In what can only be called the worst of times..
It’s head and neck anatomy, and those are some of my notes for our practical tests and exams.
•Take picture of the model
•Print it out
•Label the parts: Color code, red for artery, blue for vein, yellow for nerve, green for lymph node, pink for muscle.
•Note the answers to possible side questions: black
•Review again and again
it took me forever to think of a prompt but, Kai at med uni shenanigans
You are just ASKING for this pun.
Kai slams the textbook shut with a resounding thunk and only thinks about flinging it out the window of his dorm for a moment before deciding better, and dropping his forehead on top of it instead.
The sound is loud enough to draw his roommate’s attention away from his DS.
“Anatomy?” His roommate asks.
“Anatomy,” Kai groans. “It’s insane that they’re making me take this class again now. Fuck, I hate anatomy.”
His roommate looks at the ceiling, then closes his DS and slides it under his pillow. He rolls off his bed and grabs the back of Kai’s chair, pulling it away from the desk.
“C'mon, Aukai. Let’s go.”
“Go where?” Kai asks, confused.
His roommate grins. “We’re gonna pre-game.”
They’re lucky to have a dorm supervisor that doesn’t mind the occasional bender, and even luckier to have one with a decent stash of alcohol. Kai is through half a bottle of almond-flavored tequila when his roommate declares, “OKAY, AUKAI! What are you studying?”
Kai takes another shot before answering. “The knees!” he declares, loudly.
His roommate pours himself and Kai another shot and leaves both the small glasses on the table.
“Okay, okay,” he repeats. “For every answer you get right, you get a shot.”
“If I die from alcohol poisoning, you get to break the news to my family.”
His roommate just snickers.
“Okay okay okay…uh.”
“Stop saying okay, man!”
“Okay! Alright, uh, name the parts of the popliteal fossa.”
“Popliteal artery, popliteal vein, small sephanous vein, tibial nerve, common fibular nerve, and popliteal lymph nodes.” Kai slams his hand on the table and cackles before downing both shots. “Bitch!”
His roommate scans the textbook in his lap and hoots. “Damn, and you’re worried about this class? You dumbass.”
I can't find a fucking vein to save my life. And the rare occasion I can, it won't register until I've pulled the needle out. I gave up and just swallowed the hit. Sorry about Jay and good luck with sobriety. :)
Please check out this 3D vein map to help locate veins.
If you have trouble finding a vein or would like to make them more pronounced, try some of these methods:
Use a tourniquet to tie off. It needs to be above the mound of the bicep. Do not tie off on top off the muscle or on the lower arm.
Hang your arm lower than your waist and clench your fist for a while.
Gently tap or slap the crook of your arm with your other hand.
Use a hairdryer on your arm because heat will draw veins to the surface.
Do a few pushups. Blood will rush to the veins, making them easily visible.
Soak the site in warm water.
Caring for your sites can lower your risk of getting infections.
Generally, the best veins to hit are in the arms and hands. The most dangerous areas are above the shoulders and below the waist. However, when rotating sites, you will have to make some important choices about different sites you hit. Try using veins other than the ones in your arms. This way, you can give your veins a chance to heal and keep them from collapsing. If you can inject with both hands, it will be easier to rotate sites.
If your veins are totally fucked up, “muscling” (intramuscular injection) is an option. For details on how to do this safely, and to get the right equipment, see your local NEP (needle exchange program). Smoking, snorting, eating, and putting it up your ass are other ways to do your drugs. Give your veins a holiday every once in a while. Try to keep at least one good vein for emergency health care purposes (in case you need an IV inserted).
Never inject anywhere on the head or neck! Because these areas are closest to the heart and brain, it’s easier to O.D., and abscesses are more dangerous.
Never inject into your groin area – you could hit a major artery and lose your leg or die! Also, never inject into the genitals – that goes for both men AND women!
The inside of the wrist is full of nerves, veins, and arteries all really close together. Never inject here.
The veins on the back of the hand and the top of the foot are fragile, so inject slowly (it will hurt).
The blood flows slowly in the leg veins, so inject slowly (be careful – there’s an artery behind the knee). It is easier for blood clots to form here. Reduce this risk by following vein care tips.
If these surface veins are good, use them but rotate sites regularly.
BRINGING UP THE VEIN
An important part of avoiding abscesses and scarring is to make sure you’re in a vein before you inject. If you’re having problems finding a vein, use one or more of the following tips.
Tie a tourniquet (sounds like “turn-a-key”) about two inches above where you’ll inject. Try a rubber tie-off, panty hose, or a soft belt. But untie it before you start to inject.
Clench and relax your fist.
Rub the skin over your vein.
Gently slap the skin.
Apply a warm cloth over the vein.
Take a hot bath and you’ll find veins you never knew you had. But never take a hit in the bath – you could nod out and drown.
Other useful vein care tips…
Use the smallest needle possible to reduce track marks, swelling and bruising.
See or feel the vein before you start to bang.
Clean the area with an alcohol swab but dry it off with a clean tissue to avoid stinging.
Always inject with the bevel up (the bevel is the sliced angle at the end of the needle)!
“Flag” – pull back on the plunger until you see blood in your barrel (this way you know you’re in the vein).
Insert needle in the same direction as the blood flow in your veins. Then inject slowly.
Never shoot into an artery! An artery has a pulse. You’ll know if you hit it because it will hurt, the blood pressure will force the plunger backwards, the blood will look foamy and it will take longer to stop the bleeding. If this happens, take the needle out right away. Press down hard on the site until bleeding stops. If it doesn’t stop in 5 minutes, you need to go to a hospital right away!
Users suggest some kind of cream to reduce swelling and track marks. One recipe is: equal parts of vitamin E cream, Preparation H, and Polysporin. Others use aloe vera or cocoa butter. Whatever you use, test it first on a place where you don’t inject to make sure you’re not allergic to it.
Below are some old Anatomy Mnemonics someone once gave me that I found in my hard drive. Hopefully they’ll come in handy for someone else.
BONES 6 cranial bones Old People From Texas Eat Spiders. Parietal, Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Temporal, Occipital, Frontal.
Leg Bones TIBia is the Thick Inner Bone, and Fibula is Finer, Fluted, and Lateral.
8 facial bones Common Love gone Zip?(Abbr. CMMNLVZP) conchae, mandible, maxilla, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, zygomaticus, palatine.
*Applying the first-3-letters rule to the facial bones, I came up with Con Man Max and Pal
Bones of the Wrist Some Lovers Try Positions That They Cannot Handle Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate
Never Lower Tillie’s Pants, Mama Might Come Home. navicular, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, greater and lesser multangular, capitate, and hamate.
*To remember that the carpals are bones of the wrist and not the foot, Lunate, Triquetrum, remember that CARPenters use their hands.
7 types of bone fractures C3-PO Breaks his Bones
Greenstick, Open, Complete, Closed, Comminuted, Partial, and Others.
MUSCLES Muscles in gluteal region: from top to bottom: P-GO-GO-Q Piriformis Gemellus superior Obturator internus Gemellus inferior Obturator externus Quadratus femoris
Muscles whose tendons attach at the pes anserinus (medial tibia): SGT (“Sargent”) Sartorius Gracilis
Four abdominal muscles – TIRE: (deepest to most superficial) Transversus abdominis, Internal abdominal oblique, Rectus abdominis, and External abdominal oblique
Functions of the Interossei muscles PAD – Palmar ADduct DAB – Dorsal ABduct
Attachments of Pectoralis Major, Teres Major and Latissimus Dorsi A lady between two majors. Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove. Teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove. Latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove. The “lati” is between two “majors.“ A lady between two majors.
Four muscles which control the mandible masseter, temporal, lateral and medial pterygoids form the letters MTPP, which could be read as "Empty Peepee” which could be construed as a command (or wish) to empty one’s peepee via…oh we’d better not say it.
Four abdominal muscles
Spare TIRE transversus, internal oblique, rectus, and external oblique
On the floor of the mouth are two muscles Doctor on the Floor? mylohyoid and digastric – MD.
Muscles which regulate breathing You Will DIE! If you don’t have'em Diaphragm, Inner costal, and External costal
The SITS muscles make up the rotator cuff: Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Teres Minor Subscapularis
NERVES Radial n. innervates the BEST!!!! Brachioradialis Extensors Supinator Triceps
Hand muscles innervated by the Median nerve LOAF Lumbricals 1 + 2 Opponens pollicis Abductor pollicis brevis Flexor pollicis brevis
Innervation of phrenic nerve c345 keeps the phrenic alive c345 keep the diaphragm alive
Innervation of the penis: Parasympathetic puts it up; sympathetic spurts it out Point , Shoot, Score! (erection, emmision ,ejaculation) Parasympathetic, Sympathetic ,Somatomotor
Innervation of the penis by branches of the pudental nerve "S2, 3, 4 keep the penis off the floor”, derived from spinal cord levels S2-4
Long thoracic nerve innervates serratus anterior c5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven
Lateral and Medial Pectoral Nerve Lateral is less, medial is more. Lateral pectoral nerves goes through pectoralis major while medial pn goes though both pectoral major and minor.
12 Facial Nerves "At the OIL FACTORY, the OPTICIAN looked for the OCCUPANT of the TRUCK. He was searching because 3 GEMS had been ABDUCTED by a man who was hiding his FACE and EARS. A GLOSSY PHOTOGRAPH has been taken of him, but it was too VAGUE to use. He appeared to be SPINELESS and HYPOCRITICAL.“ In order, the oil factory is the olfactory nerve; the optician is the optical nerve; the occupant is the occulomotor nerve; the truck represents the trochlear nerve; the 3 gems are the trigeminal nerve; abducted is really the abducens; face is facial; ears really means auditory; glossy photograph is glosso-pharyngeal; spineless relates to the spinal accessory nerve; and hypocritical is the hypoglossal nerve.
Wrist Nerves and Prohibition RUM, for radial, ulnar, and medial symptoms of nerve troubles are wrist drop, claw hand, and tunnel syndrome … represented by the letters WCT (Women’s Christian Temperance Union).
Cranial Nerves I-Optic II-Olfactory III-Oculomotor IV-Trochlear V-Trigeminal, VI-Abducens VII-Facial VIII-Acoustic (Vestibulocochlear), IX-Glossophrayngeal, X-Vagus, XI-Spinal Accessory, XII-Hypoglossal On Old Olympus Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops
Branches of the Facial Nerve (CN VII): To Zanzibar by Motor Car Ten Zebras Bought My Car Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Masseteric,Cervical
Brachial Plexus: Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches Robert Taylor Drinks Cold Beer. (or Richard Tucker Drinks Cheap Beer :-) )
Innervation of Extraocularmotor Muscles: LR6 SO4 Others 3 LR6–Lateral rectus - VI abductens SO4–Superior Oblique - IV Trochlear Others 3–The remaining 4 eyeball movers = III Oculomotor
For the order of nerves that pass through the superior orbital fissure: "Lazy French Tarts Lie Naked in Anticipation.” (Lacrimal, Frontal, Trochlear, Lateral, Nosociliary, Internal, Abducens)
9 branches of the abdominal portion of the aorta "Celia Smith’s Supra Rams Green Impala Past Stop Light" Celiac, Supra mesenteric, Supra-renal, Renal, Gonadal, Inferior mesenteric, Phrenic, Sacral, and Lumbar.
Structures passing posterior to the medial malleolus of the foot: Tom, Dick, And Harry Tibialis posterior tendon, flexor Digitorum longus tendon, post. tibial Artery and tibial nerve, and flexor Hallucis longus tendon. (i.e. Tibialis, Digitorum, Artery & nerve, and Hallucis)
Carotid Sheath– VAN Internal Jugular Vein Common carotid Artery Vagus Nerve
Arteries as they come off the external carotid: Superior thyroid, Ascending pharyngeal, Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Post Auricular, Superficial temporal, Maxillary Some Angry Lady Figured out PMS
ABC’S of the aortic arch! Aortic arch gives off the Brachiocephalic trunk, the left Common Carotid, and Left Subclavian artery
Branches of the aorta artery in the lower torso Transsexuals Remember the Aorta "Come on In Ex-Female, Pop And Prance Past Doors and Planters". Common iliac, Internal iliac, External iliac, Femoral, Popliteal, Anterior tibia, Posterior tibia, Peroneal, Dorsalis, medial and lateral Plantars.
Branches of the axillary artery Sally Thompson Loves Sex And Pot pie Superior Thoracic, Thoracoacromial, Lateral thoracic, Subscapular, Anterior circumflex humeral, Posterior circumflex humeral, and Profunda brachii.
Arteries off the External Carotid They are buried in the phrase Some Loser F*cked My Sister Superior Thyroid, Lingual, Facial, Maxillary, Superficial Temporal
Vessels joining the inferior vena cava "He Commonly Lumbers in the Viet Cong ReGion". A Vietnamese Lumberjack’s Heart: Hepatic, Common iliac, Lumbar, Vena Cava, Renals, Gonadals.
Stroke versus Aneurysm STRoke is caused by arterial reSTRiction, and aneurysm is AN Erupting artery.
MISCELLANEOUS checklist of factors causing back troubles Dr. O. VESALIUS O - Osteomyelitis V - Vertebral fracture E - Extraspinal tumour S - Spondylolisthesis A - Ankylosing spondylitis L - Lumbar disk disease I - Intraspinal tumour U - Unhappiness S - Stress
Cranial sutures cranial sutures have CLASS! Coronal, Lambdoid, Squamous, Sagittal.
five visceral sensors Low TEMPeratures have BARe-CHEsted cOSMO-girls kNOCking.
temperature, barometric, chemical, osmotic, nociceptors
Femoral Sheath (lateral to medial) order of things in thigh NAVEL Femoral Nerve, Femoral Artery, Femoral Vein, Empty Space, Lymphatics (or Lacunar Ligament)
Pelvic Diaphragm – PICOLO(A) -Posterior to anterior PIriformis COccygeus Levator Ani
Location of Thoracic duct: The duck is between two gooses (duck = thoracic duct) 2 gooses = azyGOUS and esophaGOUS
Structures perforating the diaphragm “At T8 you see, perforates the IVC” (inferior Vena Cava) the “EsoVagus” pierce T10 (esophagus, vagus nerve) T12 - red, white and blue (aorta,thoracic duct,azygous vein)
Course of Ureters Water runs under the bridge (uterine a. and ductus deferens)
Phalloplasty Information - Consultation with Dr. Crane
At the Philadelphia Trans Health Conference I had a short consultation with Dr. Crane following his workshop. I had another short consult with him last August during Gender Odyssey as well, so I had the chance to address questions I wasn’t able to prior. This post will detail my personal experience and will also explain details such as size limits in RFF (forearm) phalloplasty. Pictures will correspond to the text below them.
In 2004, Dr Richard Ellenbogen spent almost 20 hours operating on a 17-year-old girl with a brain tumor. He ended up leaving a big piece of the tumor behind, mistaking it for normal brain tissue. Less than a year after the surgery, the cancer hit back and the young girl died.
The week the girl died, Ellenbogen presented the case at his team’s weekly meeting at Seattle Children’s Hospital. “There’s got to be a way to take more of the tumor out and leave more of the normal brain intact,” he sighed in frustration. The nagging feeling that he could’ve taken more tumor out wouldn’t leave him alone. Ellenbogen had faced a dilemma: if he had removed more, he would probably have removed more tumor but might also have removed normal brain tissue, with the risk that the girl would have been left severely disabled. Neurosurgeons have to be aggressive and sometimes push themselves to go further and deeper than they feel comfortable going, but they all operate under the adage ‘first, do no harm’.
Mismagius is a witch, floating around crying incantations that seem to have strange effects on people. If you listen to its spells, the pokédex tells us that you will be tormented with headaches, hallucinations, or, rarely happiness. All from just a noise Mismagius makes, she can manipulate your brain in this way.
To start today, let’s investigate what exactly causes headaches and hallucinations, and from there we can figure out how Mismagius triggers them. Headaches are defined as “pain in any region of the head”. This is slightly misleading, because a big portion of your head, the brain, doesn’t contain any pain receptor. There are no pain receptors in your brain, so it is physically impossible to feel any pain directly from your brain. Still, there’s lots of things around your brain – cranium (the skull bone), muscles, nerves, arteries and veins, connective tissues, eyes, ears, sinuses and mucous membranes – that are the real culprits behind headaches.
There are so many possible sources of headaches it’s impossible to narrow down one “this is what happens when you have a headache” process in your brain. But we know how Mismagius operates: through her incantations. If you’ve ever listened to music for too long, or been to a loud concert, you’ve probably experienced the type of headache Mismagius gives its victims. Sound, as you probably know, is a wave. The energy from the wave causes vibrations in your ear, which makes it possible for you to hear at all.
We know that loud noises do cause headaches, but we don’t actually know the physiological reasons why. One theory is that too many strong vibrations, or maybe too many vibrations in a certain pattern (as with an incantation), can irritate your eardrum or even your brain’s frontal lobe itself, and cause pain. Another option is in the blood: your brain has a defense mechanism to stop too much blood flow from becoming a problem by contracting its arteries. If your body is tense or your blood flow is increased because of the music, this process will trigger and if kept up for too long can cause headaches as well.
Now onto hallucinations. Seeing things that aren’t there, hearing voices with no source, this what Mismagius makes its victims experience as well. As you would expect, hallucinations are associated with parts of the brain that are used for normal sensory. During visual hallucinations, the part of the brain that processes sight is active. When someone is hearing voices, the parts of the brain that perceive sound and language are active. Even though there is no external source or signal (directly from their eyes, ears, etc.) to cause this processing to happen. The brain is processing an experience that never happened: which causes someone to hear, see, and feel things that aren’t there.
Hallucinations are very much the brain operating in a way its not supposed to. Parts of the brain seem to be backwards during hallucinations. For example, in visual hallucinations, activity in the visual cortex was shown to increase, even though activity in the LGN (the first stop for information from the eye) dramatically decreased.
So Mismagius’s voice is nothing but a series of vibrations in the air, that’s what sound is. But these vibrations can have a few effects. These vibrations can irritate the ear or head and cause headaches. Or, the nerve signal from the ear can cause the brain to process things a bit backwards, causing hallucinations.
Very rarely, Mismagius can also choose to spread happiness. The brain processes happiness all over, some of the mechanisms are buried deeper (nucleus accumbens, ventral pallidum, brainstem) while some happiness mechanisms are practically on the surface (orbitofrontal, cingulate, medial prefrontal and insular cortices). If anything else, this just shows us the extent of Mismagius’ powers: she’s not limited to targeting one part of the brain, her incantations can really effect the whole thing.
Maybe this is also why her happiness incantation is so rare – I’d imagine it’s a lot more difficult to target the entire brain than it is to mess with one part of it.
Mismagius’ incantations are structured vibrations which can have various effects in or around the brain, including headaches, hallucinations, or happiness.
Figure out whether you learn better from lab or the anatomy atlases. For me personally, I spent a lot of time using both. However, even if you do learn best from the atlases, do NOT waste your in lab time. It is valuable, and you have to be there anyway, so do not waste it. I get a lot out of dissection, but I studied more closer to the practicals from my atlas.
Do not underestimate how useful it is to draw. I am a TERRIBLE artist. When I say terrible, I mean kindergartners draw better than I do. I still get a lot out of drawing the things I’ve learned, especially the arteries, nerves, and veins.
Everything is connected. Seriously.
Quiz yourself. Make sure you understood that page of notes before moving onto the next. This goes back to 3. Because things are connected, if you only have a little bit of a grip on the earlier information from a lecture, the rest of the information is going to be that much harder.
Find the atlas that is right for you. Netters is great, but I personally preferred Gilroy’s and Rohen’s. Gilroy’s was better for me when learning for the written portion, and Rohen’s was key for the practicals.
As you go through your notes, write down where things are located in your atlas. Trust me when I say knowing a specific muscle/artery is on page 255 is much easier than having to search through your atlas at the last minute to find the picture you had previously seen.
Use your body. I was constantly reviewing the muscles as I worked out. I was also constantly reviewing the abdominal cavity while I was eating food and drinking water.
Reevaluate your study methods. If it works, don’t change it, but if you aren’t happy with your grade, figure out what you can do to do better on the next test.
When in the practical, write down what you immediately believe it is. Then spend about half of your remaining time reasoning why that is what it is. Finally, spend the rest of the time reasoning as to why it shouldn’t be something else.
Keep your head up. Anatomy is tough. You are tougher.
This was inspired by a tumblr post I saw a few weeks ago! It revolved around this question: “What if Annabeth went missing instead of Percy?”
“Being defeated is often a temporary condition. Giving up is what makes it permanent.”
Annabeth had been gone for exactly one week, four days, two hours, thirty-six minutes and fifty-one— fifty-two… fifty-three…fifty-four…fifty-five
Percy had not seen her face in all that time—he hadn’t touched her, kissed her, heard her voice… It had only been eleven days, but he already felt the anxiety eating up every inch of his being. Gods, they’ve both been missing before—Annabeth when she was forced to hold up the sky, and the two weeks he’d spent in Ogygia—but for some reason, it wasn’t the same.
Now that he cleared up his feelings for her… right when he was finally ready to publicly showcase how much he cared…
He felt like a hellhound bit off his sword arm.
He’d already been worried sick when she was kidnapped two years ago, feeling like he could vomit every single minute he realized she was gone, but now it felt like time was ticking away the pieces of his heart, forcing the veins, the nerves and the arteries to burst and crack him open at the seams.
He would find her, he had to find Annabeth—he’d made her so many promises, so many oaths, hopes and dreams, and he couldn’t give up on her now.
Not when she needed him most.
Not when she was somewhere in this world, alive and breathing.
Not when they were onto something permanent.
Percy couldn’t give up.
But his bones were tired, his eyes were strained and he couldn’t even control a droplet of water in his state. He couldn’t fall asleep for more than a couple of hours at a time since the nightmares had gotten a million times worse, so he could never shake off the exhaustion. And he was always looking for her, always on the lookout for his girlfriend with the princess curls and the bright grey eyes.
He didn’t have time to rest.
“Where are you, Annabeth?” he whispered imploringly into his hands, perched on the edge of her bed in the Athena cabin. He began coming here a week before just to smell her clothes, her pillow—to find clues of why, where, and when—to feel her teddy bear, scan her notes and open her laptop.
He’d already become an honorary Athenian in his pursuit.
He came and went as he pleased, and the other campers stopped minding. Percy needed any part of her he could grasp—they didn’t need any complex Athenian wisdom to know that—so they let him sleep in her bed when he wanted to.
Which wasn’t very often.
He rarely slept.
No one bothered him when he sat alone in the Athena cabin, moping when he could’ve been teaching others how to sword fight. Not even Chiron attempted to bring him out of his reverie. No one dared to ask why his shoulders shook when he’d sit by the cabin porch with his head down, and no one could comfort him when he wept on his table in the mess hall.
No one questioned why he was always off on quests by himself in the morning, but why he’d come home late at night, clothes shredded and burned—eyes wild they seemed insane. No one asked why he focused relentlessly on leaving the camp to find lost things, rescue demigods, and why he tried to hard to smile.
No one questioned why he’d come home with scratches and gashes, why his invincibility didn’t kick in as well as it used to.
He couldn’t tell them it was because he’d been attacked in his weak spot—he’d been punched and stabbed in the one part that mattered: His heart, his heart that held Annabeth.
But he couldn’t stop—he would never stop, not even when he was as vulnerable as a new born baby, not even when he could no longer raise his sword.
ransom is taking a human anatomy class (lmao) and is currently in the head section so he takes a large mirror from bittys room and looks at his reflection to try to point out the major structures like bones, muscles, veins and arteries, and nerves. one friday night holster finds him and says “hey rans u wanna study on my face” and ransom cant tell if hes being sexual or not. holster rolls his eyes and puts ransoms hands on his face “whats this muscle called” and ransoms brain stops working bcs his bf is so perfect and beautiful
~ºextraº~: ransom once says ‘u have an amazing zigomatic bone, bro’ and holster says it or a week to everyone he encounters bcs he thinks its cool. he thinks ransom is cool.
Gemini rules all ‘tubes’ in the body including limbs, the neck, nerves, veins and arteries. It rules 'connectingness’. It rules sight and hearing, our visual and auditory connections with our environment. It rules communication, another process of 'connectingness’. The archetype of Gemini, or more so relating to Gemini on the sixth house cusp, indicates the potential for ailment or disorder affecting all those processes, including breathing disease, neurological disorders, conditions affecting the limbs, pneumonia and asthma. Gemini rules inhalation and exhalation and like their chatty broadcast, they are the internal electric messengers that send impulses through the nervous system. Those little golden sparks are like Geminis, bright, radiant, scattered and dancing in thin air.