anwar sadat

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Free at last, they took your life
They could not take your pride

-U2, Pride

1. Martin Luther King Jr.: Civil rights activist; killed April 1968

2. John Lennon: Musician; killed December 1980

3. Mahatma Gandhi: leader of Indian independence movement and advocate for nonviolent protest; killed January 1948

4. Harvey Milk: First openly gay american politician to be elected to public office; killed November 1978

5. Robert F. Kennedy: Brother of JFK, american senator and democratic presidential candidate nominee; killed June 1968 during presidential campaign

6. Benazir Bhutto: Pakistan’s first and only female prime minister, first woman to be elected as the head of an Islamic state’s government; killed December 2007

7. Abraham Lincoln: US President, abolisher of slavery; killed April 1865

8. Indira Gandhi: First and only female prime minister of India; killed October 1984

9. Anwar Sadat: President of Egypt, won Nobel Peace Prize for negotiations of peace with Israel; killed November 1981

10. John F Kennedy: US president, passed civil rights acts; killed November 1963

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October 6, 1981 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated

Over his 11 years as Egypt’s third president, Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat charted a new course for the country.  He expelled Soviet advisors from Egypt and began to reform the economy. On October 6, 1973, he launched a surprise attack against Israeli forces in the Sinai in order to reclaim this Egyptian peninsula captured during the 1967 Six Day War. 

In spite of new western investment and U.S. aid, the economy continued to decline, resulting in work strikes and riots over food shortages. Sadat, convinced that war was too costly for his people, took an unprecedented step onto the world stage. He traveled to Jerusalem at the invitation of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and addressed the Israeli Knesset (parliament) on November 20, 1977, calling for peace in the Middle East.

The following year, the Camp David meetings began between Prime Minister Begin, President Sadat, and President Jimmy Carter.  Three scheduled days turned into thirteen intensely frustrating ones.  However, on September 17, 1978 the Camp David Accords were signed and the groundwork laid out for the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty.  Both Sadat and Begin were awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their negotiations.

Three years later, in 1981, President Sadat was killed by fundamentalists dissatisfied with the concessions that had been made in the peace process.

-from the Carter Library

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New Dimensions of a Relationship

President and Mrs. Ford welcomed President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mrs. Sadat to the White House on October 27, 1975. On that day President Sadat became the first Egyptian head of state to make an official visit the United States.

The leaders had met for the first time in June 1975 for talks in Salzburg, Austria, where they established “a warm personal friendship,” as President Ford said in remarks at the arrival. He also praised President Sadat’s leadership in the Middle East:

The United States Government respects your far­sighted statesmanship and wisdom, and your unswerving dedi­cation to the well being of the Egyptian people and to all of the Arab people. You, Mr. President, have helped to bring about historic new developments in the Middle East. It is our fervent hope that these developments will lead to a durable peace for all peoples of that region.

In his responding remarks President Sadat recognized America’s contributions to peace in his region, noting that “Great events have taken place in our area since our meeting and, thanks to you and to the people of the United States that are behind you and seeking peace, based on justice.”

Read the entire exchange of remarks.

Comme d'habitude
  • Comme d'habitude
  • Claude François
  • 10 ans de chansons
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Claude François - Comme d'habitude

Arthur got me to listen to this a few days ago, seems appropriate to stick it on the shelf today.

Egyptian-born French pop singer Claude Francois performed the original of “My Way”. The Frank Sinatra version is known in some circles to be a choice favourite of the late Anwar Sadat mirroring his unique guileful ways and the era of history replete with intrigue he left behind. Though he was absent from the 1979 Sinatra in Egypt concert, they certainly knew each other to warrant these words after his assassination on this day in 1981.

Comme d'habitude 1967

Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel

On March 26, 1979, on the North Grounds of the White House, Presidents Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat and Prime Minister Menechem Begin joined hands in celebration of the signing of the “Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel.”

This is one of the most requested photographs from the Carter Library.

More – The Camp David Accords

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President Ford hosted the first official visit of an Egyptian President to the United States on October 27-28, 1975. President Anwar El-Sadat and his wife Jehan Sadat came to the United States in hopes of strengthening the relationship between the U.S. and Egypt. In the midst of tense relations between Egypt and Israel following the Yom Kippur War in 1973 both Ford and Sadat wanted to discuss how to best forge a peace settlement in the Middle East.

The talks highlighted recent progress towards the difficult task of making peace in the Middle East. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had arranged a disengagement agreement between Israel and Egypt a month previously in September 1975. A final peace settlement between the two nations would occur in 1978 during the presidency of Jimmy Carter.

Toasting his guest at a White House dinner, President Ford remarked, “We share your deep belief and conviction that nations can gain much by working together. Your courage, Mr. President, in taking the first steps toward peace after almost three decades of warfare assures your place in history in the Middle East, and we congratulate you for it.” At end of his visit, President Sadat gave President Ford the Collar of the Nile, the state’s highest honor. The medal and collar honor Ford for exception services to Egypt.

President Sadat also presented Betty Ford with  a commemorative medal from the Order of Al Kamal and a matching pin. The Order of Al Kamal is an Egyptian award of merit for women and a gift commonly given to wives of heads of state. The medal and pin feature delicate gold detailing and are adorned with rubies, sapphires, and turquoise stones.

Images:  President Gerald R. Ford and First Lady Betty Ford Greeting President and Mrs. Anwar al-Sadat of Egypt in the South Driveway of the White House, 10/27/1975; the Collar of the Nile given to President Ford by President Sadat; the Order of Al Kamal commemorative medal and matching pin given to Betty Ford by President Sadat.

The Assassination of Anwar Sadat, Cairo - 6 October 1981

Muttax84:

The NY Times report of the assassination said:

CAIRO, Oct. 6 – President Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt was shot and killed today by a group of men in military uniforms who hurled hand grenades and fired rifles at him as he watched a military parade commemorating the 1973 war against Israel.

Egypt’s treaties and international commitments would be respected. He said the Speaker of Parliament, Sufi Abu Taleb, would serve as interim President pending an election in 60 days.

The assassins’ bullets ended the life of a man who earned a reputation for making bold decisions in foreign affairs, a reputation based in large part on his decision in 1977 to journey to the camp of Egypt’s foe, Israel, to make peace.

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In June 2011, Sadolin Paints and the Goethe-Zentrum Kampala created the first Mabarti Challenge — Art in Public Space: 31 selected artists, both up-coming and with a broadly-based appreciation, painted to colour the every-day lives of Ugandans.

From 18th to 26th June 2011, the 31 works were painted across Kampala’s inner city on corrugated iron (known in Uganda as Mabaati Sheets) sheets, which are usually provided by Sadolin Paints to shield construction sites. They now are a landmark of the brightness and contrast art implements in public space.

A jury of five, consistent of Prof. Dr. George Kyeyune, Professor of Art at the Makerere University, artists Josephine Mukasa and Roshan Karmali and a representative of Sadolin and Goethe-Zentrum Kampala respectively, decided upon the four winners of the competition.

The works shown above are by, from the top down:

1. Anwar Sadat

2. Damba Ismail Musoke

3. David Kigozi

4. Ritah Nabuyungo Edopu

5. Farid Mahfudh

6. Ronex Ahimbisibwe

7. Sheila Nakitende

8. Zaenah Nabukenya

9. Xenson aka Samson Ssenkaaba

10. Ssali Yusuf

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President Ford and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat held their first face-to-face meetings in Salzburg, Austria, on June 1-2, 1975. The Presidents had agreed to meet in Europe since the Fords would be in the area at that time on an extended diplomatic trip.

Their meeting took place after the first disengagement agreement between Israel and Egypt, Sinai I, mediated by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. In June 1975 Ford and Kissinger were working with Egypt and Israel towards the Sinai Interim Agreement or Sinai II. The disengagement agreement, signed three months after this meeting, led to the eastern withdrawal of Israeli forces in the Sinai, the creation of a U.N. buffer zone in their place, and the implementation of multiple U.S. stations in the Sinai.

While in Salzburg President Sadat presented the Fords with state gifts. President Ford received this silver set of dishes consisting of 12 silver finger bowls with matching trays. The trays feature a fluted edge with hand-hammered floral designs. A luxurious red velour-covered box houses the set. President Sadat gave First Lady Betty Ford this dazzling white gold, spray pin. Comprised of seven large diamonds, 18 baguette cut diamonds, and 88 diamond chips, it depicts a delicate leaf.

The day after the meetings concluded President and Mrs. Ford departed Austria for their next stop in Italy.

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President Anwar Sadat van Egypte over de afgezette sjah van Perzië (nu Iran, onder de duim van de Ayatollah). De sjah wordt opgevangen door Sadat. Zowel Sadat als de sjah overlijden in de twee jaren die op dit interview volgden. De sjah overleed in 1980 aan kanker en Sadat werd in 1981 vermoord (1979).