arab lands

independent.co.uk
I've been asked to audition as a terrorist 30 times. If La La Land cleans up at the Oscars I'm done
I’ve worked as a professional performer in the UK since the age of 12 – and my Arab heritage has pitted me against some pretty awful racial profiling in the industry. My first film job at the age of 14 – Steven Spielberg’s Munich – featured me as an Islamic terrorist’s son. Needless to say, that was an explosive introduction into showbusiness.

“Moonlight needs to win Best Picture. Not only because it is a cinematic feat that is to La La Land what Frida Kahlo is to paint-by-numbers, but because it sends an urgent message. A message that we’re ready to empathise with any story, no matter how far away they are from us, and how much they defy our systemic misconceptions.”

The Language Library

Complete, up-to-date contents of the Language Library, now rebloggable!

Note: Tumblr has messed with the links on this post so I’ve uploaded the contents to the Language Library Google Drive so check that out instead :)

Afrikaans

  • Teach Yourself Afrikaans
  • Colloquial Afrikaans

Arabic

  • Arabic - An Essential Grammar
  • A Reference of Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic
  • Beginner’s Guide to Arabic [Mohtanick Jamil]
  • Learning to Read Arabic: A Beginner’s Guide [Dr Mahjoob Zweiri]
  • Teach Yourself Arabic
  • In-Flight Arabic: Learn Before you Land (second source)
  • Eastern Arabic I, 2nd ed
  • Eastern Arabic II
  • Eastern Arabic III
  • Egyptian Arabic
  • Living Language - Starting Out in Arabic Transcript
  • Living Language - Arabic to Go: Hundreds of Essential Words and Phrases for Every Situation
  • Living Language - eTicket Arabic
  • Living Language - iKnow Arabic - Words + Phrases + Conversations, Beginner Level Arabic Program Transcript

Albanian

  • Albanian grammar
  • Colloquial Albanian
  • Albanian Basic Course, Volume 1, Lessons 1-16
  • Albanian Basic Course - Workbook for Exercises in Grammar
  • The Albanian Language (Peace Corps)
  • Albanian Grammar [Victor A. Friedman]

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يوما ما ،، قبل ١٢٠٠٠ سنة ،، 

وهو ذات الحد الأدنى .. للعمر الحقيقي لأبو الهول ،،

كانت الجزيرة العربية ، وافريقيا ، إبّان تلك الفترة ..

هكذا ،

تغيّر كل شيء ،، في حدث واحد كبير ، 

وليس على مراحل زمنية طويلة ..

ما الذي رفع منسوب المياه بهذا الشكل الكبير ؟
هل ذاب أحد الأقطاب الثلجية في تلك الفتره ؟ 

هل اقترب القمر من الأرض ؟ 

هل ،، خسف بأرض كبيره الأرض بعد زلزال وسقوطها في البحر رفع مستوى المياه ؟ 

ما الذي حصل ؟ 

الله اعلم ،، لكن ،، يبدو أنه كان حدثا كبيرا 

الغريب في الموضوع ، ان ذات المكان تقريبا 
احتوى حادثة فلق موسى للبحر .. 

و .. 

حادثة أهل الفيل .. 

ويبدو أنها رمزية شديدة الجمال ،، 

عن قصة اصحاب الجنّتين . 

،،، 

:)
Dear Racists
  • 70% of the bloodiest wars and conquests in history have been in China. 

  • The Moors and Carthaginians have all conquered various parts of Europe at different points in history. 

  • Arab Muslims took land and Assyrians and Egyptians and converted them to the religion of Islam. The original cultures of these nations barely exist. 

  • Millions of people have starved to death in African dictatorships.

  • There are multiple Arab states that oppress ethnic Kurds.

  • Japan carved out its own empire by taking islands from indigenous peoples.

  • Nazi Germany literally worked with Arabs, Muslims, and Japan.

  • The Aztecs literally abducted people from other tribes to cut their hearts out.

  • Oppression isn’t just done by Whites.

  • “White” is a mere social construct.
2

Arab Legionnaires guard the landing ground at H4 pumping station on the Iraq Petroleum Company pipeline in Transjordan, as Gloster Gladiators of No. 94 Squadron RAF Detachment refuel during their journey from Ismailia, Egypt, to reinforce the besieged garrison at Habbaniyah, Iraq. On arrival at Habbaniyah these aircraft formed No. 1 Flight of ‘A’ Squadron for operations against the Iraqi rebels.

anonymous asked:

Do you think Israel has the right to exist with secure borders?

I do not think that the Jewish state will be destroyed and the Jews evicted. They are there and they are a nuclear power with enough nukes to flatten the entire middle east. They are not going anywhere.

Israel was founded on a grave injustice i.e. the conquest of an Arab land by force of arms leading to the dispossession of a people that had been living there for 1300 years. Now, it bears mentioning that those people took the land from the Christian Roman empire also by force of arms. The Romans also took the land by force of arms. So did the Babylonians, Persians, Greeks and Assyrians. That strip of land has been conquered and reconquered many times. If the Jewish holy books are to be believed then the Jews themselves took the land in a God-sanctioned genocide in the time of Joshua.

As an American living on land which was conquered and taken from the Mexicans who took it from the Spaniards who took it from the Native Americans, I would be quite the hypocrite if I were to claim the moral high ground on this issue. The only difference is that our conquest is a few centuries old and Israel’s only seventy odd years.

There is only one solution. A new secular democratic state which is inclusive of all the people who live there. There must be compensation given to the dispossessed or their descendants. Then, in a century, we may have peace.

Georgics 2.109 - 124

nec uero terrae ferre omnes omnia possunt:
fluminibus salices crassisque paludibus alni               
nascuntur steriles saxosis montibus orni
litora myrtetis laetissima denique apertos
Bacchus amat collis, Aquilonem et frigora taxi.

Nor can all lands bear all plants. Willows grow near rivers, alders near muddy marshes, the sparse ash on rocky slopes. Coasts rejoice in myrtle, while grapes love sunny hillsides, and the yew-tree prefers the cold of the north wind. 

aspice et extremis domitum cultoribus orbem
Eoasque domos Arabum pictosque Gelonos              
diuisae arboribus patriae: sola India nigrum
fert hebenum, solis est turea uirga Sabaeis.
quid tibi odorato referam sudantia ligno
balsamaque et bacas semper frondentis acanthi?
quid nemora Aethiopum molli canentia lana 
uelleraque ut foliis depectant tenuia Seres?

Consider, too, how all the world has been mastered by foreign farmers, even the eastern lands where Arabs and tattooed Geloni make their homes. Different countries are marked out by the different sorts of trees they bear. India alone produces black ebony, and only Sabaea frankincense. Should I tell of trees that drip with balsam and sweet resins, or of the fruits of the undying acanthus? Or of the thickets of Ethiopia, laden white with soft wool, or of the folk in the far East who card tufts of silk from leaves?

aut quos Oceano propior gerit India lucos
extremi sinus orbis ubi aera uincere summum
arboris haud ullae iactu potuere sagittae?
et gens illa quidem sumptis non tarda pharetris. 

Or perhaps of Indian forests near the sea, there at the very end of the world, where no arrow can reach the sky above the treetops, even if shot by those skillful archers?

On 80 Days and Postcolonialism

Jules Verne was a French author credited as one of the forebears of science fiction. He wrote Around the World in 80 Days in 1873 at the pinnacle of the British empire. Even as a Frenchman, he associated strongly with England in its colonizing capacity. The entire book, though singularly obsessed with the ways of foreign cultures and driven by an earnest wanderlust, was placed squarely in an Orientalist and colonialist framework.

Orientalism is the belief that Middle-Eastern and Asian cultures are intrinsically, backward, exotic and dangerous in comparison to Western European culture. Edward Said is responsible for the term’s wide acceptance thanks to his book Orientalism which describes the process by which Orientalist theory was adopted to justify and bolster European colonialism of Arab lands post-Enlightenment.

The iOS game 80 Days by Inkle Studios written by Meg Jayanth seeks to take the parts of the book that resonate: wanderlust, a sense of danger, adventure, global culture and divest them from their original colonialist perspective. It seeks not merely to subvert and criticize the aims of the protagonists, who remain the white-male explorers of Verne’s imagining, but to craft a new, non-exoticised world from the framework Verne originally laid out.

Inkle does this in several ways. First, there’s a unifying effort made to join the various technologies of the world. The game wholeheartedly embraces science-fiction concepts alien to the original work. Vestiges of steampunk find their way into the story: robots, flying airships, submersible trains, cars, hydrofoils and much more convey you along your journey. Most importantly, every nation seems to have equal access to the technology regardless of its geography or historical context. In Bogota, a townswoman sneered incredulously when Passepartout (whom you play as) was surprised to see an automated version of Simon Bolivar in the town square. “Do you not have automata, where you are from?”

History has shown us that technology is often used as a weapon of colonization; more technologically advanced countries use the tools they selfishly hoard in order to subjugate the rest of the world. Verne is tacit in this by reinforcing the differences between Europe and the colonized world, referring often to Europe as the civilizing force and the rest of the world as the wild, untamed wilderness; ripe for adventure but absent of order, intelligence and development.

Another way Inkle’s 80 Days manages to flatten the distinction between Europe and the rest of the world is how it introduces the story. In Verne’s book, you don’t hear about the events of the journey until they reach Egypt and the Suez Canal (itself an example of an Orientalist project according to Edward Said). By Verne’s account, Europe isn’t deserving of comment. True Adventure can only be had in places outside and away from Western European life. To Verne, the Middle East, Asia and even America were no different than the center of the Earth or deep within the sea.

Verne also describes a route that, at least while on the Asian continent, adheres generally to the shadow of English hegemony and empire. They visit India and Hong Kong, both under English rule. And it’s with a noticeable change of tone whenever they refer to an independent nation. Usually it is with fear at what kind of dangerous savagery (not yet quelled by English military force) might possibly await.

Inkle, on the other hand, starts you off in France and allows you to travel to a wide variety of locations ignored by the book. This allows you to see Europe as just another place full of adventure and danger. Neutering Europe by ignoring it in the text only places it above and separate from the locations where Verne’s story takes place. This is central to colonialist thought. Even though it may seem unflattering to cast Europe as a place of little interest to an adventurer it’s actually much more belittling to other nations to exist solely as a savage backdrop for an adventurer’s story, devoid of a normal safe and functioning society (as is implied to be Europe’s status quo).

Characters are often left unnamed in the source text. Passepartout and Verne hire a nameless “Parsee guide” to help them transverse the forests of India. They are not complete characters but props, to facilitate the narrative - too foreign to be given descriptors other than their religious and cultural signifiers. In 80 Days every character has a name and a story. Giving a character a back story may take effort, but neglecting to even name characters which drive forward the plot’s momentum gives you a good idea of the relative lack of importance of non-European characters in Verne’s account.

Inkle’s 80 Days allows players to empathize with the people they meet and be changed by the journey. Any good story contains an element of change, whether it’s change registered in the character herself or the world around them. After Verne’s heroes finish their adventure, they are remarkably unchanged. The only difference is Fogg’s acquisition of an Indian bride, who he saved from death. His white savior role elides perfectly with his western detachment: his one departure from aloof gentlemanliness was to save the virtue of a defenseless women against “crazed fanatics” Meanwhile, my Fogg slept on streets, embroiled his valet in fist fights and mutinies, dealt and received insult in turn and even admitted a closeted romantic attraction to his valet on the brink of death. A much more deep and colorful character, even when wrapped in the cold veneer of an Englishman.

I think Inkle’s adaptation of the source text is a great example for how we can draw from historical narratives without being shackled by the perspective of the author or the time in which the work was written in. It puts the lie to flippant claims of “historical authenticity” when faced with complaints around lack of diversity in a period piece. While 80 Days exists in a fantastical universe, with science fiction tropes littering the surface, the backbone is quite true to many of the themes of the original. It remains an explorer’s tale, full of near-escapes, risky maneuvers and flirtatious conversations with mysterious strangers. Except in Inkle’s post-colonialist version, you aren’t eurocentric totems of civility wading into the mucky depths of third world depravity - instead you’re simply tourists, sampling the culture of a world that doesn’t care whether or not you’re impressed with its many accomplishments, and that goes on whether you’ve gotten to experience it or not.

Arabs agree to escalate terror war 'in all ways possible' - Arab committee calls on terrorist organizations to up tempo of terror war against Israel - 19 March 2017

The Supreme Coordination Committee in Ramallah called on the various terrorist organizations to unite in “national unity” against Israel.
The Supreme Coordination Committee consists of representatives of various terrorist organizations.
Following a meeting involving the leaders of various terror organizations, the Committee published a notice expressing support for a “national plan” which would include escalation of the terror war against Israel and encouraged “all forms” of terror in order to “support the rights of the Palestinian nation and its goals of independence and freedom.”
The Committee also called on Israeli Arabs to mark “Land Day” (March 30) as a day to preserve the land and remember pro-Arab activist Rachel Corrie, who was killed by an IDF bulldozer in Gaza during the Second Intifada.
On March 21, the various terrorist organizations will hold a demonstration near the Red Cross in Ramallah, in support of terrorists imprisoned in Israeli jails.
The various terror groups held similar meetings coordinating their attacks just prior to the Second Intifada (also known as the Al-Aqsa Intifada), which broke out in September 2000.

10

Every year since 1976, on March 30, Palestinians around the world have commemorated Land Day. Though it may sound like an environmental celebration, Land Day marks a bloody day in Israel when security forces gunned down six Palestinians, as they protested Israeli expropriation of Arab-owned land in the country’s north to build Jewish-only settlements.

The Land Day victims were not Palestinians from the occupied territories, but citizens of the state, a group that now numbers over 1.6 million people, or 20.5 percent of the population. They are inferior citizens in a state that defines itself as Jewish and democratic, but in reality is neither.

On that dreadful day, in response to Israel’s announcement of a plan to expropriate thousands of acres of Palestinian land for “security and settlement purposes,” a general strike and marches were organized in Palestinian towns within Israel, from the Galilee to the Negev. The night before, in a last-ditch attempt to block the planned protests, the government imposed a curfew on the Palestinian villages of Sakhnin, Arraba, Deir Hanna, Tur'an, Tamra and Kabul, in the Western Galilee. The curfew failed; citizens took to the streets. Palestinian communities in the West Bank and Gaza, as well as those in the refugee communities across the Middle East, joined in solidarity demonstrations.

In the ensuing confrontations with the Israeli army and police, six Palestinian citizens of Israel were killed, about 100 wounded, and hundreds arrested. The day lives on, fresh in the Palestinian memory, as in 1976, the conflict is not limited to Israel’s illegal occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, but is ever-present in the country’s treatment of its own Palestinian Arab citizens.

The month following the killings, an internal government paper, written by senior Interior Ministry official Yisrael Koenig, was leaked to the press. The document, which became known as the Koenig Memorandum, offered recommendations intended to “ensure the [country’s] long-term Jewish national interests.” These included “the possibility of diluting existing Arab population concentrations.”

Israel has been attempting to “dilute” its Palestinian population - both Muslims and Christians - ever since.

the situation is as dire as ever. Racism and discrimination, in their rawest forms, are rampant in Israel, and are often more insidious than physical violence. Legislation aimed at ethnically cleansing Palestinians from Israel is part of public discourse. Israeli ministers do not shy away from promoting “population transfers” of Palestinian citizens - code for forced displacement.

 

“Jews lived happily together with Muslims and in harmony before Israel was established.” How many times have you heard this said? 

During the rise of Islam, the first encounters between Muslims and Jews resulted in persecution when the Jewish tribes of Medina were expelled or killed .In Moorish Spain,there was the 1066 Granada massacre, when more than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, and in Fez in 1033, when 6,000 Jews were killed. There were further massacres in Fez in 1276 and 1465.

Other mass murders of Jews in Arab lands occurred in Morocco in the 8th century, where whole communities were wiped out by Muslim ruler Idris I; North Africa in the 12th century, where the Almohads either forcibly converted or decimated several communities; Libya in 1785, where Ali Burzi Pasha murdered hundreds of Jews; Algiers, where Jews were massacred in 1805, 1815 and 1830 and Marrakesh, Morocco, where more than 300,000 Jews were murdered between 1864 and 1880.

The Damascus affair occurred in 1840, when an Italian monk and his servant disappeared in Damascus. Immediately following, a charge of ritual murder was brought against a large number of Jews in the city. All were found guilty. The consuls of England, France and Germany as well as Ottoman authorities, Christians, Muslims all played a great role in this affair.

Following the Damascus affair, Pogroms spread through the Middle East and North Africa. Pogroms occurred in: Aleppo (1850, 1875), Damascus (1840, 1848, 1890), Beirut (1862, 1874), Dayr al-Qamar (1847), Jerusalem (1847), Cairo (1844, 1890, 1901-02), Mansura (1877), Alexandria (1870, 1882, 1901-07), Port Said (1903, 1908), Damanhur (1871, 1873, 1877, 1891), Istanbul (1870, 1874), Buyukdere (1864), Kuzguncuk (1866), Eyub (1868), Edirne (1872), Izmir (1872, 1874). There was a massacre of Jews in Baghdad in 1828. There was another massacre in Barfurush in 1867. 

In 1839, in the eastern Persian city of Meshed, a mob burst into the Jewish Quarter, burned the synagogue, and destroyed the Torah scrolls. Known as the Allahdad incident. It was only by forcible conversion that a massacre was averted.

In 1941, following Rashid Ali’s pro-Axis coup, riots known as the Farhud broke out in Baghdad in which approximately 180 Jews were killed and about 240 were wounded, 586 Jewish-owned businesses were looted and 99 Jewish houses were destroyed.

While the Allies and the Axis were fighting for the oil-rich region, the Mufti of Jerusalem Amin al-Husayni staged a pro-Nazi coup in Iraq and organized the Farhud pogrom which marked the turning point for about 150,000 Iraqi Jews who, following this event and the hostilities generated by the war with Israel in 1948, were targeted for violence, persecution, boycotts, confiscations, and near complete expulsion in 1951.