[ Authors ]
Mohammed Benwadih, J.A. Chroboczek, Gerard Ghibaudo, Romain Coppard, Dominique Vuillaume
[ Abstract ]
Thin film transistors, with channels composed of In-X-Zn oxides, IXZO, with X dopants: Ga, Sb, Be, Mg, Ag, Ca, Al, Ni, and Cu, were fabricated and their I-V characteristics were taken at selected temperatures in the 77K<T<300K range. The low field mobility, mu, and the interface defect density, Nst were extracted from the characteristics for each of the studied IXZOs. At higher T the mobility follows the Arrhenius law with an upward distortion, increasing as T was lowered, gradually transforming into the exp [-(T0/T)¼] variation. We showed that mu(T, Nst) follows mu0exp[-Eaeff(T,Nst)/kT], with T-dependent effective activation energy Eaeff(T, Nst) accounts for the data, revealing a linear correlation between Eaeff and Nst at higher T. Temperature variation of Eaeff(T, Nst) was evaluated using a model assuming a random distribution of conduction mobility edge Ec values in the oxides, stemming from spatial fluctuations induced by disorder in the interface traps distribution. For a Gaussian distribution of Ec, the activation energy Eaeff(T, Nst) varies linearly with 1/T, which accounts satisfactorily for the data obtained on all the studied IXZOs. The model also shows that Eaeff(T, Nst) is a linear function of Nst at a fixed T, which explains the exponential decrease of mu with NST.