argos

John William Waterhouse, The Danaides, 1903.

In Greek mythology, the Danaids, Danaides or Danaïdes, were the fifty daughters of Danaus. They were to marry the fifty sons of Danaus’s twin brother Aegyptus, a mythical king of Egypt. In the most common version of the myth, all but one of them killed their husbands on their wedding night, and are condemned to spend eternity carrying water in a sieve or perforated device. In the classical tradition, they come to represent the futility of a repetitive task that can never be completed.

Danaus did not want his daughters to go ahead with the marriages and he fled with them in the first boat to Argos, which is located in Greece near the ancient city of Mycenae.

Danaus agreed to the marriage of his daughters only after Aegyptus came to Argos with his fifty sons in order to protect the local population, the Argives, from any battles. The daughters were ordered by their father to kill their husbands on the first night of their weddings and this they all did with the exception of one, Hypermnestra, who spared her husband Lynceus because he respected her desire to remain a virgin. Danaus was angered that his daughter refused to do as he ordered and took her to the Argives courts. Lynceus killed Danaus as revenge for the death of his brothers and he and Hypermnestra started the Danaid Dynasty of rulers in Argos.

The other forty-nine daughters remarried by choosing their mates in footraces. Some accounts tell that their punishment was in Tartarus being forced to carry a jug to fill a bathtub without a bottom (or with a leak) to wash their sins off. Because the water was always leaking they would forever try to fill the tub. Probably this myth is connected with a ceremony having to do with the worship of waters, and the Danaides were water-nymphs. 

Ring inscribed with a dedication to Hera (goddess of marriage), Greek, Argos, about 575 BC.

Harriknidas dedicated [this] to the goddess white-armed Hera” declare the words on this simple, gold-plated silver ring. At first the ring was decorated only with two rows of small teeth between grooves running around its exterior. The inscription was a later addition. The wear on the ring shows that it was worn for a long time before the inscription was added and the ring was dedicated to Hera. The large diameter of the ring suggests that it was probably worn by a man.

The way that Greek letters were written differed from city to city in the 500s B.C. The inscription on this ring is written in the script of Argos in southern Greece. Hera was the patron deity of Argos, and this ring probably came from her main sanctuary, called the Argive Heraion. Although Homer routinely called Hera “white-armed,” this epithet is not known from the Argive Heraion. Rings were a favorite dedication at this sanctuary, however, where over six hundred have been found. This ring represents a rich gift to the goddess since almost all the other rings found were made of bronze. (getty)

Courtesy of & currently located at The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California. Via their online collections85.AM.264.

for 4mation's Argos

fanart by my friend 3000 - this guy is too shy to post them publicly herself (cute, isn’t she?) so there’s no original link.

for 4mation‘s amazing fanfic “Argos

“You’ve absolutely ruined this for me, Anna. The mood is officially dead. You know that law prohibiting murder? You just broke it. You killed the mood.” “Aw, don’t be like that.” - ch3. The Steward

“We made it because Elsa refused to leave me behind, and she swore that she would always look after and protect me. And since that day, whenever I dreamt about my future prince, he always had blonde hair and pale skin, because I couldn’t imagine a hero looking like anyone except Elsa.” - ch7. The Nursemaid – Part III

Athena helps build the Argo: Roman moulded terracotta plaque, 1st century AD

This plaque is said to have been found near the Porta Latina in Rome. The relief represents the fitting out of the Argo, the famous vessel in which the Greeks risked the first great national undertaking. Athena herself, as Ergane, the goddess of labor, presides; and whilst the mythic builder (Argos) of the miraculous vessel is engaged in timbering the hull; she, as it were, imparts to it life and breath, by teaching the steersman (Tiphys) to clothe the towering masts with sails, which are to serve as wings to the vessel.

The goddess sits upon a stool, supported on lion’s paws; and is occupied in attaching, with her own hands, the swelling canvass to the yards, which Tiphys holds in readiness. She has laid aside the gorgon shield, and appears without the aegis. The owl, her faithful attendant, has perched on the stump of a pillar standing behind her. The surrounding landscape is simply indicated by the city-gate leading towards the haven; and by the trunk of an aged tree.

…Argus, son of Phrixus; and Argus, by Athena’s advice, built a ship of fifty oars named Argo after its builder; and at the prow Athena fitted in a speaking timber from the oak of Dodona. When the ship was built, and he inquired of the oracle, the god gave him leave to assemble the nobles of Greece and sail away. -  from Apollodorus, Library 1.9.16

Hill of Panagitsa, Mycenae, Greece. An impressive “Tholos” tomb. The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon, Date of creation 1300 BC.

Λόφος της Παναγίτσας, Μυκήνες. Ένας εντυπωσιακός «Θόλος» τάφος. Ο Θησαυρός του Ατρέα ή τάφος του Αγαμέμνονα, Ημερομηνία δημιουργίας 1300 π.Χ..

New Temple, Argive Heraion, Argos, Greece

The Argive Heraion or Heraion of Argos was part of the greatest sanctuary in the Argolid, dedicated to Hera, whose epithet “Argive Hera” appears in Homer’s works. Hera herself claims to be the protector of Argos in Iliad (IV, 50–52): “The three towns I love best are Argos, Sparta and Mycenae of the broad streets.” According to a legend recorded by Dictys of Crete, Agamemnon was chosen at the Heraion to lead the Argives against Troy. Earliest finds at the site date to the Geometric period (900-700 BC), during which the Iliad was composed.

The entire sanctuary occupies 3 artificial terraces below Mt. Euboea and has a commanding view of the Argive plain. The New Temple, on the middle terrace, was built by Eupolemos of Argos after the Old Temple was burned down in 423 BC.

The ruins of the Heraion lie northeast of Argos between the archaeological sites of Mycenae and Midea, two important Mycenaean cities.

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Museum of the Roman Forum (Thessaloniki):

From the temporary exhibition “…young and in excellent health” Aspects of youths’ life in Ancient Macedonia

Red figure lekythos with a depiction of Hermes slaying Argos- the hundred-eyed guardian of the transformed Ιο-, by the Pan Painter, found in Ancient Aphytis. (470-460 B.C)

The Signs as Major Greek City-States
  • Sparta:Aries, Scorpio, Cancer
  • (Spartans are known for their great bravery and physical endurance. They are famous all over Greece for being mighty warriors. They have clear and well-defined goals, including a desire to fight and rule for what they believe in. They enjoy a rigorous lifestyle and are very cunning.)
  • Athens:Aquarius, Virgo
  • (Athenians enjoy "matters of the mind." They love the learning side of things, and believed in a good education. They contributed many scientific discoveries, and supported the concept of a democracy. Philosophers and scientists are abundant here, as knowledge flourishes in Athens.)
  • Troy:Capricorn, Sagittarius
  • (Trojans are adventurers, independent thinkers and pioneers. They created their empire at the meeting point of Europe, Africa, and Asia, and therefore are open to new ideas and different cultures. They don't always follow the crowd and are adventurous.)
  • Argos:Pisces, Libra
  • (Argos is known for its artists, musicians, and performers. People living in Argos enjoy being in the spotlight, in front of an audience. They are very creative and enjoy artistic challenges, such as painting, drawing, composing, or sculpting. Dramas and plays were also very popular, and was regularly performed in open-air theaters.)
  • Corinth:Leo, Gemini, Taurus
  • (The people of Corinth are trendsetters. The land of Corinth is right on the coast, which makes them number one as a trade and cultural center. Therefore, they recognize the latest cultural trends and styles. Corinthians are full of vivacity and like to have a good time. They're a fun bunch!)

Stater from Argos, Argolis c. 370-350 BC

Extremely rare, only one of two known examples of this coin.

The coin shows the head of Hera to the right, her hair flowing down the back of her neck, wearing stephane ornamented with palmettes, earring and necklace of pearls. On the reverse, ΑRΛΕΙOΝ, two dolphins swimming in a circle to left; between them, Corinthian helmet right between Ε-Μ.

Argos only produced a very small number of staters, all of which were minted within a rather limited period of time, probably circa 370-350 when both Spartan and Theban domination of the Peloponnesos had fallen away. The Argive issues seem to fall into three groups: a small series at the beginning with head left, a main series with compact heads of Hera, and a later outlying group (pictured), which has a large, elegant, and ‘pretty’ head of the goddess that differs in concept from those on the two preceding groups. It also differs in its the ethnic, with a lambda-like gamma and an omicron rather than an omega. Reminiscences of this head can be found on later staters from Crete, thus making it likely that some coins of this type found their way to that island in the purses of returning mercenaries.