art-asia

10

Necropolis of Hierapolis

Hierapolis, Phrygia, Turkey


The necropolis is one of the best preserved and extensive of its kind in the world. This city of the dead contains tumuli, sarcophagi and house shaped tombs lying stretched along both sides of the road extending 2km to the north. Most of about the 1200 tombs were constructed with local varieties of limestone. The extent of this necropolis attests again to the importance Hierapolis had in the Antiquity. It is worth taking one’s time to wander amongst the tombs, that date from antiquity to early Christian times, and marvel at the ostentation that these residents of Heirapolis afforded to their tombs. It has a fairyland quality.

“The wife of Hideyori” (1868-1869 ?), Tsukioka Yoshitoshi  (1839-1892)

Print from the series : “Selection of 100 warriors”.

Senhime (1597-1666) was the wife of Toyotomi Hideyori, son of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The scene is maybe taking place during the besieging of Osaka castle by Tokugawa Ieyasu’s troops, wanting to get rid of the last remnants of the Toyotomi clan. Senhime survived the fall the castle but her husband committed suicide with his mother, Yodo-dono. After this tragedy, Senhime married again and then became a buddhist nun after the death of her second husband.

“Wakasa no Tsubone”(1868-1869 ?), Tsukioka Yoshitoshi  (1839-1892)

Print from the series : “Selection of 100 warriors”.

A daughter of the Hiki clan, lady Wakasa was the wife of the shogun Minamoto no Yoriie, son of the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate,Minamoto no Yoritomo. 

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Kinkakuji Temple by Patrick Foto ;)
Via Flickr:
Kinkakuji Temple (The Golden Pavilion) in Kyoto, Japan

9

Tomb of King Antiochus II Theos (Belevi Mausoleum)

Belevi, on the road between Ephesus and Sardis

350-300 BCE

It is a two-storey grave-monument, formed by a high pedestal including a burial-chamber and an upper level, with a rectangular cella-like hypaethral building surrounded by a peristastis.

The foundation of the mausoleum was square; each side measuring some 29.65 m, suggesting a length of 100 feet of 0.2965 m. The mausoleum was two stories. On the ground level there were three steps supporting the base mouldings. Each plain socle was surmounted by torus, [cavetto] and Lesbian cyma. Ten courses of large neatly cut ashlars, 69–88 cm high, which constituted the facing of the podium, made for a total height of 11.37 m.A low architrave, 45 cm high, and a higher Doric frieze ran around the top of the podium. The south side had a deep recess that was cut into the rock core for the burial chamber, which was placed in the centre and sealed from outside. This was done in order to conceal what was in the monument and to protect the monument from tomb raiders. The chamber to which Antiochus II was buried in was a small vestibule with a rectangular back room for his body to be put in a barrel-vault. There was an unfinished false door on the north side of the structure. The top storey had 3 steps measuring 1.12 m high. The top slope served as a stylobate for a Corinthian Peristalsis, with eight columns on each side. The roof had flat marble tiles.

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Autumn park by Patrick Foto ;)
Via Flickr:
Autumn park in Daigoji Temple, Kyoto Japan