Newsham Park Hospital- England

Newsham Park first opened in Liverpool in 1887 as an orphan institution for children who had lost their parents at sea. 

In 1954 Newsham Park became a psychiatric hospital. Patients would tell of seeing “little boys in sailor outfits” though they had never been told it had been an orphan institution. 

In 1997 Newsham park was shut down however nothing was moved from the building. Today you can still find paperwork from doctors and various things such as suicide cages, patients beds and an electric shock theory chair in the building. There is even one room that was kept as a classroom from the days of the orphans. 



On this day the Treaty of Berwick was signed between Scotland and England, the former led in negotiations by the Duke of Châtellerault, seen above. The purpose was to agree the terms under which an English fleet and army would come to Scotland to expel the French troops who were defending the Regency of Mary of Guise. TheScottish were trying both to expel the French and to effect the Scottish Reformation, and this had led from rioting to armed conflict.

The treaty was effective: the English navy already had a fleet in the Firth of Forth, and now an English army under marched north from Berwick into Scotland. The Scottish Lords arranged to rendezvous with the English army on 31 March 1560, at Aitchison’s Haven in East Lothian.

On 24 March 1560 Elizabeth had a proclamation published and circulated in English, French and Italian, which detailed her concerns over Mary’s use of English heraldry and the ambitions of the Guise family. The proclamation stressed that England was not at war with France or Scotland, although Elizabeth had been forced to “put in order, to her great charges, certain forces both by sea and land.”

The English force assisted with the Siege of Leith until hostilities ended in July 1560, after the death of Mary of Guise. Under the terms of the treaty, the French fortifications at Leith, new works at Dunbar Castle and at Eyemouth were demolished and the French and English went home. The religious ambitions of the Scottish lords were realised in the Reformation Parliament of August 1560. This parliament also ratified the treaty; William Maitland commended it and the goodwill and favour of Elizabeth in relieving the extreme necessity and “almost utter ruen of the whole countrie.” According to the English observer Thomas Randolph, there was common consent and some would have happily signed in their own blood.

Thus ended the “Auld Alliance” between Scotland and France.