Anti-war protest in Chicago on May 9, 1970 with Chicago railroading in the background:

Top: Protesters at the General John Logan Monument in Grant Park, with Central Station and the Illinois Central “Main Line of Mid-America” sign in the background

Bottom: Protesters marching along Jackson Boulevard as a CTA Ravenswood L train crosses overhead along Wabash Avenue

Photos by David Wilson

“It’s appalling,” said Susan Barney, 48, of Arlington, a political activist listed in two reports. “Money is being spent to harass, spy on, and surveil the public, instead of being used for education or housing for low-income communities.”

“I don’t like being considered a homeland security threat,” said Ridgely Fuller of Waltham. “I’m like this middle-aged suburban woman who just wants to speak out against injustice and war.”

Sunday, August 21, 1966

  • Strength of United States armed forces in Viet Nam, expected to approximate 400,000 by end of year, edges up to 297,000.
  • The bigger the war in South Viet Nam gets, the more sluggish Vietnamese army seems to become —this is view of Peter Arnett, Associated Press correspondent who returned to war zone after serving four years there and receiving Pulitzer prize for international reporting.
  • Second largest political party in President Sukarno’s old government joins others in assailing his recent independence day speech in which he appealed for popular support as nation’s only leader.
  • Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., head of Southern Christian Leadership conference, says he will obey temporary court injunction limiting civil rights marches and demonstrations in Chicago.
  • House committee on un-American activities is agreed that Communists are behind extreme anti-Viet protest activities and calls for legislation to fill gap in laws to deal with movement.
Hawai’i August 1969: Pentagon at the Crossroads as soldiers resist war

By John Catalinotto

It was Sunday, Aug. 10, 1969. Parry and I were keynote speakers at the Nagasaki Day anti-war rally at Waikiki Beach Park in Honolulu.

Even had it remained an individual act, Parry’s stand was powerful. But following the rally at Waikiki Beach Park, seven other service members left the military for the sanctuary. It was becoming a mass action.

For the preceding two years, I had been working in the GI anti-war movement. The Honolulu protest’s rapid growth presented an opportunity to stop the Pentagon in its tank tracks.

The next day, we learned that Black Marines at the nearby Kaneohe Marine Corps Air Station had torn apart the mess hall to protest prejudicial job assignments and racist harassment. This rebellion added another dimension to volcanic movements shaking the military.

An accident of timing put me on Oahu. The anti-war movement in Hawai’i, urged by a student at the University of Hawai’i, had invited Andy Stapp, the chairperson of the American Servicemen’s Union, to speak. Stapp’s spouse, Deirdre Griswold, was about to give birth, so he sent me from New York in his place.

The ASU was an anti-war and anti-racist organization of low-ranking GIs. As of mid-1969 it had some 8,000 active-duty members. Tens of thousands of GIs read its monthly newspaper, The Bond.

To the Marine officers at Kaneohe MCAS, what the Black troops did was a mutinous riot. To the ASU it was a righteous uprising. The rebellion presented a challenge to the anti-war movement.


Atlanta, Aug. 17 (UPI) — Approximately 20 Negroes infiltrated a group of army recruits today and staged a shouting demonstration against the Viet Nam war inside 12th army corps headquarters. Soldiers forcibly ejected them.

Entering the army corps headquarters quietly with military recruits, the Negroes set up a howl once they were inside the building, shouting anti-war slogans. They were contained in a lobby but were shoved outside when they continued yelling.

The demonstrators, several of them carrying signs, then began picketing outside the building. The demonstrators refused to say if they represented any organization.

Leaflet Is Quoted
A leaflet said, “We are tired of seeing our black brothers spill their blood en foreign soil so white men can continue the quest for white power over all colored peoples of the world.”

Another leaflet said, “We are tired of white and black leaders telling us how proud we should be to die for white people. We are in complete sympathy with the aims and aspirations of the liberation struggles in Viet Nam, South Africa, the Congo, the whole of Latin America, and Asia. We do not feel black men should fight anywhere in white peoples’ interests but our fight henceforth and forevermore should be in our own interest.”

Port Chicago, Cal. Aug. 17 (UPI) — Marines dragged, pulled, and shoved demonstrators off a county road in front of the Concord naval weapons station today when the pickets tried to prevent trucks loaded with napalm from entering the base.

Marines threw one of the demonstrators, a girl, into a water filled ditch adjacent to the roadway after she squatted in the road as a napalm-loaded truck approached the main gate to the base from which muni- tions are sent to Viet Nam.

Nine Are Arrested
Marines arrested nine persons—seven men, the girl, and a juvenile—on charges of trespassing on government property.

Two American Broadcasting company employees were roughed up during the demonstration. They said marines shoved them from the gate when they attempted to take pictures, and one of their cameras was broken and a microphone cord cut.

An estimated 200 demonstrators were at the scene when the melee broke out. Twenty-four hecklers also were on hand, throwing  rocks and bottles at the pickets. None of the hecklers was arrested.