Psalms, Songs, and the Poesy of Antiphonarium Cisterciense

Post contributed by Ethan Heusser, SCARC Student Assistant

SCARC is fortunate to have in its possession a facsimile of Antiphonarium Cisterciense. Written in Latin, the Antiphonarium is an antiphonary, or a collection of psalms and antiphons in the style of Gregorian chant.

Our Antiphonarium was presented to OSU in 1968 by the Trappist Monks of the Abbey of Our Lord of Guadalupe, a Cistercian order sequestered north of Salem. (The Cistercians represent a Catholic enclosed religious order that operates with an emphasis on silence, contemplation, and a close interpretation of the precepts of the Rule of Saint Benedict.)

Though it was made in 1947, our profoundly large text contains a detailed note on the 1903 edition, explaining its origins and offering instructions on how to read the music; the chants use neumatic symbols on a four-line staff, both of which predate the modern staff notation that is commonplace today (Wikipedia).

Catholic Church. Antiphonarium Cisterciense. Westmalle, Belgium: Typographia Ordinis Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae, 1947.


By request for pesquetet who wanted images of medieval animals (particularly ones that do not reflect reality).  

Our medieval manuscripts do not have as many figures so I am going to present you with our giant, wonderful, and odd manuscript Antiphonal from 1720 which is our best source of strange and wonderful creatures not reflecting reality.  And sometimes smoking pipes.

Antiphonarium. Vel. (1720), 55 ff. (63 x 46 cm.). Written for a Spanish convent. Modern vellum binding (De Ricci 10)


Leaves from a 14th century Italian antiphonarium. 

Notes: 47:12 from Matins for the first Sunday in Advent; 47:13 from Matins for the feast of St. Andrew; 47:14 response for the first nocturn of Matins for Quinquagesima Sunday; 47:15 from Matins for the Second Sunday in Lent 

Source: Philadelphia, Free Library of Philadelphia, Rare Book Department,  Lewis E M 047:12-15