antiquities act of 1906

GOP leaders want some national monument designations revoked

PORTLAND, Maine — Republican leaders in Maine and Utah are asking President Trump to step into uncharted territory and rescind national monument designations made by his predecessor.

The Antiquities Act of 1906 doesn’t give the president power to undo a designation, and no president has ever taken such a step. But Trump isn’t like other presidents.

Then-president Barack Obama used his power under the act to permanently preserve more land and water using national monument designations than any other president. The land is generally off-limits to timber harvesting, mining and pipelines, and commercial development.

Obama created the Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument in Maine last summer on 87,500 acres of donated forestland. The expanse includes part of the Penobscot River and stunning views of Mount Katahdin, Maine’s tallest mountain. In Utah, Obama created Bears Ears National Monument on 1.3 million acres of land that’s sacred to Native Americans and is home to tens of thousands of archaeological sites, including ancient cliff dwellings. Read more.

DBQ/FRQ First Aid (Precolonial to Imperialism)

Tomorrow, you will be taking the APUSH Advanced Placement Exam. Determining on what college you want to go to, at least a three is commonplace. I don’t know about you guys, but my biggest problem is going the length of an entire essay (for example if they want me to talk about Colonial Times through the Revolution, but they just write “1763-1781” I wouldn’t know what to write about). Furthermore, I’m going to list eras, what happening during them in chronological order and a very brief description of what they did. Keep in mind that many eras (such as the 1960’s) are important both in foreign policy and domestic affairs. I will divide them accordingly. The DBQ will not ask for specific years, but it’s better to have a general understanding of the era they are asking you about so you can throw in some “specific evidence” to get that 7-9 essay. This chart is also particularly helpful with the FRQ. Anyway, let’s begin.

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Protecting Native American culture and history with NAGPRA

Today is the 26th anniversary of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), a law enacted in 1990.  This law was intended to secure the rights of Indian tribes to determine the disposition of their ancestors and funerary objects, as well as their rightful claims to objects necessary for the religious practices and items inherent to tribal identity—sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony.

Native American cultural sites cover our public lands.  For millennia, tribal people lived on these lands.  They hunted, fished, and farmed for food and sustenance.  They studied the lands, the animals, plants, and sky, learning from nature, watching the stars.  They built towns and cities. They explored, traded, and battled. They worshipped and practiced sacred rites. They raised their children. They buried their dead.

Our public lands include vast cultural landscapes covered with special places, some of which have been the subject of archaeological investigations, including burial sites.  Most collections made from public lands over the last 100 years were curated in non-federal museums or universities designated in permits issued under the Antiquities Act of 1906 and the Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979.

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These cars were parked beside the 16th Street Baptist Church when the explosion ripped through the church in Birmingham, Ala., on Sept. 15, 1963.

By invoking the Antiquities Act of 1906 to designate the sites, Obama has now used the act more than any other president. He has created or expanded 34 national monuments, two more than Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The new Birmingham Civil Rights National Historical Monument features the site of the Sept. 15, 1963, bombing of the city’s 16th Street Baptist Church, which killed four girls and injured 22 other people, as well as the A.G. Gaston Motel, where segregation opponents organized in the 1960s. The death of the four girls, who were attending Sunday school, outraged many Americans and provided a critical impetus for the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

Read more here: Obama names five new national monuments, including Southern civil rights sites

Happy President’s Day! We’re remembering the 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, and his legacy as the “Conservation President.” While President, he designated five national parks, and in 1906, Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act, which allowed the president to designate national monuments—sites of scientific or cultural importance on federal lands—without waiting out the long, often contentious congressional process of adding national parks. All told, he launched programs that would protect 230 million acres of land:

Learn more about the life of President Theodore Roosevelt.

Happy Birthday, Theodore Roosevelt!

Happy birthday to Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, as well as an ardent naturalist and visionary conservationist.

Born on this day in 1858, Roosevelt had a sharp eye for natural history and a love for the outdoors. While President, he designated five national parks, and in 1906, Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act, which allowed the president to designate national monuments—sites of scientific or cultural importance on federal lands—without waiting out the long, often contentious congressional process of adding national parks. All told, he launched programs that would protect 230 million acres of land.

Learn more about the life of Theodore Roosevelt.