anthozoans

Diamondback Tritonia (Tritonia festivia)

…a species of Tritoniid nudibranch which occurs in the northeast Pacific, ranging from south-central Alaska to northern Baja California. It is also known from Japan as well. Like other members of the family Tritoniidae diamondback Tritonia are predators and will feed on sessile animals like soft corals, gorgonians, and other anthozoans. The frontal veil of Tritonia festiva is very sensitive and is used to locate polyps that are not retracted. If located T. festivia will swiftly lunge int other colony and bite off the polys before the can contract into cover. 

If threatened T. festiva can escape from predators like sea stars by swimming upwards. 

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Tritonoidea-Tritoniidae-Tritonia-T. festiva

Image: Daniel Hershman

Fingerprint Flamingo Tongue (Cyphoma signatum)

…a species of false cowry (Ovulidae) which like its more common relative (C. gibbosum) is native to the western Atlantic where it occurs in the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, the Lesser Antilles, and along eastern Florida and northern Haiti. Cyphoma signatum is predatory in nature, feeding on the living tissues of sessile invertebrates like various species of soft corals and other Anthozoans. 

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Caenogastropoda-Hypsogastropoda-Littorinimorpha-Cypraeoidea-Ovulidae-Simniinae-Cyphoma-C. signatum

Image: Nick Hobgood

“Santa Barbara Simnia” (Simnia barbarensis)

…a species of false cowry (Ovulidae) that occurs in the waters off the coast of Southern California. Like other ovulids Simnia barbarensis is a carnivore and will live on/feed on the polyps/tissue of various anthozoans, typically sea fans and soft corals.

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Caenogastropoda-Hypsogastropoda-Littorinimorpha-Cypraeoidea-Ovulidae-Simniinae-Simnia-S. barbarensis

Image: California Academy of Species