animal gi

So, earlier today I went to Target with my boyfriend and I decided to get 2 pack of Animal Crossing amiibo cards, however…something strange happened

The packaging looked promising

So far so good, but then….

they were fucking YU-GI-OH CARDS

and only FIVE I might add

I DID NOT PAY 6 DOLLARS FOR YU-GI-OH CARDS

(luckily I was able to exchange them for a LEGIT pack, in which the Target employee who helped me earlier and the employee who did the exchange were laughing uncontrollably)

When it rains, it pours. Nico was rushed to the vet today. He wasn’t drinking, and barely eating. We are pretty sure it’s GI stasis, and he’s backed up. He received subcutaneous fluids, we are giving him laxatives, and feeding him pineapple juice, force feeding if necessary. I’m so worried for him. I can’t lose my little Nico.

anonymous asked:

Non ho un cazzo da fare quindi do da fare a te in modo che io possa magari anche scoprire cose nuove. I tuoi primi 5 preferiti di: •Serie tv •Film •Libri •Videogiochi •Luoghi

Grazie della domanda super interessante! 

Serie TV:
1-Pretty Little Liars
2-Teen Wolf
3-Scream Queens
4-The Big Bang Theory
5-How to get away with murder

Film:
1-Un ponte per Terabithia
2-Alice in wonderland
3-La sposa cadavere
4-The nightmare before christmas
5-Tutta la saga di Twilight

Libri:
1-La spada della verità
2-Se non ti vedo non esisti
3-Tutta la saga di Twilight
4-13 reasons why
5-Alice nel paese delle meraviglie

Videogiochi:
1-Pokemon
2-Super Mario
3-Animal Crossing
4-Yu gi oh
5-League of legends

Luoghi:
Non lo so, non sono un grande viaggiatore, e poi amo talmente tanto l’Italia che non sento la necessità di visitare luoghi diversi😂💛

Fun fact I collect MtG, Yu-Gi-Oh, Animal Crossing and Pokémon cards.

Also fun fact, I DO use them for readings.

Tarot Cards were literally invented as toys.
Divination was originally done with playing cards.

Please don’t even start trying to talk shit about people using other types of cards as divining tools.

A Logical Approach to a Vomiting Animal

I am now officially a third year vet student and loving life at the RVC’s Hawkshead campus in Hertfordshire. It’s a big change from London but the course content is a lot more clinical and exciting and it’s quite refreshing to be out in the countryside with London only 20 minutes away.

This post is to help outline the main reasons as to why an animal may be vomiting. When presented with a vomiting animal in practice it’s important to be able to narrow down different reasons and know what tests to do to reach a plausible diagnosis.

Firstly, it is vital to distinguish between vomiting and other similar presentations. One of these is regurgitation. Vomiting is an active process triggered by a part of the brain called the vomiting centre. It involves contractions of abdominal muscles and the stomach, along with closure of the glottis to prevent ‘breathing in’ the vomitus, which will most likely look partially digested and may even have a green tinge from bile in the alimentary tract. It is often preceded by a period of nausea in which hyper-salivation may occur, manifesting as repeated lip licking and swallowing.  Regurgitation on the other hand is a passive process in which food, probably looking less digested and covered in saliva, is passively ejected from the oesophagus with the aid of gravity. Gagging can occur in cases of regurgitation as well as vomiting. Regurgitation is caused by disorders often very different to those causing vomiting, and further diagnostic tests along with treatment will vary for each so it is important to distinguish between the two. Questions to ask the client if unsure include inquiring in to the appearance of the ‘thrown up’ food and whether the animal was contracting its abdomen. If you can’t reach a conclusion it is important to observe the animal yourself.

If you have distinguished that the patient is vomiting, the next step is to work out why. As mentioned before, vomiting is triggered by a ‘vomiting centre’ in the brain. This has a number of influences including toxins and chemicals in the blood, receptors in the gut and abdominal organs sensing inflammation, irritation and stretching and inputs form the brain such as smell, fear, motion sickness and taste.

Causes of vomiting can be divided in to primary gastrointestinal tract (GIT) problems and secondary GIT problems. Primary problems include those directly affecting the GIT (stomach, large and small intestines) and can be divided in to structural or functional causes. Secondary diseases involve organs and systems outside of the GIT including the pancreas, liver, brain and kidneys as well as endocrine systems, disorders of which can cause a build-up of toxins in the blood.

Primary causes of vomiting can further be divided in to gastric (stomach related) or non-gastric. Structural problems include a foreign body blockage, neoplasia, dietary indiscretion, parasites and infection. Functional problems refer to those affecting the movement of the gut, such as the muscles that move food along. Clues that help diagnose the cause as primary include if a foreign body can be palpated and if the vomiting is associated with diarrhoea.

Secondary causes of vomiting can be divided in to endocrine (relating to hormones), neural (triggered by the brain, be it motion sickness, a smell etc), and non-GI organs such as the kidney and liver. Quite often with secondary disease the clues are that the animal is obviously metabolically ill, for instance jaundice in the case of liver disease, and that vomiting is not related to when the animal eats.

It is important to hone down the cause of the vomiting in order to select the most appropriate treatment. It may be advised to run a blood and urine test on the animal to begin with (following a thorough physical exam to try and palpate foreign bodies/ inflamed organs). In an animal with secondary GI disease these blood tests are likely to highlight potential imbalances in minerals and toxins such as urea. Although less diagnostic in an animal with a primary cause of vomiting, the tests still give useful information on the clinical status of the patient, for instance if they are dehydrated.

If the cause is suspected to be primary, imaging is the next port of call, with radiography being a great way to get a better idea of what is causing the problem. Using contrast radiography is especially useful for spotting foreign body blockages. Ultrasound can also be very useful. Sometimes an operation called an exploratory laparotomy may occur, in which the vet surgically explores the GI tract to search for a cause. Remember for primary the cause could be something that recedes on its own, such as the dog eating the contents of a bin. This is much less likely with secondary disease.

Overall, it’s important to approach cases of vomiting with a logical frame of mind. You need to consider all the options and slowly rule these out with appropriate diagnostic tests. It’s not easy, and the last thing you want to do is put the animal through unnecessary procedures and waste the client’s time and money. This vet malarkey is hard eh!

can we talk about how savage wang so is