HISTORY EDITS: Alexander the Great (July 356 BC - June 323 BC)

Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was king of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on military campaigns, and created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle until his death in Babylon in 323 BC. 


Extremely Rare Gold Coin Issued by Alexander The Great’s Illegitimate Son

Sold at auction for $99,450. One of three known examples.

This is an extremely rare gold stater from Pergamon, Mysia, issued sometime after 336 BC. This historically significant coin was presumably issued by Heracles of Macedon (c. 327–309 BC), the alleged illegitimate son of Alexander the Great, who grew up in Pergamon. It is very likely that he commissioned the coin before his assassination in 309.

Heracles of Macedon was reputed to be the son of Alexander III the Great by Barsine, daughter of Satrap Artabazus of Phrygia. Heracles was named after the Greek mythological hero of the same name, from whom the Argeads claimed descent. It cannot be established definitively whether he was Alexander’s son or not.

Heracles lived in obscurity until the murder of Alexander IV (Alexander the Great’s legitimate son) by Cassander in 310 BC or 309 BC. At that point Polyperchon, a regent of Macedon who had been replaced by Cassander and had all but disappeared for the previous six years, began championing Heracles as Alexander’s true heir, and Polyperchon began forming an army. Instead of fighting, Cassander negotiated with Polyperchon. By offering Polypercon various bribes such as a sinecure and a large number of talents, Cassander persuaded him to murder Heracles, and Polyperchon retired to obscurity once more.

The obverse of the coin shows Alexander the Great as Heracles, wearing the Neamean Lion’s skin. The reverse has a crested Corinthian helmet in the lower left beside an armed Palladion figure. A Palladion was a cult image of Pallas Athena. It was based on the legend of the wooden statue of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy. It was said that Troy could not be captured while it safeguarded this statue so Diomedes and Odysseus made their way to the citadel in Troy by a secret passage and carried it off. In this way the Greeks were then able to enter Troy and lay it waste using the deceit of the Trojan Horse.

25 remarkable things you did not know about Macedonia

It was 25 years ago today that Macedonia celebrated independence from the failed state of Yugoslavia. To mark the occasion, here are 25 things you did not know about the Balkan country.

1. That’s the ‘Republic of Macedonia’ to you

The country has had some controversy around its name, with Greece also laying claim to the title of Macedonia for one of its northern regions, much of which fell within the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. The dispute is still a hot potato, which is why Macedonia is officially known as the Republic of Macedonia and was entered into the EU and Nato as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – or FYROM for short.

2. It’s high

There are more than 50 lakes and 34 mountains higher than 2,000 metres. It has the fifth highest average elevation of any country in Europe (741m), behind Andorra (highest), Switzerland, Austria and Turkey.

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Alexander the great is almost as bad as Daenerys with all his titles, for fuck’s sake!!!

Alexander, the Third of his name of The Argead dynasty, called Alexander the Great, Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shahanshah of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt, Lord of Asia

Jeeeeeesus man, cool it a little