aph: history


( Second photo) This is by far my favorite shot of Black Panther so far! My love for Angela Bassett is endless but I do want to take a minute to share a quick history of the Zulu inspired headdress she’s wearing:

The flared shape of these Zulu women’s hats (isicholo), dyed with red ochre, reflect the original design of the hairstyle on which they are based. Originally a mother would sew her daughter’s hair into this complex design for the initial stage in the series of ceremonies associated with her daughter’s marriage. The hats are a relatively new aspect of Zulu traditional dress that were developed in the late 19th or early 20th century and are based on the cone-shaped hairstyle that indicated the wearer’s maturity and marital status. Marriage and its affirmation of maturity is one of five key rites of passage in the life of a Zulu woman alongside: birth, naming, death/burial and ukubuyisa, “bringing home of the spirit”.

Once Zulu culture accepted hats as an alternative to the hairstyle, a young bride-to-be would begin sewing her hat as soon as she knew to whom she would be married. They are made by overlaying dyed string on a basketry foundation. Isicholo play a role in the ukukhehla ceremony, the second ceremony in which the future bride and groom exchange gifts and thanks before the actual wedding. For the majority of the ceremony the hat (or originally the bride’s hair) would be protected by a wrap of white fabric. At the appropriate moment in the wedding songs, the groom-to-be removes the wrap and pins a note to the headdress. Once married, a Zulu woman would wear this hat on a daily basis to signify her married status. The hat was one of very few adornments worn by married women, who, although part of a culture where beadwork plays an extremely significant symbolic role, wore nearly none.

Today the isicholo is no longer worn on a daily basis, but it continues to be used on special ceremonial occasions, when it is commonly worn with an imported scarf tied over the hat to keep the read ochre pigment from rubbing off on the wearer’s clothes.

(Side note: I am literally securing my wig because I am NOT ready for how great this movie will be!)

The Grand Duchess of Romanov family Elisabeth Feodorovna, nee Elisabeth von Hessen-Darmstadt. The elder sister of Alix, the Empress of Russia, spouse of Nikolay II Romanov. The grand-daughter of Alexandrina Victoria, the Queen of Great Britain.
Married the Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovitch, the son of Alexander II, the Emperor of Russia. Learned Russian perfectly. Converted to Eastern Orthodoxy. Became a widow at 41 y.o., after 21 years of the happiest spousal, when her husband was killed by a Russian revolutionary.
Was deeply involved into charity work. Sold her jewellery - and brought part of them belonging to Romanovs back to the royal treasury - and founded in Moscow the Saints Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy, providing medical services and performing charity work for those in need. Became its superioress (domina) 
Refused to leave Russia in 1917 after the Socialist Revolution and was seized by the Bolsheviks. Was killed in 1918 together with other Russian princes by being thrown into the coalmine. They all survived and died of thurst and wounds. From the accounts of eyewitnesses, they heard the Grand Duchess praying for a few days…
She was canonized in 1991 as Saint Elisaveta. The Convent is still providing social services. 

Wang Pou of the state of Wei, at the time of the Three Kingdoms, served his mother with filiality. When she was alive, she was afraid of thunder. When she died, she was buried in a hilly wood. Whenever there was wind and rain and Pou would hear the loud sound of thunder like the passing of the chariot of the thunder goddess Axiang, he would hurry to the grave and kneel and pray. He would weep, saying, ‘Pou is here. Mother must not be afraid.’

Circa 1300, China. Wang Pou was so admired for his filial piety, someone even wrote a poem in Pou’s honor:

His loving mother feared hearing thunder;
Now her chill spirit dwells among the dead, and
When Axian thunders over and over
He goes to the tomb to walk about it a thousand times.

its-peach-bleach  asked:

If it's okay to ask, what happened to Rachel during the first world war?

Rachel herself didn’t have anything particularly noteworthy happen to her during the War as far as I’ve found, but her younger twin brothers Rex and Roy both had some pretty amazing experiences.

Rex was on his honeymoon in Italy when the war broke out, he and his wife arrived just ten days before Franz Ferdinand was assassinated. The two of them applied for an emergency passport for “protection during the present crisis”.

Rex was a professor at the Christian University in Hangzou, China. During and just after the War he became known as an authority on Chinese affairs and was very vocal in the press about China’s role in the War, much of which I was not aware of before, and the potential consequences the Treaty of Versailles had for China’s future.

He also collected and published a book of international poems written about the War, which became a best seller.

Roy was studying at Oxford when the war broke out and immediately joined the Red Cross in Britain. He returned home in 1917 and entered the Army as an intelligence officer. His unit saw considerable action on the Western Front including participating in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the largest offensive in US military history.

Just after the war Roy, who was a Captain by this point, served on the staff of a French general and somehow became involved in the aftermath of the Hungarian-Romanian War (I actually just ordered a document I’m hoping will help clear some of this up a bit).

Roy then joined the American Relief Administration in Prague and, according to a late 1919 Yale alumni magazine, was “actively engaged in helping to feed five hundred thousand children”.

Roy circa 1920…