antimodernism

Antimodernism .. represents an instinctive reaction against the mechanization and bureaucratization of life, against the destruction of the natural world, against the destruction of traditional cultures, and against the destruction of the quality of human life.
—  Arthur Versluis, ‘Antimodernism’ PDF
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A quick breakdown of each period of modern & contemporary art history!

What middle-class people often admired about the Folk, and loved about handicrafts, was the authenticity and calm they seemed to evoke at a time when social conditions were in an uproar and many testified to feelings of weightlessness and inauthenticity. The “simple life” was the phrase that best captured the personal side of antimodernism, the ideal for which one hungered if one devoured folklore and lusted after handicrafts.

The popularization of the simple life in all these areas was a kind of applied, muffled antimodernism, an antimodernism safely adapted for consumer capitalism and turned into a lifestyle. The Folk were those who lived the simple life, and one could embrace their quaint ways and crafts with enthusiasm without making any risky commitments.
—  Ian McKay, Quest of the Folk: Antimodernism and Cultural Selection in Twentieth-Century Nova Scotia, (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1994), 218, 219.

I’m proud to be a normal heterosexual cis male who is attracted to cis women. Oh and not only am I straight, but I’m also part White too.
#SJWwitchhunt #AntiModernism #StraightPride #AntiLiberal #AntiMarxist #AntiLGBT #AntiDegeneracy #HomosexualityisaDisorder #LiberalWitchHunt2k15 #CommunistWitchHunt2k15 #TraditionalMarriage #BiblicalMarriage

Core Lecture: 24th October -Modernity, Anti-modernity, Postmodernity

Key Words:

Rhizome - A non-hierarchical map of growth and ideas, there is no direct linear narrative and it allows for the idea of the ‘multiple’.

Multiple – In the context of one idea/starting point spawning multiple outcomes that all interconnect and in turn spawn different directions.

 

This lecture was all about trying to define the terms of the modern, anti-modern and postmodern movements and identifying they key theories/theorists within them.

Theorists:

Derrida – Poststructuralist

Marshall McLuhan – Postmodern

Baudrillard – Postmodern

The modernist mindset is all about rationalisation.  The segmentation of the world that they were aiming for ultimately ended up alienating people from the rich connections and creativity that come from the cross influence of multiple ideas. This all began with the Industrial Revolution, allowing for this ‘techno-centric rationalism’.  

Marshall McLuhan was a key theorist around this time. He theorised a lot about the impact of technology on culture, categorising both language and perspective as technology. In basic terms he was theorising about how we as a culture operate within the world. With language ordering the world and perspective adding a grid for us to view it with.

The fragmentation that Modernism or what was termed ‘print culture’ was causing in both language and perspective was creating a distance in between people and the world. Before the technological advancements, people had a much more multi sensory involvement with the world, they were embedded within it, experiencing everything for themselves. Since the industrial revolution it is very hard to find an entirely natural experience, everything has been affected by technology in some way.

McLuhan’s ‘Understanding Media – The extensions of man’ analyses technology and how it extends our abilities of interconnectivity whilst at the same time limiting them. Since we rely on technology to connect as a global culture we are actually shrinking our world, engaging with it less than ever.  What McLuhan states it that the medium (technology) is the message. It is not what messages and information we send and develop via technology that is important but the technology itself and how it has the ability to transform a culture.

Anti-modernism was the first cultural response to modernism. It still accepts the fundamentals of modernism through its use of rational discourse and thus sharing the same space of argument in fact the very use of  ‘anti’ suggests a rational response. This replying movement was concerned largely with the destruction of nature, the fragmentation of the world and experience and the cultural dissolution that came from it. Some key names involved in this response were William Morris and John Rushkin who operated within the arts and crafts movement. This was centred on a return the pre-industrial craft processes, a ‘return’ to nature.

Another key name is Tolkien who resisted modernism by working on a ‘sub-creation’ or subculture. This forms a group of like minded people with its own kind of micro-politics and encompasses everything from novels, films, RPG’s to ‘virtual realities’.

The other side to this movement is what’s known as ‘hard’ anti-modernism, which is fundamentalist and has a direct attack on modernism. A key example of this is the Unabomber who was concerned with industrial society and its future. He was an ecologist, survivalist and a maths professor who dropped out of society to live as a recluse in a cabin. He employed the tactics of letter bombs, going so far as to write his own manifesto as well. His messages were targeted at the heads of industry such as politicians. His is the most drastic response to modernism.

The second line of response to modernism is the post-modern movement. This is concerned with how think about form/identity, humanity, reality/’the real’, normality, culture and change/difference. The core symbol of post modernity is the Rhizome.  It is at once a mapping of the structure of growth and a criticism of hierarchical structure. It is entirely concerned with the multiple and finds differences even in the structured categories. Theorists such as Deleuze, Guattan and Wittgenstein who all tried to capture the complexity of it applied the idea of the Rhizome to post modernism.

Another post modernist theorist is Baudrillard. His work was very influenced by the writings and theorist of McLuhan and sat within the context of synthetic manufacturing, computing and bioengineering. His main theory was that of the simulacrum (based off of Plato’s simulacrum) to which there were three orders that reflected the established of natural social hierarchy. The first order centres around the 18th-19th century with the emergence of bespoke handicrafts, everything was small scale with the production of unique one offs. The second order is based around the emergence of industrial production and the mass production of signs, which can now be bought. The third order is simulation, and the real as simulation which spawns hyper-reality or something that is more real than real. What we end up with after all this is a culture of signs with a large cultural space between the developments of the orders.

All three of these movements, the modern, anti-modern and postmodern can exist at the same time. All of them are still developing and responding to one another. 

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Briljantan um

Umro je Zoran Kravar, učitelj, znanstvenik, enciklopedist, mentor i erudit.

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Teško je pisati o nekome koga zapravo i niste poznavali, a ipak ste dijelili dovoljno zajedničkog prostora da se osvrnete na činjenicu da više nikada nećete biti u mogućnosti gledati i slušati kako se njegov nevjerojatan um sažima u nešto jasno, važno, inspirativno. 

Zoran Kravar bio je učitelj, znanstvenik, enciklopedist, mentor, erudit koji je na izniman način prenosio sve ono što ga je okruživalo, što je imao potrebu čitati sebi svojstvenom ideološko-kritičkom metodom. Bilo da se radilo o baroknom pjesništvu, teoriji figura, antimodernizmu, visokoj fantastici, suvremenoj glazbi i operi, vrijeme i prostor ispunjavao je lucidnošću, prisutnošću i blagošću koja se samo može nazvati pokretačkom.

Misli su mu uvijek šetale, kao što je i sam volio činiti, povezujući koordinate nevidljive mreže činjenica, ideja, teorija i svjetonazora u ono - kako je jednom izvrsno primijetio jedan kolega - što bi se moglo nazvati sintetičkom teorijom svega. 

Posljednjih godina, uz nastavnički rad na Odsjeku za komparativnu književnost Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu, u znanstvenom je smislu balansirao između proučavanja filozofskih i književnih kompleksa antimodernističkih misli i sekundarnih svjetova visoke fantastike, iako je sasvim sigurno, okružen svim tim knjigama i pločama, otišao puno, puno dalje od onog što može biti poznato zainteresiranom čitatelju i učeniku. 

Proizvodi tih poznatih nam recentnih interesa su knjige Antimodernizam,Uljanice i duhovi i Kad je svijet bio mlad: visoka fantastika i doktrinarni antimodernizam, od kojih je u prvoj dao kratak uvod u “kulturu regresije”, odnosno antimodernističke tendencije u filozofiji, književnosti i kulturi općenito, u drugoj kroz sedam eseja ponešto memoaristički, ali i dalje humanistički artikulirano “prošetao” s KrležomWagnerom, suvremenom enciklopedistikom. U trećoj je pak došlo do konvergencije dvaju interesa, onih za antimodernizam i za visoku fantastiku. Sve su tri knjige kroz godine nakupile solidan broj nagrada, među kojima su dvije nagrade SFERA za najbolje teorijske djelo, Vjesnikova nagrada Ivan Goran Kovačić za književnost, kao i nagrada Grada Zagreba za sveukupan znanstveni rad i doprinos književnoj znanosti. No, nasljeđe koje je ostavio svojim čitateljima, učenicima i kolegama, nemjerljivo je kategorijom službenih nagrada. 

Tolkienovim stihovima, cesta nastavlja dalje. I dalje.

"Postmodernism refers to both a period of time and a web of ideas, both of which resist specificity." (Chapter 11 of Making Art Form and Meaning by Terry Barrett)

Postmodernism is a reaction to modernism. Modernists value reason, science, freedom, and individuality which then supports concepts such as capitalism and free enterprise. Generally speaking, postmodernism, or “antimodernism,” argues that the modernist values do not improve society, but in fact repress it. Postmodernism is known for it’s less than optimistic perspective of the world, primarily in regards to confronting oppression and inequality. Artists confront these issues as well as the boundaries of art making by blending the lines between high and low art, creating metaphors, and challenging ideas of originality. Postmodernism is reflected in all areas of art and design, including advertising, architecture, and cartoons.