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Oscar aka “Unsinkable Sam” was a black and white cat who served as a mouse-hunter on three war ships during World War Two. He earned his name due to his incredible luck- All three of the ships were blown to pieces and sunk, killing everyone on board. Except Unsinkable Sam. The lovable moggie survived every ship wreck, floating to safety on planks of wood.

November 10, 1775: The U.S. Marine Corps Is Founded

On this day in 1775, the U.S. Marine Corps was founded. The birthplace of the Marines is tied to the Tun Tavern on Water Street in Philadelphia, which was used as a recruiting headquarters for the Revolutionary War in November of 1775. The Corps was later abolished at the war’s end, for economic reasons, and reestablished on July 11.

The Marine Corps celebrated its new birthday, or Marine Corps Day, on July 11 from 1799 until 1921. In 1921, the date was permanently changed to November 10 to commemorate the establishment of the Corps to aid in the Revolutionary War.

Enjoy more stories of service from across the country and from all branches of service with PBS Stories of Service

Photo: Couresy of USMC War Memorial Night by Catie Drew.

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Southern flannel moth - Megalopyge opercularis

Also known as the “puss moth” or “tree asp” (for its luxurious-looking “fur” and its extremely painful sting, respectively), Megalopyge opercularis is a deceptively cute tribble of a caterpillar found in the Eastern and Southern United States. It’s most common in Texas, but can be found along the Eastern Seaboard as far north as New Jersey.

Both the adult and juvenile forms of M. opercularis have urticating (itch-inducing) hairs on their body, much like some other caterpillar species, but the asp takes it one step further, and has clusters of venom-filled spines under its hairs.

As they most often live in popular shade trees, caterpillars occasionally lose their grip and tumble down onto unsuspecting humans just trying to have a nice day at the park. Their reproductive cycle means they’re particularly abundant in late spring/early summer and mid autumn. The sharp spines pierce the skin and automatically inject venom for as long as they’re embedded in the skin. Unlike with snakes, the caterpillars have no control over whether or not the venom is used.

Despite their relative abundance, especially in Texas and Louisiana, many doctors and first responders wouldn’t know the signs of an asp encounter if it crawled out of Donald Trump’s (clearly asp-inspired) toupee and stung them on the nose.

Most patients (but not all) experience extreme pain at the location of the sting, and that pain often radiates to the nearest lymph nodes. Swelling occurs at the sting in a raised halo, which then recedes to show the pattern of the spines on the caterpillar (lower image). While the pain rarely lasts longer than 48 hours, some patients may experience lymphadenitis (swelling of the lymph nodes) for up to a week.

So what do you do if you’re unfortunate enough to directly encounter a tree asp?

Step 1: Cellotape! Or scotch tape, whatever you call it. Take a strip of it, put it over where the asp landed/got squished/you had the bad idea to pick it up. Remove it. Repeat several times. This helps get out any spines (which can be near-invisible) stuck in the skin. Protip: This is also useful if you ever fall into a cactus. Believe me. I’d know.

Step 2: If the pain is super intense, see a doctor. Bring with them any information about the bug that you can, but maybe don’t bring the actual caterpillar unless you have a way of handling it without getting stung again. If it’s just really bad (no, seriously, these things can bring grown men to their knees), take some anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen or tylenol), some anti-histamines, or both.

Step 3: Wait. Sorry bud, this next day or two is gonna suck. Ice the area if you want, to numb it up. Have a beer. Eat some ice cream. Watch a movie. Try not to think about it.

If you have any trouble breathing or seeing or any other serious symptoms go directly to the emergency room. Tell them what stung you. They might not know what to do off the top of their head, but they have resources!

Read More:

Puss Caterpillar (Larva), Southern Flannel Moth

Images:

Wikimedia Commons

The Puss Caterpillar and the Effects of its Sting on Man, USDA Circular 228. F. C. Bishopp, September 1923.

Timothy McVeigh, the terrorist behind the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, dressed in army camouflage. McVeigh graduated from U.S Army Infantry School in Georgia and used much of his spare time to read about firearms, sniper tactics, and explosives. McVeigh was reprimanded by the military for purchasing a “White Power” T-shirt at a Ku Klux Klan protest against black servicemen who wore “Black Power” T-shirts around the army base.