a drawn sword, which tends to create conflict” (chapter 18) and Jean himself calls honesty his “bad habit” (chapter 15). It’s a personality trait—or perhaps we should say personality commitment—with consequences, often putting him at odds with others because his observations make them uncomfortable.

What I find fascinating about Attack on Titan is that Jean is never, at any point of the narrative, asked to totally give up this “bad habit”: instead, his honesty—which often takes the form of dissent—is presented as a potential asset, particularly to his development as a future leader within the Corps. In the early chapters, his honesty gives way to cynical defeatism and apathy, but over time he develops it into a tool of productive critique. He never quite assimilates comfortably into the Survey Corps, working instead to keep them on their toes. He reminds both the Survey Corps and the reader of the stakes involved in fighting the titans, wondering what it means to achieve “the greater good” at such high costs.  

It’s a trait that, when used to actively question the world order rather than just passively observe it, makes Jean dangerous. And I’ve decided to talk about it in two parts, because pulling it apart and looking at in depth has proven to be quite an undertaking, haha. This part will focus on Jean’s honesty in the early narrative (and what he means when he terms himself an honest man) and part two will explore how it assists his development as a leader up through the Return to Shiganshina arc.

As is the case with pretty much all of my Jean metas, this reading of his role in the series is entirely dependent on the manga. As I have argued here, the anime’s characterization of Jean is quite different, which significantly alters his role in the narrative.

More under the cut!

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On the subject of Jellal’s arc

I’ve seen some Jellal commentary lately that’s kinda raised my eyebrows. There’s several points I want to make here and to avoid a tangental rant I’m going to address the biggest three issues I have.

  • Redemption. What does this mean in Fairy Tail as a manga and what does it mean for Jellal specifically?
  • Jellal vs. Siegrain. Is this a versus or are they both pieces of the same whole?
  • Moving forward. Where can Jellal go from here?

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anonymous asked:

hi omg I love your blog! could you guys maybe do some daichi headcanons? i need soft daichi in my life!!

Soft Daichi is my jam, Anon… He’s a perfect husband and I love him. I did some Childhood and Fatherhood headcanons; hope that’s ok!! Sora is Admn Ellie’s brainchild, though, and she helped me with the childhood ones a lot.
~Admin Emma


  • I’ve mentioned before that Daichi was the wee-est of wee babies, but just because he was small didn’t mean he wasn’t healthy… and he was definitely a bit of a trouble maker. He was an inquisitive little bean, exploring everything–the instant he was mobile, he was into everything. No one really minded because he wasn’t overly destructive, but his older brother certainly minded when Daichi got into his Weekly Jump collection.
  • Daichi has two brothers–one a few years older, one a few years younger. Kaiyo is his older brother–taller, stoic, muscular and went into police work; Sora is his younger brother–also taller, obscenely popular in school, kind of a pretty boy, good at sports… Daichi has always low key felt inferior to both of them, even as a kid.
  • When Daichi was about five, he fell out of bed. It sounded like a sack of bricks hitting the floor, and his parents nearly had a panic attack. Child was still sound asleep, curled up with his blankets and pillows and his stuffed Pikachu, and didn’t even stir when his mom tucked him back in. He was fine (kid’s built like a brick house even then) but his mom installed safety barriers on the bed the next day. They didn’t come off until Daichi was almost in high school (and only then because he begged her)
  • Daichi was never a kid to cry a lot. He tried really hard not to when he hurt himself or he felt disappointed with something. It got to the point that, even when he fell out of a tree when he was eight and broke his arm in three places, he only whimpered. His mom only figured it out before he went inside because Sora started screaming.
  • Daichi has always had problems with really vivid night terrors. He experienced sleep paralysis for a brief period when he was young, and to this day he still needs a small light in the bedroom with absolutely zero mirrors. Before Sora was born, he would climb in bed with his parents, but once he was a big brother, he tried to deal with it on his own.
  • He was an artistic child. He was that kid who always had piles of crayons and colored pencils; the fridge was always covered in his drawings and paintings, and he was really serious about it. He even had a little sketchbook most of his life. He continued this habit well into his adulthood–he’s always needed that creative outlet. It’s how he’s so steady, even at a young age.
  • Daichi wanted to be a firefighter when he grew up. He was always really interested in helping people, and he always really admired them. Even after he started to play volleyball really seriously, he was looking at it for like, a real job and everything. As he got older, he started reconsidering because his parents really wanted him to go to college, but it’s still a low key dream that he has.
  • Daichi had a stuffed Pikachu growing up; he was always a big gamer as a kid, and Pokemon was his favorite. It was his fifth birthday present, and he literally carried it everywhere for about two years. It was always the one toy he took on school trips, it stayed in bed with him always, and when it had to be washed, he either had to be at school or he parked in front of the dryer until it came out.


  • When Daichi finds out you’re pregnant, he’s elated. He sweeps you into this gentle hug and there are tears in the corners of his eyes. He can’t believe how happy he is, and how lucky he is. He is super protective, though, almost to a fault. He will literally do everything for you without being asked. It’s great in the early months when you’re sick and tired, but by the end, you’re probably ready for some of your independence back.
  • Everyone sort of expects him to step into his role as a husband, caregiver, and father no problem, but he has a lot of anxieties and doubts. Researching gives him panic attacks, but not researching keeps him awake at night. He’s caught somewhere between wanting to be supportive and wanting to be supported. He feels guilty about it, though, because he’s always been your stern and stable Daichi, and you’re the one growing a baby, not him. Reassure him, though. Once you remind him that you’re nervous too, and that you’re a team, he’ll feel better.
  • The day his children are born are literally the happiest days of his lives. He worries the whole time you’re in labor, but the first time he holds his baby in his arms, he’s gone. He’s in love, and he’s so fucking proud. No victory, no goal reached, no obstacle overcome compares to the feeling of his healthy, tiny baby in his arms. He cries–like, real honest-to-God gut-wrenching sobs–when his first grabs a hold of his finger with those tiny, tiny hands. He thanks you profusely, and refuses to leave your side for a while.
  • He is literally your rock in the early months. He pulls more than his weight around the house because he knows you’re up every hour on the hour for feedings. He tries to get up too, especially for the things he can do like changing the baby or rocking it back to sleep when it just needs to be soothed. As a result, you and him both bond pretty thoroughly with your children, and neither of you is too exhausted because the other is always picking up slack and taking turns.
  • He loves blowing raspberries on their cheeks and tummies because he lives for their laughter. He does it to them until they’re about four or five, and when that doesn’t work, he tickles. He just wants his kids to be happy and feel loved at whatever cost, and if a few tickles from Dad is what it takes, he’s more than willing to deliver.
  • Daichi encourages wide varieties and arrays of interests. He wants his kids to try intellectual, artistic and creative, and athletic pursuits to their abilities and desires. He encourages trying new things, even if they aren’t very good at it at first, because he wasn’t born an amazing volleyball player. He’s also that Dad who will absolutely look into stuff his kids are into, but he’s not into or doesn’t know anything about. If his kids obsess over a game, he’ll try and understand what’s happening and ask them questions if they’re ok with it. If they get into playing a musical instrument, he’ll always ask them to put on little concerts for him, even if they’re awful at it. He always encourages and praises them, though.
  • He is literally the most supportive dad. If his kids ever came out to him, he would be so loving and supportive, no matter what. He also goes out of his way to make his house a safe space for all of his kid’s friends, unless they are legitimately bad people. Daichi has always been a good judge of character, though, and his kids trust his good word.
  • He literally takes to fatherhood like a fish to water. Everyone jokes about how it’s because of all the practice he had in high school, but he also knows that he would literally do anything for his kids. He’s just the best dad–stern, but fair; supportive, but always pushing for them to do better. He cries at every milestone, and makes them smile when they’re down. He’s just literally the best father any kid could ask for.
Why Your Parent’s Advice Was Wrong

There’s a couple who live a few doors down with their young son.  On Monday he was off out with his mother and, as she strode purposefully to the car, he was haring up and down the road, skipping and jumping without a care in the world. “Come on, you’re wasting time” she called without looking back. Dutifully he calmed down and wandered behind her to the car.

Sometimes children need to be given clear guidelines. It’s important for them to know where the boundaries are, even if they don’t much like them, because it helps them to feel safe. A childhood without boundary is as destructive as one with too many. But the claim that he was “wasting time” jarred.

At dinner last night my son was telling me about the killjoy attitude of his head teacher who has, apparently, cut short the final day of school for those leaving this year, in order to limit the high jinks of the boys, excitable at their imminent release into an unsuspecting world. This will also prevent them from taping any more year 8 boys upside down to the rugby posts, or moving the entire contents of the library out into the court and turfing the library. Apparently he also delights in telling the boys how much he doesn’t like Christmas. “He’s so cynical” says Tom, my 18 year old son with everything in front of him, of his head teacher, the man we entrust to reconfirm our own teachings about how to keep an open mind and avoid cynicism.

In a session this week a young client struggling at school is talking about how he finds it almost impossible to control his anger when he is pushed and taunted, as he repeatedly is. Feeling he has a binary choice between the painful white of disconnection or the dangerous black of full on aggression I wonder what happened to the grey in between, the place where assertiveness and self esteem replaces his fists and his tears. He tells me that he isn’t allowed to be vulnerable because he learned from his father that this is weakness, and weakness is not tolerated.

Somewhere we learned to “just get on with it”, but it’s bullshit. There is a wisdom we hold in childhood which we surrender when presented with alternative opinion from the adults in our lives. This wisdom is the freedom to show how we feel, to run if we feel like running, to be excited without  needing justification, and to be OK with feeling sad and cry about it.

Many of us will have been encouraged to find a bit more strength as we grow up, to hide difficult emotions, to avoid talking about our feelings. Some of us will not have been given the truth about a death or allowed to go to the funeral. Others of us will have lived in the middle of a toxic relationship, constantly wondering when it’s all going to blow up in our faces but never being given anything to provide the clarity we crave, until our worst fears are realised and it blows up in our faces.

It is us, the adults, who have covered up and lost our strength, not our children. We have surrendered our resilience by claiming the opposite. We render ourselves far less able to cope by our desparate claims that we are coping. A willingness to be vulnerable is as strong as it gets, because it shows that we don’t need to be bullet proof in order to survive the bullets.

So, it isn’t strong to hide emotion, it isn’t powerful to pretend that we are not hurt, and it is not necessary to “get over” the death of someone we love within a specific timeframe, or indeed, ever. It is not manly to sort everything out with fists, and it is not impressive to be cynical and suggest to others that low expectation is the way to avoid disappointment. These are the tales we have been told as children by foolish adults and, if we absorb them, we repeat them to the detriment of our own children. So it goes.

The mother down the road was right to hurry her little boy along, because he needed to understand that when you have to be somewhere, you need to get there. But it wasn’t true to tell him that he was wasting time. In fact, he was living, being a child, standing in the moment. In this respect listening to his mother was the last thing he needed, because time spent doing what makes us happy, what makes us skip and jump and laugh, what reflects our true feelings, can never be a waste, and don’t let any misguided adult tell you otherwise.

One of the most popular quotes from season 2 is Rutabaga Rabitowitz’s movie star speech, where he tells Princess Carolyn that she is the protagonist in her own story, and that the challenges she is facing only serve as perspective for when she eventually gets everything that she wants. Most of its circulation has been positive and uncritical, but upon close inspection, it’s not only terrible advice, but a valid description of how many of the characters in the series are seeing themselves and operating.

The first time we see Rutabaga, he’s taking notes on his phone call with Princess Carolyn, where she tells him about how she has nearly secured a role for one of her clients. The next time they speak, he reveals that he had gotten his own client a screen test for the same movie, and effectively took the project from her. He doesn’t come off as overtly scheming or manipulative, but from day one, it’s established that he is an opportunist who doesn’t really think about what he’s doing, if it means he’s accomplishing his goals and pushing his own narrative further. It’s difficult to say whether or not he is intentionally malicious, but viewing himself as the only person in his life whose happiness matters corrupts his ability to be self aware. He doesn’t see himself as leading Princess Carolyn on, because he does like her. He wants to be able to keep Katie as his wife and have PC as his mistress, since the only thing that he’s taking into consideration is his own fulfillment and not how hurtful this is to either of them. Why would he? After all, he thinks the movie is about him.

When we see him again in “Old Acquaintance” in season 3, Rutabaga and Katie have repaired their marriage, are expecting children, and he’s running his own agency alongside Vanessa Gekko. We see that nothing has changed about his perspective when he’s competing with PC to secure Flight of the Pegasus. Both he and Vanessa resort to unethical tactics to sabotage PC––using Kelsey as a pawn, and digging through her old emails to find ammunition against her––and get the commission for themselves, while she simply had connections to the casting director. Him taking yet another project from PC not only seals VIM’s doom, but ruins Kelsey and BoJack’s chance at reconciliation. Holding his newborn children in the hospital, Rutabaga proclaims “you’ve got to love a happy ending,” despite leaving so much destruction in his wake.

Though Rutabaga is an extreme example, and most likely exists within this narrative as a testament to how cruel, intentionally or otherwise, this sort of self-centered thinking can be, we see the leads behave in similar ways at times. It’s the most apparent with BoJack, when he’s doing things like sabotaging Todd’s rock opera so he won’t move out, trying to get Charlotte to leave her family for him so he can live out an escapist fantasy, or endangering Sarah Lynn because he needs a distraction, but it isn’t just him. Diane pretends to be halfway across the world for months because she wants to maintain the image that she’s doing important work, even though her absence is hurtful to Mr. Peanutbutter. Even PB, to a much lesser extent than the former, shows similar characteristics when he doesn’t stop to consider that he and Diane could be thrown into serious financial trouble because he doesn’t want to pursue other acting jobs, even though he’s spent all their money.

The movie star speech and its eventual deconstruction goes to show that toxic ways of thinking and behaving aren’t always overt, and can even seem empowering on a superficial level. Perhaps Rutabaga is the hero of his own story, but that doesn’t mean he can’t be a villain in someone else’s. The same goes for everybody else, in BoJack Horseman and beyond.

anonymous asked:

i don't know much about naruto (like other then some clips my friend made me watch in middle school i haven't watched or read it) but like from what i gather it was like pretty much shounen-ai but in the last chapter suddenly the guy "couple" is now with two girl characters, one of which the guy abused the guy for years and actually tried to kill her?? and like the ending destroyed years of character development? 0_0 am i getting the situation right? cause if that's the case the authors a d*ck.

Sigh. I don’t know where to begin. First off, I wouldn’t call the author a dick. Naruto is a mainstream shounen manga so it’s targeted at a particular type of male audience. I never really expected Naruto to make a gay or queer couple canon (though it sorta did in the first arc). But, if there was a shounen manga that could have done it without it being a joke, it would have been Naruto. The relationship between the two main male characters is just so central to the series that everything else feels pretty irrelevant. That said, I had high hopes but I never expected the author to do anything out of the norm since I understand the system and pressures he’s working with. I was expecting a pretty stereotypical ending (though hoping for a more open/ambiguous one), I just didn’t realize that I would be blasted with so much gender/hetereonormativity. Like was there really a need to (1) pair off every single person (2) have the other person be someone of the opposite sex (3) have them all make babies? Ships and pairings aside, the supposed ending (the official chapter isn’t out yet) is so out of line with the themes and development of the rest of the manga that I would consider it a bad ending from an objective standpoint. There’s a particular character that I feel just would not have been able to get married, have a family and live a stereotypically happy life considering all the things he and everyone else had been through. There would just be a shit ton of trust issues.

Let me just say that as someone who is critical of the way romantic relationships are privileged over platonic ones, and the way this message is embedded in critiques of people who only see same-sex relationships as platonic (though the critiques are usually warranted because subtle homophobia is usually underlying many—though not all—of these people’s views), I’m not quick to say “OMG THESE TWO DUDES ARE SO CANON.” I like to ship and enjoy playing with subtext, but I’m not quick to turn things romantic because I have a preference for platonic relationships between people. That said, I really believe that Naruto and Sasuke’s bond transcends all other bonds. It’s more than romance. It’s more than platonic. 

  • We learn by the end of the manga that N & S have been paying attention to each other since they were children. N admired and wanted to be friends with S but decided to become rivals and make him his goal instead. N has admitted that S was the first person he felt a bond to. S admits at the end of the manga that he had also always been watching and thinking about N.

  • S was willing to sacrifice his life to save N, and while dying, thought about all of their moments together.

  • 80% of the series is about N chasing after S to save him from his own darkness.

  • When N was told that his power element was wind and that wind was weak against S’s fire element, rather than being upset, N was happy because wind was needed to make fire bigger and stronger. 

  • N, who is always a prideful and happy-go-lucky guy passed out from a panic attack after hearing his comrades talk about killing S.

  • N knelt, begged, and willingly took a thorough beating to plead with others to not go after and kill S.

  • After everyone else had already long given up on S, N asked S if he understood the depths of N’s heart, and told him that he was willing to shoulder S’s hatred with him, and that he could not let S continue his path of destruction, but he could not give up on him and kill him so he would rather die together with him.

  • S decided he needed to kill N because N was his remaining bond in the world and the only thing left that he felt attached to and that was important to him.

  • N refused to be killed by S because he could not stand the idea of S being alone.

  • N, despite already becoming an acknowledged ninja with lots of friends, still felt lonely because S, the one person who really understood him, was not there.
  • N and S both acknowledged multiple times that they are each other’s closest friend/comrade/bond

  • After S interrogated N by what he meant by “friends,” N said that he doesn’t really know either and couldn’t really explain it, but whenever he saw S trying to bear everything alone, he felt unbearable pain.

  • At the end of the manga, we learn that S had always reciprocated these feelings, and S acknowledged that he felt the same whenever he saw N’s pain and loneliness. And pretty much the only living person who could make S feel anything (for a loooong time now), is N.

Calling this a bromance is insulting.

And although I can’t 100% refute people who say that you could also interpret this relationship as platonic and completely devoid of any romantic inclinations, and that it wouldn’t be homophobic to do so, the fact that people are so much more open to perceiving romantic legitimacy in the male/female pairings of these two characters with other female characters (whom they have largely ignored/abused up until now) and the fact that people have quickly started shipping their supposed male and female children (even though there’s absolutely no story to them yet), makes it difficult for me to not infer underlying homophobia in everyone’s subconsciousness. Like, I think people can ship whatever they want, but I think there’s something to be said about how quickly people dismiss particular romantic possibilities and endorse others.

How To Be A Parent

This week my son hit eighteen years. For a while now he has been taller than me, more stylish, and it’s been years since I could have had any chance of helping him with maths homework. He has, like most his age, become a nocturnal creature at the weekends, going out when I am beginning to think about bed, and coming home shortly before I’m roused from my slumber. But sitting with him on his birthday I cast my mind back over those years, which seem to have flitted past in an instant, to reflect on what I have learned about how to be a parent.

You can never be right but you are never really wrong.
If my intention as a parent is positive, and if I make the best decisions I can then it is possible to let go of the need to be right, knowing that I never can be, not all of the time. I often imagine my children sitting in a therapists room in years to come describing with incredulity some of my most unhelpful interventions, but I know I can only ever be me, and my ability to consider that “enough” probably does my children more favours than harm.

Criticism is more easily felt than spoken.
Early in my work as a therapist I realised that criticising a parent is damn hard, even in the most extreme of circumstances. “Yes, they left me tied to a post without food and water for weeks on end but obviously I love them, they’re my mum and dad”. Although this has never actually been said there have been many statements of similar shade. We cannot easily find it in ourselves to criticise our parents, but this reluctance does not serve us well.

Parenting needs a healthy dose of fallibility. Children need to see we are far from perfect because otherwise we are pretending to be something we are not and encouraging our children to aspire to something they can never be.

I often tell my children I expect them to point out what went wrong when they were children, where there were differences between what they needed and what they got. They might never feel able to highlight it to me, but they may feel more able to identify it when they need to without the additional burden of guilt and disloyalty.

Healthy boundaries are critical.
Too many boundaries are no more or less damaging than insufficient boundaries. Giving children too much guidance, trying to maintain too much control serves only to stifle and restrict the development of another human being. Our children are not ours, they are loaned to us for safekeeping. Too little guidance and interest shown frequently manifests in feelings of low self worth and questions about value. A parent can mistake an abdication of appropriate responsibility for giving “freedom” but they are not the same things at all. We are all products of our own childhoods, we are controlled by our own sense of right and wrong, and we are subject to our own inbuilt boundaries, and we must consider these when setting them for our children. Being a human is difficult, living with another human makes it more difficult still, and then creating a third human is a something else again.

We are the model of relationships our children hold.
Statistically a dismal proportion of couples who have children manage to stay together in a healthy relationship, but our responsibility for and our influence over the way our children perceive relationships never stops. I once heard someone on the radio suggest that the greatest gift a father can give his children is to show his love for their mother. I think there is a deep truth in this, and I am sure it is true for mothers love for fathers too. Even when families are fractured, however long it takes to heal the wounds, surely a return to a healthy, supportive and caring relationships between parents is of greatest value to the children. Conflict is inevitable and can be catastrophic, but there is no need for it to be catastrophic forever. When children witness the bitterness and resentment between parents they are learning nothing about the value of positive and healthy emotion. If there were one single lesson I would want my children to have it is that one. If you act with love you will never be without a feeling of love. That is huge.

We all have the opportunity to break the cycle.
It is true that the abused can become abusers but it is similarly true that the abused often recognise the brutal damage done to them and vow never to repeat the same ghastly mistakes. They show affection and love where they were left with destructive dysfunction. They encourage and support where they experienced nothing but empty space. Of course whichever difficult childhood experiences we correct in our own parenting we make other mistakes instead, ones we can’t see, and ones which our children will have the opportunity to correct later on. This is the cycle of family life, and to try and ignore it or pretend that it is possible to “do parenting correctly” is mythical and damaging.

When my children were young it was easy to be a parent. Just like in the picture Tom would only need some paint and paper, and Beth would happily sleep on the table while he worked. It is as they grow older that the huge responsibility of raising humans becomes more apparent. I know that I entitled this piece “How To Be A Parent” but the truth is, I have no idea. I have cobbled together a hotchpotch of repeating what worked for me as a child and adjusting what didn’t. I have tried to act from the heart and the head in equal measure. I have made awful mistakes and let down my family in spectacular ways on numerous occasions, but through it all I have loved with all of my heart. In the end, that is the best that I or any of us can ever do.

anonymous asked:

Would you mind sharing an example of a short summary vs a jacket summary?

Sure! Here’s they are for Bird Behaviour.

Short summary:

Twenty-three-year-old Jenson lives in small-town BC (Ashcroft), and is coping with schizophrenia, which is slowly worsening. His girlfriend Blue’s drug use is straining their relationship. Jenson sees his childhood love Ophelia, who went missing eleven years before, in the hospital ER and is unable to determine if she is hallucination or not. Although there are no leads on her disappearance, he has always suspected she committed suicide. His goal is to determine if she is a hallucination of has come back for him, and is alive.

 Concurrently runs a timeline detailing the development of Jenson and Ophelia’s relationship as children in the time leading up to her disappearance and potential death. This includes insights into his feelings towards her, peeks into her life from his point of view, and set up of her self destructive tendencies.

A third timeline is set two years prior to the reappearance of Ophelia in the hospital. In this timeline, Jenson is beginning to develop schizophrenia. This timeline also details the start of Jenson’s relationship with Blue, which occurred around the same time his schizophrenia began to develop. 

It’s very matter of fact. It’s not stylized, it just lays out the points. It’s only there for my use, so I don’t really care about crappy writing.

The jacket summary is stylized, it’s like what you’d find on a book’s back jacket.

Jenson Hayes sees what others don’t, hides anti-psychotics from his girlfriend, owns a dead girl’s rifle that he never shoots, and collects bird skeletons in preparation for a mass extinction.

Ophelia Morris was a marksman, a ballerina, and has been missing for eleven years. Not a trace, like she’d never even walked here. Homicide, suicide, pseudocide, abduction. The police say equal chance of each, but Jenson suspects the second and hopes for the third.

One night, Jenson sees Ophelia dance through an empty hospital ER, her arms nested in bandages. She could be a ghost, a dopamine imbalance; or, she’s come back for him.

This is lowkey crappy and doesn’t have much of a conclusion, but I just dashed it off for the sake of this ask so it’ll do. 

anonymous asked:

okay, so imagine bsd is a disney movie. if dazai, atsushi, akutagawa, odasaku, ranpo, fukuzawa, and chuuya (idk if this is too much, and i wanted to ask for any of the ladies, but ican't remember any of their names! if you want to add characters tho, feel free to!) are characters in this movie, which is their role? who is the princess, evil stepmother, loyal pet friend, etc. hope this makes sense lmao

(This is a beautiful ask and I’m gonna run away with it and do some more characters including the females! Some of these are exaggerated to make a more fairy-tale like character but the others also infuse their traits from within the actual series. I hope this is what you wanted

I also used tvtropes to help with this)

Armed Detective Agency

Dazai Osamu: Reformed Villain/The Fairy Godmother. Despite a rocky start, he sees the error of his way due to the Decoy Protagonist sacrificing his life, and teaching him a lesson about life. He serves his role as a Godmother seriously even if it doesn’t appear so, and watches over the hero as a way to repent and fulfill the Decoy Protagonists wish. 

Edogawa Ranpo: Jerk with a heart of gold. Edogawa is a difficult character that’s met through the story, that has important information but charges with a price. He may seem to just be blocking the natural progression of the hero’s mission, but in the end, he gives the information that truly changes the game and leads to the hero’s ultimate success.

Fukuzawa Yukichi: Doting grandparent. Fukuzawa takes more of a passive role, acting as the grandparent to all those who he cares for. He may not always be open with his care for the others but he keeps a close eye on the actions of the hero and his fairy godmother to assure no disaster is imminent.

Kunikida Doppo: The finicky one. Kunikida tries to be the voice of reason to the fairy godmother, a royal advisor of sorts, but is a stickler for both rules and order. He becomes agitated if said order is interrupted, and often ends up scolding the hero for causing a mess.

Kyouka Izumi: Reformed Villain. Kyouka was born in darkness and lived in the darkness for most of her life, before she was rescued by the light and someone who becomes known as her own personal hero. She realizes the evils of her ways and yearns for change, even if the road is difficult and filled with many apologies.

Miyazawa Kenji: Hair of gold, heart of gold. Kenji is the fun-loving, cheerful character who has a kind word for everyone and a positive attitude that can inspire the main protagonist. He is often regarded as pure and innocent, despite his ability to fight, though he prefers to avoid violence.

Nakajima Atsushi: The hero. Atsushi is the main character, the hero is meant to right all the wrongs in the world, who follows a brightly lit path to success despite all the bumps in the road. He exhibits the kindness and greatness that rests within all people, and everyone has great faith in him.

Tanizaki Junichirou: The loyal animal companion. Junichirou feels like more of a background character than most, but he’s actually of great support to both the princess and the hero. He comes to be the little birdie who whispers in their ear, and gives the hero advice when it’s most needed.

Tanizaki Naomi: Spoiled but sweet princess. She gets everything she wants from her brother, but still cares deeply about her family, and her people. She may appear spoiled because she enjoys the finger things in life, but underneath she’s got a warm heart that shows through her passion for her Kingdom.

Yosano Akiko: Bitch in sheep’s clothing. Yosano is mistaken as the nice female companion, the one who just heals, and minds her own business. This is proven wrong when she feels insulted or as though she’s being attack personally, the big guns coming out as he true nature as a woman who can handle herself becomes apparent.

Port Mafia

Akutagawa Ryuunosuke: Stalker with a crush. Maybe not necessarily a crush, but he’s a bit obsessed with both the Hero and the Fairy Godmother for scorning him. His evil streak of death and destruction is just for attention, and often he finds himself ‘manipulated’ or used by the Diabolical Mastermind for his evil deeds.

Higuchi Ichiyou: Tomboy princess/the sidekick. Higuchi isn’t a stereotypical princess in that she’s unnaturally adventurous and willingly throws herself into dangerous situations because she knows she can handle herself. She is also a sidekick to the stalker with a crush, having a bit of a crush on him as well and dedicating herself to helping him achieve his goals even if it forsakes her own feelings.

Mori Ougai: Card carrying villain. A villain who is quite proud he’s a villain, and who lets everyone know just how evil he truly is. He fights for control over the kingdom, wanting his gang to run rampant on the town without opposition. He’s truly a force to be reckoned with, his darkness so prevalent it seems near impossible for the light to shine through.

Nakahara Chuuya: Fiery redhead. Chuuya is the token fiery redhead, whether you’re friend or foe, you’re very likely to set him off if you bring up the fairy godmother. He has a passionate and charming personality that hides the true fierceness underneath, but he soon gains a reputation not to be messed with, and most would point the hero away from the choice of having to deal with him.


Oda Sakunosuke: Decoy Protagonist. Odasaku seems to have a good life, taking care of orphaned children while working under and organization it doesn’t seem he’s entirely happy with. But his tragic, sudden death serves as a catalyst to reform a villain friend, and send him into his true role of fairy godmother to protect the true heroes of the world.

Final Episode Analysis: Humanity in Resonance

Well, here we are. The final episode. From the on-point execution of soundtrack to the stunning visuals, the finale was masterfully crafted. The story left just enough ambiguity to leave us wondering “what if?” but enough heartbreak to satisfy our angst needs for the next year or so (if not the rest of our lives). I’ve received a plethora of messages ranging from the emotional extremes of resentment to joy—while all of our reactions may be different, we can all at least agree that the creators have done their job stirring some sort of emotion within us. And now, without further ado, the final episode analysis.


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Dad!Cassian Headcanons

Originally posted by semisweetshadow

A/N: So I thought I better do something nice after the trauma I caused with my last set of Cassian headcanons. Also, I’m aware that there is no parental link between Cassian Andor and Poe Dameron and this is purely for fictional and headcanon purposes here. Shout out to @daddymenrah for providing me with a decent Spanish translation. The English phrase will be included at the bottom.

- Cassian never planned to have any children. He always viewed them as a hindrance and a sentimental distraction from the main goal in his life which was the success of the resistance and the restoration of the republic.  

- What happened on Scarif automatically realigned everyone’s principles. It was only when you saw the level of loss and destruction that followed that both of you realised life is short.

- Even then it was not a snap decision. ‘What if we bring them into this world and leave them as orphans Y/N?’ ‘Then they will honour us in their own fight.’

- Cassian’s brain never did stop buzzing about this particular subject and you never intended to fall pregnant as quickly as you did but intimate experiences on the frontline were few and far between so you never really considered the consequences.

- The capturing of the plans fortunately prompted a temporary lull in the fighting and you and Cassian are ordered to undertake more desk-based duties. Although he spent more time in the control room than he did with you which hurt to say the least.

- His fear only became known when you finally confront him. ‘I am terrified of what this child could mean Y/N. Fighting is the only thing I’ve ever known but now you two are my reason to live and that scares me.’

- It takes you a long time to coax Cassian away from this state of mind despite your own guilt. Everyone on the base is naturally delighted that the two of you are expecting given the recent tragedy and you try to keep that in mind.

- After many nights of talking between yourselves you eventually find Cassian fast asleep on your thigh with his fingertips just brushing against your abdomen. You could never guess that this man was responsible for the death of so many. You study the lines on his face and marvel at how peaceful he looks. From then on you spend many nights like this, with one hand running your fingers through Cassian’s hair and listening to his breathing catch in his throat everytime your tummy makes a movement.

- You thought you were a million miles away from hardship as a semi-retired soldier but the birth is traumatic. You feel like you’re back on Scarif with all the heat and agony and uncertainty. Your son doesn’t breathe for nearly 5 minutes but when he yells out his first strangled cry you see Cassian weep for the first time.

- When Cassian is holding your son very tentatively in his arms as you recover on the bed next to him you enquire about a name. ‘Poe. I like Poe.’ is Cassian’s only response as he delicately places his hand over the baby’s dark hair.

- You’re very apprehensive about how Cassian will find fatherhood but he does an excellent job at supporting you, getting up at all hours of the night and treading around as if the two of you were made of glass. He finds it hard to adjust to Poe’s presence, sometimes dithering a little in the background as you get Poe ready for bed. You take Cassian’s hand and press your face against his neck, ‘You don’t always have to be a Captain, especially not here.’ Cassian scoffs at that but he knows you mean well.

- One night you see him bent slightly over Poe’s crib. You strain your ears to hear what he’s whispering before realising he is speaking his native Spanish. ‘Eres más brillante que todas las estrellas de la galaxia. A veces, creo que te soñé.’

- Speaking like this to his son allows Cassian to speak freely. He only ever refers to Poe as ‘mijo’. He murmurs small phrases at all hours of the day, you’re only capable of understanding a few words usually but you don’t mind at all. You know language will bind the two of them together forever.

- One night Poe is fast asleep and you and Cassian are just watching him in quiet awe from his crib. You ask, ‘I wonder what he’ll be like when he’s older.’ Cassian draws you close to him, ‘We’ll be there so you won’t have to wonder.’ Cassian leans forwards and whispers, ‘ Un día serás un piloto como tu papa.’

mijo = my son (abbreviation of mi hijo)

Eres más brillante que todas las estrellas de la galaxia. A veces, creo que te soñé. = You are brighter than all of the stars in the galaxy. I think I dreamed you.

Un día serás un piloto como tu papa = one day you will be a pilot just like your dad

65 things you need to know about the Mythology of the X-FILES....



1. The Syndicate was formed in 1973, when it broke free from the US government.

2.  Throughout the years, members included Well-Manicured Man, Cigarette-Smoking Man, William Mulder, Victor Klemper, Deep Throat and Alex Krycek.

3.Prior to its official formation the Syndicate existed as a secret group within the State Department as early as 1952.

4.  Their early pre-Syndicate jobs included relocating Nazi scientists, like Victor Klemper, to the US to aid in alien experimentation.

5.And covering up the 1953 rediscovery of the black oil.

6.On October 13, 1973, the Syndicate created the Project, a join effort between the Syndicate and the alien colonists.

7.The Syndicate exchanged their loved ones for an alien fetus, as genetic samples from both species.

8.Cigarette Smoking Man gave up his wife Cassandra Spender, while William Mulder reluctantly volunteered his daughter Samantha

9.The Syndicate and its Project were destroyed by the faceless aliens in 1999 though their work continued.

10.  The Colonists, also known as the Greys are the aliens working with the Syndicate on the Project.

11 Because they come from the star system, Zeta Reticuti, the Colonists are also known as Reticulians.

12.  They crash-laned in 1947, though they previously existed on Earth in other forms.

13.  The Greys reproduce by gestating in humans who are infected with the black oil.

14. The Colonists are birthed from their hosts as long-clawed aliens, but they eventually shed their sking and become Greys.

15.  The government has also used fake Greys to distract from the actual alien plot.

16.  The black oil, also known as “Purity or black cancer” is an alien virus with multiple functions

17.  Black oil predates humans on Earth and it first infected our primitive ancestors in 35,000 BC.

18.  Purity may have arrived on our planet via a meteor from Mars that also contained the building blocks for human life.

19.  That same theory suggests the the black oil communicated with the aliens which crashed into Roswell.

20.  Some people infected with the alien virus gain special powers, like Gibson Praise, who could read minds.

21.  The plan was to infect humans by bees during colnization, with the bees carrying the virus…through genertically-modified corn.

22.The Greys ultimate goal is the colonization of Earth..which would lead to the destruction of mankind.

23.  In 1947, Harry Truman, became the first US President made aware of the alines plans for colonization.

24.  The government collected genetic data for post-apolcalyptic identification, and kept it at the Strughold Mining Company…a front for the Syndicate.

25.  William Mulder, believed the Syndicate’s biggest mistake was working with the Greys on colonization, which led to his work on the vaccine.

26.  The date for colonization was set as December 21, 2012…which was when the Mayan Calender ends.

27.  Members of the Syndicate secretly worked on a vaccine called Purity Control that would resist the alien viruse.

28.  The vaccine would reject the black oil and eventually destory the alien race, preventing colonization.

29.  A successful version of the vaccine created by the Russians cured Mulder and Scully when they were infect with the black oil.

30. Creating alien-human hybrids was a joint effort between the Colonists and the Syndicate, as part of th eplan for colnization.

31.  Hybrids would be spared during colonization, but they would eventually serve as slaves to the colonists.

32.  Hybrid clones appear human, but have some alien traits, including caustic blood, the ability to breathe underwater and faster healing powers.

33. Failed hybrid experiments include Billy Miles who was left in a vegetative state after his abduction.

34.  And Emily Sim, created from Scully’s ova, who died from a rare blood disorder at age 3.

35.  And the Samantha Mulder clones, which were imperfect because they were lacking certain aline characteristics. 

36.  Samantha Mulder’s abduction, which was part of the Project, was hugely influential on Mulder and led to his work in the X-Files.

37.  She was cloned multiple times, and her clones were used by the Cigarette Smoking man to trick Mulder into believing she was alive.

38.  But the real Samantha returned from her abduction as a child.  She lived with Cigarette Smoking Man and his son Jeffery Spender and she was subjected to continued experiments.

39. Mulder learns that Samatha actually died as a young girl when her soul was taken by the walk-ins, benevolent beings who save children from unhappy lives.

40.  The Colonists monitor their abductees with implants, usually inserted into the nose, neck or teeth.

41.  Implants are also used to keep track of hybrids, like Ray Soames and Cassandra Spender.

42.  Removal of a specific type of neck implant causes cancer, which nearly killed Scully.

43.  According to the Cigarette Smoking Man, these chips may actually be able to cure all human disease, including Cancer.

44.  Cigarette Smoking Man’s wife Cassandra Spender was the first successful hybrid, also known as patient X.

45.  She was disabled by her multiple abductions, but she was later cured by another abduction.

46.  Once Cassandra learned of the plans for colonization, she wanted to die to delay the “Greys’ plans”

47  The Syndicate planned to present her to the Colonists, but the meeting was infiltrated by the faceless rebels, who killed Cassandra and destroyed the Project.

48.  The faceless rebels are renegade aliens, possibly of the same species as the Grey’s who are trying to prevent colonization.

49.  Aside from humans, the rebels are the only beings in the universe not infected with the black oil.

50.  That is because the rebels purposely disfigured themselves, self-mutilating to protect themselves from the possibility of infection.

51.  Like the other aliens, the faceless rebels can shapeshift, and are vulnerable in one spot at the base of their heads.

52.  They are responsible for the deaths of countless abductees, all in an effort to stop the Program and impede the Colonists.

53.  Bounty hunters act as police for the Colonists, though they are likely also Greys.

54.  While they can shapeshift like the other alines, they generally take the same form.

55.  The bounty hunters were tasked with destroying all the hybrids clones prior to the colonization in order to get rid of proof of an alien presence.

56.  Super-Soldiers are a type of alien deployed to make sure humans do not survive colonization.,

57.  They are created by abducting humans, performing horrific experiments on them, and then infecting them with the aline virus.

58.  Billy Miles, the first abductee Mulder and Scully encountered, was eventually turned into a super soldier.

59.  Super soldiers sought out William, Scully’s son, but once he was born, they realized was not only a threat and left.

60.  Like the other aliens, super soldiers are vulnerable to magnetite, which is what killed Knowle Rohrer.

61.  William is Scully’s son who was conceived miraculously as Scully was thought to be unable to have children,

62.  It is hinted that Mulder is William’s biological father, but this is never officially confirmed.

63.  At one point, William was believed to be a perfect human being and thus a threat to the super soldiers, but they learned he was another imperfect hybrid.

64.  Jeffery Spender injected William with magnetite which removed his alien characteristics.

65.  Scully was forced to give William up for adoption but now that he is human, he can go on to live a normal life.

to be continued……..

To tie up the loose strings of Fantastic Beasts, you have to dig back into old Harry Potter lore


There’s the film, set in New York, which is inspired by a Rowling’s short tie-in book of the same name. In both the film and the book, a young magizoologist (a wizard who studies magical creatures) named Newt Scamander is commissioned to write a fictional book, also named Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them.

The book is commissioned in 1918, at which point Newt begins traveling the world to do research for it. The Fantastic Beasts film is set in New York City, over the span of a few days in the late fall of 1926, some 65 years before the first Harry Potter book. Additionally, we know from recent tweets from J.K. Rowling that the five-film franchise will span a nearly twenty-year period, ending in 1945.

The first edition of Newt’s Fantastic Beasts book is published in 1927, a year after the events of the Fantastic Beasts movie. By the time of the Harry Potter novels, set in the 1990s, Scamander’s book is in its 52nd edition.


The titular fantastic beasts are in many ways the stars of the show, just as much as the human wizards and Muggles. (I refuse to use the term “No-Maj.” Sorry, J.K. Rowling.) And while the first movie features a wide array of creatures from Rowling’s chapbook (along with some new ones added for the film), plenty more from the book have yet to appear.

One safe bet for the following films, would be an appearance from dragons — the undisputed kings of magical beasts. Given that Scamander is canonically known to have worked with the Dragon Research and Restraint Bureau, it seems likely that he’ll run into a dragon or two at some point along the way.


When the movie concludes, Newt and his suitcase full of magical creatures depart from America, leaving behind Porpentina “Tina” Goldstein, an American MACUSA Auror whom Newt bonded with. Newt promises to return with a copy of his book once it’s printed (which we know will occur sometime in the near future given the timeline above).

We know from the real-world Fantastic Beasts book that the two eventually marry, and later retire to the English countryside. Following the events of the Harry Potter series, their grandson, Rolf Scamander, takes up his grandfather’s interest in magizoology and marries Luna Lovegood.


Scamander’s name is one of the classic Potter pun names — he wrote a book about animals, so of course the name is animal-inspired. Rowling really savors name puns. For example, Professor Septima Vector teaches the magic math of Arthimancy; Professor Pomona Sprout teaches Herbology; Remus Lupin — literally Wolf Wolf — is a werewolf.

But Scamander’s full name is actually Newton Artemis Fido Scamander, just short of topping the ridiculousness that is Professor Dumbledore’s full name: Albus Percival Wulfric Brian Dumbledore.

We know Scamander attended Hogwarts and was a member of Hufflepuff House. (He even sports a Hufflepuff scarf at the end of the movie.) It’s still up in the air whether Scamander graduated Hogwarts — the movie says he was expelled after a dangerous incident with a magical creature, but the original Fantastic Beasts chapbook claims he did graduate.

We also know that, after Hogwarts, Scamander worked as an employee of the Ministry of Magic in the Beast Division of Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures, but we don’t exactly know where that fits in with his whereabouts during World War I. His brother, it seems, was a famous war hero — something we still know little about.


Dumbledore doesn’t actually appear in Fantastic Beasts — he’s just referenced briefly — but he’s obviously a crucial figure in both general Potter lore and the upcoming movies. At the time of this film, Albus Dumbledore is a professor at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. But it’s Dumbledore’s relationship with Gellert Grindelwald — the antagonist of the Beasts series — that’s important.

The summer after Dumbledore graduated Hogwarts in 1899, the two bonded over a mutual frustration with the restrictions of the wizards by Muggles, and the existence of the International Statute of Secrecy that binds wizards to a hidden world. The pair obsessed over the legendary Deathly Hallows as a tool to overthrow the Muggle world and establish wizarding rule. However, the two disagreed, and an accident occurred, resulting in the death of Dumbledore’s sister Ariana. Grindelwald fled, and Dumbledore — feeling he couldn’t be trusted with power — retreated to a life of educating future wizards and witches.

But as Grindelwald’s threat grows over the Fantastic Beasts films, we know Dumbledore is ultimately forced to confront his former friend once and for all to decide the fate of the Elder Wand — one of the powerful Deathly Hallows — and the wizarding world. More on that in a moment.


Grindelwald appears at the very beginning of Fantastic Beasts as he wipes out a team of Aurors sent to capture him. Then he reappears at the climax as the presumptive antagonist of the remaining Fantastic Beasts movies.

In the movie, his primary goal is to capture and weaponize an Obscurus, which the Fantastic Beasts movie shows us is a lethally destructive parasitic force that forms when magical children are forced to repress their magic while growing up. But fans know Grindelwald as one of the most dangerous Dark wizards ever mentioned in the series, considered second only to Voldemort himself. And while his time in Fantastic Beasts is relatively limited, we already know more about Grindelwald’s story than nearly anything else in the film.

At 16, he was expelled from Durmstrang Institute for “twisted experiments” in the Dark Arts. In 1899, Grindelwald visited his aunt and author of A History of Magic, Bathilda Bagshot, in the town of Godric’s Hollow — the town where the Dumbledore family lived, and later, the Potters.

It was in Godric’s Hollow that Grindelwald and Dumbledore began their plans to collect the Deathly Hallows and overthrow the Muggle world “For the Greater Good,” a phrase that would become the slogan of Grindelwald and his followers. During this time, the two young men also became romantically connected.

Fantastic Beasts picks up years after that summer, as the threat of Grindelwald has grown to be dangerous to the entire wizarding world.

And while the movie ends with him captured in the custody of MACUSA, it’s unlikely he stays imprisoned for long. As already recounted in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Grindelwald eventually returns to Europe, where he constructs a prison-fortress called “Nurmengard” to hold his opponents, gathers an army of followers for his revolution, and attempts to overthrow the magical governments of Europe with a goal of installing wizarding rule over Muggles.

By 1945, the threat of Grindelwald becomes too great for even Dumbledore to ignore. He rouses himself from his station at Hogwarts and confronts Grindelwald, battling him in what is described as the “greatest wizarding duel of all time.” Defeated, Grindelwald is imprisoned in his own fortress of Nurmengard for the remainder of his life, until he is murdered by Lord Voldemort in pursuit of the Elder Wand.


The sort-of villains of Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, the New Salem Philanthropic Society (also known as the Second-Salemers) isn’t really heard of again in Harry Potter lore. However, it seems that their efforts to have a second Salem Witch trial is doomed to ultimately fail, given that the 1994 Quidditch World Cup (featured in Goblet of Fire) sees a delegation from the The Salem Witches Institution, a Salem-based women’s group.


On one hand, knowing all of this mythos minutiae isn’t imperative to enjoy Fantastic Beasts or the upcoming four films. But having placed Fantastic Beasts within the context of the Potterverse has helped us come to terms with the movies glut of unsolved story elements. Unlike so many other films with tacky cliffhangers, we know that the creators have a roadmap and a powerful final destination. Rowling isn’t just making things up as she goes along.

Compiled by Chaim Gartenberg for The Verge