apollo architecture

5

Temple of Apollo

Delphi, greece

330 BCE

21.6m x 58.2m


The ruins of the Temple of Delphi visible today date from the 4th century BC, and are of a peripteral Doric building. It was erected on the remains of an earlier temple, dated to the 6th century BC which itself was erected on the site of a 7th-century BC construction attributed to the architects Trophonios and Agamedes. 

The 6th-century BC temple was named the “Temple of Alcmonidae” in tribute to the Athenian family who funded its reconstruction following a fire, which had destroyed the original structure. The new building was a Doric hexastyle temple of 6 by 15 columns. This temple was destroyed in 375 BC by an earthquake. The pediment sculptures are a tribute to Praxias and Androsthenes of Athens. Of a similar proportion to the second temple it retained the 6 by 15 column pattern around the stylobate. Inside was the adyton, the centre of the Delphic oracle and seat of Pythia. The temple had the statement “Know thyself”, one of the Delphic maxims, carved into it (and some modern Greek writers say the rest were carved into it), and the maxims were attributed to Apollo and given through the oracle and/or the Seven Sages of Greece (“know thyself” perhaps also being attributed to other famous philosophers). The temple survived until AD 390, when the Roman emperor Theodosius I silenced the oracle by destroying the temple and most of the statues and works of art in the name of Christianity. The site was completely destroyed by zealous Christians in an attempt to remove all traces of Paganism

🇫🇷 “Apollo Tended By The Nymphs” by the French Sculptor Girardon in 1670.
Inside the Gypsoteque is this original sculpture from the Gardens of Versailles that were commissioned by King Louis XIV for Grotto of Thetis/Tethys and later installed in Baths of Apollo Fountain were a copy now sits. The architect Jean LePautre who created the famed Grotto wanted to represent the scene from Greek Mythology of the Sun God in a cave of the sea nymph Thetis, resting after driving his chariot to light the sky.

Vive-la-France!! 🇫🇷
To All The Glories of France 🇫🇷

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🇫🇷💟🇺🇸

On the last day in Versailles we got the rare opportunity to have a private tour of the Gypsoteque Musée (National repository for the preservation and restoration of classical and historical sculptures). It is housed in the magnificent former Royal Stables of the King (Petit Écuries du Roi) built from 1679 -1682 by Jules Hardouin-Mansart. The Gypsoteque is filled with originals & reproductions of classical sculptures used to inspire and teach students of the French Academies of Art. Stored indoors are also some of the most prominent sculptures from the Palace & Gardens of Versailles for their protection and restoration. I was blessed to have 3 hrs to enjoy hundreds of master works in this amazing setting led by the director himself who took the time to show me hidden treasures as well as share their provenance. Notice a friend standing in a few of the photos to illustrate the scale of some of these massive sculptures and architectural elements under the nearly 100 foot high dome and galleries.
Vive-la-France!! 🇫🇷

“To All The Glories of France” 🇫🇷

flickr

View down to the Temple of Apollo, Delphi by Steven Zucker
Via Flickr:
Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi, Greece