arabic alphabets

Before you laugh and make fun of someones accent or mistakes when they speak english please take a moment to realize that you can actually learn alot about their language by their mistakes for example
When I was I denmark I noticed alot of danes say “ I will learn you ” instead of saying I will teach you because teach and learn is the same thing in danish
Also arabs when they speak english they often say “ beeebol ” instead of “ people ” or “ bebzi ” instead of “ Pepsi ” because the letter P doesn’t exist in the arabic alphabet
Theres always something to learn when you stop being an ignorant piece of shit

Resources for 125+ languages

I’ve found this list with resources for over 125 languages on pastebin (https://pastebin.com/UjkfE3qk - I can’t use hyperlinks in this post for some reason). I reposted it under the cut in case it ever gets lost but it includes the following languages:

Afrikaans, Ainu, Akkadian, Albanian, Ancient Sanskrit, Arabic (MSA as well as six dialects), Aramaic, Armenian, Assyrian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Berber, Breton, Cajun, French, Cantonese, Catalan, Cherokee, Classical Armenian, Classical Greek, Classical Latin, Coptic, Cornish, Crimean Gothic, Croatian, Czech, Dari, Dutch, Egyptian, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Faeroese, Farsi, Finnish, French, Frisian, Furlan, Genovese, Georgian, German, Gothic, Greek (Modern), Greenlandic, Guarani, Hakka, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi, Hittite, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Inuktitut, Irish , Italian, Japanese, Jèrriais, Koine Greek, Khmer, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Malay, Maltese, Manchu, Mandarin Chinese, Manx, Maori, Mari, Mayan (Classical), Mayan (Tzotzil), Mayan (Yucatec), Mixtec, Nahuatl, Norwegian, Okinawan, Old Church Slavonic, Old English, Old Iranian, Old Irish, Old Norse, Old Prussian, Old Tupi, Persian, Middle Polish, Portuguese, Proto-Indo-European, Quechua, Romanian, Rromani, Russian, Sami, Sanskrit, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian, Shanghainese, Sicilian, Slovene, Sm'algyax, Spanish, Sumerian, Swahili, Swedish, Tajik, Tengwar, Thai, Tocharian, Tok Pisin, Toki Pona, Tongan, Turkish, Vietnamese, Volapük, Welsh, Wu, Xibe, Yoruba, Yup'ik and Zulu

Some of the links are broken and there are more resources for some languages than for others but I still think it’s really worth checking out, especially for those of you interested in lesser known languages.

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Sun letters and Moon letters in Arabic 

In the Arabic alphabet, there are 28 letters; 14 of them are the so called Sun Letters (حُرُوف شَمْسِيّة), the other 14 are the Moon Letters (حُرُوف قَمَرِيّة). Depending on whether a word starts with a Sun Letter or a Moon Letter, the article ال is pronounced differently. 
The rules for this are quite simple: 

If a word starts with a Moon Letter, ال is pronounced al. 
If a word starts with a Sun Letter, you do not pronounce the ل (lam; like the english letter l) in the article ال. What happens here is that the ل is assimilated. Instead, you pronounce the first letter of the word, the Sun Letter, with a ّ - a shadda; that means it’s pronounced twice, like in the word الشَّمْس (ash-shams; the sun) for example or in الرَّجُل (ar-rajul; the man). 

These are the Moon Letters: 

أ ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

And these are the Sun Letters: 

ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

Now, technically speaking, you have to memorize them. There’s not really a way around it; but maybe you can make out some patterns as to which letters are Sun Letters and which ones are Moon Letters. For example, you might notice that a lot of Moon Letters tend to be pronounced in the back of your mouth or your throat whereas your tongue plays a more important role in pronouncing the Sun Letters. They’re pronounced in a way that would make it difficult for you to pronounce them together with the letter ل. Try saying al-schams (الشَّمْس; the sun) instead of saying ash-shams or al-rajul (الرَّجُل; the man) instead of ar-rajul and you might realize it’s more difficult than saying for example al-qamar (القَمَر; the moon) or al-bait (لبَيت; the house). 

I do recommend you practice these if memorizing things isn’t for you. To help you, I have compiled a list with words that start with Sun Letters and words that start with Moon Letters. Knowing example-words that start with the letters in question helps me personally remember which ones are Sun Letters and which ones are Moon Letters the best so maybe it’ll help you too! 
(Feel free to point out mistakes or suggest corrections and bear with me because of the transliteration. I’ve only ever learnt how to do it in German.)

Edit: it’s الْفيلم, I forgot the ي! Sorry :)

Language Apps I Use

I got a lot of questions asking me what specific apps I use so here you are (in alphabetical order by language):

Arabic:
Arabic (Nemo Apps)
Arabic English Dictionary (iComet)
Arabic Alphabet (Hamdouchi Interactive)
Learn Arabic (Greg Vick)

ASL:
The ASL App (Ink & Salt)
How to Sign Language! (Kinetix)
Signing Savvy (Signing Savvy)

Dutch:
Dutch (Nemo Apps)
Learn Dutch Language (Andrian Andronic)
Learn Dutch ツ (xinsight)
Learn Dutch iLang (Greg Vick)

Esperanto:
Intense Esperanto (Chuck Smith)
Esperanto Flashcards (improvingmedia.com)

Finnish:
Finnish (Nemo Apps)
Learn Finnish Language (Andrian Andronic)
Learn Finnish (Innovative Language Learning)
Learn Finnish (Greg Vick)

French:
French (Nemo Apps)
Learn French (Busuu Limited)
Learn French (MindSnacks)

German:
German (Nemo Apps)
Learn German (MindSnacks)
Learn German (Busuu Limited)
Learn German iLang (Greg Vick)

Greek:
Greek (Nemo Apps)
Learn Greek (Renkara Media Group)
Learn Greek (Innovative Language Learning)
Greek Alphabet Cards (Mulishani)
Learn Greek (Greg Vick)

Hawaiian:
Hawaii Words (BranchenKing)
Hawaiian Word of the Day (Logic High Software)

Hebrew:
Hebrew (Nemo Apps)
Learn Hebrew (Renkara Media Group)
The AlephBet App (Russel Neiss)
Learn Hebrew (Innovative Language Learning)

Hindi:
Hindi (Nemo Apps)
Learn Hindi (Codegent)
Learn Hindi (Innovative Language Learning)
Learn Hindi (Greg Vick)

Indonesian:
Indonesian (Nemo Apps)
Learn Indonesian iLang (Greg Vick)
Learn Indonesian Free (Bravolol Limited)

Irish Gaelic:
Irish Gaelic (Nemo Apps)
Irish Flascards (improvingmedia.com)
Irish by Living Language (Random House)

Italian:
Italian (Nemo Apps)
Italian English Dictionary (Bravolol Limited)
Learn Italian (MindSnacks)
Learn Italian (Greg Vick)

Japanese:
Japanese (Nemo Apps)
Kanji Star (Aidan Povedano)
Human Japanese Lite (Brak Software)
TenguGo Kana (TenguLogi)

Korean:
Korean (Nemo Apps)
Hangeul 101 (Ubik Technology)
Korean English Dictionary (Bravolol Limited)
Learn Korean Language (Andrian Andronic)
Scribe Korean (Guiix)
PopPopping Korean (Hansol Education)

Mandarin Chinese:
Mandarin Chinese (Nemo Apps)
Learn Chinese Free (Bravolol Limited)
Learn Chinese (MindSnacks)
ChineseSkill (ChineseSkill Co.)
Learn Mandarin Chinese (ChineseSkill Co.)

Polish:
Polish (Nemo Apps)
Learn Polish Free (Renkara Media Group)
Learn Polish (Innovative Language Learning)

Portuguese:
Portuguese (Nemo Apps)
Learn Portuguese (MindSnacks)
Learn Portuguese (Greg Vick)
Learn Portuguese Free (Bravolol Limited)

Russian:
Russian (Nemo Apps)
Learn Russian Free (Renkara Media Group)
Learn Russian (Bravolol Limited)
Learn Russian (Greg Vick)

Swedish:
Swedish (Nemo Apps)
Learn Swedish Language (Andrian Andronic)
Learn Swedish (Innovative Language Learning)
Learn Swedish with Fabulo (Hallberg Ryman)
Learn Swedish (Greg Vick)

Thai:
Thai (Nemo Apps)
Speak Thai (McCann Worldgroup Thailand)
Learn Thai (Greg Vick)

Turkish:
Turkish (Nemo Apps)
Learn Turkish Free (Renkara Media Group)
Learn Turkish (Greg Vick)
CleverDeck Turkish Flashcards (Tea Time Inc.)
Learn Turkish Free (Bravolol Limited)

Vietnamese:
Vietnamese (Nemo Apps)
Learn Vietnamese Free (Bravolol Limited)
Learn Vietnamese (Innov. Language Learning)
Learn Vietnamese Free (Thomas Hornbeck)

All of these apps are free but that works for me because I’m not extremely dedicated in any of these languages, so you may or may not like them. If you don’t, there’s plenty others out there, trust me.

LANGUAGES WRITTEN IN MORE THAN ONE WRITING SYSTEM

Ojibwe & Cree: Canadian aboriginal syllabics and latin alphabet
Hausa, Kanuri, Tajik, Malay, Central and Southern Kurdish, Brahui: arabic and latin scripts
Serbian/Bosnian, Karelian, Skolt Sami, Moldovan, Kazakh, Uzbekh: both cyrillic and latin alphabets
Afar and Oromo: latin, geez or arabic
Tulu: kannada, tulu or devnagri scripts
Punjabi: gurmukhi or kurmanji (arabic)
Santali: ol chiki alphabet or bengali or devnagri
Lao (in Thailand): lao or thai scripts
Zhuang: zhuang script or latin
Tagalog (and others in the Phillipines): baybayin and latin
Mongolian and Tungusic langs.: cyrillic (in Mongolia) or mongolian traditional script (in China; also different variations for Tungusic)
Japanese: hiragana, katakana, kanji and romaji
Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese, Buginese, Batak, Minangkabau, Renjang: latin alphabet + respective alphabet for each Indonesian language

anonymous asked:

I would love to learn arabic but I haven't seem to find a good course/program or anything. I've been browsing through the resources on your blog but I'm not able to find a good program. Do you have any online (preferably free) programs that you'd recommend?

I have listed my favorite things to use below. I suggest you use a mixture of things since some of them don’t use audio or explain all the grammar. (All MSA btw)

Alphabet

Websites:

Apps:

Courses after the alphabet

Websites:

Courses:

youtube

Learn Arabic - Arabic Alphabet Made Easy - Ra and Zayn

anonymous asked:

Hi, can you help? I was born in an arabic speaking country so i am familiar with the arabic dialect in that country ( i can understand it (kind of)) but i can not speak it. I have a good pronuciation but i cannot form basic sentences as i did not learn the grammar and I also dont know the arabic alphabet. How do i learn fast? also i would like to watch movies, tv shows and muselselas in arabic with eng subtitles? Can you recommend any websites?

Hello, anon!

I’m sorry for the delay. I was away last month and I wasn’t able to answer.

It’s great that you’re in an Arabic speaking country and that you have a general understanding of their dialect. But in my opinion, I think it’s better for you to start with the Modern Standard Arabic and focus on the grammar so that you’ll have a better understanding of the language because the written Arabic is all in Modern Standard Arabic.

I made this post about where to start when you’re learning Arabic [link] and it has links to masterlists and reference posts that are useful.

Take it easy and go one step at a time, start with the Arabic alphabets  and take your time to familiarize yourself with them, then when you’re comfortable enough start with the grammar.

You’ll be able to form sentences when you understand the structure and grammar. And of course you’ll need some vocabulary, check out this tag [link].

For information about Arabic music (some of the sites and YouTube channels I’ve recommended there have English subtitles for the songs in Modern Standard Arabic, so this might be helpful to you) check out this [link]. Here’s a [link] to my references list.

  • Unfortunately, my dear, I wasn’t able to find Arabic movies or series with English subtitles. Everything I’ve found has been translated into Arabic and not from Arabic. I’ve been looking for a while but I wasn’t able to find but I’ll link some tv shows and movies in Arabic in case you’re interested.

1- If you like animes, they are almost always dubbed in Modern Standard Arabic [eyoon.co site link]

  • Usually dramas that are dubbed in Arabic are dubbed into dialects (especially Turkish dramas, which are dubbed in Syrian) while Indian dramas and movies are dubbed in Khaliji dialects. If you want to watch dramas in Modern Standard Arabic go for : Korean dramas, Mexican dramas and Historical dramas. 

2-Korean dramas are usually dubbed in Modern Standard Arabic as well, this youtube page [link] has the following dramas uploaded : boys over flowers, city hunter and my princess.

3- Shahed.net usually has series in Arabic but you can watch coffee prince in Arabic dub [here]  and “It’s not me” [here].

I’ll start working on a list of Arabic movies and dramas, but it might take me sometimes so can you let me know what type of dramas are you interested in so that I’ll recommend them to you so that you won’t have to wait for so long?

anonymous asked:

hey I am in the beginning of learning Arabic and I feel quiet overwhelming with what should I learn first ... Any tips ? By the way love your blog

Hello!! 😍😍Arabic!! I’m so glad you decided to learn it!

First, I think you should decide whether you want to learn a dialect or MSA (Modern Standard Arabic) first. I was doing both but switched back to MSA for time’s sake. One thing that may help you is if you know what area you’d like to visit/ speak with or not. If you don’t know yet you can start with MSA.

Next, the alphabet!! I have a list of resources here including a pdf of Alif Baa, the book I used to learn the alphabet. With the alphabet, I find that using different things can help you. For example using an app + a book to write them. It takes practice but you’ll get there :) There are also a few printables out there like these that can help you learn to read some basic vocab. 

Once you got the alphabet down, you should find a good textbook, dictionary, and vocabulary source. There are a few Arabic langblrs here that can help you out and provide vocab. I personally use the Ultimate Arabic Beginner-Intermediate textbook, Memrise, madinaharabic.com, Arabic without Walls, and a few other books. 

Pronunciation is very important and if you know IPA this can help. If not, try watching these videos. I think that getting this down early will be one of the best things you can do. Once you start learning vocab, practice pronunciation with each word. Don’t try to rush through your textbook or vocab. Try to master what is in your lesson and seek help if you don’t.

Vocabulary is the hardest thing for me when studying Arabic. I make flashcards, memrise courses, and write sentences with and without harakats so that the words stick. In addition, having other learners and native speakers to practice with is essential! There are a few apps for this such as HelloTalk, Tandem, Discord, Telegram, and HiNative. Ultimately, I think having a goal and some inspiration to keep learning Arabic will help you out in the long run. I adore Arabic music and play it every day as my motivation.  

itskokuhaku  asked:

so I'm quite fluent in reading Arabic alphabet in The Quran but recently I've been interested in learning the language itself (since I can only read without understanding the meaning), though most of the Arabic language resource I found have the letters without the vowels which is very tricky for me to figure out how to read them. Do you know any resource that includes the vowels or perhaps tips on reading without them? Thank you, have a nice day!

Hello!

That’s wonderful! The fact that you’re very familiar with the alphabets and short vowels (harakaat) is a very important step.

Although this may sound cliché but the best way to learn is to practice, I’ll give you some general tips to help you.

In my opinion, it’s important to know whether your memory is mostly visual (relies on images) or auditory (relies on sound) so that you’ll be able to find the approach that is the most convenient and comfortable to help you learn.

Remember that you are doing these tasks with an aim, which is to help you learn as much vocabulary as possible. Keep a note book and add the words that you learn with their meaning and mention the short vowels on them that you learn in any of the activities that I’m mentioning below. You can arrange the vocabulary in alphabetical order or you can group the words that have

If you’re comfortable with audio material, you can :

1- Listen to songs [singers recommendations] , in addition to that list there are the following artists who preform Islamic songs in case you’re more comfortable listening to those songs :

Humood Al Khuder (MSA), Maher Zein (MSA), Hamza Namira (Egyptian dialect), Mesut Kurtis (MSA), Yahya Hawwa (MSA). There’s also Sami Yusuf whose voice is amazing too and some of his songs has parts in Arabic as well.

There a nice song by Hussein Al Jasmi called الصراط المستقيم , although he doesn’t usually sing religious songs this one is nice.

2- You can also check out this previous ask [link] in which I have included some links for reading material (books with short vowels), animated movie master-list, and audio books that could help you.

And if you’re comfortable with the visual material, you could watch Arabic movies (especially historical drama since they tend to be dubbed in Modern Standard Arabic(i.e.MSA), anime series are dubbed in MSA as well or you use flash cards for example and read some comics translated in Arabic.

Let me know if you want me to get you links to watch a certain series, drama or anime dubbed in MSA.

Here are some additional tips that could help you learn more vocabulary [link].

You could check out my vocabulary [link]  and word of the day tags [link], you could also look at this list of Arabic langblrs here [link] and check out their vocabulary lists, I think you’ll find them helpful. Remember to focus on the Modern Standard Arabic in the beginning more than the dialects so that you won’t confuse yourself.

I hope this was helpful! Let me know if I can help with anything else.

4

Here it is: the Name Change-O Chart 2000 in Japanese.

This isn’t my copy of the book, which is still in shipment ;v; image credits go to tumblr user @smolquacking-kazoo who generously gave me pics from their copy.

Since this chart is in Japanese, it does not use the 26-letter Arabic alphabet, but instead uses 44 characters from the Hiragana alphabet (minus the ん character and some other obsolete ones).

Unfortunately, this means that the third chart using the last letter of the last name is omitted in this version. Instead, each character has two new names assigned to it: the top for first name and the bottom for surname, both using the first character of the subject’s real name.

the text on the left of the first page is simply a less long-winded explanation of how the whole system works. And below the cut, you’ll find my translation of the actual chart.

Enjoy, and maybe you can use this chart on some of your fave anime characters lol

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Do you have any tips on how to remember the initial, middle, and final forms of the arabic alphabet?

Hi there! 

Well, what helped me out the most was to look at patterns. A lot of letters in the Arabic alphabet are different forms of other letters. Therefore, grouping them by this was very helpful for me.

Below is an example of this. It may be helpful to learn the reading form of the letters and then learn the proper way to write them afterward so that you can recognize the letters first and not worry about writing them correctly.

Here is a list of videos that teach it this way. There are 6 in total.

In addition, I highly recommend the Memrise course, How to Read Arabic and the app, TenguLogi Arabic Script so that you can test yourself. It takes some time to get used to the alphabet, but if you spend 20 minutes a day, you should be ok in a week :D

Urdu - اُردُو
  • It’s the national language of Pakistan and also has official status in parts of India
  • It’s mutually intelligible with Hindi because they have the same language origins, therefore share the same grammar and phonology
  • However, they only sound the same colloquially, political vocabulary is very different between both languages
  • There’s been a lot of debate if Hindi and Urdu should be considered a single language called Hindustani, or two dialects of a single language
  • Urdu uses a modification of the Persian alphabet which is a derivative of the Arabic alphabet and reads right to left.
  • It also uses a calligraphic writing style called Nastaʿlīq, which also originates from Persian
  • It has Arabic, Persian, Turkic influences and it’s origins lie in Sanskrit and Prakrit 
  • Urdu borrows a lot of formal vocabulary from Arabic and Persian
  • It’s actually considered more formal or grand to use Arabic/Persian constructs instead of those that originated from Sanskrit.
  • It has a couple dialects, like Dakhini, Pinjari and Khariboli
  • It also has a dialect for poetry called Rekhta!
  • Urdu has many speakers that are muslim, it is particularly an identity symbol for Indian muslims
  • Urdu is considered a lingua franca among muslims in South Asia
  • Urdu has 2 genders: masculine and feminine. To figure out if a word is masculine or feminine, the last vowel of the word usually holds that information
  • It’s an SOV language, meaning it’s word order is Subject-Object-Verb. For example, in English you say ‘I ate the apple’, in Urdu you say 'I apple ate’
  • Also, there’s no articles in Urdu, so there’s no words for “the” or “a.”
  • Urdu has 36 consonants, 10 vowels and 2 diphthongs. A lot of the consonants are stops, which are consonants where the vocal tract is blocked and all airflow 'stops.’
  • Linguists actually haven’t settled on how many phonemes (units of sound) Urdu has, at least to my knowledge
  • All vowels have a nasal form.
  • stress usually happens on the penultimate syllable of a word, but it really doesn’t change the meaning if the stress is placed somewhere else.
  • there is a four-way distinction of phonation among stops, as opposed to the two-way distinction of English. That means that for every stop category, there is 4 ways to pronounce it. 
  • Instead of prepositions, Urdu has postpositions. This means that instead of saying “in the house” you say “house in." 
  • Urdu has been one of the premier languages of poetry in South Asia for about two centuries
  • Nouns are inflected for gender, number and case.
  • Despite it’s relative late development, it is regarded as one of the most influential literary languages in recent centuries
  • Urdu has over 163 million speakers in the world according to ethnologue