The laws regarding the ownership/sale of animal parts are often unclear and are, at best, extremely confusing. Unfortunately even well intentioned infractions can land you with HUGE fines and criminal charges!

These laws were created to ensure a sustainable industry and to protect the lives of animals so please give them the respect they deserve. This is a digital age and any wildlife crime you commit leaves a papertrail. #CollectResponsibly

The exact laws vary by nation/state/province, but for Canadian collectors here are a few handy pointers:

-IT IS A CRIME to buy and sell North American migratory and predatory birds! Even personal ownership of these parts requires permits (if they even allow that). There are several dealers, especially in Quebec, who ignore these rules. Both the buyer and seller can face criminal charges/fines! Don’t believe any lies told to make a quick buck - there is a continental treaty.

-IT IS A CRIME in Ontario to buy and sell parts of any game animal that exists in our province. It doesn’t matter if the deer taxidermy (or any other antler/animal part) was shot in Quebec, Nova Scotia, etc - if the species is found in Ontario it is illegal. Antique stores are often ignorant or turn a blind eye, but these laws have been proven to reduce the rates of poaching.

-IT IS A CRIME to export any British Columbia wildlife without a provincial export permit! These permits can easily take a month to secure and can cost over $50. If BC vendors are shipping you local animal parts and you don’t receive a copy of the permit, you have likely just received smuggled  (if not poached) goods. The penalties are severe. Demand an export permit!

-IT IS A CRIME to transport marine mammal parts between provinces without applying for a license. Even Inuit hunted items require specific documentation to be legally exported out of the north.

-IT CAN BE A CRIME to import or export animal parts across our national boundaries. All Canadian wildlife require permits and many of the world’s species fall under various restrictions/the CITES convention. Poaching is fueled primarily by buyers who turn a blind eye. Endangered/threatened species can die by your hands.
Animal Parts Laws
(Click the headings below to navigate to the different groups of laws.) U.S. Federal Laws U.S. State Laws Non-U.S. Laws First created 27 February, 2011. Last updated 24 December, 2015. When …

Hey, folks–I have a big Christmas present for all of you: I finally did the big update and overhaul on the Animal Parts Laws page I’ve been meaning to get to for ages! Here are the highlights:

–Instead of one big page, it now links to three subpages: U.S. Federal Laws, U.S. State Laws, and the shiny brand-new Non-U.S. Laws subpage!

–I cleaned out all the dead links and redirects, so everything should be up to date.

–I trimmed and consolidated a bit of the basic information text on the main page (no, I am still not a lawyer or legal professional, this is not legal advice, contact your state fish and game department with questions)

I did my best to research laws; if you know if anything I missed, particularly in the Non-U.S. Laws section, please email me at lupa.greenwolf(at) . This page is offered as a free service to anyone needing a quick way to research relevant laws related to animal remains and is done on a strictly voluntary basis.

Feel free to pass this on!


Artist & Photographer:

Raffaello De Vito



APPARATI “Nel precedente lavoro "APPARTENENZE” l'intento è documentare l'evidente. Una registrazione visiva e oggettiva, priva di ogni interpretazione, di persone che condividono un territorio, un luogo. Credo che la fotografia debba essere poesia e che la poesia debba suggerire il mistero. Molte sono le definizioni di mistero e tutte hanno a che vedere con la nozione del nascosto, del segreto. Per Heidegger il mistero è inerente all'essenza della verità. In questo lavoro “APPARATI” dove la rappresentazione oggettiva di organi (lingua, cuore, occhi….)  è palese, anziché limitarsi a rivelare ciò che in natura è nascosto, ne evoca il mistero, Il mistero dell'ordinario che pone nuovi interrogativi.“ APPARATI [APPARATUS] "In my previous work "APPARTENENZE"  my intent was documenting obviousness.  A visual and objective entry,  devoid of any interpretation,  of people who share an habitat, a place.  I believe that photography should be poetry  and that poetry should suggest mystery.  There are many explanations of mystery and they all have to do with the concept of hidden, of secret.  According to Heidegger, mystery is about truth’s essence.  In this work "APPARATI"  where the objective representation of organs  (tongue, heart, eyes…)    is clear, rather than merely revealing what in nature  is hidden, it evokes mystery,  the mystery of the ordinary that raises new questions.”
US-Relevant Animal Parts Laws

Hey, taxidermy and dead-critter fans in the US (or who ship to the US)–I put together this collection of links to relevant laws to international, federal, and state laws that affect the possession and/or sales of animal parts in the US. It’s NOT intended as legal advice as I am not a legal professional, but I do offer it as a starting point (when in doubt about the legality of something, check with your state fish and wildlife department). Here it is:

Anyway, you can peruse the links at your leisure, but there are a few things that I keep seeing come up that I think you may want to know about (you can find out more about these laws at the link I posted):

–It is illegal to sell or even possess almost all wild bird feathers and other parts, and even nests and eggs–and yes, this does include naturally molted feathers, as you can’t tell the difference between one that was molted, and one that was just ripped off an illegally shot bird. The species protected include all corvids (including crow, raven, jays, etc.), raptors (eagles, hawks, owls), songbirds (robins, cardinals, etc.) and so forth. This is due to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act of 1940 (the “eagle feather law”). So that art you made with crow and blue jay feathers, and that hawk feather you have hanging from your rear view mirror? All illegal under federal law and subject to big fines.

–It is illegal to sell across state lines any CITES Appendix I animal parts, to include “pre-ban” (killed before 1973) ones. You can give them as gifts, and you can sell within state if your state allows it. But that vintage leopard coat or ocelot scrap that you’re trying to sell on Etsy? Illegal according to federal law. (See for details.)

–It is illegal to send wildlife parts outside of the US without an import/export license, and paying inspection fees–just slapping a customs form on it at the post office isn’t enough. You can find more information on everything needed to legally mail wildlife parts out of the US at - while the initial query was about deer parts, it applies to all wildlife. Both US Fish and Wildlife and US Customs have their own regulations, so you may want to inquire with both of them if you’re trying to send animal parts to other countries.

–Many states have restrictions on what animal parts may be possessed or sold. For example, wolf parts cannot be sold in California or New York, and since a seller cannot guarantee that a buyer in those states won’t resell them even though they said they were keeping them, most dealers in dead things won’t ship wolf parts there so as to avoid being held liable and potentially violating the Lacey Act of 1900.

Also, you won’t be exempted if you have the animal parts for religious purposes or if you happen to have Native American blood. Even enrolled tribe members have to wait in a waiting list for years to be approved for a single legal eagle feather, and people of numerous races have been arrested and fined for killing eagles for black market trade. I am unsure of the exceptions that are made to laws for enrolled Native Americans, and would appreciate any links and laws that would help me improve this collection in that regard.

Additionally, a little later this year, once states have had time to update their websites, I’ll be updating this resource; in the meantime, if you see something missing, please feel free to let me know :)

Also, feel free to reblog this if you think some of your readers would find it useful!

If any of you happen to be interested in decorating your home with animal skeletons, I just found a website called Skulls Unlimited.

They sell real and replica skulls, claws, and other bones from a huge number of animals. There’s even some fossils, and a couple items based off cryptids. It’s all kind of expensive, but very cool.

-Mod E

Common Animal Associations in Witchcraft Part II

Part I

Armadillo - Trust, peace, pacifism, complexity, sensitivity, curiosity, introspection, protection.

Badgers - Determination, eagerness, strong will, focus, strategy, defense, independence, confidence.

Bobcats - Awareness, cunning, intellect, patience, playfulness.

Buffalo - Gratitude, abundance, consistency, strength, stability, blessing, prosperity.

Bulls - Virility, strength, stamina, confidence, fertility, determination.

Camels - Endurance, transport, survival, conservation, adaptivity, obedience, temperance, humility.

Cheetahs - Speed, passion, progress, assertion, evolution, perception, opportunity.

Coyote - Skill, instinct, transformation, inventiveness, intelligence, resourcefulness.

Elephants - Reliability, dignity, power, royalty, pride.

Giraffes - Vision, beauty, mystery, patience, elegance, cleverness, discernment, cooperation, gracefulness, gentleness.

Gorillas - Communication, loyalty, leadership, compassion, intelligence, nobility, responsibility, nurturing, connectivity.

Hedgehogs - Energy, vitality, uniqueness, resourcefulness.

Hippopotami - Emotion, assertiveness, diversity, greatness, expressiveness, creativity, territory, supportive.

Koala - Memory, pleasure, magick, calming, trust.

Lion - Wisdom, power, royalty, dignity, courage, justice, ferocity, dominion, authority.

Monkeys - Honor, instinct, community, swiftness, good luck, playfulness, wildness, intelligence, action.

Moose - Agility, gentleness, solitude, visions, sensitivity, adaptability, discernment.

Otters - Joy, curiosity, dexterity, friendship, creativity.

Polar Bears - Skill, magick, strategy, isolation, transition, extremes, humanity, vigilance, independence, motherhood, determination, contemplation.

Pumas - Action, strength, nobility, patience, silence, decisions, leadership, guardianship, self-assurance.

Rams - Power, force, drive, energy, virility, protection, fearlessness.

Reindeer - Travel, surety, service, guidance, sensitivity, exploration, opportunity.

Rhinoceroses - Achievement, heightened senses, inner resources, self reliance.

Skunks - Defense, prudence, confidence, awareness, pacification, effectiveness, good judgement.

Wolverines - Power, attitude, courage, war, defense, confidence, uncompromising, determination, resourcefulness.

Zebras - Freedom, wildness, social, willful, durable, adaptable, determination, community.


Close ups of the timber rattlesnake rattles and the bat skull.

The bat skull is not cleaned beyond the ants cleaning it (even part of the cervical vertebrae are attached lol.) The teeth are really neat though, and all are there.

~ Pinar Yolacan

“I make the clothes the morning of the shoot, so the meat doesn’t rot. In Bahia, I froze it beforehand, so it wouldn’t get smelly, because it’s really hot. It’s quite domestic, really—I have to buy meat, clean up, sew. For this series, I got the fabrics in local markets, and the meat, too. I try to accentuate each woman’s skin tone and expression with the clothes; I take Polaroids of them when I first meet them, then I work from those.”

“Makara is a sea-creature in Hindu mythology. It is generally depicted as half terrestrial animal in the frontal part (stag, deer, crocodile, or elephant) and half aquatic animal in the hind part (usually a fish or seal tail, though sometimes a peacock or even a floral tail is depicted.) Makara take many different forms throughout Asia.”
Washington Animal Trafficking, Initiative 1401 (2015) - Ballotpedia
Ballotpedia is a nonprofit, nonpartisan professionally curated encyclopedia designed to connect people to politics and elections at the local, state and federal level.

So Washington state just passed a ballot initiative prohibiting the trade in several endangered species, including a few big cats, pangolins, elephants, and other CITES-protected species. This includes CITES II species like African lions, which can legally be traded but need paperwork. For the most part I’m okay with this; pangolins and elephants are seriously endangered and shouldn’t be hunted at all (though they’re frequently poached) and I’m not okay with non-antique lion parts being bought and sold as the regulations to protect them aren’t nearly strict enough as far as I’m concerned.

OTOH, there’s nowhere near enough exceptions made for things like antiques, to include items like ivory piano keys, ivory-inlaid guns, and antique taxidermy mounts. There’s also an effort to get this on the ballot in Oregon next year. So we’ll see how this affects business for my fellow taxidermy/etc. folks.