are there any slurs that shias usually experience being called?
“Rafidha” is a derogatory term used by some Sunnis - particularly by extremists - who deny the idea that Shi’as are Muslims and call them by a different term, mostly as a label of apostasy or heresy.
The term “Rafidha” is Arabic for “those who reject” or “those that did not pledge allegiance”, referring to the rejection of the first, second and third caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, they are also known as “companions” of the Prophet. Sunnis revere these caliphs, while Shi’as reject them due to their exploitation of material wealth and rights, injustice toward the Prophet’s family, oppressing those who did not pledge allegiance, conquering lands by the sword [see Arabic conquest], and nepotism. Shi’as claim that the Prophet’s cousin, Ali (a), was the divinely appointed Imam [A divinely and immaculately appointed leader responsible for leading the Muslims in both Spiritual and Material matters] and should’ve been the rightful caliph from the start, so the Shi’as see the three aforementioned caliphs as usurpers.
As such, the enemies of Shi’as labeled the latter with such a slur throughout history for their rejection of the caliphs, however, in contemporary times, the term has been claimed by the Shi’as because… they proudly reject the three caliphs, so it comes as an honor rather than an insult.
Just as the letter “Nun” ن in Arabic - referring to the “Nazarenes” [=Christians] in Iraq - was spraypainted by DAESH on every Christians’ home in Mosul, DAESH had also spraypainted the letter “Ra” ر on the homes of the Shi’as referring to them as the “Rafidha”. While the Christians could escape with their lives by paying the Jizya (a mandatory tax system historically levied on Christians and Jewish people in the “illegitimate” caliphates) in previously DAESH occupied territories –although they’d still face injustice regardless, the Shi’as were apostates and were due to being killed and having their properties confiscated, with no chance of redemption.
Description: “I, Cyra Khadija Rana Wayne, daughter of Damian and Y/N Wayne, refuse to be treated in such a manner! You will surrender yourselves to me,” Her grin turns malicious, and the teenager reveals a katana from the sheath on her back with a resounding shring! Cyra swings the blade once and steadies it into her hands. She scans the crates for signs of life,”…or the tooth fairy will be getting plenty of business tonight.”
Notes: So when I went to my google docs after I stupidly deleted my ENTIRE PREVIOUS ACCOUNT, I found this gem still there. I guess I’ll repost it. Enjoy! Seethis postto know how I messed up.
“I, Cyra Khadija Rana Wayne, daughter of Damian and Y/N Wayne, refuse to be treated in such a manner! You will surrender yourselves to me,” Her grin turns malicious, and the teenager reveals a katana from the sheath on her back with a resounding shring! Cyra swings the blade once and steadies it into her hands. She scans the crates for signs of life,”…or the tooth fairy will be getting plenty of business tonight.”
Damian and Dick immediately exchange a confused glance from their hiding place between the shipping boxes. Daughter of Damian and Y/N Wayne? Dick makes a face that probably means “Uh oh.”
Hi Sabaa 😄 I have a real question here. I'd like to know where you get the names of the characters because some caught my attention like Sana, and Mazen. those are Arabian names. Elias's tribal name, Ilyaas is also named by Arabians. His tribe (an saif) >> saif means sword in arabic. Also, jinns and efrits are also creatures of Arabian myth... one more>> Afya ara-nur>> afya means health and nur means light in arabic. And there are many other things but those are the ones on my mind right now.
I consider my characters personalities and destinies and give them a name based off that, but that also generally fits into the naming conventions of the world. The naming conventions are detailed below:
Martial names are Greco-Roman inspired, or Latin inspired. Livia, Helene, Marcus, Dex, Faris, Demetrius, etc. Elias is an exception, because his given name was “Ilyaas” and his grandfather “Martialized” it, so basically tried to make it sound more Martial. Since so many Martial names end in “us” or “is”, his grandfather thought it would be fitting. In our world, of course, Elias is a hebrew name.
The other name that doesn’t quite fit amongst my characters is Hannah. Hannah is also a hebrew name, not a Greco-Roman or Latin name. There is a whole story in the backlogs of my computer about how she always hated that she had a “strange” name for a Martial, but it never made it into the books.
Scholar names are usually South Asian. But there is some overlap with Arabic names (and I used a lot of Arabic names for the Tribes). It’s sort of similar to our world. My name, “Sabaa” is considered a Pakistani name, a Persian name AND an Arabic name, and there are different meanings. In the Middle East, Sabaa (or Sabah, as it’s spelled) is a boys name. In Pakistan, it’s a girls name. They even have different meanings.
Jahan, Sana and Lis are all names I stole from South Asian people I either have met or know in passing. Laia is a Catalan (a language in Spain) name, that I found very beautiful, and that had appropriate meaning. Mazen is an Arabic name that I found fitting.
The one name that really doesn’t fit with Scholar naming conventions is Keenan. And that was done on purpose. If you read Book 2, you’ll see why. It was never really mentioned in the book because I didn’t want to give up the game.
Generally the thing to remember is that I wasn’t super rigid with names. For the most part, I tried to stick to the naming conventions of the world I created. But just like how in our world, people break naming conventions all the time, or cultural naming conventions overlap, so too, in the world of Ember.
Whether you’re just diving into a huge workload at your desk, or actually spending some time deep underwater, one thing is clear — a dive watch would be great to have on your wrist. You don’t need to be a diver to appreciate these high-performing, beautifully designed, and undoubtedly utilitarian timepieces for everyday use (especially now that summer’s in full swing). In this Carry Smarter guide, you’ll get familiar with the basics of dive watches, what features to look for when buying a diver, and our picks for the best and most affordable options to help you take the plunge into the world of dive watches.
A Crash Course on Dive Watches
The purpose of a dive watch is to monitor how long you’ve been underwater, and more importantly - how much air you have left in your tank. They’ve been around since the turn of the 20th century and continue to be both fashionable and useful today. The quintessential dive watch has an immediately recognizable look. They’re larger in size (around 42mm), feature a rotating bezel, and rest on a metal bracelet or rubber strap. Dive watches are ideal for EDC use because they’re built like tanks, they’re easy to read, and they look just plain cool.
4 Hallmarks of Dive Watches
Water Resistance: If you’re buying a dive watch, it should have proper water resistance. While most watches claim 50m of water resistance, that really means that it will survive hand washes and maybe a shower. When looking at dive watches, 200m (660 feet!) of water resistance is common ground. If you plan on having a watch that will stand up to swimming, showering, and of course, diving - be sure to choose something with a high level of water resistance.
Build Quality: Divers entrust their watches with their lives to be able to know precisely how much time they have underwater. For dive watches, reliable durability and construction are critical. Look for a dive watch with a well-built case, a strong crystal (mineral and sapphire are best), and a good strap or bracelet. A solid dive watch will last for decades if maintained, and you can easily buy an heirloom piece in the $200 range.
Movement: The slight bump in price from our Military Watch Guide opens up more options for the type of movement that powers the watch. Automatic movements are popular in the diver market as they don’t require a battery. Automatic watches “wind” from the motion of your arm, so they’ll keep ticking as long as you keep them on your wrist. Also seen in this class of watches are day/date features, adding to the utility of the timepiece.
Legibility: When underwater, it’s crucial to know exactly how long you’ve been diving. The bezel, a key component of the dive watch, tells you exactly that. The bezel’s “12 o’clock” dot can be rotated to match up with the minute hand to keep track of time. As the minute hand moves, you can see how many minutes have elapsed by reading the bezel number as opposed to the watch face. Dive watches feature large, illuminated indices (the hour and minute markings on the face) that are easy to read. This illumination (or “lume” in the watch world) not only looks awesome, but it helps you quickly tell time when the lights are out.
With the features to look for in a dive watch in mind, here are some of our favorite examples — all coming in at under $200:
The 8 Best Affordable Dive Watches for EDC
The Casio MDV106-1A is the most inexpensive watch on this list at well under $200, but Casio didn’t get to where they are today producing cheap, low-quality watches. This watch is a great entry point into the dive watch look without having to commit to the full mechanical experience (and price). Its 45mm case diameter is as big as they come, and its 200m water resistance, screw-down crown, and screw-lock back preserve its Japanese quartz movement from the water. Excellent features for a dive watch at a very affordable price point.
The SKX007 is an excellent example of a classic dive watch. This model from Seiko has been around in one form or another for decades. Featuring a mechanical movement and tank-like construction, this capable diver will serve you well for years to come. The large, circular indices are easy to read and the bezel clicks securely in place. The day/date wheel, sweeping seconds hand, and bright lume add up to a stylish watch ideal for everyday wear.
Orient’s Submariner homage gets everything right. It pays its respects to the quintessential dive watch design, but makes some very attractive tweaks to make it their own. The Arabic numerals, date window, sword hands, and striking red accent on the second hand are all welcome aesthetic choices, enhancing its look without overdoing it. The rest of the watch is solid: stainless steel bracelet, in-house automatic movement, 200m water resistance and mineral crystal window all give great value to the watch as well as the wearer, given how inexpensive it is. The Orient Black Mako is a great starting point to jump into the deep end of dive watches.
The Timex Expedition series of watches go the extra mile in providing quality timepieces packed with features but not weighed down by price. The T49799 takes the brand under the waves, giving you everything you need for your next dive. The watch itself is beefy, with 44 millimeters of shock-resistant stainless steel sealed, chunky rivets and a mineral crystal window rated for 200m. The signature Timex Indiglo provides ample illumination for dark and murky environments, and its chronograph dials handle all your timing needs. An outer bezel Tachymeter and date window round out the watch’s data features.
This diver is from Seiko’s popular “5 Series” of watches. Each watch in the 5 Series features automatic winding, a day/date display, water resistance, a recessed crown, and a durable case and bracelet. This particular watch features a more vintage look thanks to the wide bezel and thin indices on the face. The dark blue face nicely accents the stainless steel and the transparent casebook allows you to see the mechanical movement in motion. The SNZH53 also comes on a stainless steel bracelet, which adds to the value of this affordable diver.
Understated excellence is the name of the game for Parnis pieces, and the GMT-Master is winning at it. Only simple and effective components grace the watch, from its scratch-resistant sapphire window to its automatic, hacking movement. Its design pays tribute to the classic dive design, and its stainless steel construction capped with a ceramic bezel ensures that design is preserved against wear and tear. If you want the dive watch quality but prefer not to make waves with aesthetics, this Parnis could be for you.
Developed together with the U.S. Navy Seals, the Luminox 3051 is as rugged as it is striking in appearance. Perfect for low-light environments, its tritium tubes stay visible long after other the strongest paint-on lumes have lost their brightness. Its thick, 44mm polyurethane case protects its Swiss-quartz movement, and its 200m water resistance ensures the 3051 doesn’t spring a leak while in service. Even its face styling is designed to make visibility the priority, with block Arabic numerals painted in bright white contrast to the black case. Eye-catching and tough, Luminox’s flagship 3051 leads the way in underwater timekeeping.
You can’t have a list about dive watches (regardless of the price) and not mention the Seiko Monster. This timepiece sets the bar for the value you get from an automatic watch, regardless of price or brand. From its mammoth 45mm case design to its reliable 4r36 movement to the most aggressive lume applied on a production watch, the list of its features just goes on and on. This second-generation SRP307 takes all the respectable features of its predecessor and improves on all its former weaknesses. Its second hand can now be stopped (hacked) during adjustment, its crown is easier to grip, it has a more thematic and less complicated face, and they’ve somehow made its lume even brighter. Make no mistake, its nickname is “Monster” for a reason. (Editor’s Note: At the time of writing, the Monster was $200 on the nose. Its price has since fluctuated higher, but it’s still a worthwhile mention for this list.)
I would never tell a creator what they have to include in their work. They must make those decisions on their own.
That DOESN’T mean that I have to accept years and years of mean-spirited no-homo jokes at the expense of LGBT fans like me.
The hope of a mainstream show “normalizing” a long-term, same-gender romantic relationship (I’m not asking for a sex tape) was the last reason I held on so long to a show that:
-Put a slim actor in a fat suit to joke about him eating to death.
-Fetishized Soo Lin and her culture.
-Made one of the only women of color the butt of a blowjob joke, and also made her the ‘bitch’ who doesn’t understand our poor male protagonist.
-Intentionally put out a casting call for an “overweight, goth” actress (much as I adore the actress herself) to play the ‘shipper’ who comes up with a m/m pairing explanation for a mystery the writers NEVER BOTHERED TO EXPLAIN, ANYWAY.
-Took a self-reliant female character who defeated Holmes in canon, and turned her into woman who is defeated by Sherlock due to her love/lust for him (even as a lesbian -guess all it took was ‘the right man), and who must be rescued by him.
-More than once used the “dangerous, violent, sword-wielding Arab” stereotype.
-Wrote in a needless pregnancy in order to up the drama (possibly by causing death or harm to the child - something those of us who have suffered pregnancy loss or infant loss do not take lightly as a lazy writing trope).
As a side note, I certainly won’t speak for other fans, but I do feel it appropriate to call out my own white feminism for waiting until THIS as the final straw.
So, thanks, Moffat and Gatiss, for the gift of Martin and Benedict’s acting, for the sets and music and costumes, for the scenes that WERE good, and the POTENTIAL that so many other wonderful artists and writers have built on so beautifully.
It’s your fanfic, gentlemen. Do what you like. That’s the prerogative of every creator.
We don’t have to keep paying attention to content or creators we find offensive or dismissive. We don’t have to guarantee your ratings or buy your merchandise or come to your expensive conventions or continue to line your pockets and stroke your egos.