105 years ago on the evening of April 14, 1912, the passenger liner RMS Titanic struck an iceberg and sank in the North Atlantic, taking over 1,500 lives. This memorandum from the Hydrographic Office is among the many documents in the Admiralty Case Files pertaining to the Titanic sinking.
Our colleagues from the National Archives at New York earlier shared some of their favorite records from admiralty case files related to Titanic. Among the documents are depositions of surviving passengers, blueprints of the ship, claims of loss and photographs. Often in the first person, they tell the story of the sinking in dramatic detail:
The stories of the survivors and those who were lost are now being told in a new exhibit, “Titanic at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library,” opening on May 27, 2017: https://reaganlibrary.gov/coming-soon
April 12 1917, London–American entry into the war was widely celebrated by the Allies. At meetings in London on April 12, the American ambassador was feted while he announced the American war aim “to save the earth as a place worth living in.” Despite this public celebration, there was private concern. As America had no peacetime conscription, the raising, training, and transporting of an army would probably prevent American troops from arriving in significant numbers until 1918. The US Navy, on the other hand, was large, mobilized, and could start arriving in a matter of weeks.
Even before the US entry into the war, Admiral Sims, a noted Anglophile, had been sent to Britain to coordinate with the Royal Navy. The declaration of war occurred while Sims was still en route. The American passenger vessel on which he was travelling was struck by a submarine-laid mine in the approach to Liverpool on April 9, but the passengers (including Sims) were safely evacuated and made shore safely.
Over the next several days, Sims met with Jellicoe, the King, and Lloyd George. Although the Prime Minister was sanguine as to Britain’s prospects, both Jellicoe and the King were very concerned about the submarine threat. Jellicoe told him:
It is impossible for us to go on with the war if losses like this continue….The situation is very serious and we shall need all the assistance we can get…They will win unless we can stop these losses–and stop them soon….[There is] absolutely no solution that we can see now.
Jellicoe raised the prospect that Britain would have to surrender by November if nothing could be done about the submarines; if the British fleet were handed over to the Germans, the United States would then have to face both of them in the Atlantic.
Jellicoe asked Sims for “every available destroy, trawler, yacht, tug and other small craft of sufficient speed to deal with submarines.” Sims and the American ambassador agreed, and on April 12 asked Wilson to send destroyers immediately. Two days later, the first six destroyers left Hampton Roads, bound for Europe.
It’s been 105 years… Here’s just a small piece of the tragic history of the ill-fated Ship of Dreams….
As an Irish businessman, Thomas Andrews was the managing director of Harland and Wolff, a shipbuilding company in Belfast. He was also the architect in charge of the plans for the Titanic. Andrews was on board and passed away when the ship sank.
Andrews is quoted to have said, “Let the Truth be known, no ship is unsinkable. The bigger the ship, the easier it is to sink her. I learned long ago that if you design how a ship’ll sink, you can keep her afloat. I proposed all the watertight compartments and the double hull to slow these ships from sinking. In that way, you get everyone off. There’s time for help to arrive, and the ship’s less likely to break apart and kill someone while she’s going down.”
Andrews was noted for his heroic actions during the two hours and forty minutes it took for the Titanic to completely sink below the ocean’s surface, going under at 2:20 a.m. on April 15, 1912. Passengers said he moved constantly around the ship urging everyone to put on their life jackets and get into lifeboats immediately, knowing there wouldn’t be enough room in them to save everyone on board.
Then there’s Joseph Bruce Ismay, the chairman and managing director of White Star Line.
Allegedly, Ismay told Andrews, “Control your Irish passions, Thomas. Your uncle here tells me you proposed 64 lifeboats and he had to pull your arm to get you down to 32. Now, I will remind you just as I reminded him these are my ships. And, according to our contract, I have final say on the design. I’ll not have so many little boats, as you call them, cluttering up my decks and putting fear into my passengers.”
In the end, the Titanic only carried 20 lifeboats with a capacity for almost 1,200. There were more than 2,200 on board. Only 706 survived.
Of those survivors, some later reported hearing Ismay say the ship would be speeding up despite ice warnings. Others said they heard him pressuring Captain Edward J. Smith to go faster. He allegedly wanted to make it across the Atlantic in record time to make headlines for the new liner.
This portrayal of Ismay is seen in the film from 1997 (shown with the captain’s famous line after the Titanic strikes the iceberg, “Well, I believe you may get your headlines, Mr. Ismay.”); however, some historians do not believe Ismay had any motive to act in this manner. Ismay did make it into a lifeboat, later dying of a stroke in 1937 at age 74.
“Diving Bell ; The Truth Shall Not Sink with Sewol” (Director’s cut / free release)
The Sewol ferry with 476 passengers onboard sank on April 16th, 2014.
The passengers waited still, believing the statement “Wait in the cabin”
from the captain. However, at the same time the captain party boarded
lifeboats in secret.
The ship finally sank, and 304 passengers
died in total. Among them 250 were the students from Danwon Highschool,
who were on their way to Jeju Island for the field trip. Even though
there are 9 people in the wrecked ship still now, the Korean Government
has postponed the salvage operation.
The Korean Park Geun-hye
Administration is taking no responsibility on this disaster. The
bereaved families of victims purport that the Government, in fact,
slaughtered the passengers rather than they were not able to rescue
them. How did the family come to make those horrifying arguments? This
movie leads you to the sinking disaster then.
April 15, 1912: The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. Only 710 of 2,227 passengers and crew on board survive.
Photo: Titanic leaving Belfast for her sea trials on April 2 1912
The Titanic arrived at Queenstown around 11:30 am on April 11th. She docked offshore, while passengers were ferried to the ship from tenders. About 120 passengers came aboard, while about 7 left before the Titanic left around 1:30.
The US Federal Aviation Administration defines a large aircraft as any aircraft with a certificated maximum takeoff weight of more than 12,500 pounds (5,700 kilograms).
The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) defines a large aircraft as either “an aeroplane with a maximum take-off mass of more than 5,700 kilograms (12,500 pounds) or a multi-engined helicopter.”
Antonov An-225 Mriya
1st Flight 21 December 1988. The An-225’s name, Mriya (Мрiя) means “Dream” (Inspiration) in Ukrainian. It is powered by six turbofan engines and is the longest and heaviest airplane ever built, with a maximum takeoff weight of 640 tonnes. It also has the largest wingspan of any aircraft in operational service. The single example built has the Ukrainian civil registration UR-82060. The airlifter holds the absolute world records for an airlifted single item payload of 189,980 kilograms (418,834 pounds), and an airlifted total payload of 253,820 kilograms (559,577 pounds). It has also transported a payload of 247,000 kilograms (545,000 pounds) on a commercial flight.
1st Flight 27 April 2005. The largest passenger aircraft ever made.
1st Flight 23 April 2001. The A340-600 was from 2001 to 2010 with a length of 75.30m the longest commercial aircraft
1st Flight 1982. Was the largest mass-produced aircraft in the world until the Airbus A380 was produced. Remains the world’s largest military aircraft currently in service.
1st Flight 7 February 1965. World’s largest turboprop-powered airplane
1st Flight 9 February 1969. Highest-capacity passenger aircraft until surpassed by Airbus A380
1st Flight 8 February 2010 (F variant). Lengthened version of 747 with increased span wing. World’s longest passenger aircraft at 76.4 m (0.9 m / 3 ft longer than Airbus A340)
Boeing 747 “Dreamlifter”
1st Flight 9 September 2006. 747 with enlarged fuselage for transporting Boeing 787 Dreamliner sub-assemblies (1,800 cubic metres (65,000 cu ft))
Tupolev Maxsim Gorki
1st Flight 19 May 1934. Physically the largest aircraft, and heaviest land-based aircraft of the 1930s era (63 meter/206.7 ft wingspan, 53 tonne MTOW), required eight 900 hp Mikulin V12 engines for flightDornier Do X12 July 1929 Largest successful flying boat and heaviest aircraft in the world from 1929 until 1942 when the Boeing B-29 Superfortress first flew.
JINDO-GUN, SOUTH KOREA - APRIL 17: Relatives wait for missing passengers of a sunken ferry at Jindo gymnasium on April 17, 2014 in Jindo-gun, South Korea. Six are dead, and 290 are missing as reported. The ferry identified as the Sewol was carrying about 470 passengers, including the students and teachers, traveling to Jeju Island. (Photo by Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images)
It was such an amazing year of music: writers, producers, musicians, and singers were overwhelmingly creative and brilliance was everywhere. The Autumn Roses posted hundreds of songs and it really was heartbreaking to leave any off. Nonetheless the list numbers forty, and there’s so very much to love in each one. Off we go…
Jonghyun and Key express their grief towards the recent Sewol Ferry tragedy
On the latest broadcast of MBC-R FM4U’s Blue Night, Jonghyun shared his regretful thoughts regarding the recent Sewol tragedy, where South Korean ferry MS Sewol capsized.
“Spring, the breeze, all of these things feel pointless lately. I don’t even know their names nor their faces, but I can’t help but miss them. It just feels like they would throw the door open and come in saying ‘We’re back home.’ Then I would say that they’ve gone through so much in a cold place while being hungry, and pat their shoulders like nothing ever happened.”
He then expressed his utmost grief towards the numbers of missing persons and the alarmingly high rate of deaths from the tragedy. And felt thankful for those people online who mourned with them.
Key also expressed his remorse for the tragic event through his instagram account and posted a photo with the caption: “I will be praying for everything to turn out well soon.” Furthermore, ToHeart’s promotional activities were all postponed due to the recent accident.
On the 16th of April, The Sewol ferry, carrying 476 passengers, most of them being high school students, went down off the southwest coast of South Korea. Officials say 29 people are confirmed dead, 273 people are still missing and 174 people were rescued. Source: TV Report, Key’s Instagram Written by: ibreatheparadox @ shineee.net Translation by: pixiecloude @ shineee.net
Ship Hype: The best TV partners and pairing the week ending April 5
‘Glee’ – All Aboard Samcedes
Passengers: Sam Evans and Mercedes Jones
Sunset Cruise: Mercedes arrives in NYC as Glee’s newest east coast resident. Her record label is putting her up in a two-bedroom apartment, and she offers the extra room to Sam and Blaine, who are both crashing/crowding Kurt and Rachel’s loft. The whole group helps them move into the apartment by unloading the truck while Sam and Mercedes are alone together inside. Sam asks if it’s going to be okay living together due to their history and undeniable sexual chemistry. Despite denials, boundaries, and an adorable face squish these two have chemistry.
Ship Status: Despite some bumpy beginnings, this one should be in smooth waters soon enough.
Man gives barefoot bus passenger the shoes off his feet
Random acts of kindness and actually interacting with someone on public transport aren’t dead, at least not on the 341 bus in Toronto, where a Muslim man donated his shoes to a needy fellow bus rider and walked barefoot home.
A man was sitting with nothing but two plastic hairnets covering his feet when the good Samaritan approached him, promptly removed his shoes and gave them to the man before exiting the bus and walking barefoot home.
“It made my heart melt,” bus driver Surjit Singh Virk told QMI Agency. “He just took his shoes and socks off and said, ‘You can take these, don’t worry about me — I live close by and can walk.”
The man wasn’t seeking praise either, asking the news agency not to identify him as his Muslim faith teaches that charitable acts should be anonymous.
The 27-year-old did confirm that he is a resident of Surrey, British Columbia in Canada and was on the way home from a nearby mosque when he helped out the man.
20 Mar, 2015, FRANKFURT: A pilots’ strike grounded more than half of Lufthansa ‘s lucrative long-haul flights on Thursday, the latest action to pile pressure on management in a protracted row over early retirement benefits and cost cuts.
Lufthansa is trying to cut costs to levels nearer those of its rivals as it is squeezed by budget carriers Ryanair and easyJet on European routes and by airlines such as Turkish and Emirates on long-haul flights.
Including Thursday’s strike, pilots have walked out 13 times since last April, affecting almost one million passengers. Other Lufthansa employees are starting to worry the row could damage the business for good.
“We fortunately have very loyal customers, but if this continues in the long run and we aren’t able to offer the reliability we need, then it could become a problem for our customers,” Peter Gerber, chief executive of Lufthansa Cargo, told Reuters.
Lufthansa Cargo said all its freight-only flights would operate on Thursday, but the strike would affect the freight it carries in the holds of long-haul passenger planes.
Lufthansa cancelled 84 of its planned 153 long-haul flights for Thursday, affecting 18,000 passengers, a spokesman said.