Women and children of so high a courage, And warriors faint! why, ‘twere perpetual shame.
Henry VI, Part 3 (5.4.50-51)
KEY YORKIST FEMALE FIGURES DURING THIS PERIOD:
❀ Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England - married Edward IV secretly sometime in May 1464, the match was frowned upon by both Richard Neville and the Privy Council as “she was no wife for a prince such as himself" being years older and with two sons from her first Lancastrian marriage; was unpopular in the court due to her large host of siblings and extended family seen to be monopolising all the positions of importance; fled to sanctuary during Henry VI’s restoration where she gave birth to Edward, Prince of Wales ❀ Jacquetta Woodville - mother of Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England; widow of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers; widow of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford; accused of witchcraft in 1470 and posthumously in 1484; died on the 30th of May 1472 ❀ Alice de la Pole, Duchess of Suffolk - former lady in waiting to Margaret of Anjou; Castellan of Wallingford; Custodian of Margaret of Anjou; died in 1475 ❀ Anne Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick - widow of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick who died at the Battle of Barnet; fled into sanctuary at Beaulieu Abbey until 1473 when she went to live with her daughter, Anne; Anne’s inheritance was then carved up by her sons-in-law “as though she were naturally dead” ❀ Anne Neville, Duchess of Gloucester - widow of Edward of Lancaster, Prince of Wales, who died at the Battle of Tewkesbury; then married Richard, Duke of Gloucester ❀ Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence - wife of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence; died of either consumption or childbed fever on the 22nd of December 1476 ❀ Cecily Neville, Duchess of York - widow of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York; mother to Edward IV of England; tried to act as peacemaker between George, Duke of Clarence and Edward IV in 1469 despite the rumours being spread about her being an adulteress by Richard Neville, who supported George and his claim to the throne ❀ Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter - ex-wife of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter; Anne remained loyal to her brother Edward during Henry VI’s restoration and persuaded her brother George, Duke of Clarence to turn back to York; wife of Thomas St. Leger; died giving birth to Anne St. Leger on the 14th of January 1476
♔ Battle of Hedgeley Moor - 25th of April 1464 ♔ Battle of Hexham - 15th of May 1464 ♔ Battle of Edgecote Moor - 26th of July 1469 ♔ Battle of Losecoat Field - 12th of March 1470 ♔ Battle of Barnet - 14th of April 1471 ♔ Battle of Tewkesbury - 4th of May 1471
We saw this lady, Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, in the Tudors. Of the women who perished so violently on the private scaffold, surely none suffered more terribly — nor more undeservedly — than Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury. Over seventy years of age, innocent of all crime, the countess was slain as an act of vengeance by King Henry VIII. The countess’ son, Cardinal Pole, from the safe haven of France, reviled Henry’s religious beliefs. Retribution — and the axe — descended on his mother. On the scaffold the countess proclaimed her innocence. She refused to kneel over the block and she challenged the axeman to `remove her head as best he could’. Pursuing her around the block, the axeman is said to have literally hacked her to death in a welter of blood.
Over the centuries it seems as if her proud Plantagenet spirit still shrieks defiance to the sombre skies. On the anniversaries of her brutal execution, her ghost is reported to run round the scaffold site pursued by the spectral axeman, the bloodstained axe brandished aloft.
One night in 1975 personnel in the Waterloo Block overlooking the Green were roused in the early hours by the sound of piercing screams. This was confirmed by men on duty in the Byward Tower, and a few nights later the guardsman patrolling the rear of the Waterloo Block also reported that just before dawn he too heard high-pitched screaming from the direction of the Green. Nothing was found. Could it really have been the death cries of the hideously mutilated countess?
Source: Ghosts of the Tower of London, G.Abbot
PS. Margaret Pole was daughter of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and his wife Lady Isabel Neville, who was the elder daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and his wife Lady Anne de Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick, so she was a cousin to Elizabeth of York.
Were I a man, a duke, and next of blood, I would remove these tedious stumbling blocks And smooth my way upon their headless necks; And, being a woman, I will not be slack To play my part in Fortune’s pageant.
Henry VI, Part 2 (1.2.63-69)
KEY YORKIST FEMALE FIGURES DURING THIS PERIOD:
❀ Anne Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick - wife of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick; the Kingmaker ❀ Cecily Neville, Duchess of York - wife of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York; mother to Edward IV of England ❀ Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter - wife of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter ❀ Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury - wife of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury ❀ Joan Fauconberg, Baroness Fauconberg - wife of William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent ❀ Alice de la Pole, Duchess of Suffolk - former lady in waiting to Margaret of Anjou; Castellan of Wallingford; Custodian of the Duke of Exeter
♔ First Battle of St Albans - 22nd of May 1455 ♔ Battle of Blore Heath - 23rd of September 1459 ♔ Battle of Ludford Bridge - 12th of October 1459 ♔ Battle of Sandwich - January 1460 ♔ Battle of Northampton - 10th of July 1460 ♔ Battle of Wakefield - 30th of December 1460 ♔ Battle of Mortimer’s Cross - 2nd of February 1461 ♔ Second Battle of St Albans - 17th of February 1461 ♔ Battle of Ferrybridge - 28th of March 1461 ♔ Battle of Towton - 29th of March 1461
Lady Anne Neville was born at Warwick Castle, to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and Lady Anne de Beauchamp. Her father was the most powerful supporter of House York at the beginning of the War of The Roses. Anne spent most of her childhood at Middleham Castle with her older sister, Isabel Neville (b. 1451), as well as George, Duke of Clarence, and Richard, Duke of Gloucester.
Anne would later marry Edward of Lancaster, Prince of Wales after her father became an ally to House Lancaster. The Prince of Wales, later died at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
In 1472? Anne married Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and in 1473/76 the couple had their only known child Edward of Middleham. Anne would spend most of her time as Duchess at Middleham.
In 1483, Edward IV died leaving Richard to be the Lord Protector of Edward V, but Edward V and his siblings were soon declared illegitimate. And Richard and Anne became King and Queen of England, they were crowned on 6 July 1483. Their son would then be invested as Prince of Wales. However, Edward would die unexpectedly on 9 April 1484.
Anne then died less than a year later on 16 March 1485 possibly of tuberculosis, on the day her death there was an eclipse in the sky, which some saw as a omen of the fall of House York. She was buried in Westminster Abbey where she is said to have had a grand funeral, however her burial place was unmarked possibly because Richard III would die a few months later at the Battle of Bosworth.
Anne was born in 1456, the younger daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Lady Anne de Beauchamp. Her father was one of the most powerful noblemen in England and supported the House of York. Anne met the sons of Richard, Duke of York, George and Richard, at Middleham Castle where she spent most of her childhood.
Her father helped Edward IV win the throne in 1461 but by 1470 the two had fallen out, mostly due to Edward’s marriage. Warwick switched his allegiance to the House of Lancaster and Anne played an important role in cementing it as Margaret of Anjou was suspicious of Warwick’s motives. Anne was formally betrothed to the son of Margaret and Henry VI, Edward of Westminster. She became the Princess of Wales in December 1470 when they were married in Angers Cathedral.
Warwick succeeded in briefly restoring Henry to the throne but the king was captured and he himself was killed in March 1471 when Edward returned to England. Anne returned to England with Margaret and Prince Edward with more troops but they were soundly defeated. Prince Edward was killed and Anne was taken prisoner. She ended up in the household of her sister Isabel and her husband, George, Duke of Clarence.
Anne became the subject of a dispute between George and his brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester. Richard wanted to marry her, but Clarence wanted the whole inheritance to which she and Isabel were heiresses. He attempted to make Anne his ward to control her inheritance and opposed any marriage. Edward IV also opposed the marriage and refused Anne safe conduct to plea her case. In circumstances that are unknown, Anne managed to escape the household and married Richard in July 1472.
After the marriage, Anne and Richard made their home in Middleham Castle. They had one child, Edward, born in 1473. Anne later took in her sister’s two children after the Duke of Clarence was executed for treason in 1478. Isabel had died in 1476 after childbirth.
When Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector for his nephew Edward V. However, Richard had Edward and his siblings declared illegitimate and seized power as Richard III in June 1483. Anne was crowned with her husband and her son was made the Prince of Wales. Edward IV’s sons were taken to the Tower of London and never seen again. There are theories on their disappearance that include Anne’s involvement.
In April 1484, Anne’s son unexpected died at Sheriff Hutton while both his parents were absent. His death was a personal tragedy as well as a dynastic blow since they had no other children. Rumors arose that Richard planned to divorce Anne and remarry in the hopes of gaining another heir. Instead, he named their mutual nephew, Edward, Earl of Warwick, as heir presumptive. After her death he named another nephew heir, John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln.
Anne died less than a year after the death of her son in March 1485 from what was likely tuberculosis. The day she died, there was an eclipse which some took to be an omen of her husband’s fall from grace. She was buried in Westminster Abbey in an unmarked grave to the right of the High Altar. (x)
Just a friendly reminder to all in the fandom that we are looking for more TWQ roleplayers for an independent RP. We would love to have some characters such as Duchess Cecily, Anne de Beauchamp, Margaret of Anjou, Edward of Lancaster, Anthony Woodville, Jane Shore, basically all of these characters and more. :} We don’t bite, promise!
anne beauchamp in the series:
oh anne you need to help me getting my money back you need to left richard he's only after your money i'm SO mad at you but deep inside i love you you're my daughter i'm sorry i left you on the battlefield
anne beauchamp in the book:
DAMN YOU ANNE YOU WHORE YOUR HUSBAND IS THE SPAWN OF SATAN YOUR SON IS A BASTARD I CURSE YOU I CURSE YOU ALLLL NOW GIMME MY FORTUNE BACK!!!!!1